Chronography of Currency Exchange Rates

Page last modified 9/11/2022

 

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See below for historic currencies, weights and measures

 

Approximate exchange rates, local currency unit rate to 1 UK�, or 1 US$, for selected years and countries. A range indicates significant fluctuation within that year. For detailed exchange rate fluctuations in recent years see Economic Data. o, official rate. m, market rate, t, tourist rate, a, actual rate, by price comparison. Contemporary country names are used where territorial areas have not significantly changed or there is a direct successor-State. Figures in blue are local currency units to US$ rate.

 

Currency Reform (usually divided by 100 or 1,000 old to new � due to inflation)

Dollar parity area

CFA Franc area

(Pound) Sterling parity area

(Shilling) Sterling parity area

 

Conversions US$ to UK� from 1953 onwards taken from http://fxtop.com/en/historical-exchange-rates.php?YA=1&C1=GBP&C2=USD&A=1&YYYY1=1953&MM1=01&DD1=01&YYYY2=2019&MM2=02&DD2=08&LANG=en

 

 

US DOLLAR(1)

Rates to UK�

Afghanistan

Afghani

Albania

Lek (0.2 Fr)

Algeria

New Franc

2018

1.34

 

 

 

2017

1.29

 

 

 

2016

1.36

 

 

 

2015

1.53

 

 

 

2014

1.65

 

 

 

2013

1.56

 

 

 

2012

1.58

 

 

 

2011

1.60

 

 

 

2010

1.55

 

 

 

2009

1.57

 

 

 

2008

1.85

 

 

 

2007

2.00

 

 

 

2006

1.84

 

 

 

2005

1.82

 

 

 

2004

1.83

 

 

 

2003

1.63

 

 

 

2002

1.50

 

 

 

2001

1.44

 

 

 

2000

1.52

 

 

 

1999

1.62

 

 

 

1998

1.66

 

 

 

1997

1.63

 

 

 

1996

1.56

 

 

 

1995

1.58

 

 

 

1994

1.53

 

 

 

1993

1.51

 

 

 

1992

1.77

 

 

 

1991

1.77

 

 

 

1990

1.78

 

 

 

1989

1.64

 

 

 

1988

1.78

 

 

 

1987

1.64

 

 

 

1986

1.47

 

 

 

1985

1.30

 

 

 

1984

1.34

 

 

 

1983

1.52

 

 

 

1982

1.75

 

 

 

1981

2.03

 

 

 

1980

2.33

 

 

 

1979

2.12

 

 

 

1978

1.92

 

 

 

1977

1.75

 

 

 

1976

1.81

 

 

 

1975

2.02 -2.22

45.00

10.25

4.10

1974

2.32 � 2.34

55.10

10.25

4.18 � 4.50

1973

2.45 � 2.58

63.00

 

4.10

1972

2.34

83.00

 

4.50

1971

2.44

 

 

4.90

1970

2.40

80.00

12.50

4.90

1969

2.39

75.00

12.50

4.90

1968

2.39 � 2.40

79.95

12.50

4.90

1967

2.79 - 2.40 (2)

77.25

 

4.90

1966

2.79

74.75

50.00

4.90

1965

2.80

45.0 - 50.0

50.00

4.94

1964

2.79

50.00

50.00

5.00, 13.70

1963

2.80

50.00

50.00

5.00

1962

2.81

41.67

50.00

5.00

1961

2.80

 

 

 

1960

2.81

40-60o

145-150m

 

 

1959

2.81

 

 

 

1958

2.79

 

 

 

1957

2.79

 

 

 

1956

2.79

 

 

 

1955

2.79

 

 

 

1954

2.79

 

 

 

1953

2.79

 

 

 

1950

2.80

 

140

 

1946

 

126,0, 45.0

140, 50

13.83, 4.94

1940

4.03

 

 

 

1938

4.90

 

126

 

1930

4.87

 

 

 

1919

5.00

 

 

 

1915

4.86-4.49

 

 

 

1913

5.0

 

 

 

1910

4.8

 

 

 

1908

6.0

 

120

 

1900

5.3

 

 

 

1860

5.0

 

 

 

 

US DOLLAR**

Rates to UK�

Afghanistan

Afghani

Albania

Lek (0.2 Fr)

Algeria

New Franc

(1) Derived from Thaler. See bottom of page, other earlier currencies.

(2) UK Pound devalued 18% from US Dollar 2.79 to 2.40, 18/11/1967

 

 

Angola

Escudo

Argentina

Peso

Australia

Dollar

Austria

Schilling

1975

27.00

52.80

0.79

18.20

1974

24.70

5.00 � 9.80

0.76

17.80

1973

23.10

5.00

0.67

17.00

1972

27.20

5.00

0.84

22.90

1971

28.65

5.00

 

 

1970

28.70

4.00

0.89

 

1969

28.70

 

0.90

25.86

1968

28.85

350

0.90

25.86

1967

28.75

350

0.89, 2.45AU Dollar

25.85

1966

28.58

205

0.88

25.78

1965

28.75

149 - 178

0.45

25.90

1964

28.49, 80.20

140.84

0.45, 1.25 AU Pound

25.64

1963

 

 

0.44, 1.24 AU Pound

26.31`

1963

28.49

377, 134.70

0.45

 

1962

 

131.58

0.45, 1.25 AU Pound

 

26.32, 73.9

1960

 

 

 

70

1959

 

 

 

25, 70

1952

 

14.0e

38.97m

0.45, 1.25 AU Pound

 

 

1948

 

 

 

70

1946

 

29.77o

25.12(export)

0.31

 

1945

 

29.77o

25.12(export)

 

 

1938

 

11.0, 36.0

 

 

1913

 

 

 

24 Crowns

1910

 

5.10

 

24 Crowns/Krone

2.33 Ducats

1908

 

6.00

 

10-12 Florins

 

Angola

Escudo

Argentina

Peso

Australia

Dollar

Austria

 

*Australia adopted the Australian Dollar from 1966

 

Economic Data. o, official rate, e, export rate (c, coffee exports). i, imports m, market rate, t, tourist rate, a, actual rate, by price comparison. Contemporary country names are used where territorial areas have not significantly changed or there is a direct successor-State. Figures in blue are local currency units to US$ rate.

 

 

Bahamas

 

Bahrain

Persian Gulf Rupee

Bangladesh

Taka

Barbados

1975

1/00

0.40

13.70

2.00

1974

1.00

0.40

8.10

2/06

1973

1.00

0.40

7.40

1.93

1972

0.97

0.44

7.30

1.84

1971

1.00

 

 

2.00

1970

1.00

 

 

2/00

1969

1.02

 

 

2.00

1968

1.01

 

 

2.00

1967

1.04

 

 

2.00

1966

1.02

 

 

 

1965

0.36

 

 

 

1964

0.36

 

 

 

1962

0.36

 

 

 

1962

 

16, 4.76

 

4.80, 1.71

1952

 

 

 

4.80 (British

Caribbean Dollar)

 

 

Belgium

Belgian Franc

Belize

Benin

CFA Franc

Bolivia

Peso Boliviano

Botswana

Brazil

Cruzeiro

1975

40.60

1.70

217.63

20.00

0.87

8.60

1974

37.50 - 44.00

1.72

234.75

20.00

0.79

6.20 � 7.14

1973

38.60

1.60

230.21

20.00 (2)

0.70

6.12

1972

43.80

1.66

255.79

20.00

 

6.06

1971

 

1.66

277.71

11.88

0.71

5.50

1970

 

1.66

277.71

11.88

0.71

4.50

1969

50.23

1.66

277.71

11.88

0.71

4.10

1968

49.94

1.66

246.85

11.88

0.71

3.22

1967

49.63

1.66

246.85

11.88

0.71 Rand

2.72 � 3,20 (3) 1,000

1966

50.08

 

245.00

11.86

0.71

2,200, 4,000 - 6,000

1965

49.70

 

246.85

11.88

 

2,200

1964

50.00

1.43

243.90

11.76

 

1,538

1963

50.00

1.42

243.90

11.88, 33.26

 

620, 1,740m

201.2, 563.4

coffee exports

1962

50.00, 140.00

1.43, 4.00

246.85

12,500

 

310-450, 871

1956

 

 

 

 

 

65 , 181

1952

50.40, 139.40

 

 

60o, 168o

 

 

1950

 

4.00(1)

 

 

 

18.7, 52.4

1946

43.70

 

 

 

 

19.5 - 18.7

1938

35.60

 

 

 

 

41.7 Milre m

1910

25.20

 

 

 

 

 

1906

 

 

 

 

 

15.0 Milre m

1903

26.00

 

 

11.40

 

20.0 Milre m

1898

 

 

 

13.30

 

41.7 Milre m

1896

 

 

 

 

 

26.7 Milre m

1891

 

 

 

 

 

19.2 Milre m

1889

 

 

 

 

 

9 Milre m

(1) British Honduras Dollar

(2) Bolivian inflation 1972-3 was 31.9%

(3) New Cruzeiro. Brazilian inflation, 1966, was 40% - 50%

 

 

Brunei

Bulgaria

Leva

Burkina Faso

CFA Franc

Burundi

Franc

1975

 

 

217.63

78.80

1974

 

1.65

234.75

78.80

1973

 

1.65

230.21

78.80

1972

 

1.85

255.79

82.50

1971

 

 

277.71

87.50

1970

 

2.00

277.71

87.50

1969

 

 

277.71

87.50

1968

 

2.00

246.85

87,5

1967

 

2.00

246.85

87.50

1966

 

2.00

245.00

86.86

1965

 

1.17, 3.5

246.85

87.50

1964

 

1.16

243.90, 685.00

140

1963

 

1.16

243.90

 

1962

3.06, 8.57

1.17, 3.38o

9.6 t

246.90, 691.20

 

1951

 

19.04

 

 

 

 

Cambodia

Riel

Cameroon

CFA Franc

Canada

Dollar

Cape Verde

Escudo

1975

1,650.00

217.63

 

27.00

1974

375.00

234.75

 

 

1973

165.00

230.21

 

 

1972

186.26

255.79

 

 

1971

165.00

277.71

 

 

1970

55.50

277.71

1.08

 

1969

35.00

277.71

1.08

 

1968

35,00

246.85

1.08

 

1967

35.00

246.85

1.08

 

1966

34.93

245.00

1.08

 

1965

35.00

246.90

1.08

 

1964

34.48

243.90, 685.00

1.07

 

1963

34.50

243.90

1.08

 

1962

35.00, 98.00

246.90, 691.20

1.08 (1), 3.02

 

1952

 

 

1.04, 2.90

 

1938

 

 

4.90

 

1910

 

 

4.87

 

1900

 

 

4.87

 

1858

 

 

4.90

 

(1) Canadian Dollar (previously floating) pegged, 5/1962, at US$ 92.5 cents

 

 

Central

African Rep.

Chad

CFA Franc

Chile

Peso

1975

217.63

217.63

7.80

1974

234.75

234.75

 

1973

230.21

230.21

 

1972

255.79

255.79

20.00

1971

277.71

277.71

12.23

1970

277.71

277.71

11.60

1969

277.71

277.71

9.39

1968

246.85

246.85

6.66

1967

246.85

246.85

4.85

1966

245.00

245.00

4.29

1965

246.90

246.90

3.37

1964

243.90

243.90, 685.00

2.50

1963

243.90

243.90

2.94

1962

246.90 691.20

246.90, 691.20

1.95, 5.45

1952

 

 

31,00 86.8o

141.0, 375.0m

1938

 

 

40

1910

 

 

13.30

1900

 

 

14

1835

 

 

5

 

Economic Data. o, official rate, e, export rate (c, coffee exports). i, imports m, market rate, t, tourist rate, a, actual rate, by price comparison. Contemporary country names are used where territorial areas have not significantly changed or there is a direct successor-State. Figures in blue are local currency units to US$ rate.

 

 

China

Yuan

Colombia

Peso

Comoros Islands

Congo Dem. Rep.

(Zaire)

Congo Republic

1987

3.70, 6.10

 

 

 

 

1983

1.89, 2.87

 

 

 

 

1980

1.50, 3.50

 

 

 

 

1975

1.90

29.40

217.63

0.50

217.63

1974

1.96, 5.90

27.00, 54.2

 

0.50

234.75

1973

1.87

23.60

 

0.50

230.21

1972

2.25

21.90

 

0.50

255.79

1971

 

20.10

 

0.50

277.71

1970

2.50, 5.90

18.30

 

0.50

277.71

1969

2.00

17.46

 

0.50

277.71

1968

2.00

16.32

 

0.50

246.95

1967

2.46, 7.10

14.72

 

0.50 Zaire

246.85

1966

2/50

18.20

 

150

245.00

1965

2.00

9.00

 

150

246.85,

1964

2.44, 6.81

11

 

149

243.90

1963

2.44

10

 

180-504/420 o(1)

243.90

1962

2.46, 6.89

9.01, 25.23e

7.01, 19.88c

9.99, 27.97m

 

180, 504i

150, 420e

246.85, 691.20

1960

 

 

 

 

 

1957

6.50o

1.96, 5.47

 

 

 

1952

 

1.95, 5,46o

 

 

 

1938

17.10

5

 

 

 

1946

 

1.75

 

 

 

1910

7.00Tael*

5.10

 

 

 

1900

8.00Tael*

 

 

 

 

1896

6.00Tael*

 

 

 

 

1875

3.25Tael*

 

 

 

 

*The Chinese Tael rate to the UK� varied with the Sterling price of silver

(1) DR Congo, 1963, devalued the Congolese Franc from 180 to 504 to �UK for importers and to 420 for exporters.

 

Economic Data. o, official rate, e, export rate (c, coffee exports). i, imports m, market rate, t, tourist rate, a, actual rate, by price comparison. Contemporary country names are used where territorial areas have not significantly changed or there is a direct successor-State. Figures in blue are local currency units to US$ rate.

 

 

Costa Rica

Colon

Cote D�Ivoire

CFA Franc

Cuba

Peso

1975

8.60

217.63

0.82

1974

8.50, 17.20

234.75, 668.00

0.80, 2.40

1973

6.62

230.21

0.83

1972

6.62

255.79

0.93

1971

6.65

277.71

1.00

1970

6.62

277.71

1.00

1969

6.62

277.71

1.00

1968

6.62

246.85

1.00

1967

 

246.85

1.00

1966

6.62

245.00

1.00

1965

6.65

246.90

 

1964

6.67

243.90, 685.00

 

1963

6.67

243.90

 

1962

6.63, 18.55

246.90, 691.20

1.00, 2.8o

1952

5.62, 15.74

 

 

1938

10.50

 

4.90

1951

 

 

1.00o

1946

5.95

 

 

1900

10.50

 

1.00, 5.30

*The Chinese Tael rate to the UK� varied with the Sterling price of silver

(1) DR Congo, 1963, devalued the Congolese Franc from 180 to 504 to �UK for importers and to 420 for exporters.

 

 

Cyprus

Piastre

Czechoslovakia

Koruna

Denmark

Kroner

1975

0.39

11.50

6.10

1974

0.37

12.50

5.90, 18.2

1973

0.34

12.50

5.70

1972

0.38

15.00

6.95

1970

 

16.20

7.50

1969

 

16.20

 

1968

 

16.20

7.50, 20

1967

1.00

16.20

 

1966

0.36

16.16

6.88

1965

0.36, 1.00

7.20

6.90

1964

0.36

6.93

6.94

1963

0.36

7.20 o, 14.3m

6.89

1962

0.36, 1.00

7.20 o, 20.16m

6.91, 19.34

1960

 

 

 

1954

 

7.20*, 20.10

 

1952

180

 

6.92, 19.34

1947

 

 

19.30

1946

 

 

4.79

1938

 

192

17.80

1930

 

33.3

 

1910

 

 

18.00

1900

 

 

18

1895

 

 

18

*In 1953 the Soviet administration of Czechoslovakia effectively eliminated all cash savings by issuing a new Koruna currency at 50 old Koruna � 1 new Koruna (except for the first 300 Koruna which could be exchanged at 5 to 1). Meanwhile all wages, pay ,taxes, was adjusted at 5 to 1. Thus, effectively, all private cash savings above 300 Koruna were slashed in value by 90%. The New Koruna was set at 12.50, I Russian Rouble, with a totally notional rate of 7.2 Koruna, 1 US Dollar.

 

 

Djibouti

Franc

Dominican

Republic

peso

Ecuador

Sucre

Egypt

Egypt�

1987

 

 

 

2.35 m *

1975

 

1.00

23.80

0.39

1974

 

1.00

25.00, 60

0.39, 1.12

1973

 

1.00

25.00

0.39

1972

 

1.00

25.00

0.43

1971

 

1.00

25.25

0.43

1970

 

1.00

25.00

0.43

1969

 

1.00

18.18

0.43

1968

 

1.00

18.18

0.43

1967

 

1.00

18.18

0.43

1966

 

1.00

17.82

0.43

1965

 

1.00

18.20

1.33

1964

600

1.00

17.86

0.43, 1.22

1963

 

1.00

17.86

0.43

1962

 

1.00, 2.80

18.00, 50.40

0.35, 0.98

1951

 

 

 

0.35, 0.99

1950

 

1.00

 

 

1944

 

 

 

0.24

1910

 

 

10

0.98

1900

 

 

9.60

0.98

*In early 1987 the Egyptian Government maintained a range of official fixed rates for various purposes, including:-

Trading with eastern bloc, 0.4, servicing foreign debt, 0.7, banking transactions 1.35, customs dues 1.75. In mid-1987 to improve foreign exchange access by the banks the banking transactions rate was devalued to 2.20, near the free market rate.

 

 

El Salvador

Colon

Eq. Guinea

Guinea Fr

Estonia

Kroon

Eswatini

Ethiopia

Dollar/Thaler

Fiji

1975

2.50

58.30

 

 

2.10

 

1974

2.50, 6,53

56.80 Epkwele

 

 

2.07

2.00

1973

2.50

58.16

 

 

2.10

 

1972

2.50

63.65

 

 

2.30

 

1971

2.50

70 Peseta

 

 

2.50

 

1970

2.50

70

 

 

2.50

 

1969

2.50

70

 

 

2.50

 

1968

2.50

 

 

 

2.50

 

1967

2.50

 

 

 

2.50

 

1966

2.50

 

 

 

2.48

 

1965

2.50

 

 

0.72

2.48

 

1964

2.50

683

 

 

7.00

 

1963

2.50

 

 

 

2.48

 

1962

2.50, 7.00

 

 

 

2.48, 6.96

0.40, 1.11

1957

 

 

 

 

7.00

 

1950

 

 

 

 

7.00

111.0

1946

2.50

 

 

 

 

 

1939

 

 

3.85

 

 

 

1938

9.80

 

18.1

 

 

 

1935

 

 

 

 

3.1

 

 

 

Finland

Markka

France

Franc

Gabon

CFA Franc

1979

 

 

234.75

1975

3.90

4/50

217.63

1974

3.70

4.50

234.75

1973

3.90, 10.0

4.10, 10.00

230.21

1972

4.10

5.00

255.79

1971

 

 

277.71

1970

4.20

5.50

277.71

1969

4.20

5.50

277.71

1968

4.20

4.90

246.85

1967

4.20

4.90

246.85

1966

3.20

4.89, 10.00

245.00

1965

3.22

4.91

246.85

1964

3.23

4.90

243.90, 685.00

1963

3.23

5.00

243.90

1962

3.20, 8.96(1)

4.94, 13.82

246.85, 691.18

1960

 

1,370

 

1951

231, 646

350

980

 

1947

550

 

 

1946

136

 

 

1939

49.35

 

 

1938

192

128

 

1935

 

15.2

 

1930

 

30.4

 

1928

 

Devalued

24/6/1928

5.2 to

25.5