1994, The Paraguayan Congress
tried, but failed, to limit the power of the military.
1993, President Juan Carlos Wasmosy
was elected president of Paraguay
3 February 1989, General Stroessner
of Paraguay was ousted in a coup after eight terms and 35 years in office. General Andres
Rodriguez, previously close to Stroessner, took control.
1973, Brazil and Paraguay agreed
to build a large hydro-electric dam on the Parana River at Itaipu.
27 March 1965, The
Friendship Bridge opened, a road bridge over the River Parana between Brazil
and Paraguay. This completed a 736 mile road link between Asuncion and the
Brazilian seaport of Paranagua.
10 February 1963, Alfredo Stroessner
was elected President of Paraguay for a third term.
12 December 1959, Despite
Paraguay�s closure of its border with Argentina, some 1,000 revolutionaries
crossed form Argentina into Paraguay. They penetrated several kilometres before
being repulsed. Paraguay�s Government�
now declared a State of Emergency. There were six further attempted
guerrilla incursions form Argentina during 1960, and unrest in southern
9/1959, President Stroessner ordered the closure of
the Paraguayan border with Argentina, fearing insurgency form that country.
1954, President Stroessner was formally �elected�.
5 May 1954, General Alfredo
Stroessner led a successful revolt, backed by the Army and Liberals,
2 March 1954, President Lopez of Paraguay
died, aged 54, as Asuncion. General Alfredo Stroessner was later �elected�
in his place; he gave refuge to Nazi war criminals.
Frederico Chavez, President of Paraguay since 1949, was re-elected,
despite a weak sconomy.
6 June 1948, A 6-year period of political
instability began, with a successful military coup against President Morinigo. Paraguay
then had 6 different Presidents during the next 15 months.
A meeting of Latin American Presidents awarded most of the Chaco Boreal to
Paraguay, whilst providing that Bolivia should have a trade route to the
Atlantic via the Paraguay River.
set up America�s first Fascist regime.
21 July 1938, The Peace Treaty of Buenos
Aires formalised the end of the Chaco War. Paraguay retained mpost of the Chaco
region, and Bolivia was given access to the Atlantic via the Paraguay and
Parana Riversand the use of Puetrto Casada as a free port.
12 June 1935. Bolivia and Paraguay signed an armistice to end their 3 year war over
the disputed Chaco area. This war had claimed 35,000 lives for the Chaco
Boreal, a wasteland of some 100,000 square miles west of the Paraguay River,
the subject of a dispute between Paraguay and Bolivia since 1825. Bolivia,
deprived of its coastal territories since the Pacific War with Chile, wanted to use the Chaco as a shipping route
for its oil exports, and to exploit the oil reserves of the Chaco itself.
Bolivian troops invaded in 1928. Skirmishes continued between incoming
Bolivians and the Paraguayans already in The Chaco, until Paraguay launched a
major offensive in 1932 and formally declared war in May 1933. Initially the larger and better-trained
Bolivian army, under the German General Hans von
Kundt �had success, capturing Fort
Boqueron in June 1933. However in 1934 Paraguay began a national mobilisation,
seeing the Chaco ias its own land. Under Colonel
Jose felix Estegarribia the Paraguayans gained the upper hand, capturing
much Bolivian land. By 1935 both sides were weary of war, so agreed an
armistice. See 15 June 1932.
17 November 1934, Paraguay captured the key
Bolivian fort of Ballivian.
10 May 1933. Paraguay formally declared
war on Bolivia.
15 June 1932, The Chaco war broke out. Bolivian troops attacked Paraguay. The
dispute had been exacerbated by the issue of a Paraguayan postage stamp bearing
a map with the Chaco labelled as �Chaco Paraguayo�, along with the provocative
words �Ha sido, es, y sera�(Has been, is, and will be). The war
lasted until 1935, see 12 June 1935.
Bolivia and Paraguay signed an agreement to end their 10 month border dispute.
6 December 1928, Border clashed beteween
Bolivia and Paraguay ovet the Chaco region began.
15 August� 1920, Manuel Gondra was inaugurated as
President of Paraguay.
3 November 1912. Alfredo
Stroessner, President of Paraguay, was born.
15 August� 1912, Eduardo Schaerer became� the 26th President of Paraguay. He
served a full four-year term.
War of the Triple Alliance
20 June 1870, Paraguay
signed a peace treaty with Argentina and Brazil, ceding 55,000 square miles of
territory to these two countries.
1 April 1870, Francisco Lopez,
Commander in Chief of the Paraguayan Army, was killed as he attempted to escape
from an ambush by Brazilian forces.
1 March 1870, President Lopez of Paraguay was killed.
31 December 1868, The Triple Alliance forces occupied Asuncion,
capital of Paraguay.
1867, Triple Alliance forces slowly
pushed up the Paraguay River, capturing the strategic fortress of Humaita as
Paarguayan forces fell back to Angostura and Ypacarai. In late 1867 the
Paraguyan capital, Asuncion was seized and sacked by Brazilian forces. Lopex
now fled to the countryside anfd continued a guerrilla war in noirthern and
eastern Paraguay until his death in 1870.
22 September� 1866, President Lopez of Paraguay won the Battle of
Curupayti, afte several defeats by the Triple Alliance., but this was ony a
temporary respite for him.
1 May 1865. Brazil, Argentina, and
Uruguay formed a triple alliance against Paraguay. This war began when Paraguayan
President Lopez tried to force a pro-Paraguayan President on the
people of Uruguay. Brazil intervened in support of the legitimate candidate,
declared war on Brazil. He also declared war on Argentina, for refusing passage
for his troops across its territory, and for good measure declared war on
Uruguay too. A few months later Brazil had sunk the Paraguayan navy in the
Parana River and by 1867 the alliance�s land forces under Argentine General
Bartolome Mitre had penetrated deep into Paraguayan territory. By January 1869
the Paraguayan capital Asuncion lay in ruins and two thirds of the adult population
of Paraguay, 300,000 people, were either dead or missing.
18 April 1865, Uruguay joined Argentina
in fighting Paraguay.
13 April 1865, Lopez, dictator of Paraguay,
seized two Argentine warships, and the next day occupied the Argentine town of
12 November 1864, Paraguay seized a
Brazilian arms ship.
Francesco Lopez of Paraguay issued an ultimatum to Brazil not
to interfere in Uruguay. In October 1864 Brazil
September� 1862, Carlos Lopez, dictator of
Paraguay, died aged 75. He was succeeded by his 36-year-old son, Francisco Lopez.
July 1852, Argentina
recognised the independence of Paraguay.
1842, Carlos Antonio Lopez became dictator, ruling
September� 1840, Jose Francia, dictator of
Paraguay from 1814, died.
July 1826, Francisco
Solano Lopez, son of Paraguayan dictator Antonio Lopez and Commander in
Chief of the Paraguayan Army from 1845, was born
1814, Jose Gaspar Rodriguez Francia, �El Supremo�,
came to power. Initially elected to serve three years, he obtained dictatorship
for life. He was anti-Church, he ruled the country harshly, but free from
corruption, until 1840. He was the first of three dictators.
14 May 1811. Paraguay
proclaimed itself independent. It became a dictatorship, essentially
isolated from the rest of the world.
4 November 1790, Carlos Antonio Lopez, dictator of Paraguay
1840-62, was born.
1767, The Jesuits, who had arrived in Paraguay
in 1588 to convert the Amerindians, were expelled.
5 July 1731, Jose de Antequera y Castro (1690-1731), who
resisted the autocratic rule of the Spanish monarchy ovetr its colony of
Paraguay, was captured in Lima, Peru, and executed by the Spanish this day.
1721, Paraguay achieved temporary
independence from Spain as Jose de Antequera led a revolt. Spain regained
control in 1731.
1617, Hernando Arias de Saavedra,
Governor of Rio de la Plata province, split Paraguay off from Argentina.
1537, Asuncion was founded by
the Spanish explorer, Juan de Salazar. It was established as a fort
to enable further exploration of South America, in search of silver. The
Guarani, a settled farming people, assisted the Spanish to settle, because the
Spanish conquered the southern Chaco area, home to nomadic peoples who raided
was first settled by the Spanish.
1526, The Spanish first explored the upper reaches of the
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