Chronography of Kenya

Page last modified 20 August 2023


Home Page


See also Africa


For map of geographical changes click here

Demography of Kenya


October 2017, Uhuru Kenyatta was �elected� with 98% of the vote.

2005, Violent protests in Nairobi against the new Constitution proposed by President Kibaki.

2002, Kibaki became the first non-KANU President, promising to end corruption. In fact, corruption worsened.

1999, President Arap Moi appointed palaeontologist Richard Leakey to head a drive against corruption. Leakey resigned in 2001.

7 August 1998, A lorry bomb exploded outside the US embassy in Kenya.

5 January 1998, Kenya�s President, Daniel Arap Moi, who had ruled since 1978, was sworn in for a fyrther 5-year term.

29 December 1997, Violence marred elections in Kenya. President Arap Moi won a further term, in elections widely seen as flawed.

4 January 1993, Daniel Arap Moi took oath of office as President of Kenya, beginning a 4th term.

1991, Pro-democracy protests crushed.

14 October 1978, Daniel Arap Moi became President of Kenya.


Kenyatta administration

22 August 1978. Jomo Kenyatta, first President of Kenya since 1964, died in Mombasa aged 86. He was succeeded as leader by Daniel Moi.

5/7/1969, Tom Mboya, Minister of Development and leader of the campaign for Kenyan independence from Britain, was assassinated in Nairobi. He had founded the Kenyan African Union (KANU), the ruling Party. His assassination was blamed on followers of President Jomo Kenyatta, who saw Mboya as a threat.

12 December 1964. Kenya became a republic in the Commonwealth.Kenyatta continued as head of state, see 12 December 1963.

10 November 1964, Kenya became a one-party State after the Kenya African Democratic Union Party merged with the Kenyan Africa National Union Party.

12 December 1963. Kenya became independent, with Kenyatta as President.

1 June 1963, Jomo Kenyatta became the first Prime Minister of a self-governing Kenya.


1961, The Kenyan Government began purchasing 1,000,000 acres of farmland from the Europeans, at market process.This was then sold to Kenyan Africans, with loans on easy terms.


Mau-Mau rebellion

21 August 1961, Britain released Jomo Kenyatta, who had been imprisoned for his part in the Mau-Mau rebellion, to facilitate Kenyan political negotiations.

10 October 1959, State of Emergency in Kenya lifted.

21 October 1956, The Mau-Mau had lost support, and were finally defeated by the Kenyan army and police.

18 January 1955, The Kenyan government offered terms to the Mau-Mau.

31 December 1954, The Mau Mau had murdered 30 European farmers since October 1952; as law and order were enforced again in 1955, only two more White farmers were killed. However since October 1952 the Mau Mau had murdered some 1,800 Christian Kikuyu who had refused to join them.

24 April 1954, 40,000 Mau-Mau suspects were arrested in Kenya.

12 March 1954, In Kenya, the British arrested 700 Mau-Mau activists.

8 April 1953. In Kenya, Jomo Kenyatta and 5 others were convicted of being members of the Mau-Mau terrorists, and sentenced to seven years hard labour. The Mau-Mau had been waging a terrorist war to drive White settlers out of east Africa.

25 November 1952, 2,000 Kikuyu were rounded up in Kenya as the Mau-Mau began an open revolt against British rule.

18 November 1952, In Kenya, Jomo Kenyatta was charged with being the head of the Mau Mau.

21 October 1952, The President of the Kenya African Movement, Jomo Kenyatta, was arrested as Britain crushed the Mau Mau revolt.

20 October 1952. A state of emergency was declared in Kenya because of Mau-Mau terrorists, killing White settlers.

24 August 1951. The Mau-Mau (�burning spear�) rebellion began in Kenya.


15 August 1930, Tom Mboya, Kenyan trade unionist, activist and statesman, was born (died 1969).

2 Septe,ner 1924, Daniel Arap Moi, President of Kenya, was born.

16 May 1907. Nairobi was chosen as capital of British East Africa (Kenya) because of its location on the Mombasa-Uganda railway.

1698, Omanis from the Arabian Peninsula now controlled the entire Kenyan coast.

1505, The Portuguese sacked Mombasa. They took over the Swahili trading ports.

1498, The Portuguese under Vasco da Gama visited Mombasa, then a powerful trading city.

1200, Emergence of the Swahili culture in Kenya; a blend of Arab, African and Persian influnces.


Back to top