Malta; key historical events
Page last modified 5/12/2022
See also Sicily
See also Italy
See also Roman Empire
1/1/2008, Malta adopted the Euro.
2004, Malta joined the EU.
2003, In a referendum, Malta voted in favour of joining the EU.
1998, Early elections restored the Nationalist Party under Fenech Adami to power
1996, A modernised Malta Labour Party was elected under Alfred Sant. It halted talks on accession to the EU, and weakened trade union links. Hopwevert it only had a small majority, reducing its powers.
10/5/1987, In elections in Malta, the Nationalist Party (NP) defeated the ruling Labour Party. The NP favoured free markets and deregulation. Fenech Adami, NP Prime Minister, began talks to join the EU.
22/12/1984, Dom Mintoff resigned as President of Malta.
31/3/1979, The British Royal Navy finally withdrew from Malta.
13/12/1974. Malta became a republic within the Commonwealth.
26/3/1972, Britain and NATO agreed to pay Malta �14 million a year for use of military bases there.
1971, The Malta Labour Party under Dom Mintoff was elected. He promoted Malta�s non-aligned status, ended the UK�s naval presence in Malta, forged closer links with Libya (which advised and trained the Maltese Army, and nationalised several major industries.
21/9/1964. Malta became independent of Britain, after 164 years of British rule.
21/4/1958, Dom Mintoff, Labour Prime Minister of Malta, found Britain�s terms for integration unacceptable. The British Governor-General,� Sir Robert Laycock, assumed control, and declared a State of Emergency on 30/4/1958 after demonstrations in Valetta.
30/12/1957, Malta, fearing that Britain will not maintain investment in the island, passed a resolution that Malta had no obligations to the UK unless Britain found employment for discharged dock workers.
11/2/1956. A Maltese referendum favoured integration with Britain.
7/3/1955, In Malta, Dom Mintoff, Labour Party, won elections on the platform of seeking greater integration with Britain.
1947, Malta became self-governing.
For main events of World War Two in Europe see France-Germany
1941, Malta was heavily bombed by the Luftwaffe, and withstood a harsh siege, until Allied forces arrived in 1942.
1929, Mussolini made territorial claims on the British colony of Malta.
12/2/1928. The British colony of Malta gained Dominion status.
7/6/1919, Anti-British pro-independence riots in Malta.
6/8/1916, �Dom Mintoff, Labour politician and Prime Minister of Malta, was born.
30/3/1913, Censu Tabone, President of Malta, was born.
1850s, Poliical upheavel in Italy led to many Italian revolutionaries and intellectuals seeking refuge in Malta. A possible future union with Italy was possible at this point.
1838, Queen Adelaide of Britain visited Malta, and opened the Coillegiate Anglican Church of St Paul.
1829, Malta instituted trial by jury, for criminal cases. Further governmental reforms in the 1830s included freedom of the Press, a police force modelled on British lines, new schools being opened in rural areas, a broadening of the tax base, and a simplification of the legal system.
1814, The Treaty of Paris gave Malta to Britain. This was confirmed at the 1815 Congress of Vienna.
1802, The Treaty of Amiens proposed restoring Malta to the Knights of St John. The Maltese, however, protested, feariung that this would lead to a resumption of French influence.
9/2/1799, Britain, assisted by Portugal and the Maltese rebels, took control of Malta� Captain Ball of the Royal Navy became the first British Goivernor.
2/9/1798, Rebellion by the Maltese against French occupation, sparked by a French attempt to seize Church assets. The Maltese mounted an adept guerrilla campaign, which was to assist the British conquest of Malta.
6/1798, Napoleon captured Malta from the Knights of St John, with scarcely a shot being fired. Napoleon was aided from within by a �fifth column� of Maltese. After a few days Naopleon left Malta taking most of his forces, to attack Egypt. He left General Vaubois to hold Malta.
1797, Ferdinand Hompesch, a weak ruler, was elected as the last Grand Master to rule Malta.
1775, Rebellion against bad government on Malta. This was the so-called Revolution of the Priests, led by Mannarino.
1722, A planned revolt by the numerous Turkish slaves on Malta was discovered; severe repressive meausres followed.
29/9/1565, A combined force of Spanish troops under Garcia de Toledo amnd the Knights Hospitaller (Knights of St John) forced the Ottoman Turks to withdraw from Malta.
5/1565, Suleiman the Magnificent sent a fleet of 35,000 men in 200 ships to besiege and capture Malta from the Knights of St John. The Knights has been using Malta as a base to raid Ottoman shipping in the Mediterranean. Malta held out for four months until a relief force arrived from Sicily. By this time just 1,000 of the original 9,000 Knights survived unwounded. The Ottomans withdrew, having lost half their men, and never attempted an attack on the western Mediterranean again.
1551, Gozo was raided by African Arabs under Selim Pasha. They also attacked Malta but were repulsed.
26/10/1530, The Knights of Malta were formed when the Knights Hospitaller were given Malta by Charles V.
1530, The Knights of St John, driven from Rhodes by the Turks, found a new home on Malta. They were given the island by Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor. In fact the island was only �rented� to the Knights, in return for an annual payment of one falcon.
1427, Ottoman Turkish raid on Malta. Many inhabitants were taken off as slaves, but the Turks did not occupy the island.
1282, Aragon, Spain, ruled Malta after the Maltese chose Aragonese King Peter III as their monarch.
1265, Pope Alexander IV installed Charles of Anjou as ruler of Malta.
1223, Henry, Grand Admiral of Siciliy, was Count of Malta.
1194, Constance, wife of Emperor Henry IV of Germany, inherited Malta. She was its last Norman ruler.
1193, Margarito Brundusio became Count of Malta; he was already Grand Admiral of Sicily.
1090, The Normans under Count Roger (son of Tancred de Hauteviulle, then Governor of Sicily) captured Malta from the Arabs. The Normans were welcomed by the indigenous Christian Maltese as liberators..
869, The Arabs captured Malta. The Byzantine Greek garrison, 3,000 soldiers, were massacred.
534, Malta taken by Byzantium (who held it until 870).
395, On the division of the Roman Empire into east and west, Malta was assigned to the eastern half, ruled from Constantinople.
58 CE, The Apostle Paul was shipwrecked at Malta.
200 BC, The original capital of Malta, Mdina (Arabic, �Medina� = �the city�) was founded.