Page last modified 18 August 2023

 

Chile

Community

Area 756,102 square kilometres (land area 743,812 square kilometres)

Population,


1,439,120 (1850)

1,558,319 (1858)

2.527,320 (1885)

2,712,145 (1895)

3,110,000 (1900)

4,287,445 (1930)

5,023,539 (1940) +17.2%

5,800,000 (1950) +15.5%

7,716,000 (1960) +38.0%

9,564,000 (1970) +24.0%

11,266,000 (1980) +17.8%

13,232,000 (1990) +17.5%

15,263,000 (2000) +15.3%

16,993,000 (2010) +11.3%

19,116,000 (2020) +12.5%


Ethnicity %

 

Chilean-born

European born

Indigenous

Indian

Mixed race

USA born

Total White

1895

97.3

1.6

2.0

60.0

1.1

35.0

1970

 

 

5.0

72.5

 

20.0

 

Religion, %

 

Animist

Christian

Protestant

Christian

R C

Jewish

None

1900

3.0

0.7

96.0

0.0

0.1

1947

 

 

 

0.5

 

1970

1.1

1.5

84.3

0.3

3.4

1980

 

11.0

89.0

 

 

1990

 

 

79.0

 

 

2002

 

16.1

70.0

0.1

8.3

2010

 

20.0

58.0

 

20.0

2015

 

13.0

55.0

 

 

Birth and death rates Below replacement rate = 2.1

 

Fertility Rate

Birth

Rate

Infant

Mortality

Death

Rate

% Aged

Under 15

% Aged

Over

65

% Urban

1895

 

 

 

 

 

 

45.7

1930

 

 

 

 

 

 

49.4

1952

 

37.0 (+23.0)

126.0

14.0

36.8

4.3

54.3

1962

5.0

37.0 (+25.0)

116.5

12.0

39.6

4.9

69.4

1972

3.6

27.6 (+18.7)

65.6

8.9

37.9

5.2

76.5

1980

2.7

23.0 (+16.2)

28.2

6.8

33.7

5.6

81.2

1990

2.6

22.4 (+16.7)

16.0

5.7

30.0

6.2

83.3

2000

2.1

17.2 (+11.9)

9.2

5.3

27.1

7.5

86.1

2010

1.9

14.3 (+8.5)

7.5

5.8

22.5

9.2

87.1

2015

1.8

13.4 (+7.3)

6.7

6.1

20.8

10.4

87.4

2017

1.7

12.7 (+6.5)

6.3

6.2

 

 

 

2018

 

 

6.2

 

19.8

11.5

87.6

Life expectancy,


51.9 (1952); 49.8 (M), 53.9 (F)

57.3 (1960); 54.6 (M), 60.1 (F)

62.3 (1970); 59.2 (M), 65.5 (F)

69.0 (1980); 65.7 (M), 72.4 (F)

73.5 (1990); 70.6 (M), 76.7 (F)

76.6 (2000); 73.7 (M), 79.7 (F)

78.3 (2010); 75.7 (M), 81.0 (F)

80.3 (2020); 77.9 (M), 82.5 (F)


Population of principal cities, 1,000s MA = Metropolitan area

 

Antofagasta1

Concepcion2

Puntas Arenas

SANTIAGO3

Valparaiso4

1700

 

 

 

10

 

1800

 

 

 

25

 

1825

 

 

 

 

10

1850

 

10

 

100

80

1900

17

55

 

320

143

1940

51

92

25

640

216

1952

62

134

34

1,350

222

1966

75

159

45

2,500

262

1975

150

160

68

3,186

250

1987

205

294

111

4,300

280

2002

297

 

119

4,700

 

2010

 

 

 

5,883

865 MA

2006

 

1,323 MA

 

 

 

2012

 

 

127

 

930 MA

2015

402

 

 

7,314

 

1Antofagasta was formerly a Bolivian town, captured by Chile in 1879.

2Concepction was founded by Pedro de Valdivia in 1550

3Santiago was founded in 1541 as Santiago de Nueva Estremadura by Pedro de Valdivia. It is named after the Spanish for �St James�, San Iago. Santiago was made the capital of Chile 1818.

4Valparaiso was founded in 1536


Wealth; Gross Domestic Product (nominal values)

 

GDP,

US$ million

Total GDP,

% of USA

GDP per capita,

US$

GDP per capita

% of USA

1948

1,013

0.45

180

11.80

1956

2,045

0.57

 

 

1960

4,110

0.76

532

17.69

1965

6,026

0.81

700

18.29

1970

9,126

0.88

954

18.18

1975

8,870

0.54

730

9.34

1980

28,380

1.02

2,600

20.64

1985

16,460

0.39

1,510

8.27

1990

30,320

0.52

2,558

10.68

1995

65,220

0.88

5,071

16.87

2000

70,020

0.70

4,927

13.52

2005

115,200

0.88

7,615

17.19

2010

213,000

1.42

12,860

26.58

2015

242,500

1.34

13,650

24.29

2016

247,000

1.33

13,800

24.01

GDP by primary sector

 

Agriculture

% GDP

Agriculture

% employed

Industry

% GDP

Industry

% employed

Services

% GDP

Services

% employed

1930

 

34.7

 

 

 

 

1940

 

35.6

 

 

 

 

1960

 

30.0

 

20.0

 

50.0

1970

 

23.0

 

 

 

 

1980

9.3

13.8

36.0

19.0

53.5

60.0

1990

9.4

17.0

37.1

44.0

 

 

2000

8.2

14.0

39.0

25.0

56.6

56.0

2010

5.1

13.2

41.8

23.0

53.1

63.9

2013

 

9.2

 

23.7

 

61.7

2016

4.3

 

31.3

 

64.4

 


Communications

Language, %. Official; Spanish

 

Araucanian

Spanish

1990

5.0

94.5

Literacy


14.0% (1855)

25.0% (1900)

80.0% (1952)

84.0% (1960)

88.0% (1970)

91.1% (1980); 91.5% (M), 90.8% (F)

95.2% (1990); 95.4% (M), 95.0% (F)

95.7% (2000); 95.8% (M), 95.6% (F)

96.5% (2010); 96.6% (M), 96.5% (F)

97.5% (2015); 97.6% (M), 97.4% (F)


Physical communications � roads

 

Roads (km)

Surfaced (km)

Motor vehicles

Cars

Commercial Vehicles

1938

37,030

 

 

 

 

1940

 

 

 

33,704

16,464

1950

 

 

 

40,098

27,507

1956

 

 

104,600

 

 

1960

56,970

 

 

55,000

 

1961

56,976

 

 

58,800

76,200

1964

 

 

190,400

90,000

90,000

1977

74,898

 

 

294,600

164,600

1986

 

 

938,400

660,000

256,000

1988

79,222

10,320

 

 

 

2001

79,605

16,000

2,000,000

 

 

2004

80,505

16,745

 

1,303,554

633,853

2010

 

18,119

3,190,000

 

 

2013

 

 

4,012,000

 

 

Railways;First railway opened 1851

 

Length km

% electrified

1860

438

 

1870

797

 

1880

1,782

 

1890

2,748

 

1900

4,358

 

1910

5,978

 

1920

8,205

 

1930

8,934

 

1940

8,614

 

1950

8,486

 

1961

8,408

7.5

1985

7,205

24.8

2014

7,282

23.2

Urban metro systems

 

Santiago

Metro km

Opened 1975

Valparaiso

Metro (km)

Opened 2005

1992

27.0

 

2001

40.0

 

2010

119.3

43.3

Electronic communications, TV broadcasts began 1959 (colour from 1978)

 

Telephones (landlines)

Mobile Telephones

Radios

Televisions

PCs

Internet Users

1938

70,867

 

150,000

 

 

 

1941

90,943

 

200,000

 

 

 

1950

 

 

550,000

 

 

 

1959

166,184

 

 

 

 

 

1960

 

 

700,000

 

 

 

1961

 

 

1,016,000

3,000

 

 

1962

203,315

 

 

 

 

 

1968

294,712

 

 

 

 

 

1976

 

 

1,800,000

710,000

 

 

1980

363,000

 

2,600,000

1,000,000

 

 

1988

 

 

 

 

60,000

 

1989

 

4,886

 

 

 

 

1990

864,155

13,921

4,500,000

2,700,000

123,000

 

1995

 

197,300

4,950,000

3,050,000

474,000

 

1997

 

 

 

 

 

200,000

2000

3,302,506

3,401,500

5,200,000

4,200,000

1,420,000

 

2002

 

 

 

 

 

3,575,000

2005

 

10,569,600

 

 

2,300,000

5,000,000

2010

3,575,000

16,450,000

 

 

 

8,500,000

2016

3,464,107

22,975,000

 

 

 

11,650,000

Tourism: Visitors to Chile,


261,214 (1968)

168,741 (1973)

326,415 (1980)

251,434 (1985)

943,000 (1990)

1,540,000 (1995)

1,742,000 (2000)

2,027,082 (2005)

2,801,000 (2010)

4,478,000 (2015)