Chronography of sports and games

Page last modified 2/11/2021


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See also Athletics |(running, jumping, putting, javelin etc.)

See also Cricket

See also Football

See also Olympics Sports Events

See also Rugby

See also Tennis and Table Tennis


Colour key:


Sports events


1.      Angling � see appendix below

2.      Archery� see appendix below

3.      Badminton � see appendix below

4.      Baseball � see appendix below

5.      Basketball � see appendix below

6.      Billiards � see appendix below

7.      Bobsleighing � see appendix below

8.      Bowls� see appendix below

9.      Boxing � see appendix below

10.   Bridge � see appendix below

11.   Canoeing � see appendix below

12.   Chess � see appendix below

13.   Croquet � see appendix below

14.   Curling � see appendix below

15.   Cycling � see appendix below

16.   Darts � see appendix below

17.   Fencing � see appendix below

18.   Golf � see appendix below

19.   Greyhound racing � see appendix below

20.   Hockey and Ice Hockey - see appendix below

21.   Horseracing and Equestrianism � see appendix below

22.   Hurling � see appendix below

23.   Judo � see appendix below

24.   Lacrosse � see appendix below

25.   Motor and Motorcycle racing � see appendix below

  1. Polo � see appendix below
  2. Rackets � see appendix below
  3. Rowing-see appendix below
  4. Shooting � see appendix below
  5. Skating, ice skating, roller skating � see appendix below
  6. Skiing, Skating � see appendix below
  7. Water skiing � see appendix below
  8. Snooker � see appendix below
  9. Softball �see appendix below
  10. Squash � see appendix below
  11. Swimming. � see appendix below

37.   Volleyball � see appendix below

38.   Water Polo � see appendix below

39.   Weightlifting � see appendix below

40.   Wrestling � see appendix below

41.   Yachting � see appendix below


19/5/2007, In London, the new Wembley Stadium was officially opened.

30/9/1991, At the first World Scrabble Championship, held in London, Peter Morris, representing the US, won the first prize of US$10,000. He scored 86 for �inhaler�.

16/1/1978, Philip Wills, gliding champion, died.

4/10/1974, The American, David Kunst, completed the first round the world trip on foot, 14,450 miles, having started in 1970.

6/9/1974. Stuntman Evel Knievel, a 34 year old former salesman, failed in his attempt to fly a rocket across the Snake River Canyon in Idaho. He plunged 1,500 feet into the river 30 seconds after take off.

1973, Skateboarding became popular in the USA, after the invention of the polyurethane wheel.

1972, In Britain, the Sports Council was set up.

11/11/1962, Kendra Slawinski, netball champion, was born.

16/8/1954, The weekly magazine Sports Illustrated was launched. It did not return a profit until 1964.

27/9/1949, Geofftrey Peck, orienteering, was born.

14/6/1934, Arnaud Marquesuzaa, French sports champion, was born.

2/11/1924. The first crossword appeared in a British newspaper, the Sunday Express. It was bought from an American paper, operated by C W Shepherd, where crosswords had appeared 11 years earlier.

4/9/1923. Birth of Birmingham politician Lord Howell, Britain�s first Minister for Sport.

26/3/1921, Gaby Braun, French sports champion, was born.

21/12/1913. The world�s first crossword was published, in the New York World, compiled by Liverpool-born Arthur Wynne. The first British crossword appeared on 2/11/1924.

4/3/1883, John Chalmers, sports administrator, died.

1821, The card game Poker was first played by US sailors at New Orleans.

264 BCE, The first accounts of Roman gladiatorial games. They were banned in 325 AD by Emperor Constantine.



1957, The World Freshwater Championship competition was inaugurated.

24/8/1933, Ray W. Scott, Jr., American angler who created the Bassmaster Classic and other professional fishing tournaments was born, in Montgomery, Alabama.

1903, In Britain, the National Federation of Anglers was formed.



27/3/1974, Simon Terry, archery champion, was born.

22/2/1965, Steve Hallard, archery champion, was born in Rugby.

22/10/1954, Louise Nettleton, archery champion, was born.

8/10/1954, William Dodd, archery champion, died (born 18/7/1867).

3/1/1948, Alice Lee, archery champion, was born.

12/9/1946, Albert le Tyrant, French archery champion, was born.

1931, FITA (Federacion Internationale de Tir a l�Arc) was established, the world governing body of archery.

24/6/1929, Sybil Queenie Newall, archery champion, died.

24/6/1880, Horace Ford, archery champion, died.

1879, The National Archery Association, USA, was established.

18/7/1867, William Dodd, archery champion, was born (died 8/10/1954).

1861, The British Grand National Archery Society was established.

1781, Sir Ashton Lever, of Alkrington Hall, Manchester, with his secretary Thomas Waring., a skilled bowmaker, founded the Toxophilite Society.

1650, Archery was no longer important in warfare, and interest in it was declining.

1545, Roger Ascham wrote a book, Toxophilus; the Scole of Shooting, in which he recpommended the sport to the future Queen Elizabeth I for exercise and recreation.

1244, The first Dunmow Flitch archery competition in England was held.



27/10/1988, Frank Devlin, badminton champion, died (born 16/1/1900).

1977, The World Championship Badminton Contest was inaugurated.

7/11/1964, Helen Troke, badminton champion, was born.

2/9/1961, Gillian Clark, badminton player, was born.

28/3/1961, Stephen Baddeley, British badminton player, was born.

1957, The Uber Cup, a badminton contest for women, was first held.

9/1/1952, Margaret Beck, badminton player, was born.

20/6/1950, Gillian Gilks, badminton champion, was born.

23/6/1951, Raymond Stevens, badminton champion, was born.

1949, The Thomas Cup, badminton contest, was frst held

5/4/1949, Mike Tredgett, badminton champion, was born.

10/3/1939, Robert McCoig, badminton champion, was born.

5/10/1919, Frank Peard, badminton champion, was born.

12/1/1911, Thelma Kingsbury, badminton champion, was born.

25/1/1909, Leone Kingsbury, badminton champion, was born.

6/9/1907, Donald Hume, badminton champion, was born (died 3/5/1986)

2/6/1906, Betty Uber, badminton champion, was born (died 30/4/1983).

1900, The All England Badminton Championship was first held.

16/1/1900, Frank Devlin, badminton champion, was born (died 27/10/1988).

1893, The Badminton Association was formed in England.

14/6/1881, George Thomas, badminton champion, was born (died 23/7/1972).



7/3/1983, Taylor Tankersley, US baseball player, was born.

12/4/1972, Paul Lo Duca, US baseball player, was born.

10/4/1962, The Dodger Stadium, major league baseball�s modern showpiece, opened in Los Angeles, USA.

2/8/1960, The Continental League, proposed as a third major league for baseball, came to an end after CL President Branch Rickey and co-founder William Shea concluded a meeting in Chicago with representatives of the National League and American League.

26/5/1959, Ed Walsh, US baseball player, died.

16/8/1948, George Herman Ruth, US professional baseball player, died aged 53.

16/3/1944, Rick Renick: US baseball player, was born.

25/2/1940, Ron Santo, baseball player,was born in Seattle, Washington (died 2010)

1939, The Baseball Hall of Fame opened in Cooperstown, USA.

29/4/1936, The first professional baseball game in Japan. Nagoya defeated Dai Tokyo 8-5.

10/7/1935, Paul Hines, US baseball player, died aged 80.

26/9/1933, Roy Wright, US baseball player, was born.

21/3/1925, Merle Keagle, US baseball player, was born.

25/3/1917, In baseball, in the USA, John McGraw signed a record US$50,000 contract to manage the New York Giants for one year.

25/11/1914, Joe Di Maggio, US baseball player who married Marilyn Monroe, was born.

10/9/1905, Pete Browning, American baseball player, died aged 44.

13/10/1903, The first US baseball World Series was won by Boston Red Sox.

1868, The first all-professional baseball club, the Cincinnati Red Stockings, was founded.

1858, The National Association of Baseball Players was formed.

1846, The first baseball code of rules was drawn up in the USA, by the Knickerbocker Club of New York.

1843, The Washington Baseball Club was founded in New York State. The game was becoming popular in the New York area.

1839, Abner Doubleday invented the game of baseball, at Cooperstown, New York State, USA.



8/7/2018, Lonnie Jewel Shelton, US basketball player, died (born 19/10/1955).

1990, The average salary of a basketball player in the Major League was US$ 890,944.

30/9/1989, Jordan Taylor, US basketball player, was born.

18/9/1989, Serge Ibaka, basketball player, was born.

14/7/1979, Bernie Castro, baseball player, was born in Santiago, Dominican Republic

23/5/1978, Carolyn Moos, US basketball player, was born.

7/2/1978, Timothy Floyd Fuller, Missouri University basketball coach, was born.

2/10/1971, Aaron Williams, US basketball player, was born.

23/1/1966, Haywoode Workman, US basketball player, was born.

28/8/1956, John Eddie Long, US basketball player, was born.

9/2/1956, Philip Jackson Ford Jr, basketball player, was born.

19/10/1955, Lonnie Jewel Shelton, US basketball player, was born (died 8/7/2018).

11/10/1955, Norm Nixon, US basketball player, was born.

1953, First women�s basketball championships held.

6/12/1952, Chuck Baker, US basketball player, was born.

1950, First men�s basketball championships held.

1936, Basketball became an official Oympic sport, at the Games in Berlin.

7/1/1927. The Harlem Globetrotters basketball team was founded.

1897, The first world basketball championships were held in the USA.

1894, The international rules of basketball were drawn up.

20/1/1892, The game of basketball, devised by Canadian doctor James Naismith in 1891, was first played at the YMCA in Springfield, Massachusetts.



11/6/1964, Henry Stevenson, billiards champion, died.

16/10/1953, Tom Reece, billiards champion, died (born 12/8/1873).

6/6/1952, William Peall, billiards champion, died (born 31/12/1854).

11/8/1951, Melbourne Inman, billiards champion, died.

5/10/1943, Thomas Newman, billiards champion, died.

24/4/1910, Sidney Lee, billiards champion, was born (died 10/11/1988).

25/1/1886, William Smith, billiards champion, was born (died 2/6/1982).

12/8/1873, Tom Reece, billiards champion, was born (died 16/10/1953).

1870, The World Professional Billiards Championship was first oeganised. It was held on an annual basis from 1880.

31/12/1854, William Peall, billiards champion, was born (died 6/6/1952).

13/10/1854, William Mitchell, billiards champion, was born.

1576, Mary Queen of Scots, imprisoned, complained of being deprived of her billiards table.



7/11/1951, Francis McEvoy, bobsleigh champion, died.

1931, The annual bobsleighing world chamionships began.

1884, Bobsleigh; the Cresta Run was built at St Moritz.



1969, The first women�s bowling World Championships were held.

1966, The first men�s bowling World Championships were held.

27/11/1966, Richard Corsie, bowls champion, was born.

11/6/1955, Tony Allcock, bowls player, was born

19/12/1938, Janet Ackland, bowls player, was born.

26/4/1938, William Wood, bowls champion, was born.

8/6/1937, Norma Shaw, bowls champion, was born.

9/9/1928, Mavis Steele, bowls champion, was born.

1907, The Waterloo Handicap bowling tournament was first held, at the Waterloo Hotel, Blackpool, England.

18/7/1895, Percy Baker, bowls champion, was born (died 3/1/1990)

5200 BCE, A form of bowling was being played in ancient Egypt.



23/7/1991, Peter Kane, boxer, died.

2/6/1991, Ashley Williams, Welsh amateur boxer, was born.

22/4/1991, Jackie Berg, boxer, died (born 28/6/1909).

3/3/1984, John Monaghan, boxer, died (born 21/8/1920).

18/7/1983, Donald Cockell, boxer, died (born 22/9/1928).

27/3/1983, Robert Guerrero, US boxer, was born.

28/11/1976, Leonard Harvey, boxer, died (born 11/7/1907).

20/11/1971, Joe McAvoy, boxer, died (born 20/11/1908).

15/3/1971, John Brown, boxer, died (born 29/11/1909)

20/10/1970, Ted Lewis, boxer, died (born 24/10/1894).

8/11/1969, Henry Mallin, boxer, was born (died 8/11/1969).

24/8/1968, James Toney, US boxer, was born.

8/8/1966, Christopher Eubank, boxer, was born in Dulwich, London.

17/5/1966, Tuesday (+7,679) Randolph Turpin, boxer, died.

25/7/1965, Frederick Mills, boxer, died (born 26/6/1919).

5/2/1965, Jeff Harding, Australian boxer, was born.

16/11/1961, Frank Bruno, boxer, was born in Hammersmith, London.

28/2/1961, Barry McGuigan, world featherweight boxing champion, was born.

22/4/1960, Lloyd Honeyghan, boxer, was born in Jamaica.

20/7/1956, Charles Magri, boxer, was born in Tunis, Tunisia.���

12/1/1956, Nelson Tarleton, boxer, died (born 14/1/1906)���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������

10/5/1955, Tommy Burns, Canadian boxer, died aged 73.

5/11/1953, Dennis Andries, boxer, was born in Georgetown, Guyana.

17/8/1951, Alan Minter, boxer, was born.

27/5/1951, John Conteh, boxer, was born in Liverpool.

22/9/1950, John Stracey, boxer, was born.

1/3/1949, Joe Louis retired as world heavyweight boxing champion.

13/2/1949, Thomas Palmer, boxer, died (born 19/1/1876).

18/7/1948, James Watt, boxer, was born.

12/1/1947, Joe Frazier, heavyweight boxing champion in the 1970s, was born.

10/6/1946, Jack Johnson, US boxer, died aged 68.

28/6/1945, Kenneth Buchanan, boxer, was born in Edinburgh.

5/3/1943, Billy Backus, American boxer, was born.

18/12/1942, Cassius Clay, champion boxer, was born in Kentucky.

13/10/1942, Walter McGowan, boxer, was born.

7/5/1938, John Caldwell, boxer, was born.

28/2/1938, Terence Spinks, boxer, was born.

15/10/1935, Richard McTaggart,boxer, was born.

10/10/1935, David Charnley, boxer, was born.

22/9/1928, Donald Cockell, boxer, was born in Battersea, London (died 18/7/1983).

8/8/1928, Peter Keenan, boxer, was born in Glasgow.

18/8/1925, Terry Allen, British boxer, was born (died 8/4/1987).

30/1/1925, Jim Driscoll, boxer, died (born 15/12/1880).

1921, The World Boxing Association was founded in the USA. Originally known as the National Boxing Association, it changed its name in 1862 as the sport became more international.

18/1/1921, Bruce Woodcock, boxer, was born.

17/1/1921, Austin Rice, US boxer, died aged 48.

3/5/1921, Sugar Ray Robinson, African-American boxer, was born (died 1989)

26/11/1920, Richard Turpin, boxer, was born (died 7/7/1990).

21/8/1920, John Monaghan, boxer, was born (died 3/3/1984).

2/9/1911, John Peterson, boxer, was born (died 22/11/1990).

1909, The first Lonsdale Belt was presented by the 5th Earl of Lonsdale.

29/11/1909, John Brown, boxer, was born (died 15/3/1971)

28/6/1909, Jackie Berg, boxer, was born (died 22/4/1991).

20/11/1908, Joe McAvoy, boxer, was born (died 20/11/1971).

11/7/1907, Leonard Harvey, boxer, was born (died 28/11/1976).

14/1/1906, Nelson Tarleton, boxer, was born (died 12/1/1956)

2/11/1900, "Terrible Terry" McGovern successfully defended his title as featherweight boxing champion against challenger Joe Bernstein in a bout at Louisville.

2/11/1895, Jack Dempsey, boxer, died (born 15/12/1862)

24/10/1894, Ted Lewis, boxer, was born (died 20/10/1970).

1/6/1892, Henry Mallin, boxer, was born (died 8/11/1969).

12/5/1892, William James Wilde, boxer, was born (died 10/1/1969).

31/8/1889, William Wells, boxer, was born (died 11/6/1967)

15/12/1880, Jim Driscoll, boxer, was born (died 30/1/1925).

19/1/1876, Thomas Palmer, boxer, was born (died 13/2/1949).

26/3/1866, Jack McAuliffe, boxer, was born (died 5/11/1937).

15/12/1862, Jack Dempsey, boxer, was born in Kildare, Ireland (died 2/11/1895).

1866, The Queensberry Rules were introduced, making boxing safer and better organised.

26/5/1863, Robert Fitzsimmons, boxer, was born (died 22/10/1917).

9/3/1863, John Gully, English boxer, died (born 21/8/1783).

8/4/1831, James Mace, boxer, was born (died 30/11/1910).

21/8/1783, John Gully, English boxer, was born (died 9/3/1863).

16/8/1743, The earliest prize-ring code of boxing drawn up in England by champion fighter Jack Boughton. From 1740, public boxing matches became popular in Britain.

8/12/1734, James Figg, champion boxer, died in London.

1704, Jack Broughton was born. He drew up the Queensberry Rules. He died in 1789.

1695, James Figg, early British boxing champion, was born in Oxfordshire (died 8/12/1734).



1925, Contract Bridge was devised on a steamer en route from Los Angeles to Havana. From the 1930s it replaced Auction Bridge as the most popular form of the game.

1894, Bridge (successor to Whist) was first played in England at the Portland Club.



19/11/1966, Ivan Lawler, canoeing champion, was born.

12/1/1962, Ronald Rhodes, canoeing champion, died (born 31/10/1937)

5/6/1960, Richard Fox, canoeing champion, was born.

31/10/1937, Ronald Rhodes, canoeing champion, was born (died 12/1/1962)

1865, John MacGregor built his own canoe and sailed it for 1,000 miles across the rivers and lakes of North America. The books and lectures he authored from this helped found canoeing as a sport and in 1866 the Canoe Club was founded at the Star and Garter Hotel, Richmond, London, UK.



17/1/2008, Bobby Fisher, American world chess champion, died aged 64.

2/1/2005, Arnold S Denker, US chess player (born 20/2/1914) died.

7/1/1995, Harry Golombek, chess player, died (born 1/3/1911).

25/12/1993, Death of US (Russian-born, 8/2/1940) chess champion, Boris Kogan.

21/10/1993, Gary Kasparov defeated Nigel Short in the chess championships.

19/12/1987, Gary Kasparov took the world chess title, defeating fellow Russian Anatoly Karpov.

10/5/1974, Anatoly Karpov defeated Boris Spassky to become world chess champion.

17/6/1969, Boris Spassky became world chess champion when he beat Tigran Petrosian.

1/6/1965, Nigel Short, chess champion, was born.

30/3/1958, Gilles Andruet, French chess player, was born.

23/4/1955, Anthony Miles, British chess player, was born.

23/5/1951, Anatoly Karpov, Russian world chess champion in 1975, was born.

3/6/1944, Richard Verber, US chess master, was born.

7/10/1933, Jonathan Penrose, chess champion, was born.

28/3/1931, Anatoly Lein, Soviet-American chess player, was born (died 2018)

1924, The World Chess League was founded at The Hague.

1/3/1911, Harry Golombek, chess player, was born (died 7/1/1995).

16/2/1906, Vera Menchick, chess champion, was born (died 26/6/1944).

1886, The first official world chess championships.

22/6/1837, Paul Morphy, US chess player, was born.

1561, Ruy Lopez wrote the first manual of chess instruction.



9/6/1986, Humphrey Hicks, croquet champion, died (born 20/5/1904).

26/8/1969, Robert Fulford, croquet champion, was born.

22/1/1965, Dorothy Steel, croquet champion, died (born 21/4/1884).

29/7/1959, Lilias Gower,croquet champion, died.

22/11/1931, John Solomon, croquet champion, was born.

20/5/1904, Humphrey Hicks, croquet champion, was born (died 9/6/1986).

1897, The United All-England Croquet Assciation was formed, as the game became more popular,

21/4/1884, Dorothy Steel, croquet champion, was born (died 22/1/1965).

1870, The All-England Croquet Club was established at Wimbledon, London.

1857, First set of rules for croquet drawn up.



1979, The first women�s World Curling Championship was held.

1959, The first men�s World Curling Championship was held.

19/12/1920, The first US indoor curling rink opened, at Brookline, Massachusetts.

1838, The Royal Caledonian Curling Club, the central international body for Curl8ing, was established in Edinburgh. It was originally known as the Grand Caledonian Curling Club.

1831, The Orchard Lake Curling Club, Michigan, USA, was established.

1820, Curling was introduced to the USA.

1811, The earliest book on Curling, An Account of the Game of Curling, was written by John Ramsay, a Scottish Minister and member of the Duddingstone Curling Society

1807, Curling was introduced to Canada. The Montreal Curling Club was established.

1510, The first curling club was established at Kilsyth, near Glasgow, Scotland.



22/6/1992, Reginald Harris, cycling champion, died.

3/9/1974, Rebecca Bailey, champion cyclist, was born in Christchurch, New Zealand

12/2/1971, Bill Bailey, cycling champion, died (born 6/4/1888).

15/12/1968, Colin Sturgess, champion cyclist, was born.

13/7/1967, Thomas Simpson, champion cyclist, died (born 30/11/1937).

11/9/1965, Douglas Graeme Obree, champion cyclist, was born.

19/1/1964, Firmin Lambot, Belgian racing cyclist, died aged 77.

24/3/1962, Amanda Jones, champion cyclist, was born.

20/11/1961, Shaun Wallace, champion cyclist, was born.

9/4/1961, Yvonne McGregor, cycling champion, was born.

20/11/1959, Stephen Roche, champion cyclist, was born.

19/5/1958, Tony Doyle, champion cyclist, was born.

1951, The Milk Race, now called the Tour of Britain, was first held. Launched in 1951 and supported by the Daily Express newspaper, it wa sponsored by the Milk Marketing Board from 1958.

24/11/1948, Ian Hallam, cycling champion, was born in Nottingham.

7/4/1942, John Atkins, British cyclo-cross champion, was born.

28/4/1941, Lucien Aimar, French sports cyclist, was born.

5/2/1940, Peter Barry Hoban, cycling champion, was born.

27/1/1940, Hugh Porter, champion cyclist, was born.

30/11/1937, Thomas Simpson, champion cyclist, was born (died 13/7/1967).

4/6/1934, Seamus Elliott, champion cyclist, was born in Dublin.

3/11/1930, Brian Robinson, champion cyclist, was born.

27/1/1930, Lewis Meredith, champion cyclist, died (born 2/7/1882).

19/11/1929, Sean Kelly, cycling champion, was born in Waterford, Ireland.

1927, The World Professional Road Race Championship was first held at the Neuburgring, Germany.

19/7/1925, Italian cyclist Ottavio Bottecchia won the Tour de France for the second straight year.

18/10/1923, Eileen Sheridan, champion cyclist, was born.

25/1/1907, Rene Pottier, French racing cyclist, died aged 27.

1/7/1903, The first Tour de France cycle race began. It was sponsored by Henri Desgrange, the proprietor of a French newspaper, L�Auto, to poach readers from a rival publication, Le Velo, which already staged what were till then the biggest cycle races in France, Bordeaux to Paris and Paris to Brest. The Tour de France, announced in January 1903, was to be 2,500 km long, taking 19 days to complete. Just 21 of the 60 entrants completed the race, competing for prize money totalling 20,000 Francs.

19/1/1903, The creation of a new bicycle race, the Tour de France, was announced.

26/9/1901, US cyclist Robert Walthour covered 1 mile on his bicycle in 1 minute 37.4 seconds.

6/4/1888, Bill Bailey, cycling champion, was born (died 12/2/1971).

2/7/1882, Lewis Meredith, champion cyclist, was born (died 27/1/1930).



1978, The Embassy World Darts Championship was inaugurated. Held since 1986 at the Lakeside Country Club, Frimley Green, Surrey, UK.

22/3/1950, John Thomas Wilson, darts champion, was born.

21/7/1945, John Lowe, darts champion, was born.

1928, The News of the World inaugurated an annual Darts Championship. This lasted until 1990, when the newspaper withdrew its support.

1896, Brian Gamlin, of Bury, Lancashire, designed the numbering of the current darts board.

1620, Darts was probably played aboard the Mayflower in 1620



28/6/1987, Emrys Lloyd, champion fencer, died (born 8/9/1908).

24/12/1975, Roger Tredgold, fencing champion, died.

22/5/1955, Petru Kuki, Romanian fencer, was born

30/9/1948, Edward Bourne, fencing champion, was born.

15/2/1940, Janet Wardell-Yerburgh, fencing champion, was born.

30/6/1931, Allan Jay, fencing champion, was born.

8/9/1908, Emrys Lloyd, champion fencer, was born (died 28/6/1987).

15/2/1880, Robert Montgomerie, fencing champion, was born (died 28/4/1939).

14/4/1867, Edgar Seligman, fencing champion, was born (died 27/9/1958).

1848, The London Fencing Club was established.

1190 BCE, Records of fencing matches in Luxor, Upper Egypt.



7/5/2011, Seve Ballesteros, champion golfer, died (born 9/4/1957)

13/4/1997, 21 year olf Tiger Woods became the youngest ever winner of the US Masters.

21/7/1978, Henry Longhurst, golfing champion, died (born 18/3/1909).

16/9/1977, Charlotte Leitch, golfer, died (born 13/4/1891)

31/5/1975, Peter Alliss, British golfer, died (born 8/1/1897)

19/7/1972, Harold Weetman, golfer, died.

8/8/1970, Johnny Goodman, US golfer, died aged 60.

15/1/1964, George Duncan, golfer, died (born 16/9/1883).

5/10/1963, Laura Davies, golf champion, was born.

10/2/1963, John Taylor, golfer, died.

8/8/1962, Archie Compston, golfer, died.

18/7/1957, Nick Faldo, golf champion, was born.

9/4/1957, Seve Ballesteros, champion golfer, was born (died 7/5/2011)

6/1/1957, Nancy Lopez, US golfer, was born.

26/8/1954, Howard Clark, English golfer, was born.

28/10/1953, Mark James, golf champion, was born.

24/8/1953, Samuel Torrance, golfer, was born.

27/11/1950, James Braid, golfer, died (born 6/2/1870)

29/4/1949, Mary McKenna, golfing champion, was born.

3/5/1948, Peter Oosterhuis, golfer, was born.

24/11/1946, Vivien Saunders, champion golfer, was born.

3/6/1945, Brian W Barnes, golfer, was born.

18/2/1945, Judy Rankin, US golfer, was born.

7/7/1944, Tony Jacklin, British golf champion, was born in Scunthorpe, North Lincolnshire.

26/8/1943, Edward Ray, golfing champion, died (born 28/3/1877).

2/12/1940, John Ball, golf player, died (born 24/12/1861)

29/4/1939, Mary McKenna, golfing champion, was born.

7/4/1937, Angela Bonallack, golfer, was born.

20/3/1937, Harry Vardon, golfer, died (born 9/5/1870).

11/4/1936, Isabella Robertson, golf champion, was born.

1934, The US Masters golf tournament was first held.

31/12/1934, Michael Bonallack, golfer, was born.

28/7/1932, Horace Hutchinson, golfer, died (born 16/5/1859).

2/2/1930, Bernard Hunt, golf champion, was born.

1927, Entrepreneur Samuel Ryder donated the Ryder Cup, the tournament for which is now played alternately in the USA and the UK.

26/4/1927, Philomena Garvey, golfer, was born.

24/5/1925, William Park, golfer, died.

15/2/1925, Eric Brown, golfer, was born.

21/12/1924, Christy O�Connor, golf champion, was born.

4/3/1917, Pamela Barton, golfer, was born.

1916, The US Professional Golfers Association tournament was first held.

29/7/1916, Max Faulkner, golf player, was born.

2/9/1915, Percy Lucas, golf champion, was born.

9/10/1913, Harry Bradshaw, golfer, was born.

27/5/1912, Sam Snead, US golfer, was born.

18/3/1909, Henry Longhurst, golfing champion, was born (died 21/7/1978).

24/5/1908, Tom Morris, golfer, died (born 17/6/1821).

1901, In Britain, the Professional Golfer�s Association was formed.

1901, The term �nineteenth hole� for the bar in the golf club house was first used (a standard golf course has 18 holes).

1901, Sunningdale Old Golf Course opened. The more difficult New Golf Course opened in 1922.

17/11/1901, Joyce Wethered, champion golfer, was born.

8/1/1897, Peter Alliss, British golfer, was born (died 31/5/1975).

1895, The US Open golf tournament was first held.

13/4/1891, Charlotte Leitch, golfer, was born (died 16/9/1977)

1889, Royal Birkdale Golf Club was founded, as Birkdale Golf Club; the Royal was added in 1951.

19/1/1887, Abraham Mitchell, golfer, was born (died 1947).

16/9/1883, George Duncan, golfer, was born (died 15/1/1964).

28/3/1877, Edward Ray, golfing champion, was born (died 26/8/1943).

7/9/1876, Bernard Darwin, golfer, was born (died 18/10/1961).

9/5/1870, Harry Vardon, golfer, was born (died 20/3/1937).

6/2/1870, James Braid, golfer, was born (died 27/11/1950)

1869, Royal Liverpool Golf Club was founded, gaining its Royal in 1871.

12/1/1869, Harold Hilton, golf champion, was born (died 5/3/1942).

24/12/1861, John Ball, golf player, was born (died 2/12/1940).

17/10/1860. The first professional golf tournament, the British Open, was held at Prestwick, Scotland. It was won by Willie Park.

16/5/1859, Horace Hutchinson, golfer, was born (died 28/7/1932).

17/6/1821, Tom Morris, golfer, was born (died 24/5/1908).

1791, The Burntisland Golf Club was founded.

1787, The Glasgow Golf Club was founded.

1786, The first golf club in the USA was founded at Charleston Green, near Charleston, South Carolina, byb a local clergyman, Henry Purcell.

1786, The Crail Golfing Society was founded.

1780, The Royal Aberdeen Golf Club was founded.

1774, The Royal Musselburgh Golf Club was founded.

1766, The Royal Blackheath Golf Club was formed.

1761, Bruntsfield Links Golf Club was formed.

14/5/1754, The Royal and Ancient (St Andrews) Golf Club was founded. The first game was played here this day.

1744, The Honourable Company of Edinburgh Golfers (Muirfield) was founded.

1735, The Royal Burgess Golfing Society of Edinburgh was founded.

6/3/1457, King James II of Scotland banned golf, because it distracted men from archery training. There was a constant threat of invasion from England, The ban was reiterated in 1471 and 1491, and was not formally lifted until 1744.


Greyhound racing

2013, Annual attendance at Britain�s dog racing tracks had fallen to 2 million. In 1960 it was 16 million, down to 4 million in 1993 and 3 million in 2006. The number of tracks in Britain has fallen from 64 in 1960 to 25 in 2013. In 1961 dog racing tracks lost their betting monopoly when UK Parliament allowed betting shops to open, for the first time since the 19th century. The rise of TV and the Internet also eroded attendance.

16/8/2008, The dog racing track at Walthamstow, London, held its last meeting. This left Wimbledon as the last dog racing track in the London area.

15/3/1995, Harlow greyhound racing stadium, Essex, UK, opened.

1984, (see 1928) The Greyhound Derby was moved from White City to Wimbledon and the Grand National was moved to Hall Green, Birmingham.

1931, Walthamstow greyhound racing stadium opened,

1930, Dagenham greyhound racing stadium opened.

1928, West Ham greyhound racing stadium opened.

10/12/1927, As greyhound racing grew in popularity, London�s third racecourse opened, at Wembley, to join those at Haringey and White City. Harringey stadium closed in 1987 to make way for a Sainsbury superstore.

20/6/1927, Greyhound racing began at London�s White City Stadium. This was the first time the Greyhound Derby and Grand National (using hurdles) were run. See 1984.

1926, Oxford greyhound racing track opened.

24/7/1926. The first greyhound racing track was opened by Brigadier Critchley, at Belle Vue in Manchester. From 1926 onwards, greyhound racing became the best-attended sport in Britain, retaining this popularity for several decades, into the 1960s.

1919, A circular greyhound track was opened in California, USA.

7/10/1876, The first greyhound race with an artificial hare, the Hendon Cup, was run at the Welsh Harp, Hendon, London.

1857, The Waterloo Cup was a now a competition of 64 dogs, competing in a knock-out tournament over three days.

1836, The Waterloo Cup was first held, on farmland at Great Altcar, near Southport, Lancashire, UK.

1776, The first rules of greyhound racing were drawn up.


Hockey and Ice Hockey

3/5/1988, Carl Erhardt, ice hockey player, died (born 13/2/1897).

9/11/1985, John Conroy, hockey player, died (born 27/11/1928).

20/10/1985, Harry Wragg, champion jockey, died.

21/3/1982, Marjorie Pollard, hockey and cricket champion, died (born 3/8/1899).

8/9/1981, Terence Mansergh, hockey champion, died.

9/6/1981, Brett Clouthier, Canadian ice hockey player, was born.

11/11/1980, Jens Bergenstrom, Swedish ice hockey player, was born.

27/5/1973, Jack Bennett, hockey player, died.

5/9/1967, Janet Sixsmith, champion hockey player, was born.

19/11/1963, John Potter, hockey champion, was born.

9/1/1963, Karen Brown, hockey champion, was born.

13/7/1959, Richard Leman, hockey champion, was born.

13/4/1959, Stephen Martin, hockey champion, was born.

24/2/1959, Stanley Shoveller, hockey champion, died (born 2/9/1881).

20/4/1958, Viacheslav Fetisov, Russian hockey champion, was, born in Moscow, Russia.

21/5/1955, Paul Barber, English hockey player, was born.

24/9/1954, Ian Taylor, hockey champion, was born.

30/9/1952, Norman Hughes, hockey champion, was born.

6/3/1952, William MacLean, hockey champion, was born.

18/7/1943, Herbert Leo Price, hockey champion, died (born 21/6/1899).

26/10/1932, Chinadorai Deshmutu,Indian hockey player, was born.

24/9/1932, Howard Davis, hockey champion, was born.

9/6/1930, Harry Cahill, hockey champion, was born.

27/11/1928, John Conroy, hockey player, was born (died 9/11/1985).

16/11/1928, Dick Gamble, ice hockey player, was born in Moncton, New Brunswick, Canada (died 2018)

21/4/1928, Jack Evans, Welsh-Canadian ice hockey player, was born.

23/12/1927, John Cockett, hockey player, was born.

1920, Ice Hockey was first included in the Olympics. In 1924 it was moved to the Winter Olympics.

1916, The National Hockey League was first played.

10/2/1916, George Richardson, Canadian hockey player, died (born 1886)

1914, The British Ice Hockey Association was founded.

1908, The International Ice Hockey Federation was founded.

14/9/1906, George McVeagh, Irish hockey, tennis, cricket and squash player, was born (died 5/6/1968)

1903, A small English ice hockey league was formed.

3/8/1899, Marjorie Pollard, hockey and cricket champion, was born (died 21/3/1982).

1895, The All England Women�s Hockey Association was formed.

21/6/1899, Herbert Leo Price, hockey champion, was born (died 18/7/1943).

1887, The first women�s hockey club, Moseley Ladies, was founded.

13/2/1897, Carl Erhardt, ice hockey player, was born (died 3/5/1988).

25/1/1895, Wales lost 3 � 0 to Ireland in the first ever hockey international, held at Rhyl in Wales.

1886, In Britain, the National Men�s Hockey Association was formed.

4/10/1884, Cyril Wilkinson, hockey champion, was born (died 16/12/1970).

1883, The rules for hockey were formally codified.

2/9/1881, Stanley Shoveller, hockey champion, was born (died 24/2/1959).

1879, The rules for ice hockey were drawn up by WF Robertson and RF Smith at Montreal, Canada.

1875, The Men�s Hockey Association was formed.

3/3/1875, Canada�s first organised ice hockey match was played at the Victoria Ice Skating Rink, Montreal.

1850s, Ice Hockey was first played, in Kingston, Ontario, Canada. The rules of the game were drawn up ay McGill University, Montreal.


Horseracing and Equestrianism

20/12/1993, Charles Smirke, champion jockey, died (born 23/9/1906).

9/5/1992, William Nevett, horse racing champion, died (born 26/3/1906).

9/10/1991, Bryan Marshall, horse racing champion, died (born 29/2/1916).

30/10/1989, Seamus Hayes, show jumping champion, died.

11/4/1989, Douglas Smith, champion jockey, died (born 21/11/1917).

16/8/1986, Ryan Price, champion jockey, died.

1984, The Breeders Cup, end of season horse race in the USA, was first held.

1/6/1983, Caroline Bradley, equestrian showjumping, died (born 14/4/1946).

8/11/1981, Tim Brookshaw, champion jockey, died (born 25/3/1929).

12/7/1981, Frederick Rimell, champion jockey, died.

22/1/1981, Thomas Weston, champion jockey, died.

20/6/1980, Patrick Prendergast, champion jockey, died (born 5/8/1909).

6/1/1979, Charles Elliott, horse racing champion, died.

2/4/1977, Red Rum became the first horse ever to win three Grand Nationals.

12/5/1972, Eric Ephraim Smith, champion jockey, died.

161/1969, Norman Williamson, champion jockey, was born.

19/12/1968, John Jarvis, horse racing champion, died (born 28/12/1887).

28/11/1967. Horseracing was suspended in Britain because of an outbreak of Foot and Mouth Disease.

1965, The World Equestrian Championships for women were first held. In 1978 the women�s and men�s Championships were merged.

17/9/1964, Karen Dixon, equestrian champion, was born.

20/5/1964, Joseph :Lawson, horse racing champion, died.

18/1/1964, Richard Dunwoody, champion horse racer, was born.

1962, The British Showjumping Derby was first held.

7/8/1961, Walter Swinburn, champion jockey, was born.

1960, The first showjumping meeting at Hickstead, Sussex, UK, was held.

4/9/1960, Henry Persse, champion jockey, died.

17/3/1960, Michael Whitaker, show-jumping champion, was born.

22/6/1959, Michael Kiname, horse racing champion, was born.

12/12/1958, William Higgs, horse racing champion, died (born 8/2/1880).

13/6/1958, Peter Scudamore, champion jockey, was born.

5/2/1958, Joe Childs, jockey, died.

1957, The European Equestrian Championships were first held.

9/6/1955, Stephen Smith Eccles, champion jockey, was born.

1/2/1955, Virginia Leng, equestrian champion, was born.

22/2/1954, Ian Stark, equestrian champion, was born.

1953, The World Equestrian Championships for men were first held.

7/11/1953, Lucinda Green, equestrian champion, was born.

9/6/1953, Frederick Darling, horse racer, died (born 15/5/1884)

1/6/1953. Gordon Richards became the first jockey to be knighted.

13/12/1952, John Francombe, champion jockey, was born.

13/4/1952, Easter Sunday. John O�Neill, equestrian champion, was born.

18/3/1952, Patrick Eddery, horse racing champion, was born in Galway, Ireland.

20/8/1950, Ann Moore, equestrian champion, was born.

3/2/1950, Michael Dickinson, horse racer, was born.

1949, The Horse of the Year event was first presented by the British Show Jumping Association, at Harringey Arena. It moved to the Empire Pool at Wembley in 1959.

1949, The first annual Badminton thtree-day eventing competition.

27/1/1949, Graham Thorner, champion jockey, was born.

13/6/1948, Sandy Barclay, jockey, was born.

4/6/1948, Robert Champion, horse racing, was born

3/4/1948, Mary Gordon-Watson, equestrian champion, was born.

29/2/1948, Dermot Weld, champion jockey, was born.

7/1/1948, Jane Bullen, equestrian events champion, was born.

6/6/1947, Marion Mould, equestrian champion, was born.

14/5/1946, Robert Davies, horse racing, was born.

14/4/1946, Caroline Bradley, equestrian showjumping, was born (died 1/6/1983).

14/3/1946, Alison Dawes, show jumper, was born.

15/11/1945, Thomas Stack, champion jockey, was born.

29/5/1945, Martin Pipe, champion jockey, was born.

12/12/1945, Frederick Fox, champion jockey, died (born 2/1888).

14/8/1944, Robyn Smith Astaire, USjockey, was born in San Francisco, California.

28/2/1943, Ron Barry, champion jockey, was born in Limerick, Ireland.

3/8/1941, Joshua Gifford, champion jockey, was born.

31/8/1940, Paul Kelleway, horse racing champion, was born in London.

18/3/1940, Kathy Hutchinson, race horse trainer, was born.

1/3/1940, David Broome, show jumping champion, was born.

21/12/1939, Greville Starkey, champion jockey, was born.

29/12/1938, Robert Harvey Smith, champion jockey (show jumping), was born.

4/12/1938, Richard Meade, equestrian champion, was born.

4/8/1937, Elizabeth Ann Drummond, equestrian champion, was born.

10/6/1937, Edward Harty, horse racing champion, died.

10/4/1937, Stanley Mellor, horse racing champion, was born.

21/12/1935, Geoff Lewis, horse racing champion, was born.

25/10/1934, Joseph Mercer, horse racing champion, was born.

14/10/1934, George Bowman, equestrian champion, was born.

8/9/1932, Alan Oliver, equestrian champion, was born.

25/3/1929, Tim Brookshaw, champion jockey, was born (died 8/11/1981).

22/11/1928, Patricia Smythe, show jumping champion, was born.

15/11/1928, Emmanuel Mercer, horse racing champion, was born (died 26/9/1959).

1926, Chepstow racecourse opened.

20/9/1926, Frederick Winter, champion jockey, was born.

27/3/1925, Double Chase won the 84th Grand National horse race at Aintree Racecourse near Liverpool, England.

24/3/1922. Only 3 of the 32 horses in the Grand National finished the race.

21/2/1922, John Porter, champion jockey, died (born 2/3/1838).

31/10/1920, Richard Francis, champion jockey, was born.

7/4/1920, Arthur Stephenson, champion jockey, was born (died 3/12/1992).

7/1/1920, Aubrey Brabazon, horse racing, was born.

14/9/1919, Tim Molony, horse racing champion, was born (died 14/12/1989).

21/11/1917, Douglas Smith, champion jockey, was born (died 11/4/1989).

13/7/1917, Thomas Cannon, champion jockey, died (born 23/4/1846).

30/11/1916, William Carr, jockey, was born (died 19/10/1985).

29/2/1916, Bryan Marshall, horse racing champion, was born (died 9/10/1991).

20/2/1916, Eddie Arcaro, American jockey, was born in Cincinnati (died 1997)

16/3/1915, Britain�s Jockey Club decided that the War should not stop horse racing.

9/1/1914, Derek Allhusen, equestrian sportsman, was born.

2/8/1913, Frank Weldon, equestrian champion, was born (died 21/9/1993).

13/1/1913, Frenchy Nicholson, horse racing champion, was born.

8/11/1910, Fulke Walwyn, champion jockey, was born (died 18/2/1991).

24/3/1910, Noel Murless, horse racing champion, was born (died 9/5/1987).

5/8/1909, Patrick Prendergast, champion jockey, was born (died 20/6/1980).

23/9/1906, Charles Smirke, champion jockey, was born (died 20/12/1993).

26/3/1906, William Nevett, horse racing champion, was born (died 9/5/1992).

5/5/1904, Gordon Richards, champion jockey, was born (died 10/11/1986).

1903, In Britain, the Jockey Club took action against the doping of horses.

29/7/1902, John Watson champion jockey, died.

18/8/1898, Matthew Dawson, jockey, died (born 9/1/1820)

3/6/1896, King Edward VII (then Prince of Wales) won the Derby on a horse called Persimmon.

28/12/1887, John Jarvis, horse racing champion, was born (died 19/12/1968).

11/10/1887, George Fordham, horse racing champion, died.

16/4/1887, Cecil Boyd-Rochfort, horse racing, was born (died17/3/1983).

8/11/1886, Frederick Archer, horseracing jockey, died.

8/11/1884, Steven Donoghue, horse racing champion, was born (died 23/3/1945).

15/5/1884, Frederick Darling, horse racer, was born (died 9/6/1953)

8/2/1880, William Higgs, horse racing champion, was born (died 12/12/1958).

21/5/1873, Herbert Cannon, champion jockey, was born (died 1/6/1962).

4/10/1871, John Scott, champion jockey, died (born 39/11/1794).

15/3/1862, Alexander Taylor, champion jockey, was born (died 28/1/1943).

21/3/1860, John Day, jockey, died (born 1793).

1859, Bangor on Dee racecourse opened.

27/4/1857, The Longchamps horseracing track opened in the Bois de Bolougne, Paris.

31/12/1851, Richard Marsh, horse racing champion, was born (died 20/5/1933).

26/9/1848, William Scott, champion jockey, was born.

23/4/1846, Thomas Cannon, champion jockey, was born (died 13/7/1917).

26/2/1839. The Grand National at Aintree, Liverpool, was first run.

2/3/1838, John Porter, champion jockey, was born (died 21/2/1922).

1837, The Bayswater Hippodrome opened.

1836, The Kings Plate and Queens Plate races began in Quebec.

29/4/1835, Bill Arnull, champion horseracing jockey, died (born 1785).

1834, Chantilly Racetrack opened 42 km north of Paris.

5/8/1832, Frank Buckle, horse racing champion, died (born 1766).

9/1/1820, Matthew Dawson, jockey, was born (died 18/8/1898).

1814, The 1,000 Guineas Flat Race for 3 year old fillies, 1.6 km, was first run at Newmarket. The most recent of the Classical Races, it was the first to be run every year.

1809, The 2,000 Guineas Flat Race, 1.6 km, for three-year-old colts and fillies (usually only entered by colts) was first run at Newmarket.

1807, The Ascot Gold Cup horse race was first ran.

8/1/1807, Sam Chifney, jockey, died

1802, Horse racing at Goodwood began.

30/11/1794, John Scott, champion jockey, was born (died 4/10/1871).

4/5/1780. The first Derby horse race was run, at Epsom.

24/9/1776. The oldest of the classic horse races, the St Leger, was first run at Doncaster.

1752, The Jockey Club, to have a ,meeting place, leased a plot of land in Newmarket and built the �Coffee Room� there. The Jockey Club gradually acquired all the training and racing land at Newmarket, and became accepted as the regulatory body for all flat racing in the UK. In 1990 the Jockey Club yielded control to the newly formed British Horseracing Board, amid concerns that the Jockey Club was too aristocratic and elitist.

17/8/1711. Ascot became �Royal� after the attendance of Queen Anne at the horse races.

11/8/1711, The first Royal Ascot horse race took place, attended by Queen Anne.

1636, Newmarket horse race course was established.

9/2/1540. The first recorded horse-racing meeting in Britain took place on Roodeye Field (now Roodee), Chester.

1174, The first recorded horse races in England.



22/8/1954, Jimmy Murphy, hurling champion, was born.

1884, The rules of hurling weer standardised by the Gaelic Athletic Association.

1879, The Irish Hurling Union was founded.



18/6/1966, Sharon Rendle, judo champion, was born.

27/9/1958, Neil Adams, judo player, was born.

5/10/1946, Brian Jacks, judo champion, was born.

15/4/1930, Charles Palmer, judo champion, was born.

1882, Dr Jigoro Kano opened the world�s first Dojo )Judo training hall).

1860, Dr Jigoro Kano was born in Settsu Province, Japan; he originated the sport of Judo (Japanese=�easy way�) in its modern form.



1969, The first World Lacrosse Championship for women was held.

1967, The first World Lacrosse Championship for men was held.

1897, The North of England Lacrosse League was formed.

1868, The English Lacrosse Association was formed.

1867, The National Lacrosse Association of Canada was formed.

1839, The Montreal Lacrosse Club was founded. The original sport was of indigenous Amerindian origin.


Motor and Motorcycle racing

20/5/1994, William Kitchen, speedway champion, died.

1/5/1994, Formula One driver Ayrton Senna (born 1960) died in a crash in Italy.

22/10/1993, Innes Ireland, motor racing champion, died (born 12/6/1930).

10/6/1993, Scott McLaughlin, racing driver, was born.

10/4/1989, Michael Dunlop, Northern Irish motorcycle racer, was born.

4/2/1979, Giorgio Pantano, Italian racing car driver, was born.

12/7/1969, William Ivy, motor cycle racing champion, died (born 27/8/1942).

5/8/1968, Collin McRae, rally driver, was born.

4/11/1966, Gary Havelock, speedway champion, was born.

1/7/1965, Carl Fogarty, motorcycle racing champion, was born.

24/9/1963, Peter Craven, speedway driver, died (born 21/6/1934).

4/11/1962, The first Mexican Grand Prix was won by Jim Clark and Trevor Taylor.

28/9/1962, Fred Merkel, US motorcycle racing champion, was born in Stockton, California

12/4/1962, Ronald Flockhart, motor racing champion, died (born 16/6/1923).

11/1/1962, Steven Hislop, motorcycle racing, was born.

15/10/1960, Simon Wigg, speedway champion, was born.

17/9/1960, Damon Hill, motor racing champion, was born.

1/6/1959, Martin Brundle, motor racing champion, was born.

31/5/1959, Andrea de Cesaris, Italian racing driver, was born.

6/8/1958, US athlete Glenn Davis broke his own world record by 0.3 seconds (49.2 seconds) in the 400m hurdles in Budapest, Hungary.

3/8/1958, Peter Collins, motor racing champion, died (born 8/11/1931).

28/8/1954, Charlie Collier, motorcycle racer, was born.

24/3/1954, Peter Collins, motorcycle speedway champion, was born.

8/8;/1953, Nigel Mansell, motor racing champion, was born.

10/6/1953, Victor Elford, motor racing champion, was born.

4/5/1949, John Force, racing driver, was born in Bell Gardens, California

27/7/1948, Woolf Barnato, motor racing champion, died.

4/5/1946, John Watson, motor racing champion, was born.

25/2/1944, Francois Cevert, racing driver, was born in Paris, France (died 1973)

27/8/1942, William Ivy, motor cycle racing champion, was born (died 12/7/1969).

5/8/1939, Roger Clark, rally driver, was born.

25/6/1939, Richard Seaman, motor racing champion, died.

17/10/1938, Evel Kneivel, US stunt motorcyclist, was born in Butte, Montana.

17/1/1938, David Bickers. Moto Cross champion, was born

17/9/1937, Nigel Boocock, speedway champion, was born

30/8/1935, Thomas Farndon, speedway champion, died.

21/6/1934, Peter Craven, speedway driver, was born (died 24/9/1963).

11/11/1933, Samuel Miller, motorcycle racing champion, was born.

8/11/1931, Peter Collins, motor racing champion, was born (died 3/8/1958).

12/6/1930, Innes Ireland, motor racing champion, was born (died 22/10/1993).

17/9/1929, Stirling Moss, motor racing champion, was born.

10/4/1929, Michael Hawthorn, motor racing champion, was born (died 27/1/1959).

7/11/1928, Bob McIntyre, motorcycle racer, was born.

7/6/1928, Ken (Robert) McKinlay, speedway champion, was born.

3/3/1927, John Parry Thomas, motor car racer, died.

12/3/1926, Freddie Williams, speedway champion, was born.

16/6/1923, Ronald Flockhart, motor racing champion, was born (died 12/4/1962).

12/5/1922, Roy Salvadori, motor racing champion, was born.

12/4/1917, Robert Manzon, French racing driver was born (died 2015).

12/11/1914, Peter Whitehead, English racing car driver, was born (died 1958).

21/2/1913, Roger Laurent, Belgian racing driver, was born (died 1997)

11/6/1911, Thomas Price, speedway champion, was born.

1907, The Isle of Man TT (Tourist Trophy) motorcycle race was first held. The race, held on ordinary roads, can be dangerous, especially the mountain climb to Snaefell. By 1992 the TT Race had claimed 160 lives. The British Parliament had in 1904 refused to permit car racing on ordinary roads by temporarily banning other traffic byt the Tynwald, the Manx Parliament, did agree to this, and car racing was held there until 1953.

1/8/1900, Raymond Mays, motor racing champion, was born.

3/7/1898, Donald Healey, rally driver, was born (died 15/1/1988).

28/6/1897, George Eyston, motor racing champion, was born (died 11/6/1979).

26/7/1896, Henry Birkin, motor racing champion, was born (died 22/7/1933).

22/9/1896, Henry Seagrave, motor racing champion, was born (died 13/6/1930).

27/9/1895, Woolf Barnato, motor racing champion, was born (died 27/7/1948).



16/9/1957, Gerald Balding, polo champion, died.

23/6/1946, Julian Hipwood, polo champion, was born.

12/11/1908, John Watson, polo champion, died.

24/8/1903, Gerald Balding, polo champion, was born (died 16/9/1957)

16/10/1872, Walter Buckmaster, polo player, was born (died 30/10/1942).

1871, The first recorded game of polo in Britain. The name derives from a Tibetan word for �willow stick� and was already popular across Asia from Persia and India to China and Japan.Hurlingham Polo Club, in Fulham, London, was started in 1875.



24/6/1984, David Milford, rackets champion, died.

21/12/1981, Cyril Simpson, rackets champion, died (born 10/2/1899).

7/11/1981, James Dear, rackets champion, died (born 17/3/1910).

12/7/1950, William Boone, rackets champion, was born.

23/6/1950, Harry Foster, rackets champion, died (born 30/10/1873)

20/12/1948, Eustace Miles, rackets and tennis player, died (born 22/9/1868).

29/6/1947, William Surtees, rackets champion, was born.

20/1/1927, Geoffrey Atkins, British rackets player, was born.

10/5/1918, John Thompson, rackets champion, was born.

17/3/1910, James Dear, rackets champion, was born (died 7/11/1981).

10/2/1899, Cyril Simpson, rackets champion, was born (died 21/12/1981).

2/8/1885, Clarence Bruce, rackets player, was born (died 4/10/1957).

30/10/1873, Harry Foster, rackets champion, was born (died 23/6/1950)

22/9/1868, Eustace Miles, rackets and tennis player, was born (died 20/12/1948).



29/1/1995, Richard Burnell, champion rower, died (born 26/7/1917).

18/3/1984, The Oxford and Cambridge boat race was run on a Sunday for the first time. The day before, the race had been abandoned because the Cambridge boat had been damaged in a collision.

1/11/1983, Edward Phelps, rowing champion, died (born 17/6/1908).

25/3/1978, In the Oxford-Cambridge boat race, the Cambridge boat sank.

3/12/1977, Jack Beresford, rower, died.

29/5/1976, John Badcock, Olympic rower, died.

1974, The women�s World Rowing Championship was first held.

21/12/1972, Hugh Edwards, Olympic rower, died (born 17/11/1906).

19/7/1969, John Fairfax became the first person to row the Atlantic when he arrived at Fort Lauderdale, Florida, after 180 days at sea.

8/5/1969, Jonathan Searle, champion rower, was born.

21/7/1968, Ernest Barry, rower, died.

1962, The men�s World Rowing Championship was first held.

23/3/1962, Steven Redgrave, champion rower, was born.

3/4/1962, Peter Haining, champion rower, was born.

29/9/1959, Julius Beresford, rower, died (born 29/6/1868).

26/3/1951, Cambridge won the Boat Race. The race had been rerun after Oxford�s boat sank on 24/3/1951.

12/12/1949, Chris Baillieu, British rowing champion, was born.

8/7/1935, Guy Nickalls, rowing champion, died.

5/11/1929, Christopher Davidge, rower, was born.

28/3/1925, In the Boat Race, the Oxford boat sank.

26/7/1917, Richard Burnell, champion rower, was born (died 29/1/1995).

28/3/1912, In the Boat Race, both Oxford�s and Cambridge�s boats sank. The race was re-run.

17/6/1908, Edward Phelps, rowing champion, was born (died 1/11/1983).

17/11/1906, Hugh Edwards, Olympic rower, was born (died 21/12/1972).

24/3/1877, The only dead-heat in the history of the Oxford-Cambridge Boat Race took place.

29/6/1868, Julius Beresford, rower, was born (died 29/9/1959).

1860, The Thames Rowing Club was founded.

1856, The Oxford-Cambridge boat race became an annual event.

14/6/1839. The first Henley regatta, on the Thames, took place. See 26/3/1839.

26/3/1839, The annual Henley rowing regatta was inaugurated. The first regatta was held on 14/6/1839.

1834, The Castle Garden Boat Club event, USA, was first held.

10/6/1829. The first Oxford and Cambridge boat race took place, 2 � miles from Hambledon Lock to Henley Bridge. It was won easily by Oxford.

1817, The English Leander Cup was first held.

1/8/1715, Doggett�s Coat and badge race first run on the Thames.



5/9/1966, Antony Ringer, shooting champion, was born.

20/12/1947, Malcolm Cooper, Olympic shooter, was born.

2/1/1947, Lanny Bassham, US sports shooter, was born

17/7/1937, Andrew Tucker, shooting champion, was born.

28/9/1925, Robert Braithwaite, champion shooter, was born

16/9/1887, Arthur Fulton, shooting champion, was born (died 26/1/1972).

20/6/1887. Queen Victoria met Annie Oakley, the famous American markswoman who could slice a playing card in two at 30 paces sideways on.


Skating, figure skating, ice skating, roller skating

22/3/1997, Tara Lipinski, aged 14, became the youngest ever world women�s figure skating champion.

2/1/1995, Graham Sharpe, champion figure skater, died (born 19/12/1917).

15/4/1994, John Curry, figure skater, died (born 9/9/1949).

23/7/1993, Megan Taylor, figure skating champion, died.

21/8/1980, Jennifer Nicks, champion figure skater, died.

22/3/1972, Elvis Stojk, Canadian ice-skater, was born.

9/7/1971, Thomas Richardson, figure skating champion, died (born 16/1/1887).

2/12/1967, Phyllis Johnson, figure skating champion, died.

27/7/1958, Christopher Dean, ice skater, was born.

7/10/1957, Jayne Torvill, figure skating champion, was born.

17/8/1957, Robin Cousins, figure skating champion, was born.

13/12/1953, Ethel Muckelt, figure skating champion, died (born 30/5/1885)..

9/9/1949, John Curry, figure skater, was born (died 15/4/1994).

27/9/1947, Bernard Ford, ice skater, was born.

14/2/1947, John Page, figure skating champion, died.

16/2/1946, Edgar Syers, ice skater, died (born 18/3/1863).

28/1/1941, Doreen Denny, ice dancer, was born.

26/8/1933, Terence Monaghan, speed skating champion, was born.

1/11/1931, Jean Westwood, ice dancing, was born.

22/4/1929, John Nicks, champion figure skater, was born.

7/7/1926, John Cronshey, speed skater, was born.

15/11/1921, James Johnson, figure skating champion, died.

28/11/1920, Cecelia Colledge, figure skating champion, was born.

19/12/1917, Graham Sharpe, champion figure skater, was born (died 2/1 /1995).

9/9/1917, Florence Syers, ice skater, died.

20/1/1912, Lutske Wester, Dutch speed skater, died (born 1870).

27/7/1907, Molly Phillips, figure skater, was born (died 15/12/1994).

8/5/1889, Arthur Cumming, figure skater, was born (died 8/5/1914).

16/1/1887, Thomas Richardson, figure skating champion, was born (died 7/1/1971).

30/5/1885, Ethel Muckelt, figure skating champion, was born (died 13/12/1953)..

1876, The first mechanically-refridgerated ice rink, the Glaciarium, opened on the King�s Road, Chelsea, London.

2/8/1875, Britain�s first roller skating rink opened, in Belgravia, London.

1866, The world�s first ice skating rink opened at Newport, Rhode Island, USA.

1814, The first ice skating competition was held in Britain, in the Fens.

22/4/1760. The first pair of roller skates were seen.

1742, The world�s first skating club was formed in Edinburgh.

1498, A Dutch engraving depicted St Lydwina of Schiedam, patron sainto of skating. This is the earliest known illustration of the sport.



2/6/1974, Arnold Lunn, champion skier, died.

8/2/1971, Andrus Veerpalu, Estonian cross-country skier, was born.

6/7/1949, Georgina Hathorn, champion skier, was born.

13/8/1944, Davina Galica, skiing champion, was born.

18/3/1939, Henry Lunn, champion skier, died (born 30/7/1859).

1932, The Parsenn cable car opened at Klosters ski resprt, Switzerland, eliminating an arduous climb.

1927, First slalom downhill ski racing (from the Norwegian slad lam = sloping path) held.

1924, The Federation Internationale des Skieurs was founded.

1924, The Ski Club of Great Britain was founded.

1920, The Canada Amateur Ski Association was founded.

18/3/1915, Evelyn Pinching, champion skier, was born.

15/11/1914, Peter Lunn, skiing champion, was born.

2/12/1913, Esme Mackinnon, skiing champion, was born.

1904, The National Ski Association of America was founded.

1879, First large-scale skiing competition, at Huseby Hill, Oslo, Norway.

1866, First ski races, near Oslo, Norway.

30/7/1859, Henry Lunn, champion skier, was born (died 18/3/1939).

1843, Start of skiing as a civilian sport, at Tromso, Norway.

1767, First recorded (military) skiing races, in Norway.


Water Skiing

3/3/1963, Steve Moore, water skiing champion, was born.

3/11/1962, Andrew Mapple, water skiing champion, was born.,

14/5/1960, Elizabeth Hobbs, water skiing champion, was born.

14/4/1958, Michael Hazelwood, water skiing champion, was born.

1946, The Union Internationale de Ski Nautique was formed.



10/7/1978, Joe Davis, snooker player, died (born 15/4/1901).

5/12/1975, Ronald O�Sullivan, snooker champion, was born.

13/1/1969, Stephen Hendry, snooker champion, was born.

24/2/1968, Allison Fisher, snooker champion, was born.

11/5/1964, John Parrott, snooker champion, was born.

1963, The World Amateur Snooker Championships were first held.

2/5/1962, James White, snooker champion, was born.

22/8/1957, Steve Davis, snooker player, was born.

18/3/1949, Alex Higgins, snooker champion, was born.

16/10/1947, Terence Griffiths, snooker champion, was born.

3/3/1946, John Virgo, English snooker player, was born.

18/9/1935, John Spencer, snooker champion, was born.

8/10/1932, Ray Reardon, snooker champion, was born.

1927, The World Professional Snooker Championships were first held.

12/12/1923, John Pulman, snooker champion, was born.

1920s, Snooker became popular, after Joe Davis introduced new techniques of play.

14/2/1913, Fred Davis, snooker champion, was born.

2/2/1907, Walter Donaldson, snooker champion, was born (died 24/5/1973).

15/4/1901, Joe Davis, snooker player, was born (died 10/7/1978).

1884, The first set of rules for the game of snooker were drawn up, in India. The game itself dates from the Devonshire Regiment�s HQ in India in 1875.



1966, The World Softball Championship for men began.

1965, The World Softball Championship for women began



12/5/1971, Peter Marshall, squash champion, was born.

15/8/1963, Lisa Opie, squash champion, was born.

4/7/1943, Victor Cazelet, squash player, died (born 27/12/1879).

1928, The Squash Rackets Association was formed

27/12/1897, Victor Cazelet, squash player, was born (died 4/7/1943).

4/4/1892, Tom Jameson, squash champion, was born (died 6/2/1965)

1817, Squash was first played at Harrow School, London, UK.



21/6/2002, Fleur Vermeiren, Belgian swimming champion, was born.

6/3/1993, Ning Zetao, champion Chinese swimmer was born in Zhengzhou.

20/1/1990, Misaki Yamaguchi, Japanese Olympic swimmer, was born.

29/9/1968, Paul Radmilovic, swimming champion, died (born 5/3/1886).

1973, The Swimming World Championships were first held.

21/5/1969, Martin Harris, swimming champion, was born.

22/1/1967, Nicholas Gillingham, champion swimmer, was born.

30/3/1965, John Hatfield, champion swimmer, died (born 15/8/1893).

19/2/1965, Andrew Jameson, swimming champion, was born.

25/5/1964, Adrian Moorhouse, champion swimmer, was born.

1/11/1962, Sharron Davies, champion swimmer, was born in Plymouth, UK.

29/11/1960, Andrew Astbury, English champion swimmer, was born.

19/7/1960, Philip Hubble, champion swimmer, was born.

22/3/1959, Chris Snode, diving champion, was born.

27/5/1957, Duncan Goodhew, swimmer, was born.

28/12/1953, Brian Brinkley, champion swimmer, was born.

11/9/1951, Florence Chadwick became the first woman to swim the English Channel, taking 16 hours 22 minutes. On 12/10/1955 she broke that record, taking just 13 hours 33 minutes.

10/2/1950, Mark Spitz, champion US swimmer, was born in Modesto, California.

8/9/1947, Linda Ludgrove, swimming champion, was born.

10/8/1941, Anita Lonsbrough, champion swimmer, was born.

12/1/1941, Chet Jastremski, US champion swimmer, was born.

5/3/1939, Judith Grinham, champion swimmer, was born.

30/71938, Rob Derbyshire, champion swimmer, died (born 29/11/1878).

26/5/1932, John Wardrop, champion swimmer, was born.

8/10/1928, John Brockway, champion swimmer, was born.

1927, The Channel Swimming Association was formed.

5/6/1922, Jack Hale, champion swimmer, was born in Hull.

30/1/1911, Jack Besford, swimmer, was born.

1908, An international regulatory organisation for the sport of swimming was established.

1907, Water Wings, inflatable rings arpound the upper arm to increase buoyancy, were introduced to help novice swimmers.

1903, First recorded use of the �crawl� stroke; the swimmer was face down, using alternate overhand strokes, assisted by rapid leg move,ments. Used by R Cavill, and initially termed the �trudgen� stroke.

15/8/1893, John Hatfield, champion swimmer, was born (died 30/3/1965).

5/3/1886, Paul Radmilovic, swimming champion, was born (died 29/9/1968).

17/3/1885, Henry Taylor, champion swimmer, was born (died 28/2/1951).

24/7/1883, Matthew Webb, swimming champion, died.

29/11/1878, Rob Derbyshire, champion swimmer, was born (died 30/7/1938).

24/2/1872, John Jarvis, champion swimmer, was born (died 9/5/1933).

28/5/1742. The first indoor swimming pool in England opened in London. The entrance fee was one guinea.



30/5/1974, Vigor Bovolenta, Italian volleyball champion, was born.

1952, The Volleyball World Championships for women were first held.

1949, The Volleyball World Championships for men were first held.

1918, Volleyball was introduced to Europe, by US troops.

1895, Volleyball was invented by William Morgan at the Holyoke YMCA. It was introduced to Europe by US troops during World War One.


Water Polo.

1973, First world water polo championships.

1885, The Swimming Association of Great Britain drew up the official rules of water polo.

26/1/1879, Charles Smith, water polo champion, was born (died 6/4/1951).



24/2/1933, Philip Caira, weightlifter, was born.

8/8/1930, Launceston Elliot, weightlifter, died.

1920, The International Weightlifting Federation was formed/.

30/6/1917, Julian Creus, weightlifter, was born.

28/5/1891, The first world weightlifting championships were held at the Cafe Monico in Piccadilly, London.



11/3/1988, Katsuhiko Nakajima, Japanese professional wrestler, was born.

27/5/1982, Natalya Neidhart, Canadian wrestler, was born.

18/1/1969, Dave Bautista, US professional wrestler, was born.

2/8/1968, Michael Stanco, American professional wrestler, was born (died 2014).

13/3/1966, Akira Nogami, wrestler, was born.

30/5/1955, Jake Smith (Roberts), professional wrestler, was born in Texas.

1951, First freestyle world wrestling chsampionships

10/7/1926, Kenneth Richmond, wrestler, was born.

9/6/1924, Ed Farhat, professional wrestler, was born in Lansing, Michigan (died 2003).

1921, First Graeco-Roman style world wrestling championships.

10/9/1917, Masahiko Kimura, Japanese wrestler, was born in Kumamoto, Japan (died 1993)

3/11/1880, Edward Barnett, wrestler, was born in Ireland.



4/2/1991, Stewart Morris, yachting champion, died (born 25/5/1909).

29/8/1989, Peter Scott, yachtsman, died (born 14/9/1909).

1973, The Whitbread Round the World Yacht Race was first held. It is now he;ld every four years, withy the start and finish point at either Southampton or Portsmouth. Since 1989 the course has been extended to include a visit to the USA coast.

1957, The Admiral�s Cup race was first held off southern England.

1925, The Fastnet Race was first held; a 975 km run from Cowes, Isle of Wight, round the Fastnet Rocks off SW Ireland, and back to Plymouth. It is held every alternate August during Cowes week, and is now the final event of the Admiral�s Cup (see 1957).

14/9/1909, Peter Scott, yachtsman, was born (died 29/8/1989).

25/5/1909, Stewart Morris, yachting champion, was born (died 4/2/1991).

17/9/1901, Sir Francis Chichester, British yachtsman and aviator, was born in Barnstaple, Devon.

1875, The Yacht Racing Association was formed, to regulate the sport.

1851, The US schooner Americas won a race around the Isle of Wight. The Americas Cup is named after this ship. It was originally known as the Hundred Guinea Cup.

1823, The Royal Thames Yacht Club was founded.

1/6/1815, The Yacht Club was founded in London; membership was restricted to those with a yacht of over 10 tons. In 1817 this was raised to 20 tons.

1812, The Royal Yacht Squadron was founded at Cowes, Isle of Wight.


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