Page last modified 19 August 2023

 

El Salvador

Community

Area 21,041 square kilometres (20,721 square kilometres land area)

Population,


450,000 (1850)

664,513 (1887)

803,534 (1890)

1,006,848 (1901)

1,116,253 (1906)

1,434,361 (1930)

1,858,656 (1950)

2,763,000 (1960) +48.7%

3,669,000 (1970) +32.8%

4,581,000 (1980) +24.9%

5,255,000 (1990) +14.7%

5,868,000 (2000) +11.7%

6,165,000 (2010) +5.1%

6,486,200 (2020) +5.2%


Ethnicity,

 

Amerindian

Black

Mixed race

White

1900

40.0

0.0

50.0

10.0

1960

5.8

 

92.0

2.0

2007

0.2

0.1

86.3

12.7

Religion, %

 

Christian

J W

Christian

Protestant

Christian

R C

No

religion

1900

 

0.0

98.0

0.0

1970

 

2.3

96.8

0.1

2003

1.9

21.2

57.1

16.8

2010

 

33.0

47.0

17.0

Birth and death rates Below replacement rate = 2.1

 

Fertility Rate

Birth

Rate

Infant

Mortality

Death

Rate

% Aged

Under 15

% Aged

Over

65

% Urban

1930

 

 

 

 

 

 

38.3

1952

 

48.0 (+28.0)

175.0

20.0

42.2

2.9

36.5

1960

6.7

48.0 (+30.9)

125.5

17.1

44.9

3.3

38.3

1972

6.1

43.0 (+30.3)

102.0

12.7

45.3

3.3

40.0

1980

5.1

38.0 (+26.3)

79.0

11.7

43.8

3.5

44.1

1990

4.0

33.0 (+24.9)

46.0

8.1

40.0

4.4

49.2

2000

2.9

25.0 (+18.2)

27.0

6.8

36.6

5.5

58.9

2010

2.3

20.0 (+13.4)

16.5

6.6

31.6

7.2

64.3

2015

2.1

18.7 (+12.0)

13.3

6.7

28.3

7.8

66.7

2017

2.1

18.4 (+11.6)

12.2

6.8

 

 

 

2018

 

 

11.8

 

27.1

8.3

72.0

Life expectancy,


45.3 (1950); 44.0 (M), 47.0 (F)

49.9 (1960); 47.7 (M), 52.3 (F)

55.0 (1970); 52.2 (M), 58.0 (F)

56.5 (1980); 51.4 (M), 62.0 (F)

64.0 (1990); 59.3 (M), 68.9 (F)

68.7 (2000); 64.3 (M), 73.3 (F)

71.7 (2010); 67.1 (M), 76.4 (F)

73.4 (2020); 68.6 (M), 77.9 (F)


Population of principal cities, 1,000s MA = Metropolitan Area

 

San Miguel

SAN SALVADOR1

Santa Ana

1855

 

16

 

1890

 

16

 

1900

25

18

48

1913

 

20

 

1939

47

105

87

1950

 

213

 

1961

83

325

121

1971

 

565

 

1984

87

 

135

1990

 

1,522 MA

202

2000

160

 

 

2005

183

 

 

2012

221

 

300 MA

2017

 

1,767 MA

 

1San Salvador was founded in 1525, the city became the capital of the United Provinces of Central America in 1831 and was designated the capital of El Salvador in 1840.The city was devastated by an earthquake in April 1854, but was re-settled.


Wealth; Gross Domestic Product (nominal values)

 

GDP,

US$ million

Total GDP,

% of USA

GDP per capita,

US$

GDP per capita

% of USA

1948

217

0.10

114

7.48

1950

340

 

 

 

1965

878

0.12

275

7.18

1970

1,260

0.12

308

5.87

1975

1,884

0.12

454

5.81

1980

3,580

0.13

780

6.19

1985

3,800

0.09

771

4.22

1990

4,800

0.08

914

3.82

1995

9.500

0.00

1,693

5.63

2000

13,060

0.13

2,238

6.14

2005

17,000

0.13

2,835

6.40

2010

21,800

0.15

3,474

7.18

2015

26,050

0.14

4,127

7.34

2016

26,800

0.14

4,223

7.35

GDP


GDP by primary sector

 

Agriculture

% GDP

Agriculture

% employed

Industry

% GDP

Industry

% employed

Services

% GDP

Services

% employed

1960

32.0

62.0

 

17.0

 

21.0

1970

24.0

56.0

 

 

 

 

1980

20.0

50.0

15.0

22.0

 

27.0

1990

14.0

42.0

22.0

23.0

55.1

41.0

2000

10.0

28.0

30.0

 

60.0

 

2010

11.0

21.0

29.1

20.0

59.9

58.0

2016

10.6

 

24.6

 

64.8

 


Communications

Language, Official; Spanish

Literacy


42.0% (1942); 47.0% (M), 37.0% (F)

49.0% (1960)

62.0% (1980); 68.8% (M), 60.1% (F)

69.8% (1990); 73.1% (M), 66.8% (F)

79.2% (2000); 81.9% (M), 76.6% (F)

85.5% (2010); 88.4% (M), 82.8% (F)

88.0% (2015); 90.0% (M), 86.2% (F)


Physical communications � roads and railways, First railway opened 1882. The entire rail network was closed in 2002, apart from a brief resumption of service, October 2004 until April 2005, on the San Salvador to Soyapango route (to alleviate traffic congestion after a road bridge collapsed). Commuter services on the San Salvador to Apopa line (12.5 km) restarted in 2007.

 

Roads (km)

Surfaced (km)

Motor vehicles

Cars

Commercial Vehicles

Railways

(km)

1890

 

 

 

 

 

56

1900

 

 

 

 

 

56

1910

 

 

 

 

 

56

1920

 

 

 

 

 

283

1930

 

 

 

 

 

623

1938

2,376

 

 

 

 

623

1945

 

 

 

 

 

623

1955

 

 

16,800

11,000

 

623

1958

 

 

17,799

 

 

 

1960

7,950

 

 

 

 

 

1961

8,394

982

 

22,247

9,764

602

1964

 

 

34,900

 

 

 

1974

10,972

 

 

 

 

 

1977

 

 

 

70,100

35,500

602

1980

12,000

1,500

 

 

 

602

1982

12,297

 

 

72,547

67,755

 

1986

 

 

 

138,300

 

 

1989

15,120

 

 

168,234

 

 

1996

 

 

 

175,000

142,016

602

2000

 

2,827

 

 

 

0

2002

 

 

 

234,500

234,500

0

2009

 

 

 

294,000

 

 

2016

 

4,414

 

 

 

12.5

Electronic communications, TV broadcasts began 1956

 

Telephones (landlines)

Mobile Telephones

Radios

Televisions

PCs

Internet Users

1938

 

 

3,790

 

 

 

1940

4,920

 

4,600

 

 

 

1960

 

 

225,000

 

 

 

1961

18,000

 

250,000

20,000

 

 

1966

18,219

 

550,000

 

 

 

1976

 

 

1,400,000

136,000

 

 

1980

68,800

 

 

320,000

 

 

1982

 

 

 

 

 

 

1985

 

 

1,600,000

350,000

 

 

1990

125,000

 

2,125,000

600,700

 

 

1993

 

1,632

 

 

 

 

1995

 

13,500

2,600,000

 

 

 

1999

 

 

 

 

100,000

 

2000

625,300

743,600

2,970,000

1,450,000

120,000

 

2002

 

 

 

 

 

30,000

2005

 

2,411,750

 

1,560,000

350,000

637,100

2009

1,099,000

 

 

 

 

746,000

2010

1,080,000

7,700,000

 

 

 

1,000,000

2016

933,377

9,102,000

 

 

 

1,785,000

Tourism: Visitors to El Salvador,


81,800 (1982)

106,100 (1983)

125,000 (1987)

194,000 (1990)

235,000 (1995)

795,000 (2000)

1,127,000 (2005)

1,150,000 (2010)

1,402,500 (2015)