Chronography of Denmark
Page last modified 19/8/2021
Click Here for map of Danish railway and border changes
See also Finland
See also Norway (Vikings)
See also Sweden
For main European events of World War Two see France-Germany
14/2/2015, In scenes reminiscent of the Paris Charlie Hebdo shootings (7/1/2015) an Islamist terrorist, Omar el Hussein, 22, shot dead Finn Norgaard, a 55 year old film director, at a Free Speech meeting at a cafe in central Copenhagen, at 3.30pm Saturday.� The Swedish cartoonist Lars Vilks, who portrayed the prophet Mohammed as a �mad dog� in 2007, was belived to have been the main target; Hussein�s entry into the cafe was thwarted by a metal detector, prompting him to spray some 200 bullets from the entrance. Hussein then went to the Krystalgade synagogue and opened fire, killing the doorman Dan Uzan, 37, and wounding two police officers, at a Bat-Mitzvah, at 1am Sunday. Danish police identified the gunman and traced his address to an apartment in the Norrebro district; by then he was on his way to the synagogue. At 5am the next morning, 15 February, armed police shot Hussein at his apartment. Hussein had just been released from prison in Denmark two weeks earlier after serving a term for aggravated assault.
28/9/2000, In a referendum, Denmark voted against adopting the Euro.
1994, Left-wing gains in general elections. The Rasmussen-led coalition remained in power.
1993, Poul Schluter was replaced by Poul Nyrup Rasmussen as leader of the Social Democrat coalition.
18/5/1993. The Danes voted yes to the Maastricht Treaty.
2/6/1992, Denmark, in a referendum, rejected the Maastricht Treaty.
1/5/1979, Denmark granted Greenland home rule.
2/10/1972. Denmark voted in a referendum to join the Common Market.
14/1/1972, In Denmark, Margrethe II (31) became Queen, succeeding her father King Frederick IX, who died aged 72.
25/4/1964, The head of the Little Mermaid statue in Copenhagen Harbour was hacked off and stolen. The statue was in honour of the children�s� author, Hans Christian Anderson.
1960, Denmark joined the European Free Trade Association (EFTA).
5/6/1953, The Danish Parliament, or Riksdagen, was reformed. The upper chamber, or Landstinget, was abolished. The lower chamber, or Folketinget, now became the entire Parliament.
30/3/1953, Denmark adopted a new Constitution. The Upper House was abolished, and the voting age reduced to 23.
28/10/1950, General elction in Denmark. After the resignation of Hans Hedtoft, leader of the Liberal Agrarian Party, Erik Eriksen formed a coalition with the Conservatives.
20/4/1947, Christian X, King of Denmark, died aged 76. He was succeeded by his son Frederick IX, aged 48.
29/8/1943, The Nazis occupying Denmark dismissed the Danish Government, following extensive strike action and acts of sabotage against the Germans. In response the Danes formed the Frihedsrad (Free Council) in order to coordinate and escalate resistance activity. It commanded a Danish Resistance Army of some 43,000 men; several of its members held government positions in the post-war Danish Government from 1945.
16/4/1940, Margrethe, Queen of Denmark, was born.
24/4/1929, Denmark elected a socialist government.
11/4/1924, In Danish elections, Social Democrats formed a Government after winning 55 seats to the Liberals 44, Radicals with 20, and Conservatives with 28.
10/7/1920, After a referendum amongst the inhabitants,
northern Schleswig was returned to
10/2/1920, A plebiscite in northern Schleswig favoured integration with Denmark.
14/12/1916, A referendum in Denmark agreed by 64.3% for to 35.7% against to agree to the sale of the Danish West Indies to the US, for the sum of US$ 25 million. These islands became the US Virgin Islands; they were of strategic importance to the US now that the Panama Canal had opened. The islands were formally handed over on 1/4/1917, just before the US declared war on Germany.
14/6/1912, King Frederick VIII of Denmark died after a 6-year reign, aged 69. He was succeeded by his son, 41-year old Christian X, who reigned until 1947.
4/5/1907, Denmark made the use of the metric system of weights and measures compulsory, for official use by 1910 and for the general public by 1912.
29/1/1906, Christian IX of Denmark died, aged 87. He was succeeded by his son, Frederick VIII, aged 62, who ruled until 1912.
28/3/1904, The British King and Queen visited Copenhagen.
9/4/1891, Denmark established a system of old age pensions, for those aged over 60.
7/4/1891, Ole Kirk Christiansen, Danish toymaker who invented Lego, was born.
1888, The new harbour at Esjberg was completed (work began 1886). From just 13 inhabitants in 1868, the town grew to a population of 13,355 in 1901. The harbour has become the principal port of export for Danish agricultural produce.
14/8/1888, Carl Hall, Danish statesman, died (born 25/2/1812).
26/9/1870, King Christian X of Denmark was born.
13/9/1870, Peter Lehmann, Danish statesman, died (born 15/5/1810).
1866, The Danish Heathland Society was formed; its object was the reclamation for agriculture of Jutland�s heath and marsh lands. Drainage ditches were dug, the barren sandy heaths improved with clay, and new towns such as Herning constructed. Rows of trees were planted to provide shelter from North Sea storms.
30/10/1864. By the Peace of Vienna, Denmark gave up Schleswig, Holstein, and Lauenberg.� These provinces came under Austrian and Prussian rule.
15/2/1864, Adam Moltke, Danish statesman, died (born 25/8/1785).
1/2/1864, Austrian and Prussian troops under the command of Friedrich von Wangle invaded Schleswig, Denmark. Although the British monarch, Queen Victoria, was pro-German, the British Prince Edward, the future King Edward VII � who had only months earlier married Alexandra of Denmark � was shocked; they supported Denmark. The Second Schleswig War began. This event ensured that under King Edward VII�s reign, British foreign policy was pro-Danish, anti-German, and Britain formed a triple entente with France and Russia against Germany.
16/1/1864, Denmark rejected an ultimatum, from Germany over the Danish province of Schleswig.
24/12/1863. Following the Danish annexation of the province of Schleswig on 30/3/1863, Saxon and Hanoverian forces moved into Holstein.
6/4/1746, Christian VI of Denmark died aged 47. He was succeeded by his son, 23, Frederick V, who reigned until 1766.
28/8/1735, Andreas Bernstorff, Danish statesman, was born in Hanover (died 21/6/1797).
8/4/1697, Neils Juel, Danish Admiral, died (born 8/5/1629).
14/7/1677, At the Battle of Landskrona, Sweden defeated Denmark.
31/5/1677, Danish ships defeated a Swedish naval force.
1675, Denmark declared war on Sweden.
12/3/1699, Peder Griffenfeldt, Danish statesman, died (born 24/3/1635).
13/10/1673, Kristoffer Gabel, Danish statesman, died (born 6/1/1617).
9/2/1670, Frederick III, King of Denmark, died aged 60 (acceded 1648). He was succeeded by his 23-year-old son who ruled for 29 years as Christian V.
12/11/1667, Hans Nansen, Danish statesman, died (born 28/11/1598).
1660, King Frederick III of Denmark promulgated a new Constitution, removing the priveliges of the nobility and creating an Absolute Monarchy.
6/7/1648, King Frederick III of Denmark was officially crowned, only after he had agreed to a diminution of Royal powers.
28/2/1648, Christian IV, King of Denmark, died. Born 1577, he ruled from 1588.
8/2/1645, By the Peace of Bromsebro, Sweden acquired Osel and Gotland from Denmark. Denmark also lost Jemteland and Herjedal in Norway.
1/10/1643, Frederick III, King of Denmark, married Sophia Amelia of Brunswick.
24/3/1635, Peder Griffenfeldt, Danish statesman, was born (died 12/3/1699).
15/7/1631, Jens Juel, Danish statesman, was born.
8/5/1629, Neils Juel, Danish Admiral, was born (died 8/4/1697).
24/8/1626, Battle of Lutter, Germany. The Danes were routed by the Hapsburgs.
6/1/1617, Kristoffer Gabel, Danish statesman, was born (died 13/10/1673).
18/3/1609, Frederick III, King of Denmark, born.
28/11/1598, Hans Nansen, Danish statesman, was born (died 12/11/1667).
4/4/1588, Frederick II, King of Denmark, died, aged 53. He was succeeded by his 10-year old son, Christian IV(1577-1648).
1585, Kronborg Castle at Elsinore (Helsingor) was completed for King Frederick II. It stands on the site of an earlier castle built in the early 1400s by Eric of Pomerania, to enforce collection of tolls on foreign ships passing througb the Oresund.
20/7/1572, Frederick II, King of Denmark and Norway, married his cousin Sophuia of Mecklenburg.
21/5/1481, Christian I, King of Denmark and Norway, died (born 1426) and was succeeded by his son John (1481-1513).
1448, King Christopher III died without an heir. Christian I, a distant cousin of Christopher III, was elected King by the Rigsraad, and became the first Danish monarch of the Royal House of Oldenburg.
1439, King Eric VII was deposed, in favour of his nephew, Christopher of Bavaria.
1331, End of the reign of King Christopher II (acceded 1319). He had abdicated under pressure from Gerhard, Count of Holstein, who now priceeded to establish German noblemen in all major Danish fortresses and give major trading concessions to German merchants. 8 years of anarchy followed, see 26/6/1340.
1182, Waldemar the Great of Denmark died aged 51 after a 25-year reign. He was succeded by his 19-year-old son as King Canute IV. He reigned until 1202, extending Danish sovereignty over Pomerania and Holstein.
1169, Absalom (Axel) (1128-1201) founded the fortress of Havn, now known as Copenhagen. He fought the Wends in 1169, capturing Rugen for Denmark. In 1184 he also captured Mecklenburg and Pomerania.
1047, Magnus I died after 12 years rule as King of Norway and five years as King of Denmark. He was succeeded I Norway by Harald Haadraade, 32, who ruled until 1066 as Harald II. In Denmark he was succeeded by Sweyn Estrithson, grandson of Sweyn Forkbeard, who ruled until 1075 as Sweyn II.
1016 � 1035, Under King Canute the Great, all of Scandinavia and England were united.
951, Earliest record of the Bishopric of Aarhus (Denmark).
850, Gorm the Elder united Jutland and the Danish Islands, and became King of Denmark.
Ca. 800, First settlement of the Faeroe Islands, by Grim Kamban. He left Norway to escape the tyranny of Harold Haarfager. There may have been already a small colony of Scottish and Irish monks at Sudero, which he dispersed.
768,The major Viking settlement of Hedeby was founded in Denmark.
517, The first documented Viking raid on Gaul. The Viking King Hygelac was killed and his fleet defeated.
500, Danes from Scania (southern Sweden) settled in Jutland (Denmark).
8,000 BCE, Start of hunter-gatherer peoples in Scandinavia, as the climate warmed.