Chronography of Currency Exchange Rates

Page last modified 7/12/2021

 

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Approximate exchange rates, local currency unit rate to 1 UK�, or 1 US$, for selected years and countries. A range indicates significant fluctuation within that year. For detailed exchange rate fluctuations in recent years see Economic Data. o = official rate. m = market rate, t = tourist rate, a = actual rate, by price comparison. Contemporary country names are used where territorial areas have not significantly changed or there is a direct successor-State. Figures in blue are local currency units to US$ rate.

 

Conversions US$ to UK� from 1953 onwards taken from http://fxtop.com/en/historical-exchange-rates.php?YA=1&C1=GBP&C2=USD&A=1&YYYY1=1953&MM1=01&DD1=01&YYYY2=2019&MM2=02&DD2=08&LANG=en

 

 

US DOLLAR**

Rates to UK�

Afghanistan

Afghani

Albania

Lek (0.2 Fr)

Algeria

New Franc

2018

1.34

 

 

 

2017

1.29

 

 

 

2016

1.36

 

 

 

2015

1.53

 

 

 

2014

1.65

 

 

 

2013

1.56

 

 

 

2012

1.58

 

 

 

2011

1.60

 

 

 

2010

1.55

 

 

 

2009

1.57

 

 

 

2008

1.85

 

 

 

2007

2.00

 

 

 

2006

1.84

 

 

 

2005

1.82

 

 

 

2004

1.83

 

 

 

2003

1.63

 

 

 

2002

1.50

 

 

 

2001

1.44

 

 

 

2000

1.52

 

 

 

1999

1.62

 

 

 

1998

1.66

 

 

 

1997

1.63

 

 

 

1996

1.56

 

 

 

1995

1.58

 

 

 

1994

1.53

 

 

 

1993

1.51

 

 

 

1992

1.77

 

 

 

1991

1.77

 

 

 

1990

1.78

 

 

 

1989

1.64

 

 

 

1988

1.78

 

 

 

1987

1.64

 

 

 

1986

1.47

 

 

 

1985

1.30

 

 

 

1984

1.34

 

 

 

1983

1.52

 

 

 

1982

1.75

 

 

 

1981

2.03

 

 

 

1980

2.33

 

 

 

1979

2.12

 

 

 

1978

1.92

 

 

 

1977

1.75

 

 

 

1976

1.81

 

 

 

1975

2.22

 

 

 

1974

2.34

 

 

 

1973

2.45

 

 

 

1972

2.50

 

 

 

1971

2.44

 

 

 

1970

2.40

 

 

 

1969

2.39

 

 

 

1968

2.39

 

 

 

1967

2.75

 

 

 

1966

2.79

 

 

 

1965

2.80

 

 

 

1964

2.79

 

 

13.7

1963

2.80

 

 

 

1962

2.81

 

 

 

1961

2.80

 

 

 

1960

2.81

40-60o

145-150m

 

 

1959

2.81

 

 

 

1958

2.79

 

 

 

1957

2.79

 

 

 

1956

2.79

 

 

 

1955

2.79

 

 

 

1954

2.79

 

 

 

1953

2.79

 

 

 

1950

 

 

140

 

1938

4.9

 

126

 

1919

5.0

 

 

 

1915

4.86-4.49

 

 

 

1913

5.0

 

 

 

1910

4.8

 

 

 

1908

6.0

 

120

 

1900

5.3

 

 

 

1860

5.0

 

 

 

**Derived from Thaler. See bottom of page, other earlier currencies.

 

 

Angola

Escudo

Argentina

Peso

Australia

Pound (not UK�)*

Austria

 

Barbados

1967

 

 

0.89 = 2.45AU Dollar

 

 

1964

80.2

 

0.45 = 1.25 AU Pound

 

 

1963

 

 

0.44 = 1.24 AU Pound

 

 

1962

 

 

 

26.3 Schillings = 73.9

 

1960

 

 

 

70 Schillings

 

1959

 

 

 

25 Schillings = 70

 

1952

 

14.0o(export)

38.97m

0.45 = 1.25 AU Pound

 

 

4.80 (British

Caribbean Dollar)

1948

 

 

 

70 Schillings

 

1938

 

11.0

 

 

 

1913

 

 

 

24 Crowns

 

1910

 

5.1

 

24 Crowns/Krone

2.33 Ducats

 

1908

 

6.0

 

10-12 Florins

 

*Australia adopted the Australian Dollar from 1966

 

 

Belgium

Belgian Franc

Belize

Bolivia

Boliviano

Brazil

Cruzeiro

1966

 

 

 

4,000 - 6,000

1962

 

 

 

310 = 871

1956

 

 

 

65= 181

1952

50.4 = 139.4

 

60o = 168o

 

1950

 

4.0*

 

18.7 = 52.4

1938

35.6

 

 

41.7 Milre m

1910

25.2

 

 

 

1906

 

 

 

15.0 Milre m

1903

26.0

 

11.4

20.0 Milre m

1898

 

 

13.3

41.7 Milre m

1896

 

 

 

26.7 Milre m

1891

 

 

 

19.2 Milre m

1889

 

 

 

9 Milre m

*British Honduras Dollar

 

 

Bulgaria

Leva

Burkina Faso

CFA Franc

Burundi

Franc

1965

3.5

 

 

1964

 

685

140

1962

9.6 t

 

 

1951

19.04

 

 

 

 

Cameroon

CFA Franc

Canada

Dollar

Chad

CFA Franc

Chile

Peso

1964

685

 

685

 

1952

 

1.04 = 2.90

 

31,0 = 86.8o

141.0 = 375.0m

1938

 

4.9

 

40

1910

 

4.87

 

13.3

1900

 

4.87

 

14

1858

 

4.9

 

 

1835

 

 

 

5

Ceylon � see Sri Lanka

 

Economic Data. o = official rate. m = market rate, t = tourist rate, a = actual rate, by price comparison. Contemporary country names are used where territorial areas have not significantly changed or there is a direct successor-State. Figures in blue are local currency units to US$ rate.

 

 

China

Yuan

Colombia

Peso

Costa Rica

Colon

Cote D�Ivoire

CFA Franc

Cuba

Peso

1987

3.7 = 6.1

 

 

 

 

1983

1.89 = 2.87

 

 

 

 

1980

1.50 = 3.50

 

 

 

 

1970

5.9

 

 

 

 

1967

7.1

 

 

 

 

1964

2.44 = 6.81

 

 

685

 

1957

6.5o

1.96 = 5.47

 

 

 

1952

 

1.95 = 5,46o

5.62 = 15.74

 

 

1938

17.1

5

10.5

 

4.9

1951

 

 

 

 

1.0o

1910

7.0Tael*

5.1

 

 

 

1900

8.0Tael*

 

10.5

 

1.0 = 5.3

1896

6.0Tael*

 

 

 

 

1875

3.25Tael*

 

 

 

 

*The Chinese Tael rate to the UK� varied with the Sterling price of silver

 

 

Cyprus

Piastre

Czechoslovakia

Koruna

Denmark

Kroner

1910

 

 

18.3

1947

 

 

19.3

1952

180

 

6.92 = 19.34

1954

 

7.2* = 20.1

 

1968

 

 

20

1938

 

192

17.8

1930

 

33.3

 

1910

 

 

17.7

1900

 

 

18

1895

 

 

18

*In 1953 the Soviet administration of Czechoslovakia effectively eliminated all cash savings by issuing a new Koruna currency at 50 old Koruna � 1 new Koruna (except for the first 300 Koruna which could be exchanged at 5 to 1). Meanwhile all wages, pay ,taxes, was adjusted at 5 to 1. Thus, effectively, all private cash savings above 300 Koruna were slashed in value by 90%. The New Koruna was set at 12.50 = I Russian Rouble, with a totally notional rate of 7.2 Koruna = 1 US Dollar.

 

 

Djibouti

Franc

Dominican

Republic

peso

Ecuador

Sucre

Egypt

Egypt�

1965

 

 

 

1.33

1964

600

 

 

1.22

1951

 

 

 

0.349 = 0.975

1950

 

1.00

 

 

1910

 

 

10

0.975

1900

 

 

9.6

0.98

 

 

El Salvador

Colon

Eq. Guinea

Guinea Fr

Estonia

Kroon

Ethiopia

Dollar/Thaler

Fiji

1964

 

683

 

7.0

 

1957

 

 

 

7.0

 

1950

 

 

 

7.0

111.0

1938

9.8

 

18.1

 

 

1935

 

 

 

3.1

 

 

 

Finland

Markka

France

Franc

Gabon

CFA Franc

Gambia

W Afr �

Germany

Mark*

Germany-East

Ost-Mark

1979

 

 

 

 

 

4.0 o = 8.48

1966

 

10

 

 

 

 

1965

 

 

 

 

11

 

1964

 

 

685

1.0

 

 

1960

 

1,370

 

 

11.7

 

1951

231 = 646

350

980

 

 

4.20

12

 

1947

550

 

 

 

 

 

1938

192

128

 

 

20.4 R/Ma

 

1935

 

15.2

 

 

 

 

1932

 

 

 

 

1.2 R/Ma

 

1930

 

30.4

 

 

 

 

1928

 

Devalued

24/6/1928

5.2 to

25.5

 

 

 

 

1926

 

250

 

 

 

 

1925

 

70

 

 

20.0 4.0

 

1913

 

24, 5.2

 

 

20.0

 

1910

25

25

 

 

20.5

 

1900

25

25, 5.5

 

 

23.0

 

1895

 

20

 

 

 

 

1880

 

25

 

 

 

 

1875

 

 

 

 

20.4, 4.1

 

1871

 

25

 

 

 

 

1864

 

25

 

 

 

 

R/Ma = Reichsmark

France, Livre, ca. 1700s, see �Earlier Currencies� below

 

Economic Data. o = official rate. m = market rate, t = tourist rate, a = actual rate, by price comparison. Contemporary country names are used where territorial areas have not significantly changed or there is a direct successor-State. Figures in blue are local currency units to US$ rate.

 

 

Ghana

Ghana �

Greece

Drachma

Guatemala

Quetzal

Guinea (Port)

Guinea Escudo

Guyana

1988

 

 

2.43 = 4.33

 

 

1964

1.0

 

 

80.2

 

1952

 

15,000

42,000

1.00

 

 

1950

 

 

 

 

4.80*

1938

 

480

4.9

 

 

1900

 

28

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

*British Caribbean Dollar

 

 

Haiti

Gourde

Honduras

Lempira

Hong Kong

Dollar

1958

 

 

17

1952

 

2.0 = 5.6

 

1938

24.6

9.8

 

1905

5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hungary

Forint

Iceland

India

Rupee*

Indonesia

Rupiah

Iran

Rial

1988

 

 

12 = 21.4

 

 

1971

74

 

 

 

 

1970

 

 

20

 

 

1969

 

 

 

400 = 956

 

1968

 

 

15

 

 

1962

45.5 = 128

 

 

 

 

1960

 

 

4.76 = 13.4

 

 

1958

 

 

13.3

 

 

1956

 

 

5 = 14.0

 

 

1957

 

 

13.3

 

 

1952

 

 

 

3.81 = 10.64

 

1951

11.74 = 33.15o

16.32 = 45.70

 

 

 

1938

28.2 Pengo

 

13.3

 

96

1910

 

 

14.0

 

 

1908

2.1 Ducat

 

15.0

 

 

1893

 

 

15.0

 

 

1860

 

 

10.0

 

 

1854

 

 

10.0

 

 

1773

 

 

9.0

 

 

 

 


*India uses the mathematical units Lakh (=100,000) and Crore (=10 million), especially for large financial figures.

 

 

Iraq

Dinar

Israel

Pound/Shekel

Italy

Lira

Japan

Yen

1968

 

 

625 = 1,494

 

1965

 

3.1 = 8.7 Pounds

 

 

1961

 

 

622 = 1,742

 

1952

 

 

625 = 1,750

360 = 1,008

1951

 

3.0

 

 

1947

0.357=1.0

 

2,280

 

1938

1.0

 

96

10.0

1927

 

 

85 - 92.5

 

1926

 

 

154

 

1925

 

 

132

 

1922

 

 

90

 

1910

 

 

5 = 25

 

1908

 

 

 

10.0

1900

 

 

25

10.0

1860

 

 

 

5,320 Sapec (iron)

2 � 3 Itzabone (silver)

1* � 3* Cobang (gold)*

1466

 

 

2.5

 

*When Japan first opened up to western trade (1858 Treaty of Edo) they were unaware that they were trading their gold cobang coins with the west at one third the actual price of gold in the west. By 1860 they realised this mistake and adjusted the exchange rate.

 

Economic Data. o = official rate. m = market rate, t = tourist rate, a = actual rate, by price comparison. Contemporary country names are used where territorial areas have not significantly changed or there is a direct successor-State. Figures in blue are local currency units to US$ rate.

 

 

Jordan

Dinar

Kenya

E Afr Shilling

Korea N

Won

Korea S

Won

Laos

Kip

Latvia

Let

1983

0.35 = 0.53

7.5 = 11.4

 

 

 

 

1968

 

7.1 = 23.5

2.5 o

270 = 645

 

 

1967

0.85

 

 

 

 

 

1964

 

20

 

 

 

 

1059

0.36 = 1.00

 

 

 

80 = 225

 

1938

 

 

 

 

 

25.3

 

 

Lebanon

Dollar

Liberia

Dollar

Libya

Pound

Lithuania

Litas

1967

13.3

 

 

 

1964

 

2.8

1.0

 

1938

 

 

 

49.2

 

 

Madagascar

Malagasy Franc

Malawi

Rhodes. $

Malaysia

Dollar

Mali

Franc

Malta

Scudi

1964

685

1.0

 

685

 

1952

480

 

 

 

 

1938

 

 

8.6

 

 

1825

 

 

 

 

12

 

 

Mauritania

CFA Franc

Mauritius

Rupee

Mexico

Dollar (Piastre)

Mongolia

Tugrik

1996

 

 

74 = 116 Peso

 

1967

 

 

8 = 22

 

1964

685

13.3

 

 

1963

 

 

 

4 = 11.2

1908

 

 

10.0

 

1938

 

 

9.8

 

1910

 

 

10.0

 

1900

 

 

4.8 Peso

 

 

 

Morocco

Dirham

Mozambique

Escudo

Myanmar

Rupee

Netherlands

Guilder

1950

 

 

4.78= 13.33*

 

1968

12

 

 

 

1964

14

80.2

 

 

1938

 

 

 

17.5

1910

 

 

 

12.1

1908

 

 

15

12.0

1900

 

 

 

12.0

1870

 

 

 

12.0 (florin)

1839

 

 

 

10.0 (florin)

1626

 

 

 

1.5 � 2.5

*Burmese Kyat

 

 

New Z�d

Dollar

Nicaragua

Niger

CFA Franc

Nigeria

Naira

Norway

Kroner

2009

 

 

 

119 = 169

 

2008

 

 

 

118 = 218

 

1969

0.5

 

 

 

 

1967

 

 

 

 

19.4

1964

 

 

685

1.0 Pound

 

1938

 

4.9

 

 

17.8

1908

 

 

 

 

18.0

 

Economic Data. o = official rate. m = market rate, t = tourist rate, a = actual rate, by price comparison. Contemporary country names are used where territorial areas have not significantly changed or there is a direct successor-State. Figures in blue are local currency units to US$ rate.

 

 

Pakistan

Rupee

Palestine

Pound

Panama

Balboa

Papua New Guinea

Shilling

Paraguay

Peso

1968

21

 

 

 

 

1966

 

 

 

9.0 = 25.1

 

1962

13.3

 

 

 

 

1938

 

1.00

4.8

 

5

1900

 

 

4.8

 

 

 

 

Peru

Sole

Philippines

Peso

Poland

Zloty

Portugal

Escudo

1986

 

6 = 9

 

 

1983

 

8 = 12

 

 

1910

 

 

 

4.4 Milre

1966

75

 

 

 

1964

 

 

 

79.5

1959

 

 

 

28.5 = 80

1958

 

 

24 = 67

 

1938

18.1

 

43.6

107

1910

12.0

 

 

4.5 Milre

1900

10.5

9.6

 

5.5 Milre

1864

 

 

 

4.1-4.4 Milre

 

 

Reunion

CFA Franc

Romania

Lei

Russia / USSR

Rouble

(=100 Kopecks)

Rwanda

Franc

1969

 

18 = 43.0

2.4o

 

1968

 

30

2.5o

 

1966

 

 

0.9 = 2.5o

 

1965

 

 

2.5o

 

1964

685

 

3.3o

140

1963

 

 

3.9o

 

1959

 

 

10.0t, 4.0o

 

1957

 

 

10.0o, 40.0a

 

1938

 

960

9.4

 

1910

 

 

9.4

 

1900

 

 

9.5

 

1860

 

 

6.2*

 

1715

 

 

4.0

 

*Russian silver rouble

 

 

South Africa

Rand

Pound pre 1961

Spain

Peseta

Sri Lanka

Rupee

Sudan

Franc

Swaziland

S Afr Rand

1972

 

175

 

 

 

1966

 

 

10 = 28

 

 

1964

2.0

167.5

 

0.975

2.0

1957

 

50 = 140

 

 

 

1951

 

 

4.78 = 13.33

 

 

1938

 

25.3

13.3

0.975 Egt. Pound

 

1910

 

27.7

 

 

 

1900

 

25

 

 

 

1860

 

4.4 � 4.7*

 

 

 

*Peso duro, or Piastre

 

Economic Data. o = official rate. m = market rate, t = tourist rate, a = actual rate, by price comparison. Contemporary country names are used where territorial areas have not significantly changed or there is a direct successor-State. Figures in blue are local currency units to US$ rate.

 

 

Sweden

Krona

Switzerland

Franc

Taiwan

Tanzania

Shilling

Thailand

1969

 

4.3 = 10.3

 

 

 

1967

 

 

 

 

20.0 = 55.0

1964

 

 

 

20

 

1959

 

12.1

 

 

 

1954

 

4.4 = 12.28

 

 

 

1951

 

 

10.30o

 

 

1947

14.5

 

 

 

 

1938

17.8

25.3

 

 

10.9

1925

18

 

 

 

 

1900

18

25.3

 

 

 

 

 

Togo

CFA Franc

Tunisia

Dinar

Turkey

Lira

Uganda

Shilling

Uruguay

Peso

Venezuela

Bolivar

1964

685

1.17

 

20

 

 

1938

 

 

1.1

 

4.7

25

1910

 

 

1.1 (Piastre = 180)

 

 

 

1900

 

 

1.1 (Piastre = 106)

 

4.7

25

 

 

Vietnam South

Piaster

Western Sah.

Span. Pesesta

Yemen

Yugoslavia

Dinar

Zambia

Pound

1964

73= 205

167.5

 

 

1.00

1955

 

 

 

840

 

1953

 

 

20 EAS*

 

 

1938