Chronography of Cuba
Page last modified 8/9/2021
See also South and Central America
1/2018, US President Trump signed an Executive Order providing for the continued operation of Guantanamo Bay.
25/11/2016, Fidel Castro, former leader of Cuba from 1959, died aged 90. He had been succeeded by his brother Raul in 2008.
14/12/2011, The 2012 US National Defence Bill was not vetoed by President Obama, which meant that Guantanamo Bay would remain open as a detention facility.
7/1/2011, US President Barack Obama signed the 2011 Defence Authorisation Bill, which provided for the closure of Guantanamo Bay.
22/1/2009, US President Barack Obama attempted to close down Guantanamo Bay. US Congress blocked the move.
14/1/2009, The US admitted torturimg Guantanamo Bay detainee Mohammed al Qahtani, under the Bush administration.
18/2/2008, Fidel Castro, aged 81, announced he was resigning as President of Cuba after 49 years in post. His brother Raul Castro was selected to succeed him.
2/2006, The United Nations called for the closure of Guantanamo Bay.
7/2004, The US classified Guantanamo Bay inmates as �enemy combatants�, to circumvent a court ruling that they could challenge their detention on the US mainland.
5/2003, The prison population of Guantanamo Bay reached a peak of 680. In October 2003 the Red Cross became coincerned at the �pyschological detereration� of a large number oif the inmates.
1/2002, The first suspects from Afghanistan were brought to Guantanamo Bay.
9/9/1994, US President Clinton, faced with an influx of 20,000 Cubans, renegotiated with Fidel Castro the return of travel restrictions on Cubans wishing to emigrate to the USA (see 11/8/1992).
11/8/1994, Fidel Castro of Cuba lifted restrictions on emigration, prompting a surge of 20,000 Cubans leaving for the USA. However see 9/9/1994.
15/6/1993, The last Russian troops left Cuba.
1982, The US tightened sanctions on Cubam, banning flights and tourism to there.
1972, Cuba joined COMECON, the Communist economic bloc.
7/1/1964, In a drive to improve trade links with Europe, Cuba ordered 400 British buses.
1963, The 1,000 acre maximum private landholding in Cuba (see 5/1959) was reduced to 160 acres. This increased State landholdings from 40% to 60% of Cuba�s land.
28/4/1963, Cuban President Fidel Castro visited the USSR.
29/8/1962. American spy planes took pictures of Soviet technicians constructing missile launch pads in Cuba.
8/4/1962. In Cuba, over 1,000 Bay of Pigs invaders were sentenced to 30 years in jail. See 17/4/1961.
9/1/1962, A Cuban-Soviet trade treaty was signed.
17/4/1961. 1,300 Anti-Castro Cuban exiles, led by Jose Cardona, attempted to invade Cuba from the Bay of Pigs. However on 18 and 19/4/1961 the exiles were pinned down on the beach by Castro�s troops. The USA under President Kennedy backed down following Khrushchev�s declaration that the USSR would defend Cuba against the USA and the 1,200 survivors were left to their fate. They surrendered to Cuban authorities on 20/4/1961.������������������������������������������������������������������������������ ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������
3/1/1961. The US severed all diplomatic relations with Cuba.
19/10/1960. The USA imposed an embargo on shipments to Cuba, banning all exports to Cuba except food and medicine. Cuba had been buying arms from the USSR, and when the USA imposed economic sanctions by refusing to buy Cuban sugar, Castro nationalised USA businesses. Cuba also attempted to 'export Revolution', to the Dominican Republic, Panama, and Nicaragua. However many young US citizens supported Castro.
10/3/1952,Military coup in Cuba. President Socarra was overthrown and replaced by General Zaldivar (Fulgencio Batista y Zald�var), who had previously been ruler of Cuba, 1933-40.
8/4/1947, Following a series of killings due to labour strife, the Cuban Interior Ministry banned all political meetings that might provoke disorder.
18/11/1944, The Popular Socialist Youth organization was founded in Cuba.
10/10/1944, Ramon Grau took office as President of Cuba.
12/8/1933, In Cuba the army, led by Fulgencio Batista, and backed by the US, overthrew President Machedo.
13/8/1926. Cuban revolutionary and leader Fidel Castro was born near Biran, the son of a sugar planter.
1925, The dictatorship of President Gerardo Machado began; lasting until 1933.
1915, Americans owned 40% of Cuban sugar production; other foreigners owned another 20%.
31/5/1912. US marines landed in Cuba to quell a slave revolt.
23/2/1903, The US signed a deal with Cuba to lease 45 square miles of land at Guantanamo Bay for 2,000 gold coins (about US$ 4,000) a year. Fidel Castro later refused to accept this money.
1902, Tomas Estrada Palma became President of Cuba,
12/6/1901, A new Constitution for Cuba was drawn up, giving the US extensive rights that made the island virtually a US protectorate.
20/5/1901, End of US military rule in Cuba. However the US was granted intervention rights and the right to use certain bases, including Guantanamo Bay.
21/2/1901, Cuba became a republic.
7/11/1900, The People's Party was founded in Cuba.
5/11/1900, The Cuban Constitutional Convention began to sit, until 21/2/1901.
6/4/1900, The city of Havana, Cuba, banned the playing of African drums, a prohibition that remained in effect until 1940, when conga drums again became part of Cuban music.
1899, The USA occupied Cuba, installing an interim military government.
10/6/1898, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, was first used as a camp by US troops during the Spanish-American War (see USA).
1898, The USA declared war on Spain, in support of the Cuban rebels. The US had significant financial interests in Cuba.
1895, Jose Marti landed on Cuba with a small band of rebels to start a war of independence. However Marti was killed on the first day of fighting and thousands of Cubans subsequently died in Spanish concentration camps.
1868, A major rebellion against Spanish rule began, initiating a 10-year civil war.
18/9/1810, Cuba declared independence from Spain.
13/8/1762, The British captured Havana, Cuba, from the Spanish. HGowever it was returned to Spain under the Treaty of Paris in 1763. Slave labour and proximity to US markets ensured the prosperity of the wealthy elite in Cuba, whilst a strong Spanish garrison detereed any moves towards independence.
1515, Havana was founded by the Spanish.
1509, The Spanish began the conquest and colonisation of Cuba.
28/10/1492. Christopher Columbus arrived in Cuba, believing it to be Japan.