OVERWEIGHT AND OBESITY RATES

Historical trends

Countries are in alphabetical order

 

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Obesity is generally defined as a BMI of 30 or more.  Overweight is a BMI of 25-30. Click here for global Obesity Map.

 

See also history of food

 

Where available, figures are split between male and female; where only an overall figure is available, male and female percentages are given as identical and highlighted yellow. Note that the % overweight may fall in countries where the average weight is increasing, as more people move from the ‘overweight’ into the ‘obese’ category.

 

Figures highlighted green are for % overweight and % obese together.

 

World

year

Overweight women

Overweight men

Obese women

Obese men

Overweight girls

Overweight boys

Obese girls

Obese boys

1975

 

 

 

 

 

 

0.7%

0.9%

2010

30.0%

30.0%

11.5%

11.5%

 

 

 

 

2014

26.0%

26.0%

13.0%

13.0%

 

 

 

 

2016

 

 

 

 

 

 

5.6%

7.8%

 

Albania

2016, 21.7% of adults were obese

 

Andorra

2016, 25.6% of adults were obese

 

Argentina

1997 34% of adults (39% of men and 29% of women) were overweight. A further 27% of adults were obese (28% of men, 25% of women).

 

Armenia

2016, 20.2% of adults were obese.

 

Australia

year

Overweight women

Overweight men

Obese women

Obese men

Overweight girls

Overweight boys

Obese girls

Obese boys

1980

 

 

7.1%

7.1%

 

 

 

 

1990

 

 

8.7%

8.7%

 

 

 

 

1997

42.0%

42.0%

18.0%

18.0%

10.0%

10.0%

 

 

2000

34.0%

49.0%

22.2%

19.3%

 

 

 

 

2006

38.0%

38.0%

22.0%

22.0%

 

 

 

 

2008

33.0%

33.0%

26.0%

26.0%

 

 

 

 

2012

 

 

28.3%

28.3%

 

 

 

 

2017

 

 

27.9%

27.9%

 

 

 

 

 

Austria

year

Overweight women

Overweight men

Obese women

Obese men

Overweight girls

Overweight boys

Obese girls

Obese boys

2000

 

 

8.5%

8.5%

 

 

 

 

2006

46.5%

46.5%

12.4%

12.4%

 

 

 

 

2010

 

 

13.2%

12.4%

 

 

 

 

2017

 

 

14.7%

14.7%

 

 

 

 

 

Azerbaijan,

2007, 57.1% of adults were overweight or obese.

2014, 57.0% of adults were overweight or obese.

2016, 19.9% of adults were obese.

 

Bahrain

year

Overweight women

Overweight men

Obese women

Obese men

Overweight girls

Overweight boys

Obese girls

Obese boys

1991

31.3%

16.0%

29.4%

26.3%

 

 

 

 

 

Belarus

2016, 24.5% of adults were obese.

 

Belgium

year

Overweight women

Overweight men

Obese women

Obese men

Overweight girls

Overweight boys

Obese girls

Obese boys

2000

 

 

11.0%

11.0%

 

 

 

 

2002

41.0%

62.0%

 

 

18.0%

18.0%

 

 

2010

 

 

14.7%

13.3%

 

 

 

 

2017

 

 

18.6%

18.6%

 

 

 

 

 

Bolivia

1994, 26% of adults were overweight. A further 8% adults (10% urban, 5% rural) were obese.

2014, 50.0% of adults were overweight or obese.

 

Bosnia

2016, 17.9% of adults were obese

 

Botswana

2014, 36.0% of adults were overweight or obese.

 

Brazil

year

Overweight women

Overweight men

Obese women

Obese men

Overweight girls

Overweight boys

Obese girls

Obese boys

1975

29%

19%

8.2%

3.1%

8%

6%

1%

1.3%

1980

29%

18%

 

 

 

 

 

 

1985

 

 

7%

7%

 

 

4%

4%

1989

41%

30%

13.3%

5.1%

14%

10.0%

2%

3%

1997*

27%

31%

13%

7%

 

 

14%

14%

1999

31%

31%

 

 

 

 

 

 

2003

 

 

10%

 

 

 

 

 

2008

48%

50%

17%

12%

24%

27%

8%

10%

2010

49%

50%

 

 

 

 

 

 

2014

48%

54%

 

 

 

 

 

 

*1997, The obesity figures broke down to – urban:- 8% men and 13% women, and - rural:-3% men and 10% women.

 

Bulgaria

2002, 20% of children were overweight or obese.

2010, 11.3% of women and 11.6% of men were obese.

2012, 11.5% of adults were obese.

2014, 59.1% of adults were overweight or obese.

 

Cambodia

2017, 1.2% of girls were obese.

 

Cameroon

2014, 38.0% of adults were overweight or obese.

 

Canada

year

Overweight women

Overweight men

Obese women

Obese men

Overweight girls

Overweight boys

Obese girls

Obese boys

1972

34.0%

47.0%

13.0%

8.0%

 

 

 

 

1980

 

 

 

 

11.4%

8.6%

1.7%

2.0%

1990

41.0%

58.0%

15.0%

13.0%

 

 

 

 

2000

25.0%

39.0%

13.8%

16.0%

17.0%

20.0%

9.0%

10.0%

2004

29.2%

41.5%

23.2%

23.7%

 

 

 

 

2005

31.0%

43.0%

23.0%

23.0%

 

 

 

 

2017

 

 

25.7%

25.7%

 

 

 

 

 

Chile

1992, 20% of adults were obese (16% of men, 23% of women).

 

China

year

Overweight women

Overweight men

Obese women

Obese men

Overweight girls

Overweight boys

Obese girls

Obese boys

1987

9.0%

9.0%

 

 

 

 

 

 

1989

 

 

 

 

 

 

1.5%

1.5%

1993

15.0%1

16.0%1

 

 

 

 

 

 

1997

 

 

 

 

 

 

12.6%

12.6%

2004

 

 

 

 

18.5%2

30.6%2

 

 

2006

25.0%

25.0%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Colombia,

1995, 31% of adults were overweight. A further 9% of adults (9% urban and 9% rural) were obese.

1999, 43% of adults were overweight.

2003, 21% of adults were obese.

 

Cook Islands

2017, 33.3% of boys and 31.1% of girls were obese.

 

Croatia

2002, 27% of children were overweight or obese.

2014, 58.8% of adults were overweight or obese.

2016, 24.4% of adults were obese.

 

Cuba,

2003, 6% of adults were obese.

 

Cyprus

2010, 14.5% of women and 16.7% of men were obese.

2012, 15.6% of adults were obese.

2014, 60.3% of adults were overweight or obese.

2016, 21.9% of adults were obese.

 

Czech Republic

year

Overweight women

Overweight men

Obese women

Obese men

Overweight girls

Overweight boys

Obese girls

Obese boys

1993

 

 

11.2%

11.2%

 

 

 

 

2000

 

 

14.2%

14.2%

 

 

 

 

2002

58.0%

73.0%

 

 

16.0%

16.0%

 

 

2005

43.0%

67.0%

17.0%

17.0%

10.0%

10.0%

 

 

2010

 

 

18.3%

18.4%

 

 

 

 

2017

 

 

18.7%

18.7%

 

 

 

 

 

Denmark

year

Overweight women

Overweight men

Obese women

Obese men

Overweight girls

Overweight boys

Obese girls

Obese boys

1947

 

 

 

 

 

 

0.4%

0.1%

1961

 

 

 

 

 

 

0.65%

0.15%

1971

 

 

 

 

 

 

0.7%

0.4%

1975

 

 

 

 

 

 

0.6%

0.5%

1985

 

 

5%

5%

 

 

2.4%

2.3%

1990

 

 

 

 

 

 

2.0%

0.9%

1995

 

 

7.6%

7.6%

 

 

2.6%

2.0%

2000

 

 

7.5%

7.5%

 

 

 

 

2005

 

 

11.4%

11.4%

 

 

3.5%

3.0%

2010

 

 

12.4%

12.4%

 

 

 

 

2017

 

 

14.9%

14.9%

 

 

 

 

 

Djibouti

2014, 33.0% of adults were overweight or obese.

 

Dominican Republic,

1996, 26% of adults were overweight. A further 12% of adults (13% urban, 10% rural) were obese.

2007, 56.5% of adults were overweight or obese.

 

Ecuador

2014, 55.0% of adults were overweight or obese.

 

Egypt

year

Overweight women

Overweight men

Obese women

Obese men

Overweight girls

Overweight boys

Obese girls

Obese boys

1995

31.7%

 

20.1%

 

 

 

 

 

2011

30.9%

30.9%

31.3%

31.3%

 

 

 

 

2014

70.0%

70.0%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Equatorial Guinea

2014, 36.0% of adults were overweight or obese.

 

Estonia

year

Overweight women

Overweight men

Obese women

Obese men

Overweight girls

Overweight boys

Obese girls

Obese boys

1987

23.9%

32.0%

6.0%

9.9%

 

 

 

 

2002

20.0%

31.0%

 

 

 

 

 

 

2010

 

 

20.5%

16.0%

 

 

 

 

2012

 

 

19.0%

19.0%

 

 

 

 

2014

56.7%

56.7%

 

 

 

 

 

 

2016

 

 

21.2%

21.2%

 

 

 

 

2017

 

 

18.0%

18.0%

 

 

 

 

 

Europe

2016, 23.3% of adults were obese.

 

European Union average

2008, 15.5% of adults were obese

 

Finland

year

Overweight women

Overweight men

Obese women

Obese men

Overweight girls

Overweight boys

Obese girls

Obese boys

1980

 

 

7.4%

7.4%

 

 

 

 

1990

 

 

8.4%

8.4%

 

 

 

 

2000

52.0%

68.0%

11.2%

11.2%

13.0%

13.0%

 

 

2006

43%

43%

14.3%

14.3%

 

 

 

 

2012

 

 

15.8%

15.8%

 

 

 

 

2016

 

 

22.2%

22.2%

 

 

 

 

2017

 

 

24.8%

24.8%

 

 

 

 

 

France

year

Overweight women

Overweight men

Obese women

Obese men

Overweight girls

Overweight boys

Obese girls

Obese boys

1982

16.3%

30.0%

5.3%

5.3%

5%

5%

 

 

1990

17.9%

30.9%

6%

6%

 

 

 

 

2000

 

 

9.2%

9.2%

 

 

 

 

2003

21.2%

34.8%

11.3%

11.3%

19%

19%

 

 

2005

 

 

11%

11%

19%

19%

12%

12%

2010

 

 

12.7%

11.7%

 

 

 

 

2012

 

 

14.5%

14.5%

 

 

 

 

2017

 

 

17.0%

17.0%

 

 

 

 

 

Georgia

2016, 21.7% of adults were obese.

 

Germany

year

Overweight women

Overweight men

Obese women

Obese men

Overweight girls

Overweight boys

Obese girls

Obese boys

2000

40%

56%

12.9%

12.9%

 

 

 

 

2004

41%

58%

19%

17%

 

 

 

 

2006

36%

36%

14%

14%

 

 

 

 

2010

 

 

15.6%

16.1%

 

 

 

 

2016

 

 

22.3%

22.3%

 

 

 

 

2017

 

 

23.6%

23.6%

 

 

6.9%

11.2%

 

Ghana

2014, 30.0% of adults were overweight or obese.

 

Greece

year

Overweight women

Overweight men

Obese women

Obese men

Overweight girls

Overweight boys

Obese girls

Obese boys

2000

 

 

21.9%

21.9%

 

 

 

 

2002

 

 

 

 

31.0%

31.0%

 

 

2003

 

 

29.0%

29.0%

 

 

 

 

2006

 

 

21.9%

21.9%

 

 

 

 

2010

 

 

17.6%

17.6%

 

 

 

 

2012

 

 

19.6%

19.6%

 

 

 

 

2017

 

 

17.0%

17.0%

 

 

10.6%

16.7%

 

Guatemala

1995, 26% of adults were overweight. A further 8% of adults (13% urban, 5% rural) were obese.

2014, 53.0% of adults were overweight or obese.

 

Haiti

1995, 8.9% of adults were overweight. A further 2.6% of adults (4.8% urban, 1.4% rural) were obese.

2014, 31.0% of adults were overweight or obese.

 

Honduras,

1996, 24% of adults were overweight. 8% of adults (13% urban, 5% rural) were obese.

2014, 51.0% of adults were overweight or obese.

 

Hungary

year

Overweight women

Overweight men

Obese women

Obese men

Overweight girls

Overweight boys

Obese girls

Obese boys

2000

 

 

19.0%

19.0%

 

 

 

 

2002

38.0%

52.0%

 

 

18.0%

18.0%

 

 

2003

 

 

18.8%

18.8%

 

 

 

 

2006

 

 

21.0%

21.0%

 

 

 

 

2010

 

 

18.8%

21.4%

 

 

 

 

2012

 

 

28.5%

28.5%

 

 

 

 

2014

59.6%

59.6%

 

 

 

 

 

 

2017

 

 

30.0%

30.0%

 

 

 

 

 

Iceland,

year

Overweight women

Overweight men

Obese women

Obese men

Overweight girls

Overweight boys

Obese girls

Obese boys

2005

 

 

12.4%

12.4%

 

 

 

 

2008

 

 

20.1%

20.1%

 

 

 

 

2016

 

 

21.9%

21.9%

 

 

 

 

2017

 

 

19.0%

19.0%

 

 

 

 

 

India

year

Overweight women

Overweight men

Obese women

Obese men

Overweight girls

Overweight boys

Obese girls

Obese boys

2003

 

 

7.0%

7.0%

 

 

 

 

 

Iran,

Iran still (2005) has problems of under nutrition, in some cases severe enough to retard the growth and normal weight gain associated with child/adolescent growth. However Iran also has an emerging obesity problem, particularly in its faster-growing urban population.  Obesity Reviews 6, 2005, pp.191-192, stated that in urban areas, 22% of people aged 15-39 and 40% of people aged 40-69 had body weights ‘over the 85th reference percentile’.  For rural areas of Iran the figures were 16% and 26% respectively.

2003, 20% of adults (10% of men and 30% of women) were obese.

 

Iraq

2014, 65.0% of adults were overweight or obese.

 

Ireland

year

Overweight women

Overweight men

Obese women

Obese men

Overweight girls

Overweight boys

Obese girls

Obese boys

1990

 

 

13.0%

8.0%

 

 

 

 

1998

25.0%

40.0%

9.0%

11.0%

 

 

 

 

2000

 

 

10.0%

10.0%

 

 

 

 

2003

50.0%

50.0%

14.0%

12.0%

 

 

10.0%

10.0%

2005

39.0%

39.0%

18.0%

18.0%

 

 

 

 

2010

 

 

21.0%

26.0%

 

 

 

 

2017

 

 

23.0%

23.0%

 

 

 

 

 

Israel

year

Overweight women

Overweight men

Obese women

Obese men

Overweight girls

Overweight boys

Obese girls

Obese boys

2001

39.3%

39.3%

22.9%

22.9%

 

 

 

 

2007

57.3%

57.3%

 

 

 

 

 

 

2016

 

 

26.3%

26.3%

 

 

 

 

 

Italy

year

Overweight women

Overweight men

Obese women

Obese men

Overweight girls

Overweight boys

Obese girls

Obese boys

1994

 

 

7.0%

7.0%

 

 

 

 

2000

 

 

8.5%

8.5%

 

 

 

 

2003

34%

48%

10%

10%

36%

36%

29%

29%

2006

32%

32%

10.2%

10.2%

 

 

 

 

2010

 

 

9.3%

11.3%

36%

36%

 

 

2017

 

 

9.8%

9.8%

 

 

 

 

 

Jamaica,

2007, 57.45 of adults were overweight or obese.

 

Japan

year

Overweight women

Overweight men

Obese women

Obese men

Overweight girls

Overweight boys

Obese girls

Obese boys

1976

 

 

 

0.8%

 

 

 

 

1980

 

 

2.0%

2.0%

 

 

 

 

1990

 

 

2.3%

2.3%

 

 

 

 

2000

 

 

2.9%

2.9%

 

 

 

 

2005

23.0%

23.0%

3.9%

3.9%

 

 

 

 

2006

22.0%

22.0%

4.0%

4.0%

 

 

 

 

2017

 

 

3.7%

3.7%

 

 

 

 

 

Jordan

year

Overweight women

Overweight men

Obese women

Obese men

Overweight girls

Overweight boys

Obese girls

Obese boys

1995

 

 

59.8%

32.7%

 

 

 

 

 

Kazakhstan

year

Overweight women

Overweight men

Obese women

Obese men

Overweight girls

Overweight boys

Obese girls

Obese boys

1995

21.8%

 

16.7%

 

 

 

 

 

2002

47.0%

33.0%

 

 

 

 

 

 

2016

 

 

21.2%

21.2%

 

 

 

 

 

Kenya

2004, 12% of the population was overweight

 

Korea (South)

year

Overweight women

Overweight men

Obese women

Obese men

Overweight girls

Overweight boys

Obese girls

Obese boys

1995

18.0%

11.7%

 

 

 

 

 

 

1998

24.1%

23.7%

3.1%

1.8%

 

 

 

 

2001

24.3%

30.1%

3.1%

2.8%

 

 

 

 

2005

 

 

3.5%

3.5%

 

 

 

 

2017

 

 

5.3%

3.5%

 

 

 

 

 

2001, The average Body Mass Index of South Koreans rose from 22.5 in 1995 (23 male, 22 female) to 23.5 in 2001 (23.7 male, 23.4 female). For reasons of Koreans having a different physiological proportion of body fat to Europeans (see Obesity Review, 6, 2005, pp.117-121), ‘obesity’ amongst South Koreans may be defined as a BMI of 25, not 30.  On this basis (BMI=25), in 2001, 30.6% of South Korean adults were obese (32.4% male, 29.4% female).

 

Kuwait 

year

Overweight women

Overweight men

Obese women

Obese men

Overweight girls

Overweight boys

Obese girls

Obese boys

1993

32.3%

35.2%

40.6%

32.3%

 

 

 

 

2003

 

 

37.0%

37.0%

 

 

 

 

2017

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

25.4%

 

Kyrgzystan

2002, 28% of women were overweight.

2016, 16.6% of adults were obese.

 

Latvia

year

Overweight women

Overweight men

Obese women

Obese men

Overweight girls

Overweight boys

Obese girls

Obese boys

1997

33.0%

41.0%

17.4%

9.5%

 

 

 

 

2002

41.0%

41.0%

 

 

 

 

 

 

2010

 

 

20.9%

12.0%

 

 

 

 

2012

 

 

16.9%

16.9%

 

 

 

 

2014

57.9%

57.9%

 

 

 

 

 

 

2016

 

 

23.6%

23.6%

 

 

 

 

2017

 

 

23.2%

23.2%

 

 

 

 

 

Lesotho

2014, 41.0% of adults were overweight or obese.

 

Libya

2014, 65.0% of adults were overweight or obese.

 

Lithuania

year

Overweight women

Overweight men

Obese women

Obese men

Overweight girls

Overweight boys

Obese girls

Obese boys

1997

32.7%

41.9%

18.3%

11.4%

 

 

 

 

2000

31.6%

45.6%

23.4%

16.9%

 

 

 

 

2002

41%

42%

 

 

 

 

 

 

2016

 

 

26.3%

26.3%

 

 

 

 

2017

 

 

28.3%

 

 

 

 

 

 

Luxembourg

year

Overweight women

Overweight men

Obese women

Obese men

Overweight girls

Overweight boys

Obese girls

Obese boys

2002

 

 

18.4%

18.4%

 

 

 

 

2008

 

 

20.0%

20.0%

 

 

 

 

2012

 

 

23.0%

23.0%

 

 

 

 

2017

 

 

22.6%

22.6%

 

 

 

 

 

Macedonia

2016, 22.4% of adults were obese

 

Malawi,

2003, 7% adults obese.

 

Malaysia

In 2002, 20.7% of adults were overweight and a further 5.8% were obese. 0.3% of the Malay adult population had a BMI of over 40.  Increasing affluence may have increased the dietary intake of fats and sugars, whilst reducing the amount of manual work being done.

 

Malta

year

Overweight women

Overweight men

Obese women

Obese men

Overweight girls

Overweight boys

Obese girls

Obese boys

2002

 

 

 

 

35.0%

35.0%

 

 

2010

 

 

21.1%

24.7%

 

 

 

 

2014

64.0%

64.0%

 

 

 

 

 

 

2017

 

 

28.5%

24.6%

 

 

 

 

 

Mauritania

2014, 39.0% of adults were overweight or obese.

 

Mexico

year

Overweight women

Overweight men

Obese women

Obese men

Overweight girls

Overweight boys

Obese girls

Obese boys

1980

 

 

0.0%

0.0%

 

 

 

 

1988

33.0%

33.0%

 

 

 

 

 

 

1992

37.0%

44.0%

25.0%

15.0%

 

 

 

 

1999

35.0%

 

24.0%

24.0%

 

 

 

 

2003

36.0%

41.0%

26.5%

17.0%

 

 

 

 

2006

38.0%

38.0%

30.0%

30.0%

 

 

 

 

2013

 

 

 

 

28.9%

28.9%

 

 

2017

 

 

33.3%

33.3%

 

 

 

 

 

Mexico’s diabetes, heart disease, and cancer rates have soared. In 1968 diabetes was the 35th cause of mortality in Mexico; in 2004 it was the 1st cause of mortality. In 2004 Mexico had 6.5 million people with diabetes, out of a total population of 104 million.

 

Obesity was almost non-existent in Mexico in 1980.  However there was hunger; the country’s rapid transition, over a few decades, to a more prosperous economy has impacted on babies who grew up under-nourished in the 1960s and 70s.  As described on this website here (see 1.1.b), In utero environment), unborn children who detect an environment where food is scarce adapt their metabolism to store food more effectively.  This means they are more prone to store fat, i.e. become obese, if in later years the environment turns out to ba calorie-rich.

 

In 2013 Mexico’s Congress approved a ‘fat tax’; a levy of 8% on ‘junk food’ and 1 peso (4p) on a litre of soft fizzy drinks.

 

Moldova

2016, 18.9% of adults were obese,

 

Montenegro

2016, 23.3% of adults were obese

 

Morocco

year

Overweight women

Overweight men

Obese women

Obese men

Overweight girls

Overweight boys

Obese girls

Obese boys

1984

18.7%

18.7%

6.4%

1.6%

 

 

 

 

1992

22.3%

 

10.5%

 

 

 

 

 

2000

33.0%

28.0%

18.3%

5.7%

 

 

 

 

2003

 

 

12%

12%

 

 

 

 

2004

40%

40%

 

 

 

 

 

 

2013

 

 

32.8%

32.8%

 

 

 

 

Obesity rates 1984/5 were average 4.1% for all adults; 5.5% in the urban population and 2.6% in the rural population.

Obesity rates 1998/9 were average 10.3% fir all adults; 12.2% in the urban population and 7.4% in the rural population.

Obesity rates, 2000 were average 13.3% of all people aged over 20.

Obesity varied geographically, (2000), from 10% in the north-west of the country to 49% in the (poorer) south.  Laayoune Province in the south had obesity rates for all adults of 75%.  Obesity rates also rose with age.

 

Namibia,

2003, 5% adults were obese.

2014, 35.0% of adults were overweight or obese.

 

Nauru

year

Overweight women

Overweight men

Obese women

Obese men

Overweight girls

Overweight boys

Obese girls

Obese boys

1987

 

 

70.0%

65.0%

 

 

 

 

2014

92.0%

 

92.0%

 

 

 

 

 

2017

 

 

 

 

 

 

33.4%

33.1%

 

 

Netherlands

year

Overweight women

Overweight men

Obese women

Obese men

Overweight girls

Overweight boys

Obese girls

Obese boys

1981

30%

37%

6%

4%

 

 

 

 

1991

 

 

7%

5%

 

 

 

 

2000

45%

55%

7.5%

7.5%

 

 

 

 

2004

42%

51%

12.0%

10.0%

19.5%

13%

4.5%

3%

2017

 

 

12.8%

12.8%

 

 

 

 

 

New Zealand

year

Overweight women

Overweight men

Obese women

Obese men

Overweight girls

Overweight boys

Obese girls

Obese boys

1990

 

 

11.0%

11.0%

 

 

 

 

2000

 

 

15.0%

19.5%

 

 

 

 

2007

 

 

26.5%

26.5%

 

 

 

 

2017

 

 

31.6%

31.6%

 

 

15.0%

17.5%

 

Nicaragua

2014, 58.0% of adults were overweight or obese.

 

Norway

year

Overweight women

Overweight men

Obese women

Obese men

Overweight girls

Overweight boys

Obese girls

Obese boys

1998

 

 

6.0%

6.0%

 

 

 

 

2002

41.0%

63.0%

8.3%

8.3%

21.0%

21.0%

 

 

2005

 

 

9.0%

9.0%

 

 

 

 

2008

 

 

10.0%

10.0%

 

 

 

 

2017

 

 

12.0%

12.0%

 

 

 

 

 

Panama

2003, 37% of adults are obese.

 

Papua New Guinea

Obesity (1987) was high in urban areas; 54% for women and 36% for men.  However in the rural highland areas it was around 5% for both sexes.

2014, 48.0% of adults were overweight or obese.

 

Paraguay

1992, 39% of adults (42% of men and 36% of women) were overweight. A further 29% of adults (23% of men and 36% of women) were obese.

2003, 30% of adults are obese.

 

Peru

1996, 41% of adults (42% of men and 40% of women) were overweight. A further 12% of adults (7% of men and 16% of women) were obese.

Peru’s regional obesity figures (1996) were:-

Coastal, 11% men, 23% women

Mountain, 5% men and 9% women

Amazon forest (mainly Indian ethnic), 1% men and 9% women

Lima urban, 12% men and 25% men

2003, 32% of adults were obese.

2014, 58.0% of adults were overweight or obese.

 

Philippines, 2003, 3% of adults obese.

 

Poland,

year

Overweight women

Overweight men

Obese women

Obese men

Overweight girls

Overweight boys

Obese girls

Obese boys

1993

 

 

8.9%

6.3%

 

 

 

 

2000

 

 

11.4%

11.4%

 

 

 

 

2003

 

 

15%

6.5%

6%

6%

6%

4%

2010

 

 

15.8%

17.3%

 

 

 

 

2017

 

 

16.7%

16.7%

 

 

 

 

Obesity is more prevalent in the eastern (poorer) regions of Poland.

 

Portugal

year

Overweight women

Overweight men

Obese women

Obese men

Overweight girls

Overweight boys

Obese girls

Obese boys

1996

31%

41%

15%

13%

 

 

 

 

2000

 

 

11%

11%

 

 

 

 

2004

39%

39%

14%

14%

 

 

 

 

2010

 

 

15.4%

15.4%

 

 

 

 

2017

 

 

16.6%

16.6%

 

 

 

 

 

Puerto Rico

2014, 28.0% of children were obese

 

Romania

year

Overweight women

Overweight men

Obese women

Obese men

Overweight girls

Overweight boys

Obese girls

Obese boys

2002

59.0%

60.0%

 

 

 

 

 

 

2010

 

 

8.0%

7.6%

 

 

 

 

2014

57.6%

57.6%

 

 

 

 

 

 

2016

 

 

22.5%

22.5%

 

 

 

 

2017

 

 

 

20.5%

 

 

 

 

 

Russia

2002, 52% of women and 42% of men were overweight

2003, 18% of adults (10% men, 25% women) obese, and 6% of children were overweight. 

2004, 11% men and 27% women were obese.

2016, 23.1% of adults were obese.

 

St Lucia,

2007, 57.3% of adults were overweight or obese

 

Samoa

Obesity (1991) was high in urban areas; 77% for women and 58% for men.  It was also relatively high in rural areas; 59% for women and 42% for men

 

Sao Tome e Principe

2014, 37.0% of adults were overweight or obese.

 

Saudi Arabia

year

Overweight women

Overweight men

Obese women

Obese men

Overweight girls

Overweight boys

Obese girls

Obese boys

1996

27.0%

29.0%

24.0%

16.0%

 

 

 

 

2003

 

 

20.0%

13.0%

 

 

 

 

2006

31.8%

42.4%

44.0%

26.4%

 

 

 

 

2013

 

 

 

 

30.5%

30.5%

 

 

 

Serbia

2002, 16% of children were overweight or obese

2003 40% of women and 35% of men were obese

2016, 21.5% of adults were obese.

 

Slovakia

year

Overweight women

Overweight men

Obese women

Obese men

Overweight girls

Overweight boys

Obese girls

Obese boys

2000

 

 

22.4%

22.4%

 

 

 

 

2002

43%

67%

 

 

10.0%

10.0%

 

 

2005

35%

35%

17.6%

17.6%

 

 

 

 

2010

 

 

15.7%

14.5%

 

 

 

 

2017

 

 

16.3%

16.3%

 

 

 

 

 

Slovenia

year

Overweight women

Overweight men

Obese women

Obese men

Overweight girls

Overweight boys

Obese girls

Obese boys

2010

 

 

16.3%

17.3%

 

 

 

 

2016

 

 

20.2%

20.2%

 

 

 

 

2017

 

 

19.2%

19.2%

 

 

 

 

 

Solomon Islands

2014, 68.0% of adults were overweight or obese.

 

South Africa

In South Africa a rapid shift towards a western-style diet with much ‘junk food’ and burgers has colluded with a culture where visible excess weight can be seen as indicating health and wealth, to produce a rapid rise in obesity levels towards USA levels. “In parts of South Africa the density of fast food outlets is almost as high as California”, said Tessa Van Der Merwe, the chair of the South African society for the Study of Obesity (Guardian, 3/11/2004, p.16).

AIDS - An additional factor is that being underweight may be associated with being HIV positive, the disease is actually called ‘slim’ in parts of Africa. Especially, rapid weight loss is associated with AIDS.

Even before AIDS, being overweight, especially amongst Black women, was seen as a sign of prosperity and of being well cared for by the husband.

It is feared that between 2004 and 2025, Type-II diabetes may double amongst Black South Africans.

Racial breakdown of overweight / obese people in South Africa, 2005

BLACK

Overweight – Women, 43%.  Men, 41%.

Obesity - Women, 32%.  Men, 8%

COLOURED

Overweight – Women, 39%.  Men, 39%.

Obesity - Women, 27%.  Men 7%.

INDIAN

Overweight – Women, 16%.  Men, 30%.

Obesity - Women, 21%.  Men, 6%.

WHITE

Overweight – Women, 21%.  Men, 39%.

Obesity - Women, 21%.  Men, 17%

1998, 57% of women and 29% of men were obese or overweight

2003, 19% adults (9% men, 29% women) obese

 

year

Overweight women

Overweight men

Obese women

Obese men

Overweight girls

Overweight boys

Obese girls

Obese boys

1980

57.0%

 

24.0%

 

 

 

 

 

2003

 

 

 

 

25.0%

6.9%

5.3%

2.2%

2010

73.0%

62.0%

 

 

 

 

 

 

2014

41.0%

41.0%

26.8%

26.8%

 

 

 

 

 

Spain

year

Overweight women

Overweight men

Obese women

Obese men

Overweight girls

Overweight boys

Obese girls

Obese boys

1987

 

 

7.7%

7.7%

 

 

 

 

1997

 

 

12.9%

12.9%

 

 

 

 

2000

 

 

13%

13%

27%

27%

 

 

2005

35%

35%

15%

11%

 

 

14%

14%

2010

56%

56%

14.4%

17.0%

27%

27%

 

 

2012

 

 

16.9%

16.9%

 

 

 

 

2017

 

 

16.7%

16.7%

 

 

 

 

 

Geography and obesity

Obesity tended to be higher in the southern provinces of Spain (Obesity Review, 5, 2004, pp.171-2). 16.9% of adults in the southernmost province, Andalucia, were obese, and the three neighbouring provinces all scored between 13.8% and 15% obesity rates. The Madrid region scored 11.9% obesity, as did most of Spain’s north-west regions, excepting the northern Atlantic-coastal regions, where rates were again around 14-16%.  Cataluna province in the far north east scored 10.8% obesity; the lowest rate was Navarra in the north, with 7.5% obesity. There is a negative correlation between regional GDP and obesity rates; the poorer are more obese.

 

Income, gender, and obesity

In Spain, obesity declines with higher income deciles (Costa-Font et al, Food Policy, Vol.33, 2007, pp.61-73).  Amongst women, 24% of the lowest income decile were obese against just 6% in the highest decile.  However the income variation amongst men was far less marked.  Between 13% and 15% of men in all seven lowest deciles were obese, and this only declined to a 10% obesity rate in the highest decile. 

 

South Korea, see Korea, South

 

Swaziland

2014, 50.0% of adults were overweight or obese.

 

Sweden

year

Overweight women

Overweight men

Obese women

Obese men

Overweight girls

Overweight boys

Obese girls

Obese boys

1985

 

 

5%

5%

 

 

 

 

2000

 

 

8%

8%

 

 

 

 

2005

16.7%

16.7%

10.7%

10.7%

 

 

 

 

2008

 

 

10.2%

10.2%

 

 

 

 

2012

 

 

11.8%

11.8%

 

 

 

 

2017

 

 

12.3%

12.3%

 

 

 

 

 

Switzerland

year

Overweight women

Overweight men

Obese women

Obese men

Overweight girls

Overweight boys

Obese girls

Obese boys

1992

 

 

5.3%

5.3%

 

 

 

 

1997