Chronography of Tanzania

Page last modified 21 August 2023


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Demography of Tanzania


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2015, John Magufuli elected President, he began to reverse some democratic reforms of the past decade.

2005, Jakaya Kikwete was elected President.

7 August 1998, A lorry bomb exploded outside the US embassy in Tanzania.

1995, Banjamin Mkopa was elected President. First free elections for nearly 30 years.


President Nyerere (born 13 April 1922)

27 October 1985, Julius Nyerere retired as President of Tanzania after 24 years. He was succeeded by Ali Hassan Mwinyi. Mwinyi began to relax his predecessor�s Socialist policies.

29 January 1967, President Julius Nyerere of Tanzania issued the Arusha Declaration. It set out principles of �African Socialism� which proved to be politically popular but economically disastrous.

29 October 1964, The name of Tanzania was officially adopted, for the union this day of Tanganyika and Zanzibar.

26 April 1964. Tanganyika and Zanzibar united as Tanzania. Julius Nyerere was the first President.

12 January 1964, 24 days after Zanzibar became independent from the UK as a constitutional monarchy, its Sultan was overthrown; Zanzibar was proclaimed a Socialist Republic. The Arab Sultan of Zanzibar was banished from the country, and an African-led government took control. A few months later it united with Tangynika to formTanzania.

10 December 1963. Zanzibar became independent.It had been a British Protectorate since 1890.

9 December 1962, Tanzania became a Republic within the Commonwealth, with Julius Nyerere as first President.

2 November 1962, Tangynika elected Nyerere as president.

13 April 1922, Julius Nyerere, Tanzanian politician, was born.


9 December 1961, Tangynika became independent. See 9 December 1962.

1/9/1960. Nyerere became Tangynika's first Prime Minister.

8/5/1925, Ali Hassan Mwinyi, President of Tanzania, was born.

1919, After World War One, Britain took over the Tangynika colony from Germany.

13/6/1916, Jan Smuts captured Wilthemstal in German East Africa (now Tanzania).

1/7/1913. Zanzibar was incorporated into British East Africa.

12/1898, German colonisers under Wissman stormed the rebel port of Bagamoyo, where Bushiri bin Salim had incited, in 1888, an uprising of coastal Arab slave traders against the British and Germans. Bushiri was captured and hanged, whilst the British and Germans co-operated in emnforcing a coastal blockade to prevent the export of slaves and import of arms to the rebels.

27 August 1896, The shortest war in history occurred, between Britain and Zanzibar, lasting just 45 minutes.

7 November 1890, Zanzibar became a German Protectorate.

17/2/1885, Germany established a protectorate over the Tanganyika coast.

25 January 1885, In Africa, Germany annexed Tanganyika and Zanzibar.

1873, The USA forced the Sultan of Zanzibar to close the slave market.

1500, Portuguese traders took over Swahili ports along the coast.

1200, A distinct Swahili culture, with Arab, African and Persian influences, was flourishing.

850, Arab merchants established trading posts at Kilwa, whilst Persian merchants settled at Zanzibar and Pemba.


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