Page last modified 19 August 2023

 

201) Slovakia

Community

Area 49,035 square kilometres (land area 48,105 square kilometres)

Population,


3,450,000 (1950)

4,068,000 (1960)

4,538,000 (1970)

4,980,000 (1980)

5,299,000 (1990)

5,389,000 (2000)

5,391,000 (2010)

5,424,000 (2015)

5,447,000 (2018)


Ethnicity, %

 

Czech

Hungarian

Roma

Slovak

2001

0.8

9.7

1.6

85.8

2011

0.6

8.5

2.0

80.7

Religion, %

 

Christian

Gk C

Christian

J W

Christian

Protestant

Christian

Orthodox

Christian

R C

No

religion

2001

4.1

 

10.7

 

69.8

13.1

2011

3.8

0.3

8.9

0.9

62.0

13.4

Birth and death rates Below replacement rate = 2.1

 

Fertility Rate

Birth

Rate

Infant

Mortality

Death

Rate

% Aged

Under 15

% Aged

Over

65

% Urban

1960

3.0

21.7 (+13.9)

 

7.8

31.5

6.8

33.5

1970

2.4

17.8 (+8.5)

 

9.3

27.5

9.2

41.1

1980

2.3

19.0 (+8.8)

20.0

10.2

26.2

10.5

51.6

1990

2.1

14.9 (+4.6)

12.6

10.3

25.4

12.2

56.5

2000

1.3

10.2 (+0.5)

8.2

9.8

19.7

11.3

56.2

2010

1.4

11.2 (+1.3)

5.8

9.9

15.3

12.5

54.7

2015

1.4

10.3 (+0.4)

5.0

9.9

15.3

14.1

53.9

2017

1.5

10.7 (+0.8)

4.8

9.9

 

 

 

2018

 

 

4.6

 

15.4

15.6

53.7

Life expectancy,


66.0 (1950); 64.0 (M), 68.0 (F)

69.9 (1960); 67.8 (M), 72.2 (F)

70.1 (1970); 67.1 (M), 73.4 (F)

70.4 (1980); 66.8 (M), 74.3 (F)

70.9 (1990); 66.6 (M), 75.4 (F)

73.1 (2000); 69.1 (M), 77.2 (F)

75.1 (2010); 71.6 (M), 78.8 (F)

77.6 (2020); 74.1 (M), 81.0 (F)


Population of principal cities, MA = Metropolitan Area

 

BRATISLAVA

Kosice

1920

93,189

52,898

1930

156,476

70,117

1940

138,966

 

1950

192,896

62,821

1960

255,000

90,000

1970

300,000

140,000

1980

375,000

201,000

1990

440,000

236,000

2000

450,000

242,000

2009

610,850 MA

 

2013

 

555,800 MA

2016

659,578 MA

 

Wealth; Gross Domestic Product (nominal values)

 

GDP,

US$ million

Total GDP,

% of USA

GDP per capita,

US$

GDP per capita

% of USA

1990

12,700

0.22

2,400

10.02

1995

25,700

0.35

4,800

15.96

2000

29,100

0.29

5,400

14.81

2005

62,700

0.48

10,650

24.04

2010

89,500

0.60

16,600

34.32

2015

87,300

0.48

16,100

28.64

2016

89,500

0.48

16,500

28.71

GDP by primary sector

 

Agriculture

% GDP

Agriculture

% employed

Industry

% GDP

Industry

% employed

Services

% GDP

Services

% employed

1993

6.7

9.0

37.3

35.0

49.4

44.0

2000

5.0

 

34.0

 

61.0

 

2007

3.7

4.0

41.1

39.0

55.1

57.0

2010

3.5

3.5

35.6

27.0

61.8

69.4

2016

3.8

3.9

34.8

22.7

61.4

73.4

Communications

Language, Slovak is the only official language, by law 1995.Czech and Hungarian (Magyar) are also spoken.

 

Czech

Hungarian

Roma

Slovak

Ukrainian

1990

1.0

12.0

 

87.0

 

2001

 

10.7

1.8

83.9

1.0

Literacy


99.0% (1990)

99.6% (2003); 99.7% (M), 99.6% (F)


Physical communications � roads

 

Roads (km)

Motor vehicles

Cars

Commercial Vehicles

Railways

(km)

%

electrified

1990

 

 

880,000

 

 

 

1991

 

 

906,129

105,900

3,426

40.2

1995

 

 

1,016,000

 

 

 

2000

42,717

 

1,274,244

149,902

3,665

 

2002

42,970

 

1,326,891

164,484

 

 

2009

43,761

1,888,000

1,468,600

244,800

3,626

 

2010

 

 

1,669,000

 

 

 

2012

54,869

2,141,000

 

 

 

 

2015

 

 

2,035,000

 

 

 

2016

 

 

 

 

3,626

43.8

Electronic communications

 

Telephones (landlines)

Mobile Telephones

Radios

Televisions

PCs

Internet Users

1975

383,000

 

 

 

 

 

1980

470,000

 

 

 

 

 

1990

710,810

 

2,550,000

 

 

 

1991

 

119

 

 

 

 

1994

 

 

 

1,600,000

150,000

 

1995

 

12,300

3,040,000

 

220,000

 

1997

 

 

 

 

 

190,000

2000

1,698,000

1,244,000

5,200,000

2,000,000

740,000

 

2002

 

 

 

 

 

862,800

2005

 

4,540,000

 

 

1,929,000

 

2006

 

 

 

2,240,000

2,320,000

 

2010

1,069,000

5,925,000

 

 

 

4,200,000

2016

823,594

6,990,000

 

 

 

4,380,000

2017

 

 

 

 

 

4,630,000

Tourism: Visitors to Slovakia,


822,000 (1990)

903,000 (1995)

1,053,000 (2000)

1,514,980 (2005)

1,327,000 (2010)

1,721,000 (2015)