Page last modified 16 August 2023

 

Norway

Community

Area 323,802 square kilometres (304,282 square kilometres land area)

Population,


140,000 (1500)

440,000 (1665)

616,000 (1735)

622,000 (1745)

671,000 (1755)

720,000 (1765)

741,000 (1775)

790,000 (1785)

843,000 (1795)

883,000 (1801)

885,431 (1815)

1,600,000 (1860)

1,806,900 (1875)

1,999,176 (1891)

2,239,880 (1900)

2,814,194 (1930)

3,123,883 (1946)

3,278,546 (1950)

3,581,234 (1960) +9.2%

3,874,133 (1970) +8.2%

4,092,340 (1980) +5.6%

4,247,546 (1990) +3.8%

4,490,467 (2000) +5.7%

4,889,252 (2010) +8.9%

5,380,000 (2020) +10.0%


Ethnicity, %

 

European

(Non-Norwegian

Non

European

Norwegian

(inc. Sami)

1930

1.1

>0.1

98,8

2007

3.6

2.0

94.4

2012

8.0

6.0*

86.0

*Around 40% of these were from Poland or Lithuania

Religion, %

 

Christian

Lutheran

Christian

Other Protestant

Christian

R C

Muslim

No

Religion

1990

88.0

2.0

 

 

9.0

2000

86.0

 

 

 

 

2007

 

 

 

1.8

 

2013

76.1

4.0

2.4

2.4

13.0

Birth and death rates Below replacement rate = 2.1

 

Fertility Rate

Birth

Rate

Infant

Mortality

Death

Rate

% Aged

Under 15

% Aged

Over

65

% Urban

1741

 

 

 

41.0

 

 

 

1742

 

 

 

52.0

 

 

 

1748

 

 

 

32.0

 

 

 

1751

 

34.0 (+9.0)

88.0

25.0

 

 

 

1763

 

 

 

36.0

 

 

 

1801

 

28.0 (+4.0)

 

24.0

 

 

3.3

1851

 

33.0 (+16.0)

 

17.0

 

 

5.3

1880

 

 

104.0

 

 

 

 

1890

 

 

 

 

 

 

16.7

1900

 

27.0 (+13.0)

90.0

14.0

35.4

 

24.0

1911

 

25.4 (+12.1)

 

13.3

 

 

 

1930

 

15.2 (+4.8)

45.0

10.4

 

 

28.2

1952

 

19.0 (+11.0)

23.0

8.0

24.4

9.7

42.2

1962

2.9

17.0 (+7.6)

17.5

9.4

25.6

11.4

52.6

1970

2.5

17.0 (+7.0)

13.0

10.0

24.5

12.9

65.4

1980

1.7

12.5 (+2.4 )

8.0

10.1

22.2

14.7

70.5

1990

1.9

14.0 (+3.0)

7.0

11.0

18.9

16.4

72.0

2000

1.9

13.2 (+3.4)

4.0

9.8

20.0

15.3

76.1

2010

2.0

13.0 (+4.5)

2.6

8.5

18.8

14.9

79.1

2015

1.7

11.4 (+3.6)

2.2

7.8

18.0

16.3

80.5

2017

1.7

10.7 (+3.0)

2.1

7.7

 

 

 

2018

 

 

2.1

 

17.5

17.1

82.2

Life expectancy,


52.0 (1900), 50.0 (M), 54.0 (F)

72.7 (1952); 71.3 (M), 75.0 (F)

73.6 (1960); 71.0 (M), 75.8 (F)

74.1 (1970), 71.0 (M), 77.3 (F)

75.7 (1980): 72.3 (M), 79.1 (F)

76.5 (1990); 73.4 (M), 79.8 (F)

78.6 (2000); 76.0 (M), 81.4 (F)

81.0 (2010); 78.9 (M), 83.2 (F)

82.5 (2020); 80.5 (M), 84.4 (F)


Population of principal cities, 1,000s MA = Metropolitan Area

 

Bergen1

OSLO2

Stavanger3

Trondheim4

1500

 

2.5

 

 

1769

 

 

3.3

 

1801

 

10

 

 

1850

25

40

 

16

1875

 

77

 

 

1890

54

148

 

24

1900

72

229

31

38

1930

92

258

44

55

1946

108

289

49

56

1960

116

471

53

59

1968

116

487

81

110

1978

212

460

91

135

1988

210

451

98

136

1998

210

750

108

137

2008

218

875

180

152

2015

420 MA

 

 

 

2017

 

1,588 MA

320 MA

275 MA

1Originally known as Bjorgvin, meaning �the pasture between the mountains�, Bergen was founded by King Olaf III in 1070. The city became a significant port under the Hanseatic League after 1350.

2Oslo, founded by King Harold Hardrada as a defensive fort against Danish invasion in 1040.It became the capital and royal residence of Norway in 1299 under King Haakon V.Destroyed by a fire in 1624, Oslo was rebuilt by King Christian IV, and renamed Christiana; a name it retained until 1924 when the old name of Oslo was revived.In 1814, when Norway was separated from Denmark, Oslo was made the Norwegian capital.

3Stavanger, founded in the 8th century AD; is one of Norway�s oldest cities.

4Trondheim was the capital of Norway in the 10th and 11th centuries.The Norwegian King Olav Tryggevesson built a castle here in 997 AD.A large cathedral was erected here in 1075 to house the tomb of King Olav; this became a place of pilgrimage.However Trondheim declined due to commercial competition from the Hanseatic League, and the Protestant Reformation meant the tomb of King Olav was no longer venerated.Trondheim�s economy revived when the railways came.

Wealth; Gross Domestic Product (nominal values)

 

GDP,

US$ million

Total GDP,

% of USA

GDP per capita,

US$

GDP per capita

% of USA

1948

1,760

0.79

550

36.07

1956

3,050

0.85

 

 

1960

5,163

0.95

1,441

47.92

1965

8,060

1.08

2,165

56.56

1970

12,814

1.23

3,306

63.01

1975

32,880

2.01

8,205

104.92

1980

64,440

2.31

15,772

125.19

1985

65,420

1.55

15,755

86.24

1990

119,800

2.06

28,250

117.93

1995

152,000

2.05

34,875

115.99

2000

171,300

1.72

38,150

104.66

2005

308,700

2.36

66,775

150.71

2010

428,500

2.86

87,650

181.19

2015

386,600

2.14

74,500

132.55

2016

370,500

2.00

70,800

123.20


GDP by primary sector

 

Agriculture

% GDP

Agriculture

% employed

Industry

% GDP

Industry

% employed

Services

% GDP

Services

% employed

1850

 

70.0

 

 

 

 

1920

 

33.0

 

29.0

 

 

1930

 

29.9

 

 

 

 

1950

 

21.7

 

34.3

 

 

1960

 

20.0

 

37.0

 

44.0

1970

 

10.0

 

 

 

 

1980

 

7.0

 

37.0

 

57.0

1990

5.5

6.5

31.5

20.4

65.0

66.2

2000

2.0

 

32.1

22.0

65.9

74.0

2010

2.1

2.9

40.1

21.1

57.8

76.0

2016

2.5

2.1

31.7

19.3

65.8

78.9

Communications

Language Danish, Lappish, Official; Norwegian, Swedish

Literacy, 99.9% (1980 and after)


Physical communications � roads

 

Roads (km)

Surfaced (km)

Motor vehicles

Cars

Commercial Vehicles

1938

40,650

 

107,000

 

 

1943

 

 

81,591

 

 

1946

43,080

 

 

 

 

1951

45,128

 

 

73,507

60,392

1955

 

 

216,600

121,800

 

1960

51,233

 

465,000

200,000

116,000

1962

53,224

 

 

321,652

121,754

1970

71,000

 

1,000,000

700,000

136,000

1977

78,889

 

 

1,106,600

143,100

1980

81,717

46,546

1,686,677

1,233,700

152,545

1990

88,000

61,000

 

1,600,000

255,000

2000

91,500

 

 

1,800,000

300,000

2007

93,247

72,033

2,693,000

2,197,193

 

2010

93,509

 

2,856,000

2,308,000

 

2013

93,870

75,754

3,066,000

 

 

2015

 

 

 

2,610,352

553,000

Railways; First railway in Norway opened 1854, Oslo to Eidsvol, 70 km.

 

Length (km)

% electrified

1860

70

 

1870

359

 

1880

1,058

 

1890

1,563

 

1900

1,982

 

1910

2,980

 

1920

3,288

 

1930

3,875

 

1940

3,970

9.2

1945

4,276

16.4

1950

4,473

 

1960

4,450

31.0

1970

4,260

 

1980

4,242

 

1990

4,150

58.4

2000

4,050

62.2

2010

4,114

62.0

2014

4,250

55.7

Urban metro systems, kilometres

Oslo, (opened 1966)


98.0 (1992)

104.0 (2003)


Electronic communications, TV broadcasting began 1954

 

Telephones 1,000s

Mobile Telephones

Radios

1,000s

Televisions

PCs

Internet Users

1938

326

 

365

 

 

 

1944

327

 

 

 

 

 

1948

 

 

539

 

 

 

1950

 

 

786

 

 

 

1951

782

 

819

 

 

 

1960

740

 

1,021

 

 

 

1961

773

 

 

 

 

 

1963

 

 

1,038

203,577

 

 

1968

 

 

 

1,369,000

 

 

1978

 

 

1,318

 

 

 

1980

1,197

 

 

 

 

 

1981

 

1,670

 

 

 

 

1985

 

63,100

 

 

 

 

1990

2,132

197,000

3,370

1,790,000

 

 

1991

 

 

 

 

620,000

 

1995

 

981,000

3,500

1,875,000

1,193,000

 

1998

 

 

 

 

 

661,000

2000

2,401

3,224,000

4,100

3,000,000

2,200,000

 

2004

 

 

 

 

2,630,000

3,100,000

2006

 

5,100,000

 

 

2,900,000

3,900,000

2010

1,702

5,525,000

 

 

 

4,300,000

2016

864

5,719,000

 

 

 

5,123,000

2017

 

 

 

 

 

5,312,000

Tourism: Visitors to Norway,


1,782,000 (1987)

1,955,000 (1990)

2,880,000 (1995)

3,104,000 (2000)

3,824,000 (2005)

4,767,000 (2010)

5,361,000 (2015)