Chronography of sports and games

Page last modified 12/4/2022

 

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See also Athletics |(running, jumping, putting, javelin etc.)

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See also Tennis and Table Tennis

 

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Sports events


 

1.      Angling � see appendix below

2.      Archery� see appendix below

3.      Badminton � see appendix below

4.      Baseball � see appendix below

5.      Basketball � see appendix below

6.      Billiards � see appendix below

7.      Bobsleighing � see appendix below

8.      Bowls� see appendix below

9.      Bridge � see appendix below

10.   Canoeing � see appendix below

11.   Chess � see appendix below

12.   Croquet � see appendix below

13.   Curling � see appendix below

14.   Cycling � see appendix below

15.   Darts � see appendix below

16.   Fencing � see appendix below

17.   Greyhound racing � see appendix below

18.   Hockey and Ice Hockey - see appendix below

19.   Hurling � see appendix below

20.   Judo � see appendix below

21.   Lacrosse � see appendix below

  1. Polo � see appendix below
  2. Rackets � see appendix below
  3. Rowing-see appendix below
  4. Shooting � see appendix below
  5. Skating, ice skating, roller skating � see appendix below
  6. Skiing - see appendix below
  7. Water skiing � see appendix below
  8. Snooker � see appendix below
  9. Softball �see appendix below
  10. Squash � see appendix below
  11. Swimming. � see appendix below

33.   Volleyball � see appendix below

34.   Water Polo � see appendix below

35.   Weightlifting � see appendix below

36.   Wrestling � see appendix below

37.   Yachting � see appendix below

 

19/5/2007, In London, the new Wembley Stadium was officially opened.

16/1/1978, Philip Wills, gliding champion, died.

4/10/1974, The American, David Kunst, completed the first round the world trip on foot, 14,450 miles, having started in 1970.

6/9/1974. Stuntman Evel Knievel, a 34 year old former salesman, failed in his attempt to fly a rocket across the Snake River Canyon in Idaho. He plunged 1,500 feet into the river 30 seconds after take off.

1973, Skateboarding became popular in the USA, after the invention of the polyurethane wheel.

1972, In Britain, the Sports Council was set up.

11/11/1962, Kendra Slawinski, netball champion, was born.

16/8/1954, The weekly magazine Sports Illustrated was launched. It did not return a profit until 1964.

27/9/1949, Geofftrey Peck, orienteering, was born.

14/6/1934, Arnaud Marquesuzaa, French sports champion, was born.

4/9/1923. Birth of Birmingham politician Lord Howell, Britain�s first Minister for Sport.

26/3/1921, Gaby Braun, French sports champion, was born.

4/3/1883, John Chalmers, sports administrator, died.

1821, The card game Poker was first played by US sailors at New Orleans.

264 BCE, The first accounts of Roman gladiatorial games. They were banned in 325 AD by Emperor Constantine.

 

Angling,

1957, The World Freshwater Championship competition was inaugurated.

24/8/1933, Ray W. Scott, Jr., American angler who created the Bassmaster Classic and other professional fishing tournaments was born, in Montgomery, Alabama.

1903, In Britain, the National Federation of Anglers was formed.

 

Archery

27/3/1974, Simon Terry, archery champion, was born.

22/2/1965, Steve Hallard, archery champion, was born in Rugby.

22/10/1954, Louise Nettleton, archery champion, was born.

8/10/1954, William Dodd, archery champion, died (born 18/7/1867).

3/1/1948, Alice Lee, archery champion, was born.

12/9/1946, Albert le Tyrant, French archery champion, was born.

1931, FITA (Federacion Internationale de Tir a l�Arc) was established, the world governing body of archery.

24/6/1929, Sybil Queenie Newall, archery champion, died.

24/6/1880, Horace Ford, archery champion, died.

1879, The National Archery Association, USA, was established.

18/7/1867, William Dodd, archery champion, was born (died 8/10/1954).

1861, The British Grand National Archery Society was established.

1781, Sir Ashton Lever, of Alkrington Hall, Manchester, with his secretary Thomas Waring., a skilled bowmaker, founded the Toxophilite Society.

1650, Archery was no longer important in warfare, and interest in it was declining.

1545, Roger Ascham wrote a book, Toxophilus; the Scole of Shooting, in which he recpommended the sport to the future Queen Elizabeth I for exercise and recreation.

1244, The first Dunmow Flitch archery competition in England was held.

 

Badminton

27/10/1988, Frank Devlin, badminton champion, died (born 16/1/1900).

1977, The World Championship Badminton Contest was inaugurated.

7/11/1964, Helen Troke, badminton champion, was born.

2/9/1961, Gillian Clark, badminton player, was born.

28/3/1961, Stephen Baddeley, British badminton player, was born.

1957, The Uber Cup, a badminton contest for women, was first held.

9/1/1952, Margaret Beck, badminton player, was born.

20/6/1950, Gillian Gilks, badminton champion, was born.

23/6/1951, Raymond Stevens, badminton champion, was born.

1949, The Thomas Cup, badminton contest, was frst held

5/4/1949, Mike Tredgett, badminton champion, was born.

10/3/1939, Robert McCoig, badminton champion, was born.

5/10/1919, Frank Peard, badminton champion, was born.

12/1/1911, Thelma Kingsbury, badminton champion, was born.

25/1/1909, Leone Kingsbury, badminton champion, was born.

6/9/1907, Donald Hume, badminton champion, was born (died 3/5/1986)

2/6/1906, Betty Uber, badminton champion, was born (died 30/4/1983).

1900, The All England Badminton Championship was first held.

16/1/1900, Frank Devlin, badminton champion, was born (died 27/10/1988).

1893, The Badminton Association was formed in England.

14/6/1881, George Thomas, badminton champion, was born (died 23/7/1972).

 

Baseball

13/8/1995, Mickey Mantle, baseball player, died.

7/3/1983, Taylor Tankersley, US baseball player, was born.

12/4/1972, Paul Lo Duca, US baseball player, was born.

10/4/1962, The Dodger Stadium, major league baseball�s modern showpiece, opened in Los Angeles, USA.

16/1/1961, Mickey Mantle became the highest paid baseball player to date, signing a US$ 75,000 contract.

2/8/1960, The Continental League, proposed as a third major league for baseball, came to an end after CL President Branch Rickey and co-founder William Shea concluded a meeting in Chicago with representatives of the National League and American League.

26/5/1959, Ed Walsh, US baseball player, died.

16/8/1948, George Herman Ruth, US professional baseball player, died aged 53.

28/5/1946, The first night-time baseball game was played at Yankee Stadium, with a crowd of 49,917.

16/3/1944, Rick Renick: US baseball player, was born.

25/2/1940, Ron Santo, baseball player,was born in Seattle, Washington (died 2010)

1939, The Baseball Hall of Fame opened in Cooperstown, USA.

31/12/1936, Doc Casey, US baseball player and manager, died aged 66,

31/10/1936, Deacon McGuire, US baseball player, manager and coach, died aged 72.

29/4/1936, The first professional baseball game in Japan. Nagoya defeated Dai Tokyo 8-5.

10/7/1935, Paul Hines, US baseball player, died aged 80.

26/9/1933, Roy Wright, US baseball player, was born.

7/11/1932, Dick Stuart, baseball player, was born in San Francisco, California (died 2002)

18/4/1923, Yankee Baseball Stadium opened in The Bronx, New York City. It was the first such building of its kind, and the name �stadium� was meant to hark back to ancient Greek athletic arenas.

21/3/1925, Merle Keagle, US baseball player, was born.

5/10/1921, World Series baseball games received radio coverage for the first time. Many more fans could now follow the game, increasing its popularity.

5/4/1920, Red Sox baseball player George Herman ;Babe; Ruth was transferred to New York Yankees for a record US$125,000.

25/3/1917, In baseball, in the USA, John McGraw signed a record US$50,000 contract to manage the New York Giants for one year.

25/11/1914, Joe Di Maggio, US baseball player who married Marilyn Monroe, was born.

16/1/1910, Dizzy Dean, baseball player, was born.

10/9/1905, Pete Browning, American baseball player, died aged 44.

13/10/1903, The first US baseball World Series was won by Boston Red Sox.

5/9/1901, In the USA, the National Association of Professional Baseball Leagues (now, Minor League Baseball) was formed in Chicago, Illinois.

6/2/1895, Babe Ruth, baseball player, was born

1868, The first all-professional baseball club, the Cincinnati Red Stockings, was founded.

1858, The National Association of Baseball Players was formed.

19/6/1846, The first baseball code of rules was drawn up in the USA, by the Knickerbocker Club of New York. The first game played under these rules was played this day at Hoboken, New Jersey, USA.

1843, The Washington Baseball Club was founded in New York State. The game was becoming popular in the New York area.

1839, Abner Doubleday invented the game of baseball, at Cooperstown, New York State, USA.

 

Basketball.

8/7/2018, Lonnie Jewel Shelton, US basketball player, died (born 19/10/1955).

26/5/2005, Chico Carrasquel, Major League basketball player, died.

1990, The average salary of a basketball player in the Major League was US$ 890,944.

30/9/1989, Jordan Taylor, US basketball player, was born.

18/9/1989, Serge Ibaka, basketball player, was born.

28/1/1984, Andre Iguodala, basketball player, was born.

14/7/1979, Bernie Castro, baseball player, was born in Santiago, Dominican Republic

24/8/1978, Kobe Bryant, basketball player, was born.

23/5/1978, Carolyn Moos, US basketball player, was born.

7/2/1978, Timothy Floyd Fuller, Missouri University basketball coach, was born.

25/7/1977, Kenny Thomas, US basketball player, was born in Atlanta, Georgia.

6/3/1972, Shaquille O�Neil, US basketball player, was born.

2/10/1971, Aaron Williams, US basketball player, was born.

23/1/1966, Haywoode Workman, US basketball player, was born.

17/2/1963, Michael Jordan, basketball player, was born.

14/8/1959, Earvin �Magic� Johnson, basketball player, was born.

28/8/1956, John Eddie Long, US basketball player, was born.

9/2/1956, Philip Jackson Ford Jr, basketball player, was born.

19/10/1955, Lonnie Jewel Shelton, US basketball player, was born (died 8/7/2018).

11/10/1955, Norm Nixon, US basketball player, was born.

1953, First women�s basketball championships held.

6/12/1952, Chuck Baker, US basketball player, was born.

1950, First men�s basketball championships held.

3/8/1946, The National Basketball Association was formed in America.

21/9/1942, Sam McDowell, baseball player, was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

28/2/1940, Basketball was televised for the first time.

1936, Basketball became an official Oympic sport, at the Games in Berlin.

21/8/1936, Wilt Chamberlain, basketball player, was born.

7/1/1927. The Harlem Globetrotters basketball team was founded.

1897, The first world basketball championships were held in the USA.

1894, The international rules of basketball were drawn up.

20/1/1892, The game of basketball, devised by Canadian doctor James Naismith in 1891, was first played at the YMCA in Springfield, Massachusetts.

4/1/1869, Tommy Corcoran, baseball player, was born.

 

Billiards

11/6/1964, Henry Stevenson, billiards champion, died.

16/10/1953, Tom Reece, billiards champion, died (born 12/8/1873).

6/6/1952, William Peall, billiards champion, died (born 31/12/1854).

11/8/1951, Melbourne Inman, billiards champion, died.

5/10/1943, Thomas Newman, billiards champion, died.

19/1/1913, Minnesota Fats, US billiards player, was born.

24/4/1910, Sidney Lee, billiards champion, was born (died 10/11/1988).

25/1/1886, William Smith, billiards champion, was born (died 2/6/1982).

12/8/1873, Tom Reece, billiards champion, was born (died 16/10/1953).

1870, The World Professional Billiards Championship was first oeganised. It was held on an annual basis from 1880.

31/12/1854, William Peall, billiards champion, was born (died 6/6/1952).

13/10/1854, William Mitchell, billiards champion, was born.

1576, Mary Queen of Scots, imprisoned, complained of being deprived of her billiards table.

 

Bobsleighing

7/11/1951, Francis McEvoy, bobsleigh champion, died.

1931, The annual bobsleighing world chamionships began.

1884, Bobsleigh; the Cresta Run was built at St Moritz.

 

Bowls

1969, The first women�s bowling World Championships were held.

1966, The first men�s bowling World Championships were held.

27/11/1966, Richard Corsie, bowls champion, was born.

11/6/1955, Tony Allcock, bowls player, was born

19/12/1938, Janet Ackland, bowls player, was born.

26/4/1938, William Wood, bowls champion, was born.

8/6/1937, Norma Shaw, bowls champion, was born.

9/9/1928, Mavis Steele, bowls champion, was born.

1907, The Waterloo Handicap bowling tournament was first held, at the Waterloo Hotel, Blackpool, England.

18/7/1895, Percy Baker, bowls champion, was born (died 3/1/1990)

5200 BCE, A form of bowling was being played in ancient Egypt.

 

Bridge

12/5/1995, Giorgio Belladonna, bridge champion, died.

1925, Contract Bridge was devised on a steamer en route from Los Angeles to Havana. From the 1930s it replaced Auction Bridge as the most popular form of the game.

1894, Bridge (successor to Whist) was first played in England at the Portland Club.

 

Canoeing

19/11/1966, Ivan Lawler, canoeing champion, was born.

12/1/1962, Ronald Rhodes, canoeing champion, died (born 31/10/1937)

5/6/1960, Richard Fox, canoeing champion, was born.

31/10/1937, Ronald Rhodes, canoeing champion, was born (died 12/1/1962)

1865, John MacGregor built his own canoe and sailed it for 1,000 miles across the rivers and lakes of North America. The books and lectures he authored from this helped found canoeing as a sport and in 1866 the Canoe Club was founded at the Star and Garter Hotel, Richmond, London, UK.

 

Chess

17/1/2008, Bobby Fisher, American world chess champion, died aged 64.

8/1/1958, Bobby Fischer, then aged 14, won the US Chess Championship.

 

2/1/2005, Arnold S Denker, US chess player (born 20/2/1914) died.

4/5/1997, Having lost to world chess champion Gary Kasparov in 1996, the computer Deep Blue was upgraded and this day beat Kasparov.

7/1/1995, Harry Golombek, chess player, died (born 1/3/1911).

25/12/1993, Death of US (Russian-born, 8/2/1940) chess champion, Boris Kogan.

21/10/1993, Gary Kasparov defeated Nigel Short in the chess championships.

9/11/1985, Russian Gary Kasparov became the youngest World Chess Champion at age 22, defeating Anatoly Karpov, who had held the title for 10 years.

10/5/1974, Anatoly Karpov defeated Boris Spassky to become world chess champion.

17/6/1969, Boris Spassky became world chess champion when he beat Tigran Petrosian.

1/6/1965, Nigel Short, chess champion, was born.

30/3/1958, Gilles Andruet, French chess player, was born.

23/4/1955, Anthony Miles, British chess player, was born.

23/5/1951, Anatoly Karpov, Russian world chess champion in 1975, was born.

3/6/1944, Richard Verber, US chess master, was born.

9/3/1943. Bobby Fischer, chess champion, was born in Chicago. He took the world title from Boris Spassky in 1972.

7/10/1933, Jonathan Penrose, chess champion, was born.

28/3/1931, Anatoly Lein, Soviet-American chess player, was born (died 2018)

1924, The World Chess League was founded at The Hague.

1/3/1911, Harry Golombek, chess player, was born (died 7/1/1995).

16/2/1906, Vera Menchick, chess champion, was born (died 26/6/1944).

1886, The first official world chess championships.

22/6/1837, Paul Morphy, US chess player, was born.

1561, Ruy Lopez wrote the first manual of chess instruction.

 

Croquet

9/6/1986, Humphrey Hicks, croquet champion, died (born 20/5/1904).

26/8/1969, Robert Fulford, croquet champion, was born.

22/1/1965, Dorothy Steel, croquet champion, died (born 21/4/1884).

29/7/1959, Lilias Gower,croquet champion, died.

22/11/1931, John Solomon, croquet champion, was born.

20/5/1904, Humphrey Hicks, croquet champion, was born (died 9/6/1986).

1897, The United All-England Croquet Assciation was formed, as the game became more popular,

21/4/1884, Dorothy Steel, croquet champion, was born (died 22/1/1965).

1870, The All-England Croquet Club was established at Wimbledon, London.

1857, First set of rules for croquet drawn up.

 

Crosswords

2/11/1924. The first crossword appeared in a British newspaper, the Sunday Express. It was bought from an American paper, operated by C W Shepherd, where crosswords had appeared 11 years earlier.

21/12/1913. The world�s first crossword was published, in the New York World, compiled by Liverpool-born Arthur Wynne. The first British crossword appeared on 2/11/1924.

 

Curling

1979, The first women�s World Curling Championship was held.

1959, The first men�s World Curling Championship was held.

19/12/1920, The first US indoor curling rink opened, at Brookline, Massachusetts.

1838, The Royal Caledonian Curling Club, the central international body for Curl8ing, was established in Edinburgh. It was originally known as the Grand Caledonian Curling Club.

1831, The Orchard Lake Curling Club, Michigan, USA, was established.

1820, Curling was introduced to the USA.

1811, The earliest book on Curling, An Account of the Game of Curling, was written by John Ramsay, a Scottish Minister and member of the Duddingstone Curling Society

1807, Curling was introduced to Canada. The Montreal Curling Club was established.

1510, The first curling club was established at Kilsyth, near Glasgow, Scotland.

 

Cycling

18/1/2013, Racing cyclist Lance Armstrong admitted to doping in all seven of his Tour de France victories. His titles were stripped from him.

22/6/1992, Reginald Harris, cycling champion, died.

3/9/1974, Rebecca Bailey, champion cyclist, was born in Christchurch, New Zealand

1973, The mountain bike was invented by members of Marin County Canyon Cycling Club, USA, for riding the slopes of the local canyons.

12/2/1971, Bill Bailey, cycling champion, died (born 6/4/1888).

15/12/1968, Colin Sturgess, champion cyclist, was born.

13/7/1967, Thomas Simpson, champion cyclist, died (born 30/11/1937).

11/9/1965, Douglas Graeme Obree, champion cyclist, was born.

19/1/1964, Firmin Lambot, Belgian racing cyclist, died aged 77.

24/3/1962, Amanda Jones, champion cyclist, was born.

20/11/1961, Shaun Wallace, champion cyclist, was born.

20/11/1959, Stephen Roche, champion cyclist, was born.

19/5/1958, Tony Doyle, champion cyclist, was born.

23/3/1958, Etienne De Wilde, Belgian cyclist, was born.

1951, The Milk Race, now called the Tour of Britain, was first held. Launched in 1951 and supported by the Daily Express newspaper, it wa sponsored by the Milk Marketing Board from 1958.

24/11/1948, Ian Hallam, cycling champion, was born in Nottingham.

7/4/1942, John Atkins, British cyclo-cross champion, was born.

28/4/1941, Lucien Aimar, French sports cyclist, was born.

5/2/1940, Peter Barry Hoban, cycling champion, was born.

27/1/1940, Hugh Porter, champion cyclist, was born.

30/11/1937, Thomas Simpson, champion cyclist, was born (died 13/7/1967).

4/6/1934, Seamus Elliott, champion cyclist, was born in Dublin.

3/11/1930, Brian Robinson, champion cyclist, was born.

27/1/1930, Lewis Meredith, champion cyclist, died (born 2/7/1882).

19/11/1929, Sean Kelly, cycling champion, was born in Waterford, Ireland.

1927, The World Professional Road Race Championship was first held at the Neuburgring, Germany.

19/7/1925, Italian cyclist Ottavio Bottecchia won the Tour de France for the second straight year.

18/10/1923, Eileen Sheridan, champion cyclist, was born.

25/1/1907, Rene Pottier, French racing cyclist, died aged 27.

19/7/1903, Frenchman Maurice Garin won the first Tour de France. Only 20 out of 60 competitors completed the race,

1/7/1903, The first Tour de France cycle race began. It was sponsored by Henri Desgrange, the proprietor of a French newspaper, L�Auto, to poach readers from a rival publication, Le Velo, which already staged what were till then the biggest cycle races in France, Bordeaux to Paris and Paris to Brest. The Tour de France, announced in January 1903, was to be 2,500 km long, taking 19 days to complete. Just 21 of the 60 entrants completed the race, competing for prize money totalling 20,000 Francs.

19/1/1903, The creation of a new bicycle race, the Tour de France, was announced.

26/9/1901, US cyclist Robert Walthour covered 1 mile on his bicycle in 1 minute 37.4 seconds.

6/4/1888, Bill Bailey, cycling champion, was born (died 12/2/1971).

2/7/1882, Lewis Meredith, champion cyclist, was born (died 27/1/1930).

 

Darts

1978, The Embassy World Darts Championship was inaugurated. Held since 1986 at the Lakeside Country Club, Frimley Green, Surrey, UK.

22/3/1950, John Thomas Wilson, darts champion, was born.

21/7/1945, John Lowe, darts champion, was born.

1928, The News of the World inaugurated an annual Darts Championship. This lasted until 1990, when the newspaper withdrew its support.

1896, Brian Gamlin, of Bury, Lancashire, designed the numbering of the current darts board.

1620, Darts was probably played aboard the Mayflower in 1620

 

Fencing

28/6/1987, Emrys Lloyd, champion fencer, died (born 8/9/1908).

24/12/1975, Roger Tredgold, fencing champion, died.

22/5/1955, Petru Kuki, Romanian fencer, was born

30/9/1948, Edward Bourne, fencing champion, was born.

15/2/1940, Janet Wardell-Yerburgh, fencing champion, was born.

30/6/1931, Allan Jay, fencing champion, was born.

8/9/1908, Emrys Lloyd, champion fencer, was born (died 28/6/1987).

15/2/1880, Robert Montgomerie, fencing champion, was born (died 28/4/1939).

14/4/1867, Edgar Seligman, fencing champion, was born (died 27/9/1958).

1848, The London Fencing Club was established.

1/1/1600, Death of Camillo Agrippa, who first applied scientific porinciples to the sport of fencing and the design of the swords.

1190 BCE, Records of fencing matches in Luxor, Upper Egypt.

 

Greyhound racing

2013, Annual attendance at Britain�s dog racing tracks had fallen to 2 million. In 1960 it was 16 million, down to 4 million in 1993 and 3 million in 2006. The number of tracks in Britain has fallen from 64 in 1960 to 25 in 2013. In 1961 dog racing tracks lost their betting monopoly when UK Parliament allowed betting shops to open, for the first time since the 19th century. The rise of TV and the Internet also eroded attendance.

16/8/2008, The dog racing track at Walthamstow, London, held its last meeting. This left Wimbledon as the last dog racing track in the London area.

15/3/1995, Harlow greyhound racing stadium, Essex, UK, opened.

1984, (see 1928) The Greyhound Derby was moved from White City to Wimbledon and the Grand National was moved to Hall Green, Birmingham.

1931, Walthamstow greyhound racing stadium opened,

1930, Dagenham greyhound racing stadium opened.

1928, West Ham greyhound racing stadium opened.

10/12/1927, As greyhound racing grew in popularity, London�s third racecourse opened, at Wembley, to join those at Haringey and White City. Harringey stadium closed in 1987 to make way for a Sainsbury superstore.

20/6/1927, Greyhound racing began at London�s White City Stadium. This was the first time the Greyhound Derby and Grand National (using hurdles) were run. See 1984.

1926, Oxford greyhound racing track opened.

24/7/1926. The first greyhound racing track was opened by Brigadier Critchley, at Belle Vue in Manchester. From 1926 onwards, greyhound racing became the best-attended sport in Britain, retaining this popularity for several decades, into the 1960s.

1919, A circular greyhound track was opened in California, USA.

7/10/1876, The first greyhound race with an artificial hare, the Hendon Cup, was run at the Welsh Harp, Hendon, London.

1857, The Waterloo Cup was a now a competition of 64 dogs, competing in a knock-out tournament over three days.

1836, The Waterloo Cup was first held, on farmland at Great Altcar, near Southport, Lancashire, UK.

1776, The first rules of greyhound racing were drawn up.

 

Hockey and Ice Hockey

3/5/1988, Carl Erhardt, ice hockey player, died (born 13/2/1897).

20/10/1985, Harry Wragg, champion jockey, died.

21/3/1982, Marjorie Pollard, hockey and cricket champion, died (born 3/8/1899).

8/9/1981, Terence Mansergh, hockey champion, died.

9/6/1981, Brett Clouthier, Canadian ice hockey player, was born.

11/11/1980, Jens Bergenstrom, Swedish ice hockey player, was born.

27/5/1973, Jack Bennett, hockey player, died.

5/9/1967, Janet Sixsmith, champion hockey player, was born.

19/11/1963, John Potter, hockey champion, was born.

9/1/1963, Karen Brown, hockey champion, was born.

13/7/1959, Richard Leman, hockey champion, was born.

13/4/1959, Stephen Martin, hockey champion, was born.

24/2/1959, Stanley Shoveller, hockey champion, died (born 2/9/1881).

20/4/1958, Viacheslav Fetisov, Russian hockey champion, was, born in Moscow, Russia.

21/5/1955, Paul Barber, English hockey player, was born.

24/9/1954, Ian Taylor, hockey champion, was born.

30/9/1952, Norman Hughes, hockey champion, was born.

6/3/1952, William MacLean, hockey champion, was born.

18/7/1943, Herbert Leo Price, hockey champion, died (born 21/6/1899).

26/10/1932, Chinadorai Deshmutu,Indian hockey player, was born.

9/6/1930, Harry Cahill, hockey champion, was born.

27/11/1928, John Conroy, hockey player, was born (died 9/11/1985).

16/11/1928, Dick Gamble, ice hockey player, was born in Moncton, New Brunswick, Canada (died 2018)

21/4/1928, Jack Evans, Welsh-Canadian ice hockey player, was born.

23/12/1927, John Cockett, hockey player, was born.

1920, Ice Hockey was first included in the Olympics. In 1924 it was moved to the Winter Olympics.

26/11/1917, The National Hockey League was formed in Canada, with four treams. The first US team was admitted in 1924.

1916, The National Hockey League was first played.

10/2/1916, George Richardson, Canadian hockey player, died (born 1886)

1914, The British Ice Hockey Association was founded.

1908, The International Ice Hockey Federation was founded.

14/9/1906, George McVeagh, Irish hockey, tennis, cricket and squash player, was born (died 5/6/1968)

1903, A small English ice hockey league was formed.

3/8/1899, Marjorie Pollard, hockey and cricket champion, was born (died 21/3/1982).

1895, The All England Women�s Hockey Association was formed.

21/6/1899, Herbert Leo Price, hockey champion, was born (died 18/7/1943).

1887, The first women�s hockey club, Moseley Ladies, was founded.

13/2/1897, Carl Erhardt, ice hockey player, was born (died 3/5/1988).

25/1/1895, Wales lost 3 � 0 to Ireland in the first ever hockey international, held at Rhyl in Wales.

1886, In Britain, the National Men�s Hockey Association was formed.

4/10/1884, Cyril Wilkinson, hockey champion, was born (died 16/12/1970).

1883, The rules for hockey were formally codified.

2/9/1881, Stanley Shoveller, hockey champion, was born (died 24/2/1959).

1879, The rules for ice hockey were drawn up by WF Robertson and RF Smith at Montreal, Canada.

1875, The Men�s Hockey Association was formed.

3/3/1875, Canada�s first organised ice hockey match was played at the Victoria Ice Skating Rink, Montreal.

1850s, Ice Hockey was first played, in Kingston, Ontario, Canada. The rules of the game were drawn up ay McGill University, Montreal.

 

Hurling

22/8/1954, Jimmy Murphy, hurling champion, was born.

1884, The rules of hurling weer standardised by the Gaelic Athletic Association.

1879, The Irish Hurling Union was founded.

 

Judo

18/6/1966, Sharon Rendle, judo champion, was born.

27/9/1958, Neil Adams, judo player, was born.

5/10/1946, Brian Jacks, judo champion, was born.

15/4/1930, Charles Palmer, judo champion, was born.

1882, Dr Jigoro Kano opened the world�s first Dojo )Judo training hall).

1860, Dr Jigoro Kano was born in Settsu Province, Japan; he originated the sport of Judo (Japanese=�easy way�) in its modern form.

 

Lacrosse

1969, The first World Lacrosse Championship for women was held.

1967, The first World Lacrosse Championship for men was held.

1897, The North of England Lacrosse League was formed.

1868, The English Lacrosse Association was formed.

1867, The National Lacrosse Association of Canada was formed.

1839, The Montreal Lacrosse Club was founded. The original sport was of indigenous Amerindian origin.

 

Polo

16/9/1957, Gerald Balding, polo champion, died.

23/6/1946, Julian Hipwood, polo champion, was born.

12/11/1908, John Watson, polo champion, died.

24/8/1903, Gerald Balding, polo champion, was born (died 16/9/1957)

16/10/1872, Walter Buckmaster, polo player, was born (died 30/10/1942).

1871, The first recorded game of polo in Britain. The name derives from a Tibetan word for �willow stick� and was already popular across Asia from Persia and India to China and Japan.Hurlingham Polo Club, in Fulham, London, was started in 1875.

 

Rackets

24/6/1984, David Milford, rackets champion, died.

21/12/1981, Cyril Simpson, rackets champion, died (born 10/2/1899).

7/11/1981, James Dear, rackets champion, died (born 17/3/1910).

12/7/1950, William Boone, rackets champion, was born.

23/6/1950, Harry Foster, rackets champion, died (born 30/10/1873)

20/12/1948, Eustace Miles, rackets and tennis player, died (born 22/9/1868).

29/6/1947, William Surtees, rackets champion, was born.

20/1/1927, Geoffrey Atkins, British rackets player, was born.

10/5/1918, John Thompson, rackets champion, was born.

17/3/1910, James Dear, rackets champion, was born (died 7/11/1981).

10/2/1899, Cyril Simpson, rackets champion, was born (died 21/12/1981).

2/8/1885, Clarence Bruce, rackets player, was born (died 4/10/1957).

30/10/1873, Harry Foster, rackets champion, was born (died 23/6/1950)

22/9/1868, Eustace Miles, rackets and tennis player, was born (died 20/12/1948).

 

Rowing

29/1/1995, Richard Burnell, champion rower, died (born 26/7/1917).

18/3/1984, The Oxford and Cambridge boat race was run on a Sunday for the first time. The day before, the race had been abandoned because the Cambridge boat had been damaged in a collision.

1/11/1983, Edward Phelps, rowing champion, died (born 17/6/1908).

25/3/1978, In the Oxford-Cambridge boat race, the Cambridge boat sank.

3/12/1977, Jack Beresford, rower, died.

29/5/1976, John Badcock, Olympic rower, died.

1974, The women�s World Rowing Championship was first held.

19/7/1969, John Fairfax became the first person to row the Atlantic when he arrived at Fort Lauderdale, Florida, after 180 days at sea.

8/5/1969, Jonathan Searle, champion rower, was born.

21/7/1968, Ernest Barry, rower, died.

1962, The men�s World Rowing Championship was first held.

23/3/1962, Steven Redgrave, champion rower, was born.

3/4/1962, Peter Haining, champion rower, was born.

29/9/1959, Julius Beresford, rower, died (born 29/6/1868).

26/3/1951, Cambridge won the Boat Race. The race had been rerun after Oxford�s boat sank on 24/3/1951.

12/12/1949, Chris Baillieu, British rowing champion, was born.

24/3/1937, Oxford finally won the Boat race, having lost 13 consecutive times to Cambridge.

8/7/1935, Guy Nickalls, rowing champion, died.

5/11/1929, Christopher Davidge, rower, was born.

28/3/1925, In the Boat Race, the Oxford boat sank.

26/7/1917, Richard Burnell, champion rower, was born (died 29/1/1995).

28/3/1912, In the Boat Race, both Oxford�s and Cambridge�s boats sank. The race was re-run.

17/6/1908, Edward Phelps, rowing champion, was born (died 1/11/1983).

17/11/1906, Hugh Edwards, Olympic rower, was born (died 21/12/1972).

24/3/1877, The only dead-heat in the history of the Oxford-Cambridge Boat Race took place.

29/6/1868, Julius Beresford, rower, was born (died 29/9/1959).

1860, The Thames Rowing Club was founded.

1856, The Oxford-Cambridge boat race became an annual event.

14/6/1839. The first Henley regatta, on the Thames, took place. See 26/3/1839.

26/3/1839, The annual Henley rowing regatta was inaugurated. The first regatta was held on 14/6/1839.

1834, The Castle Garden Boat Club event, USA, was first held.

10/6/1829. The first Oxford and Cambridge boat race took place, 2 � miles from Hambledon Lock to Henley Bridge. It was won easily by Oxford.

1817, The English Leander Cup was first held.

1/8/1715, Doggett�s Coat and badge race first run on the Thames. The race was created by Thomas Doggett, an Irish actor and stage manager at the Drury Lane Theatre, London, who was grateful to an apprentice Thames waterman who rowed him home on a windy night when older ferrymen had refused.

 

Shooting

5/9/1966, Antony Ringer, shooting champion, was born.

20/12/1947, Malcolm Cooper, Olympic shooter, was born.

2/1/1947, Lanny Bassham, US sports shooter, was born

17/7/1937, Andrew Tucker, shooting champion, was born.

3/11/1926, Annie Oakley, sharpshooter, died.

28/9/1925, Robert Braithwaite, champion shooter, was born

16/9/1887, Arthur Fulton, shooting champion, was born (died 26/1/1972).

20/6/1887. Queen Victoria met Annie Oakley, the famous American markswoman who could slice a playing card in two at 30 paces sideways on.

 

Skating, figure skating, ice skating, roller skating

22/3/1997, Tara Lipinski, aged 14, became the youngest ever world women�s figure skating champion.

20/11/1995, Sergio Grinko, figure skater, died.

2/1/1995, Graham Sharpe, champion figure skater, died (born 19/12/1917).

15/4/1994, John Curry, figure skater, died (born 9/9/1949).

6/1/1994, US figure skater Nancy Kerrigan was injured on her right leg in an attack ordered by her rival Tonya Harding.

23/7/1993, Megan Taylor, figure skating champion, died.

6/2/1981, British pair Jayne Torvill and Christopher Dean won the European figure skating championship.

21/8/1980, Jennifer Nicks, champion figure skater, died.

9/7/1971, Thomas Richardson, figure skating champion, died (born 16/1/1887).

12/11/1970, Tonya Harding, figure skater, was born.

13/10/1969, Nancy Kerrigan, ice skater, was born.

2/12/1967, Phyllis Johnson, figure skating champion, died.

27/7/1958, Christopher Dean, ice skater, was born.

7/10/1957, Jayne Torvill, figure skating champion, was born.

17/8/1957, Robin Cousins, figure skating champion, was born.

13/12/1953, Ethel Muckelt, figure skating champion, died (born 30/5/1885)..

9/9/1949, John Curry, figure skater, was born (died 15/4/1994).

27/9/1947, Bernard Ford, ice skater, was born.

14/2/1947, John Page, figure skating champion, died.

16/2/1946, Edgar Syers, ice skater, died (born 18/3/1863).

28/1/1941, Doreen Denny, ice dancer, was born.

14/4/1938, Gillis Grafstrom, Swedish figure skater, died aged 44.

26/8/1933, Terence Monaghan, speed skating champion, was born.

1/11/1931, Jean Westwood, ice dancing, was born.

7/7/1926, John Cronshey, speed skater, was born.

15/11/1921, James Johnson, figure skating champion, died.

28/11/1920, Cecelia Colledge, figure skating champion, was born.

19/12/1917, Graham Sharpe, champion figure skater, was born (died 2/1 /1995).

9/9/1917, Florence Syers, ice skater, died.

20/1/1912, Lutske Wester, Dutch speed skater, died (born 1870).

27/7/1907, Molly Phillips, figure skater, was born (died 15/12/1994).

8/5/1889, Arthur Cumming, figure skater, was born (died 8/5/1914).

16/1/1887, Thomas Richardson, figure skating champion, was born (died 7/1/1971).

30/5/1885, Ethel Muckelt, figure skating champion, was born (died 13/12/1953).

12/2/1879, The first artificial ice rink in North America opened, at Madison Square Gardens, New York City.

1876, The first mechanically-refrigerated ice rink, the Glaciarium, opened on the King�s Road, Chelsea, London.

2/8/1875, Britain�s first roller skating rink opened, in Belgravia, London.

1866, The world�s first ice skating rink opened at Newport, Rhode Island, USA.

1814, The first ice skating competition was held in Britain, in the Fens.

22/4/1760. The first pair of roller skates were seen.

1742, The world�s first skating club was formed in Edinburgh.

1498, A Dutch engraving depicted St Lydwina of Schiedam, patron sainto of skating. This is the earliest known illustration of the sport.

 

Skiing

2/6/1974, Arnold Lunn, champion skier, died.

3/12/1953, Franz Klammer, skier, was born.

6/7/1949, Georgina Hathorn, champion skier, was born.

13/8/1944, Davina Galica, skiing champion, was born.

18/3/1939, Henry Lunn, champion skier, died (born 30/7/1859).

1932, The Parsenn cable car opened at Klosters ski resprt, Switzerland, eliminating an arduous climb.

1927, First slalom downhill ski racing (from the Norwegian slad lam = sloping path) held.

1924, The Federation Internationale des Skieurs was founded.

1924, The Ski Club of Great Britain was founded.

1920, The Canada Amateur Ski Association was founded.

18/3/1915, Evelyn Pinching, champion skier, was born.

15/11/1914, Peter Lunn, skiing champion, was born.

2/12/1913, Esme Mackinnon, skiing champion, was born.

1904, The National Ski Association of America was founded.

1879, First large-scale skiing competition, at Huseby Hill, Oslo, Norway.

1866, First ski races, near Oslo, Norway.

30/7/1859, Henry Lunn, champion skier, was born (died 18/3/1939).

1843, Start of skiing as a civilian sport, at Tromso, Norway.

1767, First recorded (military) skiing races, in Norway.

 

Water Skiing

3/3/1963, Steve Moore, water skiing champion, was born.

3/11/1962, Andrew Mapple, water skiing champion, was born.,

14/5/1960, Elizabeth Hobbs, water skiing champion, was born.

14/4/1958, Michael Hazelwood, water skiing champion, was born.

1946, The Union Internationale de Ski Nautique was formed.

2/7/1922, Ralph Samuelson, 18, used the first water skis which he had invented at Lake Pepin, Minnesota.

 

Snooker

24/7/2010, Northern Irish snooker champion Alex �Hurricane� Higgins died aged 61.

20/4/1981, Steve Davis won the world snooker championship at Sheffield, UK, beating Doug Mountjoy 18-12.

10/7/1978, Joe Davis, snooker player, died (born 15/4/1901).

5/12/1975, Ronald O�Sullivan, snooker champion, was born.

13/1/1969, Stephen Hendry, snooker champion, was born.

24/2/1968, Allison Fisher, snooker champion, was born.

11/5/1964, John Parrott, snooker champion, was born.

1963, The World Amateur Snooker Championships were first held.

2/5/1962, James White, snooker champion, was born.

22/8/1957, Steve Davis, snooker player, was born.

18/3/1949, Alex Higgins, snooker champion, was born.

16/10/1947, Terence Griffiths, snooker champion, was born.

3/3/1946, John Virgo, English snooker player, was born.

18/9/1935, John Spencer, snooker champion, was born.

8/10/1932, Ray Reardon, snooker champion, was born.

1927, The World Professional Snooker Championships were first held.

12/12/1923, John Pulman, snooker champion, was born.

1920s, Snooker became popular, after Joe Davis introduced new techniques of play.

14/2/1913, Fred Davis, snooker champion, was born.

2/2/1907, Walter Donaldson, snooker champion, was born (died 24/5/1973).

15/4/1901, Joe Davis, snooker player, was born (died 10/7/1978).

1884, The first set of rules for the game of snooker were drawn up, in India. The game itself dates from the Devonshire Regiment�s HQ in India in 1875.

 

Softball

1966, The World Softball Championship for men began.

1965, The World Softball Championship for women began

 

Squash

12/5/1971, Peter Marshall, squash champion, was born.

15/8/1963, Lisa Opie, squash champion, was born.

4/7/1943, Victor Cazelet, squash player, died (born 27/12/1879).

1928, The Squash Rackets Association was formed

27/12/1897, Victor Cazelet, squash player, was born (died 4/7/1943).

4/4/1892, Tom Jameson, squash champion, was born (died 6/2/1965)

1817, Squash was first played at Harrow School, London, UK.

 

Swimming.

1/2/2006, Liesel Jones, Australian swimmer, set a new world record for the 200m breast stroke of 2 minutes20.54 seconds.

21/6/2002, Fleur Vermeiren, Belgian swimming champion, was born.

6/3/1993, Ning Zetao, champion Chinese swimmer was born in Zhengzhou.

20/1/1990, Misaki Yamaguchi, Japanese Olympic swimmer, was born.

29/9/1968, Paul Radmilovic, swimming champion, died (born 5/3/1886).

1973, The Swimming World Championships were first held.

21/5/1969, Martin Harris, swimming champion, was born.

22/1/1967, Nicholas Gillingham, champion swimmer, was born.

30/3/1965, John Hatfield, champion swimmer, died (born 15/8/1893).

19/2/1965, Andrew Jameson, swimming champion, was born.

29/2/1964, In Sydney, Australia, Dawn Fraser set a new record of 58.9 ceconds for the 100 metre freestyle.

25/5/1964, Adrian Moorhouse, champion swimmer, was born.

1/11/1962, Sharron Davies, champion swimmer, was born in Plymouth, UK.

29/11/1960, Andrew Astbury, English champion swimmer, was born.

19/7/1960, Philip Hubble, champion swimmer, was born.

22/3/1959, Chris Snode, diving champion, was born.

27/5/1957, Duncan Goodhew, swimmer, was born.

28/12/1953, Brian Brinkley, champion swimmer, was born.

11/9/1951, Florence Chadwick became the first woman to swim the English Channel, taking 16 hours 22 minutes. On 12/10/1955 she broke that record, taking just 13 hours 33 minutes.

10/2/1950, Mark Spitz, champion US swimmer, was born in Modesto, California.

8/9/1947, Linda Ludgrove, swimming champion, was born.

10/8/1941, Anita Lonsbrough, champion swimmer, was born.

12/1/1941, Chet Jastremski, US champion swimmer, was born.

5/3/1939, Judith Grinham, champion swimmer, was born.

30/71938, Rob Derbyshire, champion swimmer, died (born 29/11/1878).

4/9/1937, Dawn Fraser, Australian Olympic swimmer, was born.

26/5/1932, John Wardrop, champion swimmer, was born.

8/10/1928, John Brockway, champion swimmer, was born.

1927, The Channel Swimming Association was formed.

5/6/1922, Jack Hale, champion swimmer, was born in Hull.

30/1/1911, Jack Besford, swimmer, was born.

1908, An international regulatory organisation for the sport of swimming was established.

1907, Water Wings, inflatable rings arpound the upper arm to increase buoyancy, were introduced to help novice swimmers.

1906, Tooting Bec Lido, Britain�s largest outdoor freshwater swimming pool, opened.

1903, First recorded use of the �crawl� stroke; the swimmer was face down, using alternate overhand strokes, assisted by rapid leg movements. Used by R Cavill, and initially termed the �trudgen� stroke.

15/8/1893, John Hatfield, champion swimmer, was born (died 30/3/1965).

22/8/1890, Duke Kahanamoku, Hawaiian surfer, was born.

5/3/1886, Paul Radmilovic, swimming champion, was born (died 29/9/1968).

17/3/1885, Henry Taylor, champion swimmer, was born (died 28/2/1951).

24/7/1883, Matthew Webb, swimming champion, died.

29/11/1878, Rob Derbyshire, champion swimmer, was born (died 30/7/1938).

24/2/1872, John Jarvis, champion swimmer, was born (died 9/5/1933).

28/5/1742. The first indoor swimming pool in England opened in London. The entrance fee was one guinea.

 

Volleyball

30/5/1974, Vigor Bovolenta, Italian volleyball champion, was born.

1952, The Volleyball World Championships for women were first held.

1949, The Volleyball World Championships for men were first held.

1918, Volleyball was introduced to Europe, by US troops.

9/2/1895, Volleyball was invented by William Morgan at the Holyoke YMCA. It was introduced to Europe by US troops during World War One.

 

Water Polo.

1973, First world water polo championships.

1885, The Swimming Association of Great Britain drew up the official rules of water polo.

26/1/1879, Charles Smith, water polo champion, was born (died 6/4/1951).

 

Weightlifting

24/2/1933, Philip Caira, weightlifter, was born.

8/8/1930, Launceston Elliot, weightlifter, died.

1920, The International Weightlifting Federation was formed/.

30/6/1917, Julian Creus, weightlifter, was born.

28/5/1891, The first world weightlifting championships were held at the Cafe Monico in Piccadilly, London.

 

Wrestling

11/3/1988, Katsuhiko Nakajima, Japanese professional wrestler, was born.

27/5/1982, Natalya Neidhart, Canadian wrestler, was born.

18/1/1969, Dave Bautista, US professional wrestler, was born.

2/8/1968, Michael Stanco, American professional wrestler, was born (died 2014).

13/3/1966, Akira Nogami, wrestler, was born.

30/5/1955, Jake Smith (Roberts), professional wrestler, was born in Texas.

11/8/1953, Hulk Hogan, professional wrestler, was born.

1951, First freestyle world wrestling chsampionships.

24/8/1945, Vince McMahon, professional wrestling entrepreneur, was born.

6/10/1935, Bruno Sammartino, professional wrestler, was born.

10/7/1926, Kenneth Richmond, wrestler, was born.

9/6/1924, Ed Farhat, professional wrestler, was born in Lansing, Michigan (died 2003).

1921, First Graeco-Roman style world wrestling championships.

10/9/1917, Masahiko Kimura, Japanese wrestler, was born in Kumamoto, Japan (died 1993)

3/11/1880, Edward Barnett, wrestler, was born in Ireland.

 

Yachting

4/2/1991, Stewart Morris, yachting champion, died (born 25/5/1909).

29/8/1989, Peter Scott, yachtsman, died (born 14/9/1909).

1973, The Whitbread Round the World Yacht Race was first held. It is now he;ld every four years, withy the start and finish point at either Southampton or Portsmouth. Since 1989 the course has been extended to include a visit to the USA coast.

1957, The Admiral�s Cup race was first held off southern England.

1925, The Fastnet Race was first held; a 975 km run from Cowes, Isle of Wight, round the Fastnet Rocks off SW Ireland, and back to Plymouth. It is held every alternate August during Cowes week, and is now the final event of the Admiral�s Cup (see 1957).

14/9/1909, Peter Scott, yachtsman, was born (died 29/8/1989).

25/5/1909, Stewart Morris, yachting champion, was born (died 4/2/1991).

17/9/1901, Sir Francis Chichester, British yachtsman and aviator, was born in Barnstaple, Devon.

1875, The Yacht Racing Association was formed, to regulate the sport.

1851, The US schooner Americas won a race around the Isle of Wight. The Americas Cup is named after this ship. It was originally known as the Hundred Guinea Cup.

1823, The Royal Thames Yacht Club was founded.

1/6/1815, The Yacht Club was founded in London; membership was restricted to those with a yacht of over 10 tons. In 1817 this was raised to 20 tons.

1812, The Royal Yacht Squadron was founded at Cowes, Isle of Wight.

 

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