Chronography of Alcoholic Drinks, See also Morals
Page last modified 27/3/2022
11/5/1992, Carlos Herrera, inventor of the Margarita cocktail, died.
16/3/1971, In Britain the Campaign for Real Ale (CAMRA) was set up.
31/7/1970,� The British Royal Navy ended its long tradition of a daily rum ration for the sailors. After the British capture of Jamaica in 1655, rum had replaced beer because it remained sweeter for longer in hot climates. From the late 1700s it was mixed with lemon juice, to ward off scurvy. Later, lime juice (which contained less vitamin C) was substituted for the lemon, earning the British sailors the nickname �limeys�.
24/1/1935. Beer was first sold in cans, in Richmond, Virginia, by the Krueger Brewing Company.
30/4/1925. The Distillers Whisky Group was formed.
4/11/1923, Alfred Heineken, brewer and businessman, was born.
23/3/1923, Cutty Sark Scotch whisky was introduced.
1/12/1900, In Lancashire, 14 died and 2,000 fell ill after drinking beer containing arsenic.
1896, Michelob Beer was first produce by Adolphus Busch, who in 1876 had first produced Budweiser Beer.
1892, Campari aperitif was first produeced at Sesto Giovanni, Italy by Davide Campari, whose father Gaspare Campari had opened a cafe in Milan in 1867.
1/4/1888, Easter Sunday. Death of botanist Jules Emile Planchon, who saved European vineyards from annihilation by a phylloxera (tiny mite) infestation that had originated in the eastern USAA by grafting European vines onto mite-resistant American root stock. Phylloxera reached southern England in 1863, Languedoc in1867, and Bordeaux in 1869, Planchon�s grafting was at first resisted and was forbidden in Bordeaux until 1887. In 2022 France had just 2 vineyards untouched by phylloxera; a third such vineyard only succumbed in 2004.
1873, Coors Beer was first brewed, in Colorado Territory, USA.
1866, Jack Daniels Whiskey was first produced at Lynchburg, Tennessee.
4/2/1862, Bacardi was founded as a small rum distillery in Santiago de Cuba, eastern Cuba.
18/4/1855, The classification of the wine estates of Bordeaux, according to quality of wine produced, was agreed.
1846, Dubonnet was introduced, in Paris.
1840, James Pimm, of Pimms Oyster Bar in London, developed a new beverage called Pimms No.1, made from gin, liquers, herbs and spices. It was sold in bottles from 1859.
1840, Carling beer was first produced by Thomas Carling in London, Ontario.
1830, Teachers Highland Cream Scotch whisky was first produced at a distillery in Glasgow by William Teacher, aged 19.
1827, Ballantine�s Scotch whisky was first produced at Dumbarton, Scotland.
1824, George Smith opened Glenlivet in Scotland, the first licensed whisky distillery.
1820, Beefeater Gin was first produced in London by James Burroughs.
1823, Old Bourbon Whisky was first distilled by Kentucky, USA, distiller James C Crow. The whisky was aged in charred oak barrels from 1860.
1818, Angostura Bitters were created at Angostura, Venezuela by German physician Johann Gottlieb Benjamin Seigert. He created them to counter loss of appetite And fever in the tropics,� but it soon became a cocktail ingredient in pink gin
1814, Noilly Prat Vermouth first produced, in France.
9/12/1814, Death of Joseph Bramah, English inventor of the beer pump.
23/1/1803, Arthur Guinness, Irish brewer, died.
1805, In Switzerland, the Pernod family set up a business making absinthe, a strong green liqueur. It was originally made with oil of wormwood, which can damage the nervous system. It was banned in Switzerland in 1907, in the USA in 1912, and in France in 1918. It is now made using substitutes for the oil of wormwood.
11/6/1796, Samuel Whitbread, beer brewer, died.
1795, The first reference to Australian wine. A letter from the acting Governor of Australia to Sir Joseph Banks, President of the Royal Society, referred to �Old Chiffer�. The wine was produced by Philip Schaffer, the first German to emigrate to Australia.
14/6/1789. A clergyman first produced whisky distilled from maize. The Reverend Elijah Craig called the liquor Bourbon because he lived in Bourbon County, Kentucky.
9/5/1785. Joseph Bramah patented the beer pump handle.
1784, Bushmills Irish whisky distillery opened in Ireland.
1780, Jameson Whisky was first produced, in Ireland.
1777, Bass Ale was first produced at Burton on Trent, England, by William Bass, aged 57.
1769, Gordons Gin was first produced by Alexander Gordon in Finsbury, London.
13/4/1748, Joseph Bramah, inventor, was born.
1742, Whitbread Brewery was established by Samuel Whitbread (1720-96). He undercut his rivals with a cheap beer, porter�s ale (favoured by market porters).
1735, Annual gin production in England reached 5.4 million gallons, nearly one gallon for every man, woman and child. Drunkeness was widespread, as typified by Hogarth�s illustrations.
24/9/1724, Sir Arthur Guinness, brewer, was born..
1722, Porter beer was first produced by Ralph Harwood. Its dark colour and bitter flavoyr came from well-roasted malt.
1720, Portuguese wine merchants began fortifying wine with brandy, creating the first port. See 1300.
1714, French distiller Jean Martell began distilling cognac from the local wine in the Cognac region.
28/6/1682. Dom Perignon, a blind Benedictine cellarman at Hautevilliers Abbey, invented Champagne. In 1844 some 7 million bottles of champagne were produced. In 1987 this had risen to 217 million bottles, The UK was the largest consumer, importing in 1987 some 15 million bottles.
1643, Wurtzberger Beer was first brewed at Wurtzburg Castle, Bavaria.
1592, The start of the Heineken Brewery, as a Dutch brewery called De Hooiberg (The Haystack). This brewery was bought in 1864 by Gerard Adrian Heineken.
1525, Hops were introduced to England, from Artois, Belgium.
23/4/1516, Duke Wilhelm I of Germany passed laws against the adulteration and dilution of beer.
Ca.1510. The Abbey of Fecamp, established around 665, had a monk, Dom Bernardo Vincelli, who dabbled in chemistry.� He experimented with the production of medicinal beverages and invented the Benedictine liqueur.� In the Revolution of 1793 the Abbey was swept away and the monks dispersed.
1/6/1495, (some sites say 1/6/1494) Friar John Cor recorded the first known batch of Scotch whisky.
1383, Start of the Lowenbrau Brewery, Bavaria.
1300, The first brandy was distilled at the 92-year-old Montpellier Medical School by medical professor Arnauld Villeneuve, then aged 65. See 1720.
1154, The English wine industry began to decline as cheaper French wines were introduced by Eleanor of Aquitaine, wife of the new King Henry II of England. In turn the availability of Baltic grain via the Hanseatic League had reduced the revenue from grain production in France, allowing vine growing to expand.
3750 BCE, Beer was being produced in Mesopotamia.
5000 BCE, Wine was being fermented artificially.