Chronography of Animal Protection

Page last modified 28 August 2023

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February 2005, In the UK, the Hunting Act, banning hunting with dogs, came into force.

22 September 2002, 400,000 protesters marched through London in support of the Countryside Alliance�s Liberty and Livelihood protest against the government�s proposed ban on foxhunting

22 October 1994, In the USA, the Rhinoceros and Tiger Act came into force. It was intended to assist the preservation of these animals in countries where their habitat is.

8 March 1985, Every Chinese child was ordered to donate one Feng (then equivalent to 2p) to save the Giant Panda from extinction.

1979, An international convention limiting seal huntiing in Antarctica was agreed.

19 May 1977, Kenya banned big game hinting, to preserve the country�s dwindling wildlife. Tourists could now just take photographs. Hunters said poachers were to blame.

30 August 1973, Kenya banned hunting elephants and trading in ivory.

15 October 1966, In the USA, the Endangered Species Preservation Act came into force. Initially, 78 species in danger were listed. By April 1999, some species, such as the bald eagle and the black footed ferret, have come off the critical list but a further 925 species remained listed.

1950, In Britain, the docking of horse�s trails was made illegal.

18 October 1927. Dancing bears were banned from the streets of Berlin.

1922, Australia began conservation measures to save the koala bear, after trappers had killed 8 million in 4 years and nearly driven the species to extinction.

7 July 1911, In Washington, DC, the USA, Russia, the UK and Japan signed the Convention on the International Protection of Fur Seals, prohibiting hunting of the endangered animals in the North Pacific Ocean. In the first six years afterwards, the fur seal population increased by 30%.

28 July 1907, Russia and Japan agreed to stop culling seals and sea-lions.

1909, The USA set up a National Bison Refuge near Moise, Montana.

1895, The rescue from extinction of the African Southern White Rhinocerous began. Until now they had been hunted almost to extinction until, this year, the South African Government set up a game reserve, now known as the Hluhluwe-Umfolozi Park, to maintain the species, of which just 40 were left. By the 1960s private landowners were also setting up reserves where the species could be preserved, for paying game shooters. The fee for the hunters was, 2009, US$ 40,000, making the species commercially-valuable.

1835, Animal fighting � cockfights, bear and bull baiting � were banned in the UK. However illegal animal contests were still held at Wandsworth in 1840, at Eccles in 1842 and at West Derby in 1853.

1822, The UK Government passed a Bill outlawing cruelty to cattle.

1802, The UK Parliament attempted to outlaw animal fighting. The Bill was supported by Sheridan and Wilberforce, but was defeated; opponents of the Bill saw it as a Jacobin and Methodist plot to attck the �traditrional British way of life�. Animal baitimng contests also supported a considerable betting industry.

1788, In Stamford the Lord Mayor and Lord Exeter tried to stop the annual bull-running event. On 13 November a bull was turned loose on the streets of the town and chased until, exhausted, the animal was caught, killed, and eaten. In 1836 the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals sent representatives to stop the event and a riot ensued. The Home Secretary in 1838 urged the toiwn authgorities to stop the event, ut even with the assistance of constables, soldiers and police the bull run was not halted. By 1840 the event had ceased anyway.

 

Bird Protection

1968, Cousin Island, Seychelles, was set up as an international wild bird reserve.

1946, The Wildfowl Trust at Slimbridge, Gloucestershire, was set up by Peter Scott.

1922, In London, UK,the International Council for Bird Preservation (ICBP) was founded.

1901, The term �bird-watching� came into use for a person who observes birds in the wild.

1891, The Society for the Protection of Birds (SPB) was founded by women who had been excluded by the all-male membership policy of the British Ornithologists Union (BOU). London, UK, had become the centre of a very rapacious trade in bird carcasses, with 200 million birds being killed each year to provide ornamentation for ladies hats. Egrets were prized for their long feathers. Within 6 months the SPB had 5,000 members, and 10,000 by by 1893. It achieved 20,000 members by 1899, and men were encoiuraged to join by making them �Life Associates�.In 1904 it became the RSPB when King Edward VII granted it a Royal Charter. Despite opposition from the British millinery trade, in 7/1921 the Importation of Plumage (Prohibition) Act was passed in the UK, and Britain became a centre for bird conservation instead.

RSPB Membership

Year

92,000

1972

340,000

1981

827,000

1990

7 September 1880, In Britain, the Wild Birds� Protection Act was passed.