Chronography of Mozambique

Page last modified 12 August 2023


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November 2017, An Islamist rebellion began in northern Mozambique. Whilst the south of the country derivedincome from the South African gold trade, the north was poorer and relied on Swahili agriculture.

October 2014, Renamo signed a truce with the Mozamique Government.

2007, Chinese President, Hu Jintao, visited and promised major Chinese investment.

2004, Armando Guebuza won the Presidential elections for Frelimo.

2000, Mozambique hit hy severe flooding, followed by a major drought in 2002.

1995, Mozambique joined the Commonwealth, becoming the only member not to be a former Brirtish colony.

1994, Frelimo won democratic elections.

December 1992, Inflation in Mozambique reached 50% this month. The situation improved in 1993 as Government revenue rose but tax evasion was still an issue. In 1993 Mozambique received aid from Denmark and the UK, to improve medical facilities and agriculture, and to train journalists.

4 October 1992, Chissano signed the Rome Peace Agreement with Renamo. This ended the Mozambique conflict.

1990, Renamo lost support from South Africa as apartheid ended there.

1989, Frelimo dropped its Marxist-Leninist stance and supported multi-party elections and the free market. War and malnutrition claimed one million lives.

3 November 1986, President Machel died in a suspicious plane crash in South Africa.Joaquim Chissano was elected President of Mozambique.

19 October 1986, President Samora Machel of Mozambique was killed in a plane crash on the South African border. He was succeeded by Chissano on 3 November 1986.

1984, The Nkomati Accord. South Africa agreed to cease funding rename if Mozambique halted aid to the ANC. However fighting continued.

1982, Zimbabwean troops arrived in Mozambique to help defend the important Mutare-Beira rail link.

23 November 1977, Rhodesian troops entered Mozambique and killed over 1,000 alleged guerrillas.

1976, Renamo (Resistencia Nacional Mozambicana) was set up within Mozambique with the help of Rhodesia and later with South African assistance also. It was an armed resistance movement against the Frelimo Government.

3 March 1976, The newly-independent country of Mozambique closed its border with Rhodesia, as a protest against the illegal regime there.

25 June 1975. Mozambique became independent from Portugal.This followed a ten-year war against Portuguese colonial rule.

20 September 1974, A Nationalist government took control in Mozambique, headed by Jacques Chissano.

January 1970, Construction work began on the Cabora Bassa dam, Zambesi River, Mozambique.

1962, Frelimo, the Frente de Libertacao de Mocambique, was founded in Dar es Salaam. Initially led by Eduardo Mondlane, until his assassination, it fought for the independence of Mozambique from the Portuguese. When independence was achieved in 1975, the Marxist-Leninist Frelimo became the only legal party in Mozambique. A civil war began with the violent dissident group Renamo, which by the end of the 1990s had claimed over 100,000 lives and created one million refugees. Frelimo and Renamo siged a peace treaty in 1992, and Renamo was recognised as a legitimate political party. Frelimo won Mozambique�s first multiparty elections in 1994.

1951, Mozambique was constituted an overseas department of Portugal. Lisbon introduced settlement schemes.

1894, The Mapondera Movement began a resistance against Portuguese taxation, led by Kadungire Mapondera. Regarded as a hero by the local workers, he was captured and executed in 1904.

1842, Poretugal nominally outlawed the slave trade in Mozambique, but it went on anyway for decades afterwards.

1684, The Mwene Matapa Kingdom recognised Portuguese sovereignty.

13 July 1622, English and Dutch ships defeated the Portuguese near Mozambique.

1505, Mozambique became a Portuguese colony

1498, Vasco da Gama arrived in Mozambique.

Ca.1000, Shona Empire flourished between the Limpopo and Zambezi Rivers.

Ca. 200 CE, Bantu peoples moved into what is now Mozambique, from central-west Africa.


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