Sicily; key historical events
Page last modified 4 July 2023
See also Italy for Italian Unification (Garibaldi) and other history
See also Roman Empire
See Earthquakes for major Italian earthquakes
October 2013, Governor of Sicily declared a State of Emergency after hundreds of migrants had died at sea attempting tocross to Italy from Africa.
1893, 40,000 troops had to be sent to Sicily to quell unrest there caused by poverty.
1850, Sicilian agriculture was being transformed after James Lind, surgeon for the British Navy, calculated in the mid 18th century that scurvy had done more damage to the British Navy than the French and Spanish fleets combined. Lemon juice was found to prevent scurvy, and Sicily was one of the few places in Euripe where they could be reliably cultivated. Sicialian exports of lemon juice rose 740 barrels in 1837 to 20,707 in 1850.
3 September 1848, Carlo Filangieri landed at Messina, Sicily, to suppress a movement on the island to secede from Naples. The independence forces were crushed by 5/1849, with much loss of life.
13 April� 1848.Sicily declared itself independent from Naples.
12 January 1848, In Palermo, an uprising began against the misrule of Ferdinand II of Naples.
July 1831, A temporary volcanic island, called Grahame�s Island, appeared 50 km off Sciacca, Sicily. It attained a height of 50 metres and a circumference of 2 km before volcanic action ceased in August. Thereafter, erosion totally obliterated the new island.
17 November 1617, A naval battle between Sicily and Venice ended inconclusively.
15 January 1296, Sicily elected its the governor as King Frederick II of Aragon, after he had refused to submit Sicily to Papal rule. He ruled for 41 years, withstanding a 6-year war against him by Carlos II of Naples.
25 December 1194, Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV was crowned King of Sicily and Naples.
20 November 1194, Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV, who had already conquered� southern Italy, now took Palermo and gained control of Sicily.
29 May 1289, Pope Nicholas IV crowned Charles II, son of Charles I, as King of Sicily.
23 June 1287, James King of Sicily repelled an attempted Angevin invasion. Hois brother Alfonso III of Aragon allied, 15 July 1287, with King Edward I of England.
7 January 1285, Charles I of Anjou, King of Sicily, died.
31 March 1282, The French were massacred in Sicily (Sicilian Vespers).� The Sicilians resented Angevin rule, and especially the heavy taxes levied by the French King Charles of Anjou to pay for a war against Constantinople.
26 February 1266, Manfred, King of Sicily, killed in the Battle of Benevento. This was during the long-running power struggle in Italy between the Guelfs, who supported the Papacy, and the Ghibelines, who supported the Holy Roman Empire (Execution of Conradin, 1268 - see Germany) (see also Italy). The death of Manfred, son of Frederick II of Hohenstaufen, was a severe blow to the Germans.
28 June 1265, Charles of Anjou was invested as King of Sicily by Pope Clement IV, and asked to lead a crusade against his imperialist rival, Manfred.
1255, England�s King Henry III accepted Sicily for his 10-year-old son, Edmund Crouchback, Earl of Lancaster, who had been given the title King of Sicily by the new Pope, Alexander IV.
11 October 1254, Pope Innocent IV became King of Sicily., but he died on 7 December 1254 in Naples.
10 October 1253, Holy Roman Emperor Conrad IV suppressed the Sicilian rebellion and recaptured Naples.
17 May 1198, Frederick, infant son of Holy Roman Emperor Henry VI, was crowned King of Sicily.