Chronography of Nigeria
Page last modified 26 January 2023
For events in North Africa relating to the Islamic World and Arab Spring see also Islam & Middle East
For oil industry see Geology
See also Africa
9 November 2014, Islamic terrorists dressed in school uniforms set off suicide bombs at a school assembly.
14 April 2014, Islamic terrorists set off a bomb in Abuja, Nigeria, killing 70. Meanwhile Boko Haram� abducted 200 girls from a boarding school in Chibok, northern Nigeria.
23 November 2003, Miss World contestants had to leave Nigeria after 215 people were killed in riots by people offended by the competition.
27 January 2002, Several explosions at a military dump in Lagos, Nigeria caused the deaths of over 1,000 people.
2001, Bauchi became the� 10th State to declare Sharia Law; divisions between the Muslim North and the Christian South were deepening.
2000, Ethnic violence in Nigeria was growing.
2/1999, Free Presidential elections took place in Nigeria, possible due to the death by a stroke of Abacha. They were won by a retired General, Olusegun Obasanjo.
9 May 1987, Abufemi Awolowo, Nigerian politician, died.
1986, The new Nigerian capital of Abuja was completed.
27 August 1985, President Buhari of Nigeria was overthrown in a coup, and replaced by Major General Babangida.
1 January 1984, In Nigeria, a 19-member Supreme Military Council assumed power.
1983, Military coup; Major General Mohammed Buhari headed the Supreme Military Council.
30 January 1983, Nigeria expelled 2 million foreigners from its territory. The country�s oil boom of the 1970s had diverted much infrastructure into the oil sector, with much migration into the cities. Basic infrastructure collapsed and debt and poverty were major problems. Nigerian President Shehu Shagari made foreigners the scapegoats for Nigeria�s problems.
1979, Nigerian elections won by Alhaji Shehu Shagari of the National Party of Nigeria (NPN). Returen to civilian government.
1978, Nigeria legalised political Parties, on condition that they represented national, not tribal, interests.
13 February 1976, Nigerian President General Mohammed was assassinated.
29 July 1975, A military coup in Nigeria.
29 July 1966, General Yakubu Gowon succeeded General Ironsi as ruler of Nigeria, after an army mutiny.
21 January 1966, General Johnson Aguiyi-Ironsi proclaimed himself the President of Nigeria.
1 October 1963. Nigeria became a republic within the Commonwealth.
1 June 1961. Northern Cameroon joined the Federation of Nigeria.
1 October 1960. Nigeria became independent from Britain.
27 October 1959, The Queen�s Speech promised independence for Nigeria.
1914, The Protectorates of Northern and Southern Nigeria were joined to form Nigeria.
1906, Lagos was incorporated into the Protectorate of Southern Nigeria.
1904, Nmandi Azikiwe, member of the Ibo community, the first President of independent Nigeria, was born at Zungeri in northern Nigeria. He was principal director of the African Continental Bank, becoming Governor General of independent Nigeria in 1960, and President when Nigeria became a Republic in 1963. He was overthrown by an army coup in 1966; the army officers were also mostly Ibo, and dod not harm Azikiwe but forced him into private retirement.
16 November 1904, Nnamdi Azikiwe, 1st President of Nigeria (1963-66), was born in Zungeru, (died 1996)
15 March 1903. The British completed the conquest of northern Nigeria.
3 February 1903, The British captured Kano from Nigerian rebels.
1 January 1900. Nigeria became a British protectorate. Previously the area had been under control of the Royal Niger Company, which was compensated by a payment of �865,000. Frederick Legard became High� Commissioner of the territory.
2/1897, The British deposed Oba Ovonramwen, ruler of the Kingdom of Benin (now part of Edo State, southern Nigeria, a different location to Benin State, formerly the French colony of Dahomey). This was in retaliation for the masscare of Captain James Phillips and his men in late 1896, who, against advice, had sought an audience with Oba dutring a sacred religious festival. The British also had a commercial aim, to gain control of Benin�s resources, such as palm oil. Many artworks were also looted from Benin at this time and taken to museums and private collections in Europe, including the famous Benin Bronzes.
1890, Britain concluded an agreement with France over the northern frontier of Nigeria with Niger. However this did not stop attempted French incursion into British-controlled Nigeria from Dahomey (Benin).
7/1890, Britain concluded the Heligoland Agreement with Germany. Previously, through the 1880s, Prince Bismarck of Germany had made considerable efforts to secure German control (through the German Colonial Society) of a wide area from Cameroon and Lake Chad westwards into areas valuable to the British Royal Niger Company. However when Bismarck lost power in 3/1890, Lord Salisbury of Britain was able to secure German consent to British control of these areas, and the Nigeria-Cameroon frontier was fixed. Britain arranged to concede to Germany a strip of territory running north from Adamawa to Lake Chad, to which Germany had no strong claim, in order to create a buffer between British-controlled Nigerian territory and French expsnsion westwards from Chad.
7/1886, The Royal Niger Company (formerly the National African Company) were given official responsibility for the British area of influence along the Niger and Benue Rivers. British armed forces coerced local rulers into accepting British rule.
1885, French interests and trading stations/forts on the lower Niger had been bought out by the British, consolidating their control over the region.
1879, Under Sir George Goldie, all British commercial interests in the middle and lower Niger Valler were combined under the United African Company.
1861, Britain annexed Lagos, and the creation of a British colony of Nigeria began.
20 May 1846, Sir George Goldie, who played a major role in the creation of the British colony of Nigeria, was born. See 1879.
1700s, The slave trade from Nigeria was resulting in the export of 15,000 slaves a year from the Bight of Benin, also a further 15,000 annually from the Bight of Biafra. The British were the main slave traders here.
1500s, The Songhai Empire ruled what is now northern Nigeria, until conquered by Morocco in 1591.
1400s, The Oyo and Benin States flourished in what is now southern Nigeria. Ife State was situated in the west, with Igbo villages in the south-east. European contact began at this time with visits by the Portuguese.
999, Baguda became King of Kanem (now in Nigeria). The Kanem State grew rich on trans-Saharan caravan trade
950, The Igbo-Ukwu culture began flourishing in eastern Nigeria.
800 BCE, The Nok culture developed in Nigeria.