Page last modified 19 August 2023

 

Sweden

Community

Area 450,295 square kilometres (land area 410,335 square kilometres)

Population,


900,000 (1600)

1,450,000 (1720)

1,785,727 (1750)

2,347,303 (1800)

2,500,000 (1830)

3,482,541 (1850)

4,022,564 (1863)

4,565,668 (1880)

4,919,260 (1895)

5,136,441 (1900)

5,904,489 (1920)

6,142,191 (1930)

6,371,432 (1940)

7,041,829 (1950)

7,483,000 (1960)

8,043,000 (1970)

8,311,000 (1980)

8,559,000 (1990)

8,872,000 (2000)

9,378,000 (2010)

9,799,000 (2015)

10,183,000 (2018)


Ethnicity, %

 

Finland

Iran

Iraq

Lapp

Poland

Sweden

Syria

1900

 

 

 

0.1

 

99.0

 

1930

 

 

 

 

 

99.7

 

1992

 

 

 

 

 

94.3

 

2008

 

 

 

 

 

88.2

 

2012

2.4

0.8

1.7

 

0.9

79.9

 

2016

1.5

0.7

1.4

 

0.9

70.4

1.5

Religion, %

 

Christian

Lutheran

Jewish

Muslim

Sunni

None

1937

 

0.2

 

 

1947

 

0.3

 

 

1990

85.0*

 

 

12.0

2005

87.0*

 

3.0

 

2010

 

 

5.0

 

2015

66.3

0.1

3.0

26.6

* An estimated half of these were only nominally Lutheran

Birth and death rates Below replacement rate = 2.1

 

Fertility Rate

Birth

Rate

Infant

Mortality

Death

Rate

% Aged

Under 15

% Aged

Over

65

% Urban

1751

 

37.0 (+11.0)

 

26.0

 

 

 

1765

 

 

216.1

 

 

 

 

1801

 

31.0 (+7.0)

198.7

24.0

 

 

3.9

1851

 

32.0 (+10.0)

146.0

22.0

 

 

4.7

1860

 

 

 

 

 

 

11.0

1890

 

 

 

 

 

 

13.7

1901

 

26.0 (+11.0)

99.0

15.0

32.4

 

23.0

1911

 

23.6 (+9.7)

 

13.9

 

 

 

1930

2.1

14.1 (+2.5)

50.0

11.6

 

 

 

1940

2.1

18.7 (+8.1)

30.0

10.6

 

 

 

1950

2.0

16.0 (+6.0)

 

10.0

23.4

10.3

55.4

1960

2.1

15.0 (+5.0)

16.3

10.0

22.4

11.8

72.5

1970

2.0

14.0 (+4.1)

11.3

9.9

20.8

13.7

81.3

1980

1.7

12.0 (+1.0)

7.0

11.0

19.6

16.3

83.1

1990

2.1

15.0 (+3.9)

6.0

11.1

17.9

17.8

83.1

2000

1.5

10.7 (+0.2)

3.5

10.5

18.4

17.3

84.0

2010

2.0

11.9 (+2.4)

2.5

9.5

16.5

18.2

85.1

2015

1.9

11.7 (+2.4)

2.4

9.3

17.3

19.6

85.8

2016

 

 

2.3

 

17.4

19.8

86.0

2017

1.9

11.5 (+2.4)

2.3

9.1

 

 

 

2018

 

 

2.2

 

17.6

20.1

 

Life expectancy,


35.1 (1750); 33.5 (M), 36.6 (F)

38.0 (1780); 34.1 (M), 41.8 (F)

39.0 (1800); 37.2 (M), 40.8 (F)

43.4 (1820); 41.4 (M), 45.3 (F)

36.1 (1840); 44.3 (M), 47.9 (F)

48.0 (1860); 46.6 (M), 49.5 (F)

57.9 (1913); 56.5 (M), 59.2 (F)

64.2 (1933); 63.2 (M), 65.3 (F)

72.0 (1953); 70.5 (M), 73.4 (F)

73.0 (1960); 71.2 (M), 74.9 (F)

74.6 (1970); 72.2 (M), 77.2 (F)

75.7 (1980); 72.8 (M), 78.9 (F)

77.5 (1990); 74.8 (M), 80.4 (F)

79.6 (2000); 77.4 (M), 82.0 (F)

81.5 (2010); 79.5 (M), 83.5 (F)

82.9 (2020); 81.1 (M), 84.6 (F)


Population of principal cities, 1,000s MA = Metropolitan Area

 

Goteborg1

Linkoping

Malmo2

STOCKHOLM3

Uppsala

1252

 

 

 

0.1

 

1289

 

 

 

3

 

1500

 

 

 

7

 

1600

 

 

 

15

 

1750

 

 

 

60

 

1800

 

 

38

 

 

1860

32

6

 

124

 

1900

132

15

61

301

23

1910

168

 

88

 

 

1922

 

 

 

500

 

1946

315

48

171

672

47

1951

358

 

196

752

 

1960

401

65

226

808

76

1966

443

79

256

775

 

1976

442

112

233

700

145

1986

430

120

230

660

155

1996

454

132

248

710

184

2006

481

137

273

800

184

2016

1,001 MA

156

320

2,227 MA

149

1Founded in 1616 by King Gustavus Adolphus, Goteborg is linked to Stockholm by the Gota Canal, opened 1832.

2Malmo was founded in the 12th century AD.In the Middle Ages Malmo was the principal herring port of the Hanseatic League.

3Settled since prehistoric times, Stockholm grew around a fort erected in 1260 to guard the entrance to Lake Malar.Stockholm was made the capital of Sweden in 1436.

Wealth; Gross Domestic Product (nominal values)

 

GDP,

US$ million

Total GDP,

% of USA

GDP per capita,

US$

GDP per capita

% of USA

1948

5,600

2.51

805

52.79

1956

8,600

2.40

 

 

1960

14,842

2.73

1,983

65.95

1965

23,260

3.13

3,000

78.37

1970

33,290

3.20

4,670

89.00

1975

72,440

4.43

9,970

127.49

1980

125,560

4.49

16,850

133.75

1985

100,720

2.39

13,500

73.90

1990

237,930

4.10

30,160

125.90

1995

240,190

3.25

30,000

99.77

2000

228,390

2.29

29,300

80.38

2005

354,100

2.70

43,100

97.27

2010

459,000

3.07

52,100

107.70

2015

495,700

2.75

50,600

90.02

2016

511,000

2.75

51,600

89.79

GDP by primary sector


 

Agriculture

% GDP

Agriculture

% employed

Industry

% GDP

Industry

% employed

Services

% GDP

Services

% employed

1890

 

50.0

 

 

 

 

1900

 

54.0

 

 

 

 

1910

 

46.0

 

 

 

 

1920

 

41.0

 

 

 

 

1930

 

36.0

 

 

 

 

1940

 

29.0

 

 

 

 

1950

 

20.0

 

 

 

 

1960

 

14.0

 

45.0

 

41.0

1980

 

5.0

 

34.0

 

61.0

1990

 

3.5

41.0

28.0

55.0

68.5

2000

 

2.0

25.0

24.0

69.0

74.0

2010

1.8

1.1

26.9

28.1

70.7

74.7

2016

1.6

2.0

33.2

12.0

65.2

86.0


Communications

Language Finnish, Sami, Official; Swedish

Swedish, 99.0% (1990)

Literacy,


99.7% (1900)

99.9% (1980 and after)


Physical communications � roads, A road and rail link between Malmo (Sweden) and Copenhagen (Denmark) opened in 2000

 

Roads (km)

Surfaced (km)

Motor vehicles

Cars

Commercial Vehicles

1938

84,994

 

 

 

 

1945

 

 

 

95,967

 

1947

90,237

3,950

 

161,226

71,304

1955

 

 

755,000

637,000

 

1960

93,500

13,000

 

1,200,000

128,000

1962

 

 

 

1,424,000

137,800

1970

98,500

27,000

2,450,000

2,200,000

155,000

1980

180,000

 

 

2,882,956

194,367

1990

204,500

110,000

 

3,450,000

280,000

2000

211,500

 

 

3,890,000

375,000

2005

 

168,850

4,629,000

 

460,000

2010

 

 

4,875,000

 

 

2013

 

 

5,074,000

 

 

2016

 

 

 

4,768,060

616,178

Railways; First railways in Sweden opened 1856; Gothenburg to Jonsered and Malmo to Lund.

Length, kilometres (% electrified)


526 (1860)

1,728 (1870)

5,878 (1880)

8,021 (1890)

11,309 (1900)

13,835 (1910)

14,875 (1920)

16,531 (1930)

16,617 (1940) (42.4% e)

16,523 (1950)

15,611 (1960) (47.2% e)

14,974 (1961)

12,807 (1970)

12,005 (1980)

11,745 (1985) (63.6% e)

11,079 (2000) (69.6% e)

11,633 (2010)


Urban metro systems, kilometres

Stockholm (opened 1950)


63.0 (1970)

108.0 (1996)

110.0 (2003)

110.0 (2015)


Electronic communications, 1,000s, TV broadcasts began 1956 (colour from 1970).

 

Telephones (landlines)

Mobile Telephones

Radios

Televisions

PCs

Internet Users

1938

803

 

1,157

 

 

 

1945

1,168

 

 

 

 

 

1947

1,426

 

1,959

 

 

 

1950

1,600

 

2,153

 

 

 

1960

 

 

2,744

1,030

 

 

1961

2,761

 

 

 

 

 

1962

 

 

 

1,505

 

 

1969

4,097

 

2,905

2,363

 

 

1980

4,820

 

 

 

 

 

1981

 

20

 

 

 

 

1985

 

73

 

 

 

 

1988

 

 

 

 

500

 

1990

5,849

461

7,500

4,000

900

 

1995

 

2,008

7,750

 

2,200

 

1998

 

 

 

 

 

2,900

2000

6,728

6,372

8,300

5,100

4,500

 

2004

 

8,400

 

 

6,861

6,800

2006

 

10,892

 

 

8,000

 

2010

5,014

 

 

 

8,440

 

2016

3,328

12,362

 

 

 

9,041

2017

 

 

 

 

 

9,216

Tourism: Visitors to Sweden,


814,000 (1987)

2,309,000 (1995)

3,828,000 (2000)

4,883,000 (2005)

5,183,000 (2010)

6,482,000 (2015)