Page last modified 21 August 2023

 

Uganda

Community

Area

241,038 square kilometres (land area 197,100 square kilometres)

Population,


3,600,000 (1920)

3,930,000 (1940)

5,522,000 (1950)

6,7670,000 (1960)

9,405,000 (1970)

12,442,000 (1980)

17,354,000 (1990)

23,650,000 (2000)

32,428,000 (2010)

38,225,000 (2015)

42,723,000 (2018)


Ethnicity, % The Asian community settled in Uganda from 1900 when Indian workers were brought in to build the Kenya-Uganda railway. In 1972 they were expelled by Idi Amin, and many resettled in the UK.

 

African

Indian

European

1920

 

0.6

0.1

1948

99.2

0.6

0.1

1970

 

0.7

 

Religion, %

 

Animist

Christian

Protestant

Christian

R C

Muslim

Sunni

1980

 

60% all Chr.

 

 

1990

32.0

40.9

45.0

10.5

2002

1.0

43.3

42.0

12.1

2014

0.1

45.2

39.3

13.7

Birth and death rates Below replacement rate = 2.1

 

Fertility Rate

Birth

Rate

Infant

Mortality

Death

Rate

% Aged

Under 15

% Aged

Over

65

% Urban

1950

 

51.0 (+26.0)

160.0

25.0

44.4

3.0

2.0

1960

7.0

49.0 (+28.3)

132.2

20.7

45.9

2.6

4.4

1970

7.1

49.1 (+32.3)

111.0

16.9

46.9

2.6

6.7

1980

7.1

49.0 (+32.5)

128.2

16.5

47.4

2.6

7.5

1990

7.1

50.1 (+31.7)

104.4

18.4

48.1

2.7

11.1

2000

6.9

48.0 (+32.0)

101.6

16.0

49.6

2.3

12.1

2010

6.1

45.0 (+34.9)

52.7

10.1

49.3

1.9

14.5

2015

5.4

42.6 (+33.7)

39.2

8.9

48.2

1.9

16.1

2016

 

 

36.8

 

48.0

 

16.4

2017

5.1

38.9 (+30.4)

35.2

8.5

 

 

 

2018

 

 

33.8

 

46.9

1.9

 

Life expectancy, decline in average life expectancy during the 1980s due to AIDS


41.0 (1958); 39.0 (M), 42.0 (F)

44.0 (1960); 42.4 (M), 45.6 (F)

48.8 (1970); 47.3 (M), 50.4 (F)

49.4 (1980); 47.8 (M), 50.9 (F)

45.6 (1990); 42.8 (M), 48.5 (F)

47.1 (2000); 44.7 (M), 49.5 (F)

57.1 (2010); 55.3 (M), 58.9 (F)

59.5 (2015); 57.4 (M), 61.8 (F)

63.4 (2020); 61.0 (M), 65.7 (F)


Population of principal cities

 

Jinja

KAMPALA1

Masaka

Mbale

Mbarara

1948

3,965

10.189

 

 

 

1960

30,000

135,000

 

14,000

 

1970

 

325,000

 

 

 

1980

45,060

484,423

29,123

28,039

23,155

1990

 

890,800

 

 

 

2002

 

1,189,142

67,800

71,130

69,400

2014

72,931

1,507,080

103,829

96,189

195,013

1Kampala was the capital of the Kingdom of Buganda in the 19th century, Kampala was the headquarters of the Imperial British East Africa Company from 1890, and was made the capital of Uganda in 1962.

Wealth; Gross Domestic Product (nominal values)

 

GDP,

US$ million

Total GDP,

% of USA

GDP per capita,

US$

GDP per capita

% of USA

1960

423

0.08

62

2.06

1965

885

0.12

110

2.87

1970

1,410

0.14

133

2.53

1975

2,360

0.14

217

2.77

1980

1,244

0.04

100

0.79

1985

3,520

0.08

240

1.31

1990

4,300

0.07

247

1.03

1995

5,720

0.08

297

0.99

2000

6,210

0.06

260

0.71

2005

8,700

0.07

315

0.71

2010

20,180

0.13

595

1.23

2015

27,860

0.15

694

1.23

2016

25,530

0.14

615

1.07


GDP by primary sector

 

Agriculture

% GDP

Agriculture

% employed

Industry

% GDP

Industry

% employed

Services

% GDP

Services

% employed

1960

 

89.0

 

9.0

 

7.0

1980

65.0

83.0

7.1

14.0

27.9

11.0

1990

21.0

86.0

8.0

4.0

71.0

10.0

2000

44.0

82.0

17.6

5.0

37.8

13.0

2010

22.0

 

26.5

 

52.0

 

2013

 

71.9

 

4.4

 

23.7

2016

25.4

 

22.7

 

51.9

 

Communications

Language Official; English, Swahili (since 2005).Luganda also spoken

Literacy


25.0% (1960)

52.5% (1980); 64.6% (M), 40.5% (F)

61.8% (1995); 73.7% (M), 50.2% (F)

68.0% (2000); 78.1% (M), 58.0% (F)

73.6% (2010); 81.8% (M), 65.5% (F)

78.4% (2015); 85.3% (M), 71.5% (F)


Physical communications � roads and railways, Rail passenger services were suspended in 1996.

 

Roads (km)

Surfaced (km)

Motor vehicles

Cars

Commercial Vehicles

Railways

(km)

1938

12,050

 

 

 

 

510

1956

 

 

21,000

 

 

 

1962

 

 

 

12,000

 

 

1969

 

 

 

 

 

1,160

1980

 

2,504

 

 

 

1,120

1982

 

 

 

10,633

 

 

1986

28,322

6,230

23,500

12,700

4,600

 

1989

 

 

34,938

12,964

11,110

1,280

1991

 

 

50,102

 

 

 

2000

 

 

 

50,000

46,000

1,241

2003

70,746

22,000

 

 

 

 

2007

 

 

303,000

81,300

79,300

1,244

2010

 

 

366,000

 

 

 

2011

 

 

635,656*

 

 

 

2013

 

 

1,228,000

 

 

1,244**

*Estimate by the Uganda Revenue Authority. However many of these cars may no longer be operational and have been scrapped by their owners.

**Just 56% of this is operational (Republic of Uganda Ministry of Works & Transport)

Electronic communications, TV broadcasts began 1963

 

Telephones (landlines)

Mobile Telephones

Radios

Televisions

PCs

Internet Users

1944

1,880

 

300

 

 

 

1950

 

 

1,000

 

 

 

1960

 

 

90,000

 

 

 

1962

14.502

 

 

 

 

 

1982

22,000

 

310,000

78,000

 

 

1990

27,900

 

1,900,000

180,000

 

 

1995

 

1,747

2,300,000

250,000

10,000

 

1998

 

 

 

 

 

2,000

2000

61,700

127,000

2,900,000

 

60,000

40,000

2002

 

 

 

 

 

100,000

2005

 

1,525,000

 

600,000

250,000

2,000,000

2008

168,500

 

 

 

 

 

2010

 

12,328,000

 

 

 

3,700,000

2016

368,243

22,838,000

 

 

 

8,383,000

Tourism: Visitors to Uganda,


9,000 (1982)

9,000 (1983)

35,000 (1986)

69,000 (1990)

160,000 (1995)

193,000 (2000)

468,000 (2005)

946,000 (2010)

1,303,000 (2015)