Chronography of Sri Lanka)
See also India region
18/5/2009, The Sri Lankan civil war ended, after over
25 years, with the defeat of the Tamil Tigers. 80,000 people had died in the war.
2007, Sri Lankan troops cleared Tamil rebels from the east coast.
100 died in Sri Lanka when the Tamil Tigers hit a military convoy with a truck
2006, The Tamil
Tigers began a bombing campaign, in breach of the 2002 ceasefire.
2004, The Tamil
Tigers gained control of the east coast.
6/10/2003, Sri Lankan
schoolchildren protested at the abduction of 25 of their classmates by the Tamil Tigers.
This drew worldwide attention to the plight of child soldiers.
22/2/2002. A Norwegian-mediated
began in Sri Lanka. Civilian flights to Jaffna resumed, and the Tamils
dropped their demand for a separate State.
was injured in an assaniation attempt; she was re-elected.
1/5/1993, President Ranasinghe Premadasa of Sri Lanka
was assassinated by a Tamil suicide bomber.
15/7/1990, Tamil Tigers killed 168 Muslims in Colombo, Sri Lanka.
24/3/1990, Indian peacekeeping troops pulled out of
Sri Lanka. Tamil
15/2/1989, The United
National Party won the Sri Lankan parliamentary election.
2/1/1989, Ranasinghe Premadasa was sworn in as President
of Sri Lanka.
1/5/1988. Tamil guerrillas set off a land
mine in Sri Lanka under a bus, killing 26 passengers.
9/11/1987, A bomb explosion in Colombo, Sri Lanka,
4/8/1987, Tamil rebels in Sri Lanka agreed to surrender arms
to the� Indian peacekeeping force.
29/7/1987, President Jatawardene of Sri Lanka and Indian
Prime Minister Rajiv
Gandhi (mediator in the Tamil conflict) signed a Treaty to end Tamil
violence in Sri Lanka. A semi-autonomous Tamil homeland in northern Sri Lanka was proposed,
and recognition of the Tamil Tigers as a political Party once they had
Indian peacekeeping force was to police the agreement.
18/5/1986, Sri Lankan forces attempted to gain control
over the Jaffna Peninsula in the north, held by Tamil rebels.
2/6/1985, President Jayawardene of Sri Lanka discussed
violence in his country with Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi.
violence spread across Sri Lanka.
30/11/1984, Tamil Tigers
began a purge of Sinhalese from north east Sri Lanka, killing 127 people.
clashes between Tamils
and Sinhalese in Sri Lanka.
28/7/1983, Sri Lanka
imposed a ban on political parties advocating partition of the island between Tamils
Prisoners in Welikaldi jail killed 52 Tamil inmates in their cells.
25/7/1983, The Sri Lankan
Government imposed a curfew following attacks on the Tamil community.
on a bus were lynched by a Sinhalese mob.
23/7/1983, Civil war began in Sri Lanka. Following an attack
by Tamil Tigers
on 13 Sinhalese spoldiers, after a provocation, this day a mob of Sinhalese attacked
homes, businesses and factories. The police and military colluded.
4/2/1978, Junius Jayawardene became President of Sri
1977, In Sri Lankan elections, Tamil Separatists
won all the seats in the Tamil areas.
1975, The Tamil Tiger rebel group was formed.
22/5/1972. Ceylon, a
self-governing dominion since 4/2/1948, became a republic within The
Commonwealth, and adopted the new name of Sri Lanka.
1972, Ceylon officially changed its name to the Sinhalese name of Sri lanka.
27/5/1970, The opposition won elections in Sri Lanka. Mrs
Bandaranaike became Prime Minister,
elections in Ceylon (Sri Lanka), Mrs
Srimavo Bandaranaike lost to Dudley Senanayake.
20/7/1960, General election in Ceylon (Sri Lanka) was won by
the Sri Lanka Freedom Party. Mrs Sirimavo Bandaranaike,
widow of the late Prime Minister assassinated September 1959, became Prime
Minister, She was the first woman Prime Minister of a Commonwealth
25/9/1959, Solomon Bandaranaike, Prime Minister of Sri Lanka from 1956,
was shot by a Buddhist monk in Colombo, for having concluded a trade deal with China; he
died the following day.
27/5/1958, A State of Emergency was
declared in Sri Lanka. This was due to Sinhalese-Tamil riots following the
declaration of Sinhalese, not English, as the official language in 1956.
15/10/1957, The naval
base at Tricomalee was handed over to Sri Lanka by Britain.
7/7/1956, In Ceylon (Sri Lanka), after the electoral victory
of the Freedom Party, Sinhalese replaced English as the official language.
10/4/1956, Solomon Bandaranaike became
Prime Minister of� a United Front
Government of Sri Lanka. He ended the British military and naval presence in
Sri Lanka, but also provoked Tamil riots by attempting to institute Sinhalese as
the only official language.
10/10/1950, The Royal Ceylon Air Force was formed, with
assistance from the RAF.
1949, Indian Tamil
workers in Sri Lanka were stripped of voting and citizenship rights.
4/2/1948. Ceylon became a self-governing dominion; it had been a British
colony since 1802. It achieved full independence on 22/5/1972.
26/9/1947, In Ceylon (Sri
Stephen Senanayake became Prime Minister.
8/1/1899, Solomon Bandaranaike, Sri Lankan Prime
Minister 1956-59, was born in the capital, Colombo.
1833, English was made the only official language of Ceylon.
1815, The British occupied Kandy, and brought in Tamil labourers from southern India
to work on the tea, coffee and cocnut plantations.
1802, Ceylon became a British colony
under the Peace of Amiens. This formalised Britiush control of areas they
had occupied de facto since 1796.
Before 1796, the Dutch had controlled Ceylon.
United Netherlands surrendered Trincomalee, Sri Lanka, to Britain
1656, The Dutch
took control of Ceylon; their rule lasted until 1796.
1411, Cheng He,
admiral, captured the King of Ceylon and took him back to China.
1017, Ceylon was
conquered by the Chola Empire.
Tamils ejected; civil conflict again.
Further Tamil invasion.
130 BCE � 44
BCE, Further period of civil conflict in Sri Lanka.
Death of Prince
Guttha-Gamani after a 24-year reign.
Sinhalese national hero Prince Guttha-Gamani ejected the Tamils.
Tamils under the Chola leader Elara conquered Sri Lanka. Conflict ceased.
Ongoing civil conflict.
247 BCE, King
Tissa of Sri Lanka converted to Buddhism.
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