Chronography of Tunisia

Page last modified 4/12//2022


For map showing recent geographical changes in Tunisia click here


For events in North Africa relating to the Islamic World and Arab Spring see also Islam & Middle East

See also Africa


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26/6/2015, Islamist gunmen stormed a tourist beach at Sousse, Tunisia, shooting dead 38 holidaymakers. The Tunisian holiday industry subsequently collapsed. Simultaneous terrorist attacks took place in France and Kuwait.

1987, Zine el Abidine Ben Ali (born 1936) ousted President Bourguiba of Tunisia and became President himself. Bourguiba went into retirement.

1974, Bourguiba was elected President for life by theNational Assembly.

1964, Collectivisation of agriculture was begun; however this policy was abandoned in 1969.

22/7/1961, The UN ordered a ceasefire in Tunisia, after clashes between Tunisians and French.

1/10/1958, Tunisia joined the Arab League.

17/6/1958, French troops withdrew from most of Tunisia.

17/2/1958, France and Tunisia agreed to mediation by the UK and USA.

11/2/1958, Tunisia banned French warships from using its port at Bizerta.

8/2/1958, France bombed the Tunisian town of Sakiet Sidi Youssef as a reprisal for alleged Tunisian involvement on a French patrol in Algeria near the Tunisian frontier on 11/1/1958. Tunisia confined all French troops in the country to barracks.

18/11/1957, Following the promise of US aid (see 12/9/1957), Tunisia announced it had rejected Soviet offers of assistance.

12/9/1957, Tunisia asked for US military assistance, with was then promised by the USA on 14/9/1957. See 18/11/1957.

25/7/1957, Tunisia abolished the monarchy and became a republic.Habib Bourguiba was elected as the first President.


French colonisation

20/3/1956. Tunisia became independent, having been a French Protectorate since 1881. Bourguiba was elected Prime Minister.

25/3/1952, Widespread anti-French rioting across Tunisia.

20/2/1952. NATO agreed to recruit Tunisia.

8/6/1883, French control of Tunisia was confirmed by the Convention of Marsa.

12/5/1881, Tunisia became a French Protectorate. The French invaded in April 1881 when the Tunisian first minister made various reforms taking away French economic privileges. This French move was disturbing to Italy, who had believed that Britain would never permit an extension of French power in North Africa. See also Islam.


1574, Tunisia became a province of the Ottoman Empire.

1/6/1535, Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, captured Tunis.

1230, Foundation of the Nafsid Dynasty. Tunis became the capital.


7/12/909, Sa�id Ibn Hussein was proclaimed Ubayd Allah al-Mahdi (�the divinely guided one�) in Tunis. He established an Isma�ili Shiite caliphate in opposition to the caliphate of Baghdad, and founded the Fatimid Dynasty.

For foundation of Ismailite Shiite Islam and Fatimid Dynasty in Tunis, 908-09, see also Islam


698, Arab invaders seized Carthage, and founded a new city called Tunis.

534, Byzantine rule re-established in North Africa.

439, The Vandals seized Carthage, ending Roman rule there.


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