Chronography of Hungary
Page last modified 6 February 2023
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3 April 2022, In Hungary, Viktor Orban�s Populist Party, Fidesz, won the elections. It secured half the vote but two thirds of Parliamentary seats.
For events of World War Two in Europe see France-Germany
8 May 1945, The Second World War officially ended in Europe, at one minute past midnight. Some 400,000 Hungarians had been killed, and excesses such as rapes by Soviet troops, summary arrests, and deportations to Soviet labour camps continued after this date. Total property damage at 22 billion pre-War Pengo amounted to five times national income for 1938 and about 40% of the country�s total wealth. All bridges over the rivers Danube and Tisza had been destroyed. A quarter of Hungary�s housing stock had been damaged or destroyed, along with half its industrial buildings. Half of all agricultural livestock and a third of agricultural machinery was lost; along with radical Soviet land reform that caused the 1945 harvest to be just 30% of per-War levels. The economy collapsed amidst rampant inflation, with food obtainable only by bartering objects likely to retain some value.
For main European events of World War One see France-Germany
10 January 1913, Gustav Husak, First Secretary of the Hungarian Communist Party, was born.
7 June 1896, Imre Nagy, Prime Minister of Hungary 1953-55 and 1956, was born.
17 May 1892, Georg Klapka, Hungarian soldier, died (born 7 April 1820).
18 February 1890, Julius Andrassy, Hungarian statesman, died.
1 January 1873, The cities of Pest, Buda and Obuda were merged to form Budapest.
8 June 1867, The Hapsburg Emperor, Francis Joseph I, was crowned Apostolic King of Hungary at Buda.
15 March 1867. Austria and Hungary buried their differences and agreed to joint rule, sharing defence, foreign, and financial matters but with separate parliaments. However the Czechs, annoyed by the minor role they were given in this arrangement, walked out of the Parliament on 22 August 1868.
17 February 1867, Julius Andrassy was appointed first constitutional premier of Hungary. Hungary now acquired a measure of self-government, although Austria still headed foreign and war policies.
12 October 1856, Richard Guyon, General in the Hungarian Revolutionary Army, died
5 October 1849, Count Louis Batthyany, Hungarian statesman, died (born 1806 in Pressburg).
9 February 1842, Aurel Dessewffy, Hungarian politician, died (born 1808).
28 October 1843, Dezso Banffy, Hungarian statesman, was born in Klausenberg.
1840, Hungary attempted to impose Hungarian as the official language in Croatia; this provoked the formation of a Croatian Nationalisy (Illyrian) Party under Count Draskovic.
24 November 1833, Prince Miklos Esterhazy died (born 12 December 1765).
8 March 1823, Birth of Hungarian statesman Julius Andrassy, in Kassa, Hungary.
7 April 1820, Georg Klapka, Hungarian soldier, was born (died 17 May 1892).
30 January 1818, Arthur Gorgei, Hungarian soldier, was born.
23 July 1805, Count Balint Miklos died (born 1740).
17 October 1803, Francis Deak, Hungarian statesman, was born (died 28 July 1876).
19 September 1802, Lajos Kossuth, Hungarian patriot, was born (died 20 March 1894).
28 September 1790, Prince Miklos Josef Esterhazy (born 1714) died.
4 July 1784, Holy Roman Emperor Joseph II of Austria repealed the Hungarian Constitution, and annulled the Hungarian feudal Courts, in an attempt to create a unified Hapsburg empire and break the power of the Hungarian nobility.
12 December 1765, Prince Miklos Esterhazy was born (died 24 November 1833).
9 December 1687, In consequence of the Diet of Pressburg (11 October 1687) Archfuke Joseph, son of Holy Roman Emperor Leopold I, was crowned King of Hungary.
11 October 1687, The Hungarian Diet of Pressburg renounced its right of resistance and recognised the Hungarian Crown as a hereditary right of the Habsburgs, see 9 December 1687.
11 September 1645, Miklos Esterhazy died (born 8 April 1582)
7 September 1635, Paul Esterhazy was born (died 26 March 1713).
1 July 1618, Ferdinand of Styria was crowned King oif Hungary.
23 June 1606, The Peace of Vienna guaranteed the constitutional rights and privileges of the Hungarians in Transylvania and Imperial Hungary.
8 April 1582, Miklos Esterhazy was born (died 11 September 1645)
4 October 1570, Peter Pazmany, Hungarian statesman, was born (died 1637)
8 September 1563, Maximilian I, King of Germany, was elected King of Hungary.
29 December 1541, By the Treaty of Gyalu, against the wishes of the Hungarian nobility, Isabella, widow of John Zapolya and mother of the infant King John Sigismund Zapolya, ceded Hungary to Frederick I, Archduke of Austria.
23 July 1540, Following the death of John Zapolya, the infant John Sigismund Zapolya succeeded as King of Hungary, in violation of the Treaty of Nagyvarad. Ferdinand I, Archduke of Austria, King of Bohemia and Germany, invaded to claim the whole of Hungary.
22 June 1533, Peace treaty arranged between Suleiman I, Ottoman Sultan, and Ferdinand I, Archduke of Austria, ruler of Germany and King of Bohemia. Ferdinand retained the parts of Hungary he still controlled, whilst voivoide (military viceroy) John Zapolya, ruler of Transylvania and ally of Suleiman, retained the rest of Hungary.
10 May 1529, Suleiman I, Ottoman Sultan, left Constantinople to attack Habsburg Austria. He was in league with John Zapolya, claimant to the Hungarian throne, who had been elected by anti-Habsburg factions of the Hungarian nobility.
5 November 1527, Ferdinand I of Austria and Bohemia, brother of Emperor Charles V, was recognised as King of Hungary by the Diet in Buda. John Zapolya continued to press his rival claim to the throne until 1528.
10 November 1526, John Zapolya, Voivode (Military Viceroy) of Trasylvania, was elected King of Hungary, by Hungarian nobles eager to avoid Habsburg domination.
13 March 1516, Death of King Ladislas II of Hungary and Bohemia. He was succeeded by his son, aged 10, as King Louis II.
20 July 1514, A peasant�s rebellion in Hiungary, led by George Dozsa, was crushed by John Zapolya, ruler of Transylvania, near Temesvar in the Bansat.
4 June 1508, Louis II was crowned King of Hungary.
1 July 1506, Louis II, King of Hungary and Bohemia, was born.
17 March 1505, Prince Christopher, son of Janos Corvinus of Hungary, died.
12 October 1504, Janos Corvinus of Hungary died (born 1473).
7 November 1491, Ladislas II, King of Bohemia and Hungary, signed the Pact of Bratislava with Holy Roman Empieror Maximilian I. Maximilian recognised ladislas as King of Hungary and ceased to try and take Hungarian territory, and Ladislas agreed the succession rights of the Habsburgs to the Hungarian throne if he died without an heir.
18 September 1490, Ladislas II, King of Bohemia, became King of Hungary.
23 December 1466, George Podobrady, King of Bohemia, was excommunicated as a Hussite by Pope Paul II, who encouraged a Crusade against him.
Mathias I Corvinus
6 April 1490, Matthias Corvinus, King of Hungary, died suddenly. He was succeeded by Ladislas II of Bohemia.
6 December 1463, Mathias I Corvinus, King of Hungary, took Bosnia from Ottoman Turkey. He also claimed Bosnia, Serbia, Moldavia and Wallachia.
20 January 1458, Mathew Corvinas, second son of Janos Hunyadi (the ruler who had successfully defended Belgrade against the Ottomans under Mehmed II in 1456) was elected King of Hungary. He took territory for Hungary from Bohemia, having obtained Papal consent for a Crusade against its Hussite ruler, George of Podebrady (ruled 1458-71). However Hungary eventually came under Ottoman rule in 1526.
23 November 1457, Following the execution of Laszlo Hunyadi, King Ladislas V was forced to flee to Prague in Bohemia, where he died suddenly, aged 17.
9 November 1457, Ulrich Cilli, Hungarian governor, was assassinated hy Laszlo Hunyadi.
11 August 1456, Janos Hunyadi died suddenly in Belgrade, However he had secured Hungarian independence from Ottoman Tiurkey.
See also Serbia for wars against Ottoman Tirkey in what is now Yugoslavia
27 March 1443, Matthius Corvinus, King of Hungary, second son of John Hunyadi, was born.
22 February 1440, Ladislaus V, King of Hungary and Bohemia, was born (died 23 November 1457)
27 October 1439. Death of King Albert II of Hungary at Langendorf, from dysentery, whilst fighting the Turks. Born in 1397, he reigned less than two years and spent this in the defence of Hungary against the Turks.
10 August 1397, Albert II, King of Bohemia and Hungary (died 27 October 1439) was born.
10 September 1382, Louis The Great of Hungary died suddenly at Nagyszombat after a 56-year reign, having also been King of Poland for 12 years. In Hungary he was succeeded by his daughter Maria of Anjou, whose husband Sigismund of Luxembourg now ruled Hungary for 50 years from 1387.
17 November 1370, King Louis I of Hungary, having been nominated by the childless Casimir III as his successor, was crowned King of Poland, formally uniting the two countries. However the Poles never fully submitted to his rule.
1361, Buda became the capital of Hungary (see 1247).
1 July 1346, King Louis I of Hungary, attempting to secure a seaboard on the Adriatic, against the wishes of the Venetian Republic who wishes toi control the entire Adriatic, tried to defend the city of Zara. Zara had declared itself part of Hungary, but was then besieged by Venice. The Venetians won and took Zara.
21 July 1342, King Louis I of Hungary was crowned. Born 1326, he died in 1382.
1307, On the death of 17-year-old King Wenceslas III of Poland and Bohemia (see Poland), Holy Roman Emperor (see Germany) Albrecht I gave the Bohemian Crown to his son Rudolf. However the Bohemians would not accept this, and an interregnum began, lasting until 1310.
Death of Andrew (Andros) III; end of the Arpad Dynasty
14 January 1301, The Arpad Dynasty of Hungary ended with the death of Andrew III after a 13-year reign. Wenceslas III, son of King Wenceslas II of Bohemia and Poland, was crowned King. Hungary now endured a 7-year civil war whilst the succession was disputed.
10 July 1290, Ladislaus IV, King of Hungary, was murdered, aged 28, by Cuman rebels. He was succeeded by his senior kinsman who ruled as Andrew III until his death in 1301. Andrew III was the last king of the Arpad Dynasty.
6 August 1272, Stephen V, King of Hungary, died.
1247, The city of Buda was founded by King Bela IV, to replace the city of Pest that the Mongols had destroyed in 1241. Many Germans came to live in Buda.
25 December 1241, Batu, Mongol leader, took Budapest, Hungary.
11 April 1241, The Mongols defeated King Bela IV of Hungary at Mohi.
1196, Hungary�s King Bela III died after a 23-year reign. He was succeeded by his son Emeric, who ruled until 1204, but was later challenged by hs brother Andras, aged 21.
1141, Hungary�s blind King Bela died after a ten-year reign. He was succeeded by King Geza, who reigned until 1161.
1116, King Coloman I of Hungary died aged 44 and was succeeded by King Stephen II, who reigned until 1131.
29 July 1095, King Ladislas I of Hungary, having conquered Dalmatia and Croatia, introduced Catholicism, and founded the Bishopric of Zagreb (Agram), died suddenly this day aged 55 just as he was about to join the upcoming Crusade. Ladislas was succeeded by his nephew Coloman, son of his late brother Geza; he ruled until 1116.
25 April 1077, Hungary�s King Geza died (reigned from 1074). Succeded� by Ladislas, the 37-year old son of the late Bela I, who reigned until 1095.
15 August 1038, Stephen I, King of Hungary, died and was succeeded by Peter the German.
4 July 907. The Bavarians suffered a disastrous defeat by the Hungarians.