For events in
North Africa relating to the Islamic
World and Arab Spring see also Islam & Middle
The trial of Hissein Habre, aged 73, former President of Chad
1982-1990, concluded. He was found guilty by the Court in Senegal of crimes
including mass rape and torture. Overall, an estimated 40,000 people were
murdered under his rule before he was deposed and fled into Senegal.
The trial of former Chadian President (1982-1990), Hissein Habre, began,
2/2/2008, Rebels attacked N�Djamena, capital
Chad declared a state of war with Sudan. Chad alleged that Libya was trying to
destabilise its border region in the wake of the Darfur Crisis.
2003, A peace
deal ended a 4-year
rebellion in northern Chad.
Chadian Govermnment made peace with a range of opposition groups on the North
and the South
formally relinquished claims on the Aozou Strip in northern Chad.
1993, Habre attempted a coup against Deby, but failed.
Republican Guards killed 64 in Chad.
Habre (1989-91); deposed by pro Libyan forces (Deby)
The President of Chad, Hissein Habre, was deposed by the Patriotic
Salvation Movement and replaced as President by its leader, Idriss Deby. Deby set ffree
some 400 Libyan prisoners, leading many to suspect he was being supported by Qaddaffi.
1989, Habre became
President of (all of) Chad.
Libyan occupation of northern Chad; Habre rules the South
31/8/1989. Libya and Chad signed a
peace agreement ending 25 years of war.
1987, Oueddi�s forces now turned
against Libya (Oueddi
had been shot and injured by the Libyans in 10/1986). Oueddi and Habre now joined forces to oust
the Libyans from northern Chad. Habre�s advisor, Colonel Idriss Deby, led the successful
military push against Libyan forces through 1987.
17/9/1984, France and Libya
reached agreement on the
withdrawal of both countries� troops from Chad by mid-November.
19/8/1983, France sent a further
3,500 troops to assist Hissein
Habre, who was leader of southern Chad.
11/8/1983, Faya Largeau in Chad fell to Libyan troops.
7/8/1983, France sent paratroopers to
supplement 500 �military instructors� in Chad.
2/8/1983, Libyan planes bombed Faya Largeau in Chad.
7/6/1982, Hissein Habre�s forces
seized N�Djamena and forced Oueddi to flee. N�Djamena, the Chadian capital, is
located in southern Chad, latitude 12 N. However Chad north of 15 N was
occupied by pro-Libyan forces, effectively partitioning the country.
President Oueddi (Libyan-backed) 1979-82; ousted from the capital by
19/11/1981, Civil war in Chad as the rebel FAN (Armed
Forces of the North) army backed by Libya fought to
Goukoni Oueddei, who himself had been installed with Libyan backing
following the assassination of President Francois Tombalbaye in 1975. Tombalbaye
had been the first President since Chad gained independence on 11/8/1960. See
1980, Libyan forces supporting Oueddi occupied N�Djamena, and Colonel Qaddaffi proclaimed
a union of Chad and Libya. Libayn troops were withdrawn in 1981.
President Malloum (southern) (1975-79); deposed by Libyan backed forces
1979, President Malloum was deposed, and fled to
Oueddi, former FROLINAT leader, became President, with Hissein Habre as Defence
Minister. Rivalry soon developed between these two Muslim leaders.
1978, FROLINAT overran the Chadian Governmant�s military
stronghold at Tibesti. The French Foreign legion were brought in to push back FROLINAT
1975, Military coup by Bantu General Felix Malloum. He was
opposed by the Libyan-backed Chadian National Liberation Front (FROLINAT). By
controlled some 80% of Chad.
1973, Libya seized the Aozou Strip in
1965, Northern Chad was
inhabited� by Arab Muslim nomads and
cattle herders, whilst the South was mainly Bantu Christian and Animist farmers.
By 1865 the North felt discriminated against, because the Chadian Govermment
was dominated by Southerners.
11/8/1960, Chad formerly a French colony, became
an independent Republic.
1959, Pre-indepencence elections produced a victory for Francois (later, Ngarta) Tombalhaye,
who became Prime Minister.
French subjugation of Chad
11/2/1912, The Niger-Chad border
was delineated by the Governors-General of French West Africa and French
1906, The French finally gained control
of the Kanem area, near Lake Chad. They gained control of Wadai in 1912, and
finally the northern Chadian territory of Borkou in 1914.
22/41900, France, Britain and Germany were
all racing to colonise the Lake Chad area, then thought to be of major economic
importance See also Nigeria
the creation of Cameroonian territorial extension northwards to Lake Chad.
arrived first, and French explorer Emile Gentil (1866-1914) led an expedition
down to the southern part of the lake and made a treaty with the Sultan of
Baguirmi to set up a French Protectorate in the area. French forces now (1900)
moved south from Algeria and east from Senbegal and Niger, joined with Gentil�s
men, and this day defeated Rabah Zobeir, a Muslim chieftain, at the
Battle of Lakhta (Kusseri). However it took several years thereafter to subdue
the determined resistance from the Senussi people.
Zobeir began a conquest of Chad from Sudan.
Baguirmi and Ouaddai Kingdoms ruled the region.
800s, The Kanem-Bornu Empire was founded in what is now northern Chad.
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