London Underground History
Page last modified 11/1/2021
London Underground (& tramways etc.) For other London railways, main line and suburban. see GB railways.
Live tube map, https://traintimes.org.uk/map/tube/?
Railway opening, closing, dates have been moved to the maps being published on Bookshop, UK changes.
For general underground (man made or man used sites) matters check out Subterranea Britannica, https://www.subbrit.org.uk/
See also underground-themed images here.
1) Click Here for more events relating to London
2) Click here for London changes map.
3) Click here for How Deep is Your Tube Station. Map of depth/elevation of London tube stations, both absolute (to sea level) and relative (to ground level. Also which stations are vulnerable to a 10 metre tidal surge.
4) Proposed Northern Line Extension from Edgware.
5) Proposed Northern Line Extension, Edgware, general map
6) Image of Chiswick Park station, 1880s and now.
2009, Work on Londonís Crossrail began.
2001, Lots Road power station, which had generated electricity for the London Underground, became redundant.
17/12/1981, The Law Lords ruled the Greater London Councilís cheap fares policy, effectively subsidised from rates, was illegal.
5/5/1947, In London, Central Line trains began running to Leytonstone.
4/12/1946, In London, Central Line trains began running to Stratford.
1/7/1946. Londonís Aldwych to Holborn spur line re-opened.† It had been closed during the War and used as an air raid shelter
20/11/1939, Bakerloo Line trains began through running to Stanmore from Baker Street.
8/3/1939, London Transport collected four million used tickets, which were then analysed manually to see which were the most and least used routes, in order to plan for future development.
1937, Rayners Lane station now handled 4 million passengers a year, compared to 22,000 a year in 1930, as ĎMetrolandí housing spread out across Middlesex.
4/5/1935, Londonís Leicester Square tube station opened.
1934, At Holborn, the Picadilly and Central lines were connected by a subway and escalators. Previously, passengers had to exit British Museum Station and cross High Holborn to change.
1/7/1933, The new London passenger Transport Board came into existence, coordinating all bus, tram and tube services within a radius of 20-30 miles of Charing Cross. Only main line rail services were excluded. The tube map was also reorganised according to a new design by Harry Beck. B3eck was paid 5 Guineas for his map, the style of ehicvh has been widely copied around the world, and not just for subway maps.
5/11/1932, London Transport changed the name of Gillespie Road station to Arsenal after the local football club.
10/12/1928, In London, the new Underground Station at Piccadilly Circus opened.
20/4/1924, The interchange at Camden Town between the City and South London Lines and the Northern Line to Golders Green, Highgate, came into use.
1915, Londonís last horse tram route (Tower Bridge to Rotherhithe) was electrified.
22/3/1915, London Underground extended the Metropolitan line, with a new station at North Harrow
4/10/1911. Britainís first escalators were introduced, connecting the District and Piccadilly lines at Earlís Court station in London.
1906, Lots Road power station opened, for generationg power fot the London Underground.
1904, The street tramway from London was extended from Southall to Uxbridge through Hayes. Perivale station.
13/12/1904. Londonís Metropolitan Railway went electric.
1903, The† electric tram was extended from Isleworth to Kingston and Hampton Court. The Clapham to Tooting electric tramway opened.
6/2/1903, In the UK, a Royal Commission was set up to find a solution to Londonís traffic jams. Options included new electric tramways, but these would take up valuable road space, or new tube lines, following the success of the Ďtwopenny tubeí opened in 1900 from Shepherds Bush to Bank (now the Central Line).
9/4/1902† In London, the Underground Electric Railways Company was formed.
1901, Trams began running from Purley via Croydon to London; the service was withdrawn in 1951.
4/1901, Londonís first electric tramway began operations, from Shepherds Bush along the Uxbridge Road to SActon and Kew, operated by London United Tramways Ltd.
1876, The horse tramway from Shepherdís Bush to Acton opened.
21/10/1896, James Greathead, engineer whose invention, known as the Greathead Shield, was crucial for the construction of the first London tube lines, died in Streatham, south London (born 6/8/1844 in South Africa).
7/12/1869, The East London Railway opened from New Cross Gate to Wapping. It used a former pedestrian tunnel under the Thames that had opened in 1843. In 1876 a link with the Great Eastern Railway at Bishopsgate was opened. In 1880 a branch from Surrey Docks began operations. Until 1941 District Line trains from central London ran direct to New Cross via the St Marys Curve, just west of Whitechapel, but after that date the East London Line ran as a separate route, from Shoreditch.
1/3/1869, Londonís Metropolitan railway, opened 10/1/1863 and operating on both broad and standard gauge, changed to standard gauge only.