Page last modified 21 August 2023

 

Slovenia

Community

Area 20,273 square kilometres (land area 20,151 square kilometres)

Population,


1,144,298 (1931)

1,490,000 (1951)

1,585,000 (1960)

1,725,000 (1970)

1,901,000 (1980)

1,998,000 (1990)

1,989,000 (2000)

2,049,000 (2010)

2,064,000 (2015)

2,067,000 (2018)


Ethnicity

 

Bosnian

Croat

Hungarian

Italian

Serb

Slovene

1981

 

2.9

 

 

2.2

90.5

1995

 

2.8

0.5

0.1

2.4

87.8

2009

1.1

1.8

 

 

2.0

83.1

Religion,

 

Christian

Orthodox

Christian

R C

Muslim

No

Religion

1990

 

91.0

 

 

2002

2.3

57.8

2.4

10.1

Birth and death rates Below replacement rate = 2.1

 

Fertility Rate

Birth

Rate

Infant

Mortality

Death

Rate

% Aged

Under 15

% Aged

Over

65

% Urban

1960

2.3

17.6 (+8.0)

 

9.6

27.7

7.8

28.2

1970

2.2

15.9 (+5.7)

25.0

10.2

24.1

9.9

37.0

1980

2.1

16.0 (+6.0)

17.0

10.0

23.4

11.4

48.0

1990

1.5

11.0 (+1.7)

9.0

9.3

20.7

10.6

50.4

2000

1.3

8.8 (-0.5)

4.6

9.3

15.8

14.1

50.8

2010

1.6

11.0 (+1.9)

2.6

9.1

14.1

16.7

52.7

2015

1.6

10.0 (+0.4)

2.0

9.6

14.7

18.0

53.8

2017

1.6

9.8 (-0.1)

1.8

9.9

 

 

 

2018

 

 

1.7

 

15.0

19.6

54.5

Life expectancy,


69.0 (1960); 66.1 (M), 72.0 (F)

68.6 (1970); 65.0 (M), 72.4 (F)

71.1 (1980); 67.3 (M), 75.1 (F)

73.2 (1990); 69.4 (M), 77.2 (F)

75.4 (2000); 71.9 (M), 79.1 (F)

79.4 (2010); 76.3 (M), 82.7 (F)

81.4 (2020); 78.7 (M), 84.1 (F)


Population of principal cities, MA = Metropolitan Area

 

Celje

LJUBLJANA

Maribor

1439

1,000

 

 

1600

 

6,000

 

1700

 

7,500

 

1800

1,400

10,000

 

1820

1,635

 

 

1840

1,793

17,000

 

1900

6,743

36,547

 

1931

10,000

60,000

33,131

1953

25,600

138,000

77,400

1965

 

210,000

 

1991

42,000

328,100

105,400

2002

 

253,785

95,875

2008

 

268,423

96,408

2015

 

 

 

2017

50,039

540,000 MA

95,000

Wealth; Gross Domestic Product (nominal values)

 

GDP,

US$ million

Total GDP,

% of USA

GDP per capita,

US$

GDP per capita

% of USA

1991

 

 

7.150

 

1992

12,278

 

 

 

1995

18,740

0.25

10,700

35.59

2000

18,300

0.18

10,200

27.98

2005

34,000

0.26

18,200

41.08

2010

47,850

0.32

23,450

48.48

2015

42,750

0.24

20,730

36.88

2016

44,000

0.24

21,300

37.06

GDP by primary sector

 

Agriculture

% GDP

Agriculture

% employed

Industry

% GDP

Industry

% employed

Services

% GDP

Services

% employed

1993

4.5

10.0

31.2

40.0

52.4

41.0

2003

4.0

 

31.9

 

65.8

 

2007

 

 

34.4

36.0

63.3

54.0

2010

2.4

2.2

31.0

35.0

66.6

62.8

2016

2.3

3.7

32.4

31.7

65.3

64.6

Communications

Language, Official; Slovene. Hungarian also spoken

Serbo-Croat, 5.0% (1990)

Slovene, 91.0% (1990)

Literacy


99.0% (1981)

99.0% (1990)

99.7% (2000); 99.7% (M), 99.6% (F)


Physical communications � roads and railways

 

Roads (km)

Motor vehicles

Cars

Commercial Vehicles

Railways

(km)

%

Electrified

1990

 

 

 

 

1,200

40.8

1992

 

 

606,820

31,281

 

 

1997

14,851

 

767,534

42,538

 

 

2001

 

 

862,648

45,811

1,229

40.6

2003

20,155

 

889,500

48,926

 

 

2007

38,708

1,100,000

1,020,100

81,500

 

 

2009

38,925

1,138,000

 

 

1,229

40.9

2012

38,985

1,161,000

 

 

 

 

2013

 

1,396,000

 

 

 

 

2014

 

 

1,412,315

1,068,362

1,229

40.9

Electronic communications, Radio broadcasting began 1928. TV broadcasting began 1958.

 

Telephones (landlines)

Mobile Telephones

Radios

Televisions

PCs

Internet Users

1985

286,500

 

 

 

 

 

1990

421,800

 

700,000

550,000

 

 

1991

 

5,223

 

 

65,000

 

1995

 

27,300

740,000

630,000

200,000

 

2000

785,400

1,216,000

792,000

720,000

548,000

 

2002

 

 

 

 

 

750,000

2005

 

1,760,000

 

 

808,000

900,000

2010

900,000

2,122,000

 

 

 

1,400,000

2016

731,320

2,386,000

 

 

 

1,493,000

2017

 

 

 

 

 

1,564,000

Tourism: Visitors to Slovenia,


732,000 (1995)

1,090,000 (2000)

1,555,000 (2005)

1,869,000 (2010)

2,707,000 (2015)