Yemen; key historical events 9-20

Page last modified 3/9/2020

 

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Choropleth map, % growth Islamic population by country 1960 – 2000.

 

11/2019, Separatists and the Yemen Govermnent signed a power-sharing agreement to end the conflict.

1/2018, Yemeni separatists backed by the United Arab Emirates took control of Aden.

31/12/2017, Cholera cases in Yemen, since April 2017, now stood at 994,751, with 2,226 cholera deaths, out of a total population of 28 million. Worst hit was the Yemeni port city of Al Hodeida, with nearly 150,000 cholera cases in a population of 400,000.

12/2017, Houthi rebels turned against Saleh.

11/2017, Saudi forces tightened their blockade after a rocket from Yemen fell near Riyadh.

1/2017, The UN estimated the death toll in Yemen as 10,000.

2015, Houthi forces, backed by Iran and against Saudi Arabia, captured the Yemeni port of Al Hodeida.

3/2015, Saudi-led coalition forces bombed Houthi forces, in support of Hadi’s government.

26/1/2015, Saudi Arabia led air strikes against Houthi rebels in Yemen. Houthi forces seized the Presidential Palace and Hadi fled to Aden, Yemen’s second city.

9/2014, Houthi rebels took control of most of Sana’a and allied with pro-Saleh forces.

8/2014, Fuel process rose sharply, provoking protests against Hadi.

27/2/2012, Protests in Yemen connected with the Arab Spring forced the resignation of President Ali Abdullah Saleh.

3/6/2011, Yemeni President Ali Abdullah Saleh fled the country.

3/2/2011, Arab Spring protests in Yemen. Adb Rabbu Mansour Hadi, Saleh’s former deputy, took over control.

1/2011, Protests against President Ali Abdullah Saleh, who had been in power since 1978.

3/1/2010, The UK and USA closed their embassies in Yemen due to threats of civilian unrest and Al Quaeda activity.

2009, Yemeni Army began a new offensive against Houthi rebels in sorthern  Saada Province.

11/2008, Opposition rally in Sanaa, warning shots fored by police.

9/2008, Al Quaeda attacked the US Embassy in Sanaa, killimg 12 people.

1/2007, Houthi rebellion began in the north.

2006, President Saleh was re-elected.

2004, A rebellion by supporters of dissident cleric Hussein al Houthi began in the north. The rebellion ended in 2005 with a pardon for the rebels.

12/10/2000, Suicide bombers rammed a dinghy full of explosives into the side of the US warship USS Cole in Aden, killing 17 sailors.

1997, President Saleh’s General People’s Congress (GPC) won an absolute majority in general elections.

7/7/1994, Troops from North Yemen occupied Aden in the south.

3/2/1992, The discovery of the lost city of Ubar, dated around 2000 BC, in the Arabian desert on the Omar-Yemen border, was announced.

1991, The Yemeni Government opposed US-led action in Iraq. As a result, Yemeni workers were expelled from Saudi Arabia.

22/5/1990, The leaders of the Yemen Arab Republic and the People’s Democratic Republic of Yemen agreed to merge their two countries.

1987, Oil production began in Yemen.

1980, Ismail was replaced by the more moderate Ali Nasir Muhammad.

24/6/1978, The President of North Yemen was killed by a bomb as he received the credentials of a new ambassador from South Yemen. The radical Abdalfarrah Ismail came to power.

1974, Army coup in the Yemen Arab Republic.

28/11/1972, North and South Yemen agreed to unify.

27/9/1972, Border fighting between North and South Yemen.

1970, South Yemen was renamed the People’s Democratic Republic of Yemen, after a Marxist coup.

30/11/1967. The British withdrew from Aden, and the Republic of South Yemen was formed. Frontier fighting between Aden and (North) Yemen had been a drain on the British military since 1964.

21/3/1963, Aden joined the South Arabian Federation.

9/1962, Brigadier Adbullah-al-Sallal seized power from the autocratic Imam Ahmad of North Yemen. In subsequent fighting, Egypt backed him against Saudi forces who supported the Imam.

2/5/1958, State of Emergency declared in Aden.

9/3/1958, Yemen merged with the United Arab Republic to form the United Arab States.

16/1/1957. UK forces repelled an attempted invasion of the colony of Aden by Yemeni forces. Aden was annexed from Yemeni territory by the British in 1839 as a military stronghold and naval fuelling station. Yemeni forces managed to overrun some villages just inside Aden but were repelled by ground based rockets and air fire.

1/11/1955, Yemen signed a five year treaty of friendship with the USSR, in Cairo.

2/12/1947, Anti-Jewish riots broke out in the British colony of Aden (90% Muslim, 5% Jewish, 5% other). 82 Jews, 38 Arabs and 3 others were killed.

1/4/1937, Aden, administered by the British Government in India since 16/1/1839, became a Crown Colony.  Aden was useful to Britain as a coaling station on the way to India, and there was an oil refinery there.

1918, North Yemen gained indeoendence as the Ottoman Empire was dissolved. Imam Yahya was the first ruler.

1849, The North Yemen area came under Ottoman rule.

16/1/1839. The British took over Aden, annexing it to British India.  This followed the mistreatment of a British crew shipwrecked there in 1837 and the Sultan’s failure to sell the town to the British as promised by his father.

630, Muslim forces occupied the Yemen area.

525, Ethiopia conquered Yemen.

 

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