Cultural events; Football
Page last modified 31/5/2019
Football is war minus the shooting – George Orwell
13/7/2014, Germany beat Argentina to win the World Cup in Brazil. There had been unrest amongst Brazil’s poor over the money spent on the Games.
2/7/2003. Russian oil tycoon Roman Abramovitch bought Chelsea Football Club.
1995, Middlesborough FC moved to a new ground on the edge of town. Many football clubs were doing the same, capitalising on the sale of former inner city grounds as the UK property market boomed, and getting new state of the art racilities at the same time. Sometimes the club could obtain a sponsorship deal at the same time.
3/3/1998, Panggih Prio Sembodho, Indonesian footballer, was born.
13/2/1994. Liverpool FC signed record £4m shirt sponsorship deal with Danish brewers Carlsberg.
22/9/1993. The Albanian national football team were banned from swapping shirts with their opponents, because the authorities couldn’t afford replacements.
27/2/1993, Alphonse Areola, footballer, was born.
1/11/1992, Reece Brown, English footballer, was born.
3/7/1992, Crystal Dunn, US soccer player, was born.
7/3/1991, Michele Rigione, Italian footballer, was born.
8/10/1989, Armand Traore, French footballer, was born,
4/7/1989, Rodgers Kola, Zambian footballer, was born.
15/4/1989. Football fans were crushed at Hillsborough stadium, Sheffield. 95 Liverpool fans were crushed against steel fences designed to prevent a pitch invasion after police opened gates to let more fans in, to see the semi final of the FA cup. 200 were injured.
7/7/1988, Tottenham Hotspur Football Club paid a record £2 million transfer fee to Newcastle United for Paul Gascoigne.
21/3/1988, Lee Cattermole, English footballer, was born.
3/3/1986, Jed Collins, US football player, was born.
29/5/1985. Europe’s worst football riot saw 41 Italian and Belgian football fans dead at the Liverpool versus Juventas match at the Heysel stadium, Belgium. Spectators were crushed when a wall collapsed under the weight of fans trying to escape rampaging British supporters. On 2/6/1985 FIFA imposed a worldwide ban on British football fans.
11/5/1985. Fire broke out in the main stand of Bradford City football ground, killing 56 spectators and injuring over 170. A cigarette or match ignited accumulated rubbish under the stands.
1/7/1984. Argentina’s football star, Diego Maradonna, was signed by Naples for £1million.
28/10/1980, Alan Smith, English footballer, was born.
14/2/1979, The first £1 million transfer deal in British football. Trevor Francis moved from Birmingham City to Nottingham Forest. Later in 1979 this record was broken when Steve Dudley moved from Wolverhampton Wanderers to Manchester United for £1.45 million, and then Andy Gray moved from Aston Villa to Wolverhampton for £1.47 million.
29/11/1978, Viv Anderson, of Nottingham Forest, became the first Black footballer to play for England.
19/5/1978, Marcus Bent, English footballer, was born.
25/6/1978, Argentina won the World Cup.
2/1/1971. 66 people were crushed to death when a barrier collapsed at Glasgow Ranger’s Ibrox Park ground.
1966, The first £100,000 transfer fee in English football. Alan Ball moved from Blackpool to Everton.
30/7/1966. England beat West Germany 4 – 2 in extra time (towards the end of normal time England were 2-1 ahead, but Germany secured a last-minute equaliser) to win the World Cup at Wembley Stadium, London.
27/3/1966, The football World Cup, which had been stolen a few days earlier, was discovered in a south London garden by a sniffer dog.
1961, The maximum £20 wage for footballers in England was abolished. Johnny Haynes of Fulham became the first player to earn £100 a week (approximately £4,400 a week in 2016 salaries).
30/10/1959, Michael Fiedler, German footballer, was born.
6/2/1958, 7 Manchester United players died when the plane bringing the team home from Belgrade crashed on take-off at Munich Airport. Three club officials and 8 sports journalists were also killed. An eighth team member died of his injuries two weeks later.
1957, A record £70,000 transfer fee was paid by Juventus of Italy for the transfer of John Charles of Leeds United.
18/3/1957, Wolfgang Schilling, German footballer, was born.
30/11/1955, Floodlights were used for the first time at Wembley Stadium, London, towards the end of an international match against Spain.
4/8/1955, The 1955 Mitropa Cup football competition was won by Vörös Lobogó,
16/7/1950, 199,850 people watched the Brazil vs. Uruguay World Cup Final in Rio; a world record for a football match.
1947, The first £20,000 transfer fee in English football, Tommy Lawton moved from Chelsea to Notts County.
9/3/1946, 33 football fans were crushed to death at Bolton Wanderer’s Football Ground when a barrier collapsed.
17/4/1937, A record attendance at a UK football match was set when England played Scotland at Hampden Park, Glasgow; 149,547 were present.
1932, FIFA formally agreed the principle of substitutes.
13/7/1930. The first World Cup football tournament kicked off in Uruguay.
1928, Player’s numbers were introduced.
1928, The first £10,000 transfer fee in English football. David Jack moved from Bolton Wanderers to Arsenal.
25/8/1928, Anfield’s famous Kop terrace at Liverpool football ground opened. It was probably named after the Battle of Spion Kop in the Boer War (1899-1902); ‘kopje’ means ‘small hill’.
18/11/1927. The head of the International Football Association announced the creation of a World Cup.
28/4/1923. The first major sporting event was held at Wembley Stadium; the FA Cup Final. Bolton played West Ham.
1922, The first £5,000 transfer fee in English football. Syd Puddefoot moved from West Ham United to Falkirk.
22/1/1920, Sir Alf Ramsey, England international footballer and manager, was born.
1/2/1914, Stanley Matthews, professional footballer, was born.
19/2/1910. Manchester United played their first Football League match at their new stadium, Old Trafford
1905, The first £1,000 transfer fee in English football. Alf Common moved from Sunderland to Middlesborough.
21/5/1904, The Football Federation (FIFA) was founded in Paris, to obtain greater control of the game at international level.
31/10/1903, Hampden Park, home of Glasgow’s Queen’s Park football ground, was opened.
1902, The first £500 transfer fee in UK football. Alf Common moved from Sheffield United to Sunderland.
9/1/1900, The Italian football club Lazio was founded.
24/8/1892, Goodison Park, the home of Everton Football Club, Liverpool, opened.
1891, Goal nets were first used. Linesmen (now ‘assistant referees’) replaced umpires. The FA adopted the ‘penalty kick’.
17/4/1888, The first formal meeting of the UK Football league took place in the Royal Hotel, Manchester.
22/3/1888. The English Football League was founded by 12 clubs meeting in Anderton’s Hotel, Fleet Street, London.
6/11/1887, Celtic Football Club, Glasgow, was founded by Catholic Irish immigrants, to help the poor of Glasgow’s East End.
20/7/1885, Professional football was legalised in England.
28/1/1884, The first Ireland versus Scotland football international took place at Belfast; Scotland won 5 – 0.
1882, Tottenham Hotspur Football Club was founded.
25/2/1882, The first Wales-Ireland international football match took place at Wrexham. Wales won 7 to 1.
1880, The regional balance of British football was changing. Before this year the Southern teams were strongest, but from 1880 on the Northern clubs, financed by gate money from a growing industrial working class, became pre-eminent.
18/1/1879. The first England v Wales football international was played at The Oval, Kennington, London. England won 2 – 1.
1878, The Irish (now Northern Irish) Football Association was formed.
1878, The referee’s whistle was first used.
1878, Grimsby Town football club was formed.
14/10/1878, The first football match played under floodlights took place at Bramall Lane, Sheffield.
25/3/1876, The first international football match between Scotland and Wales at Glasgow, was won by Scotland, four-nil.
2/2/1876, The Welsh Football Association was formed.
1875, Birmingham City football club was formed.
1875, The crossbar replaced a tape across the top of the goal.
5/11/1875, Blackburn Rovers football club was formed.
7/1874, Bolton Wanderers football club was formed.
3/1874, Aston Villa football club was formed.
1873, Wrexham football club was formed.
13/3/1873, The Scottish Football Association was formed at a meeting attended by representatives from eight clubs.
30/11/1872, The first football international took place at Partick, Glasgow; Scotland and England drew 0 – 0.
1872, The corner kick was introduced to football.
16/3/1872, The first English FA Cup Final took place at the Oval. Wanderers, made up of ex public school and university men, beat the Royal Engineers 1-0. The audience numbered just 2,000.
1871, Reading football club was formed.
1867, Sheffield Wednesday football club was formed.
1866, Chesterfield football club was formed.
1865, Nottingham Forest football club was formed.
1863, Stoke City football club was formed.
8/12/1863, The newly-formed Football Association issued an agreed code of 14 game rules. These included banning tripping, shin-kicking and ball-hamdling.
26/10/1863. The English Football Association formed at a meeting at Freeman’s Tavern in Great Queen Street, London.
1862, Notts County football club was formed.
24/10/1857, A group of Cambridge University Old Boys formed the first Football Club, in Sheffield.
1848, The rules of football were drawn up at Cambridge University.
1457, The Parliament of Scotland banned football, and golf, because they interfered with the sport of archery, which was important for national defence. The ban was lifted in 1491.
1349, In England, King Edward III banned ‘mob football’ (the earliest mention of the word ‘football’) because it was too rowdy and encouraged brawling. Early ‘football’ sides were unlimited in number, and the distance between the goals could be from a few hundred yatrds to a mile or more.
1314, The Lord Mayor of London banned ‘hustling over large balls’ within the city because of the riots it caused.
100AD, Roman soldiers in London played a game called Harpastrum, where two teams tried to force an inflated animal bladder over their opponent’s line.
200 BCE, A Chinese military manual described the game of Tsu Chu, in which a leather ball filled with feathers had to be kicked into a net fixed on bamboo canes. This sport may have been played in China as early as 500 BCE.