Page last modified 16 August 2023

 

Nigeria

Community

Area 923,768 square kilometres (land area 910,768 square kilometres)

Population,


21,826,389 (1946)

33,000,000 (1950)

45,100,000 (1960) +36.7%

56,000,000 (1970) +24.2%

73,500,000 (1980) +31.3%

95,300,000 (1990) +29.7%

122,350,000 (2000) +28.4%

158,600,000 (2010) +29.6%

206,100,000 (2020) +29.9%


Religion, %

 

Animist

Christian

All

Christian

Protestant

Christian

R C

Muslim

Sunni

1970

34.0

22.0

 

 

40.0

1980

19.0

34.0

 

 

47.0

1990

 

34.0

17.0

17.0

48.0

2016

 

51.9

30.6

10.0

47.3

Birth and death rates Below replacement rate = 2.1

 

Fertility Rate

Birth

Rate

Infant

Mortality

Death

Rate

% Aged

Under 15

% Aged

Over

65

% Urban

1952

 

55.0 (+28.0)

207.0

27.0

45.7

2.4

13.1

1962

6.3

52.0 (+26.5)

190.0

25.5

41.9

2.9

15.9

1972

6.6

49.0 (+26.8)

120.0

22.2

43.0

2.8

18.5

1980

6.8

47.0 (+27.6)

129.0

19.4

44.1

2.8

22.0

1990

6.5

44.0 (+25.4)

125.1

18.6

45.0

2.9

29.7

2000

6.1

43.0 (+25.0)

110.9

18.0

43.6

2.8

34.9

2010

5.8

41.0 (+26.7)

84.1

14.3

44.0

2.7

43.5

2015

5.6

39.4 (+26.6)

78.7

12.8

44.1

2.7

47.8

2017

5.5

38.4 (+26.2)

76.9

12.2

 

 

 

2018

 

 

75.7

 

43.9

2.7

50.3

Life expectancy,


36.5 (1952); 35.0 (M), 38.0 (F)

37.0 (1960); 35.6 (M), 38.4 (F)

41.0 (1970); 39.6 (M), 42.3 (F)

45.3 (1980); 44.1 (M), 46.6 (F)

45.9 (1990); 44.7 (M), 47.2 (F)

46.3 (2000); 45.4 (M), 47.2 (F)

50.8 (2010); 50.1 (M), 51.6 (F)

54.8 (2020); 53.9 (M), 55.7 (F)


Population of principal cities, 1,000s MA = Metropolitan Area

 

ABUJA1

Ibadan

Ilorin

Kano2

1945

 

328

55

90

1950

 

459

 

118

1960

 

568

 

192

1970

 

760

100

313

1975

 

847

282

399

1991

379

1,200

 

 

1995

 

1,365

464

657

2009

1,857

2,762 MA

 

3,304 MA

2011

2,044 MA

3,160 MA

908

3,333 MA

1Construction of the new city of Abuja began in 1976.Abuja was officially designated as the capital of Nigeria in 1982.


2Kano was founded ca. 1000 BC

Population of principal cities, 1,000s MA = Metropolitan Area

 

Lagos3

MA

Ogbomosho

Port Harcourt

1850

20

 

 

 

1900

41

 

 

 

1910

53

 

 

 

1920

100

 

 

 

1930

126

 

 

 

1940

150

 

 

 

1945

 

 

82

 

1950

250

 

127

 

1960

550

 

206

133

1970

800

1,400

336

 

1975

1,001

 

432

242

1991

 

5,686

 

 

1995

1,484

 

 

400

2006

 

 

654

 

2009

 

10,203

 

 

2011

1,171

16,060

 

1,006 MA


3Lagos was the capital until replaced by Abuja in 1982. Its name is Portuguese for �lake�.


Wealth; Gross Domestic Product (nominal values) GDP per capita rose rapidly in the late 1970s due to oil exports; however it fell back in the 1990s.

 

GDP,

US$ million

Total GDP,

% of USA

GDP per capita,

US$

GDP per capita

% of USA

1953

1,900

0.53

56

 

1960

4,196

0.77

93

3.09

1965

5,874

0.79

117

3.06

1970

12,545

1.21

274

5.22

1975

27,780

1.70

438

5.60

1980

64,200

2.30

874

6.94

1985

28,875

0.69

345

1.89

1990

30,757

0.53

323

1.35

1995

28,546

0.39

264

0.88

2000

46,386

0.47

380

1.04

2005

112,250

0.86

810

1.83

2010

369,000

2.47

2,325

4.81

2015

481,100

2.67

2,655

4.72

2016

405,100

2.18

2,180

3.79

GDP by primary sector

 

Agriculture

% GDP

Agriculture

% employed

Industry

% GDP

Industry

% employed

Services

% GDP

Services

% employed

1960

 

71.0

 

10.0

 

19.0

1980

26.0

54.0

5.0

10.0

79.0

36.0

1990

36.0

48.0

24.0

7.0

40.0

45.0

2000

31.2

70.0

43.8

10.0

25.0

20.0

2010

31.9

70.0

32.9

10.0

35.2

20.0

2016

21.2

 

18.4

 

60.4

 

Communications

Language Official; English, French; also, Fulani, Hausa, Ibo, Yoruba

Literacy


15.0% (1960)

34.0% (1980); 45.6% (M), 23.0% (F)

42.5% (1985); 54.0% (M), 31.0% (F)

57.3% (1995); 67.3% (M), 47.3% (F)

65.4% (2000); 73.3% (M), 57.7% (F)

72.0% (2010); 80.1% (M), 64.1% (F)


Physical communications � roads

 

Roads (km)

Surfaced (km)

Motor vehicles

Cars

Commercial Vehicles

1956

 

 

33,700

16,800

 

1960

 

 

 

36,800

23,900

1962

73,252

 

 

 

 

1964

 

 

74,700

 

 

1976

 

 

410,315

 

 

1977

105,000

 

 

133,700

 

1980

108,000

 

633,268

200,000

90,731

1986

 

 

1,405,000

785,000

 

1990

142,837

 

 

 

 

2000

194,394

 

 

910,000

 

2002

 

28,980

 

941,000

668,660

2010

196,106

 

6,600,000

 

 

2016

 

 

10,600,000

 

 

2017

 

 

11,458,370

5,098,900

6,164,300

Railways; First railway opened 1901

Length, kilometres


752 (1910)

1,813 (1920)

2,830 (1930)

3,064 (1940)

3,064 (1950)

3,061 (1955)

3,011 (1961)

3,009 (1965)

3,505 (1975)

3,505 (2005)

3,798 (2015)


Electronic communications, TV broadcasting began 1959

 

Telephones (landlines)

Mobile Telephones

Radios

1,000s

Television

1,000s

PCs

Internet Users

1938

 

 

0.7

 

 

 

1943

8,120

 

 

 

 

 

1950

 

 

15

 

 

 

1960

 

 

143

 

 

 

1961

 

 

 

6

 

 

1962

47,998

 

 

 

 

 

1966

 

 

 

30

 

 

1968

74,725

 

 

 

 

 

1974

 

 

 

85

 

 

1976

 

 

5,100

 

 

 

1978

128,400

 

 

 

 

 

1980

155,000

 

 

450

 

 

1982

 

 

6,600

455

 

 

1990

289,200

 

18,870

3,500

 

 

1993

 

9,000

 

 

400,000

 

1995

 

13,000

22,000

6,100

500,000

 

1998

 

 

 

 

 

1,000

2000

553,300

30,000

23,000

10,000

750,000

200,000

2005

 

18,587,000

 

 

1,000,000

5,000,000

2008

 

 

 

 

 

24,000,000

2010

 

87,288,000

 

 

 

44,500,000

2012

418,200

 

 

 

 

 

2016

 

154,342,200

 

 

 

 

2017

 

 

 

 

 

91,600,000

Tourism: Visitors to Nigeria,


345,169 (1982)

340,000 (1985)

306,200 (1988)

656,000 (1995)

831,000 (2000)

1,010,000 (2005)

1,555,000 (2010)

600,000 (2013)