Cultural events; sports and games

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Sports events


Chess – see appendix 1 below

Cricket – see appendix 2 below

Football – see appendix 3 below

Golf – see appendix .4 below

Greyhound racing – see appendix 5 below

Horseracing – see appendix 6 below

Rowing  -  see appendix 8 below

Rugby. – see appendix 9 below

Tennis – see appendix 10 below


19/5/2007, In London, the new Wembley Stadium was officially opened.

1/5/1994, Formula One driver Ayrton Senna (born 1960) died in a crash in Italy.

30/9/1991, At the first World Scrabble Championship, held in London, Peter Morris, representing the US, won the first prize of US$10,000. He scored 86 for ‘inhaler’.

20/1/1990, Misaki Yamaguchi, Japanese Olympic swimmer, was born.

30/9/1989, Jordan Taylor, US basketball player, was born.

18/9/1989, Serge Ibaka, basketball player, was born/.

5/12/1988, Elizabeth Gleadle, Canadian Athlete, was born.

26/9/1988. The Canadian sprinter Ben Johnson flew home from the Seoul Olympics in disgrace after being stripped of his 100m medal after failing a drugs test. He had run the 100m 2 days earlier in a record time of 9.79 seconds but was found to have taken steroids. Afterwards Ben Johnson divided his time between his family in Toronto and acting as personal bodyguard for Libya’s Colonel Gaddafi.

11/3/1988, Katsuhiko Nakajima, Japanese professional wrestler, was born.

27/5/1982, Natalya Neidhart, Canadian wrestler, was born.

29/3/1981. The first London Marathon was run, with 6,700 competitors; the Norwegian, Inge Simonsen, won.

31/3/1980, The Black American athlete Jesse Owens died, aged 67. He won 4 medals at the 1936 ‘Aryan’ Olympics in Germany, enraging Hitler, who refused to shake Owens’ hand.

4/10/1974, The American, David Kunst, completed the first round the world trip on foot, 14,450 miles, having started in 1970.

6/9/1974. The stuntman Evel Knievel, a 34 year old former salesman, failed in his attempt to fly a rocket across the Snake River Canyon in Idaho. He plunged 1,500 feet into the river 30 seconds after take off.

1973, Skateboarding became popular in the USA, after the invention of the polyurethane wheel.

5/5/1964, Heike Henkel, German athlete, was born in Kiel.

10/4/1962, The Dodger Stadium, major league baseball’s modern showpiece, opened in Los Angeles, USA.

28/2/1961, Barry McGuigan, world featherweight boxing champion, was born.

2/8/1960, The Continental League, proposed as a third major league for baseball, came to an end after CL President Branch Rickey and co-founder William Shea concluded a meeting in Chicago with representatives of the National League and American League.

29/9/1956, Sebastian Coe, British international athlete, was born in Chiswick, London.

30/5/1955, Jake Smith (Roberts), professional wrestler, was born in Texas.

6/5/1954, Roger Bannister, 25 years old, ran the first mile in under four minutes in 3 minutes 59.4 seconds, on the Iffley Road track in Oxford. The previous record, 4 minutes 1.3 seconds, had stood since 1945. In September 1993 Algerian athlete Noureddine Morceli ran a mile in 3 minutes 44.39 seconds, currently the world record.

28/3/1953, James Francis Thorpe, athlete, died.

10/2/1950, Mark Spitz, champion US swimmer, was born in Modesto, California.

1/3/1949, Joe Louis retired as world heavyweight boxing champion.

16/8/1948, George Herman Ruth, US professional baseball player, died aged 53.

12/1/1947, Joe Frazier, heavyweight boxing champion in the 1970s, was born.

10/6/1946, Jack Johnson, US boxer, died aged 68.

18/12/1942, Cassius Clay, champion boxer, was born in Kentucky.

17/10/1938, Evel Kneivel, US stunt motorcyclist, was born in Butte, Montana.

1936, Basketball became an official Oympic sport, at the Games in Berlin.

25/5/1935. The US athlete Jesse Owens broke 5 world records in one day.

17/9/1929, Stirling Moss, motor racing champion, was born.

23/3/1929, Roger Bannister, the first man to run a mile in under 4 minutes (3 minutes, 59.4 seconds), was born in Harrow, London.

7/1/1927. The Harlem Globetrotters basketball team was founded.

19/7/1925, Italian cyclist Ottavio Bottecchia won the Tour de France for the second straight year.

2/11/1924. The first crossword appeared in a British newspaper, the Sunday Express. It was bought from an American paper, operated by C W Shepherd, where crosswords had appeared 11 years earlier.

9/6/1924, Ed Farhat, professional wrestler, was born in Lansing, Michigan (died 2003).

4/9/1923. Birth of Birmingham politician Lord Howell, Britain’s first Minister for Sport.

3/5/1921, Sugar Ray Robinson, African-American boxer, was born (died 1989)

19/12/1920, The first US indoor curling rink opened, at Brookline, Massachusetts.

1918, Volleyball was introduced to Europe, by US troops.

25/11/1914, Joe Di Maggio, US baseball player who married Marilyn Monroe, was born.

21/12/1913. The world’s first crossword was published, in the New York World, compiled by Liverpool-born Arthur Wynne. The first British crossword appeared on 2/11/1924.

13/10/1903, The first US baseball World Series was won by Boston Red Sox.

1/7/1903, The first Tour de France cycle race began. It was sponsored by Henri Desgrange, the proprietor of a French newspaper, L’Auto, to poach readers from a rival publication, Le Velo, which already staged what were till then the biggest cycle races in France, Bordeaux to Paris and Paris to Brest. The Tour de France, announced in January 1903, was to be 2,500 km long, taking 19 days to complete. Just 21 of the 60 entrants completed the race, competing for prize money totalling 20,000 Francs.

30/4/1901, The game of ping pong was created by James Gibb.

25/1/1895, Wales lost 3 – 0 to Ireland in the first ever hockey international, held at Rhyl in Wales.

20/1/1892, The game of basketball, devised by Canadian doctor James Naismith, was first played at the YMCA in Springfield, Massachusetts.

28/5/1891, The first world weightlifting championships were held at the Cafe Monico in Piccadilly, London.

20/6/1887. Queen Victoria met Annie Oakley, the famous American markswoman who could slice a playing card in two at 30 paces sideways on.

1884, The first set of rules for the game of snooker were drawn up, in India. The game itself dates from the Devonshire Regiment’s HQ in 1875.

2/6/1883, The first floodlit baseball match took place at Fort Wayne in Indiana; the home team played Quincy from Illinois.

1879, First large-scale skiing competition, at Huseby Hill, Oslo, Norway.

1875, The Men’s Hockey Association was formed.

30/6/1859. The great tightrope walker, Charles Blondin, crossed Niagara Falls in eight minutes.  He traversed a rope 1100 feet long, 160 feet above the water.  This was the first crossing of Niagara on a tightrope.

1843, Start of skiing as a sport, at Tromso, Norway.

16/8/1743, The earliest prize-ring code of boxing was drawn up in England by champion fighter Jack Boughton. From 1740, public boxing matches became popular in Britain.

264 BCE, The first accounts of Roman gladiatorial games. They were banned in 325 AD by Emperor Constantine.


Appendix 1 – Chess

17/1/2008, Bobby Fisher, American world chess champion, died aged 64.

25/12/1993, Death of US (Russian-born, 8/2/1940) chess champion, Boris Kogan.

19/12/1987, Gary Kasparov took the world chess title, defeating fellow Russian Anatoly Karpov.

10/5/1974, Anatoly Karpov defeated Boris Spassky to become world chess champion.

17/6/1969, Boris Spassky became world chess champion when he beat Tigran Petrosian.

30/3/1958, Gilles Andruet, French chess player, was born.

23/5/1951, Anatoly Karpov, Russian world chess champion in 1975, was born.

1924, The World Chess League was founded at The Hague.


Appendix 2 – Cricket

7/3/1987, Indian batsman Sunil Gavaskar became the first to scored 10,000 runs in Test Cricket.

5/1/1971, International One Day Cricket began when England played Australia in Melbourne.

21/12/1963, Leeds Rugby Club, the first with undersoil heating, used it during a game with Dewsbury.

24/11/1955, Ian Botham, cricketer, was born.

12/9/1948, Max Walker, Australian cricket player, was born.

1947, Cricket matches in England attracted 2 million paying spectators. This figure dropped to 500,000 by 1970.

16/2/1933, England won the Ashes against Australia using a controversial ‘bodyline’ bowling technique, aiming the cricket ball at the batsman’s legs and body, making the game more dangerous.

25/6/1932, The first England – India test cricket match began at Lords, London.  England won by 158 runs.

4/6.1926, Frederick Spofforth, Australian cricketer, died.

23/10/1915, William Gilbert Grace, cricketer, died this day.

25/7/1914, 66 year old WG Grace batted for the last time in a competitive match, scoring 69 not out.

1907, The International Cricket Council was established (then known Imperial Cricket Conference as the).

27/8/1903, Donald George Bradman, Australian cricketer, was born.

12/5/1890, In the UK, the first ever official County Championship cricket match began in Bristol.  Yorkshire beat Gloucestershire by eight wickets.

5/4/1884, John Wisden, cricketer and compiler of Wisden record books, died in London.

30/1/1883. The Ashes’ were created when after a cricket match in Sydney a bail was burnt and the ashes given to the England side, who had won.

8/4/1882, Warwickshire County Cricket Club was formed at a meeting in the Queen’s Hotel, Coventry.

6/9/1880, The first cricket Test match played in Britain, between England and Australia, took place at The Oval.

25/3/1879, Leicestershire County Cricket Club was formed in Leicester.

31/7/1878, Northamptonshire Cricket Club was founded.

15/3/1877, The first cricket Test Match, in Melbourne between Australia and England, was won by Australia.

14/1/1876, Essex County Cricket Club was founded at a meeting at The Shire Hall, Chelmsford.

18/8/1875, Somerset County Cricket Club was founded.

4/11/1870, Derbyshire County Cricket Club was founded at a meeting in the Guildhall, Derby.

3/3/1865. Worcestershire County Cricket Club was founded at a meeting at the Stag Hotel, Worcester.

2/2/1864, Middlesex County Cricket Club was founded at a meeting at the London Tavern, Bishopsgate.

12/1/1864, Lancashire County Cricket Club was founded in Manchester.

12/8/1863, Hampshire County Cricket Club was founded in Southampton.

8/1/1863, Yorkshire County Cricket Club was founded at a meeting at the Adelphi Hotel, Sheffield.

1/3/1859, Kent County Cricket Club was founded at Maidstone.

18/7/1848, The cricketer W G Grace was born at Downend near Bristol.

22/8/1845, Surrey County Cricket Club was founded at a meeting at The Horns, Kennington.

1/3/1839, Sussex County Cricket Club, the oldest, was founded.

5/9/1826. John Wisden, original compiler of Wisden’s Cricketing Almanac, was born in Brighton, Sussex.

22/6/1814. The first cricket match was played at the present Lords Cricket Ground, between the Marylebone Cricket Club and Hertfordshire.

1744, The first formal code of rules for cricket was drawn up.

1477, An early form of cricket, called ‘hands-in-hands-out’, was banned by King Edward IV of England because it interfered with archery practice.


Appendix 3 – Football

Football is war minus the shootingGeorge Orwell

13/7/2014, Germany beat Argentina to win the World Cup in Brazil. There had been unrest amongst Brazil’s poor over the money spent on the Games.

2/7/2003. Russian oil tycoon Roman Abramovitch bought Chelsea Football Club.

1995, Middlesborough FC moved to a new ground on the edge of town. Many football clubs were doing the same, capitalising on the sale of former inner city grounds as the UK property market boomed, and getting new state of the art racilities at the same time. Sometimes the club could obtain a sponsorship deal at the same time.

13/2/1994. Liverpool FC signed record £4m shirt sponsorship deal with Danish brewers Carlsberg.

22/9/1993. The Albanian national football team were banned from swapping shirts with their opponents, because the authorities couldn’t afford replacements.

27/2/1993, Alphonse Areola, footballer, was born.

1/11/1992, Reece Brown, English footballer, was born.

3/7/1992, Crystal Dunn, US soccer player, was born.

7/3/1991, Michele Rigione, Italian footballer, was born.

8/7/1990, One billion people watched Germany defeat Argentina to win the World Cup.

8/10/1989, Armand Traore, French footballer, was born,

4/7/1989, Rodgers Kola, Zambian footballer, was born.

15/4/1989. Football fans were crushed at Hillsborough stadium, Sheffield. 95 Liverpool fans were crushed against steel fences designed to prevent a pitch invasion after police opened gates to let more fans in, to see the semi final of the FA cup. 200 were injured.

7/7/1988, Tottenham Hotspur Football Club paid a record £2 million transfer fee to Newcastle United for Paul Gascoigne.

21/3/1988, Lee Cattermole, English footballer, was born.

3/3/1986, Jed Collins, US football player, was born.

29/5/1985. Europe’s worst football riot saw 41 Italian and Belgian football fans dead at the Liverpool versus Juventas match at the Heysel stadium, Belgium. Spectators were crushed when a wall collapsed under the weight of fans trying to escape rampaging British supporters. On 2/6/1985 FIFA imposed a worldwide ban on British football fans.

11/5/1985. Fire broke out in the main stand of Bradford City football ground, killing 56 spectators and injuring over 170.  A cigarette or match ignited accumulated rubbish under the stands.

1/7/1984. Argentina’s football star, Diego Maradonna, was signed by Naples for £1million.

28/10/1980, Alan Smith, English footballer, was born.

14/2/1979, The first £1 million transfer deal in British football. Trevor Francis moved from Birmingham City to Nottingham Forest. Later in 1979 this record was broken when Steve Dudley moved from Wolverhampton Wanderers to Manchester United for £1.45 million, and then Andy Gray moved from Aston Villa to Wolverhampton for £1.47 million.

19/5/1978, Marcus Bent, English footballer, was born.

25/6/1978, Argentina won the World Cup.

2/1/1971. 66 people were crushed to death when a barrier collapsed at Glasgow Ranger’s Ibrox Park ground.

1966, The first £100,000 transfer fee in English football. Alan Ball moved from Blackpool to Everton.

30/7/1966. England beat West Germany 4 – 2 in extra time (towards the end of normal time England were 2-1 ahead, but Germany secured a last-minute equaliser) to win the World Cup at Wembley Stadium, London.

27/3/1966, The football World Cup, which had been stolen a few days earlier, was discovered in a south London garden by a sniffer dog.

1961, The maximum £20 wage for footballers in England was abolished. Johnny Haynes of Fulham became the first player to earn £100 a week (approximately £4,400 a week in 2016 salaries).

30/10/1959, Michael Fiedler, German footballer, was born.

6/2/1958, 7 Manchester United players died when the plane bringing the team home from Belgrade crashed on take-off at Munich Airport. Three club officials and 8 sports journalists were also killed.  An eighth team member died of his injuries two weeks later.

1957, A record £70,000 transfer fee was paid by Juventus of Italy for the transfer of John Charles of Leeds United.

18/3/1957, Wolfgang Schilling, German footballer, was born.

30/11/1955, Floodlights were used for the first time at Wembley Stadium, London, towards the end of an international match against Spain.

4/8/1955, The 1955 Mitropa Cup football competition was won by Vörös Lobogó,

30/6/1951, England beat Australia 17 – 0 at Sydney, attaining the highest score ever in a football international.

16/7/1950, 199,850 people watched the Brazil vs. Uruguay World Cup Final in Rio; a world record for a football match.

1947, The first £20,000 transfer fee in English football, Tommy Lawton moved from Chelsea to Notts County.

9/3/1946, 33 football fans were crushed to death at Bolton Wanderer’s Football Ground when a barrier collapsed.

17/4/1937, A record attendance at a UK football match was set when England played Scotland at Hampden Park, Glasgow; 149,547 were present.

13/7/1930. The first World Cup football tournament kicked off in Uruguay.

1928, The first £10,000 transfer fee in English football. David Jack moved from Bolton Wanderers to Arsenal.

25/8/1928, Anfield’s famous Kop terrace at Liverpool football ground opened.  It was probably named after the Battle of Spion Kop in the Boer War (1899-1902); ‘kopje’ means ‘small hill’.

18/11/1927. The head of the International Football Association announced the creation of a World Cup.

28/4/1923. The first major sporting event was held at Wembley Stadium; the FA Cup Final.

1922, The first £5,000 transfer fee in English football. Syd Puddefoot moved from West Ham United to Falkirk.

22/1/1920, Sir Alf Ramsey, England international footballer and manager, was born.

1/2/1914, Stanley Matthews, professional footballer, was born.

19/2/1910. Manchester United played their first Football League match at their new stadium, Old Trafford

1905, The first £1,000 transfer fee in English football. Alf Common moved from Sunderland to Middlesborough.

21/5/1904, The Football Federation (FIFA) was founded in Paris, to obtain greater control of the game at international level.

31/10/1903, Hampden Park, home of Glasgow’s Queen’s Park football ground, was opened.

1902, The first £500 transfer fee in UK football. Alf Common moved from Sheffield United to Sunderland.

9/1/1900, The Italian football club Lazio was founded.

24/8/1892, Goodison Park, the home of Everton Football Club, Liverpool, opened.

17/4/1888, The first formal meeting of the UK Football league took place in the Royal Hotel, Manchester.

22/3/1888. The English Football League was founded by 12 clubs meeting in Anderton’s Hotel, Fleet Street, London.

6/11/1887, Celtic Football Club, Glasgow, was founded by Catholic Irish immigrants, to help the poor of Glasgow’s East End.

20/7/1885, Professional football was legalised in England.

28/1/1884, The first Ireland versus Scotland football international took place at Belfast; Scotland won 5 – 0.

1882, Tottenham Hotspur Football Club was founded.

25/2/1882, The first Wales-Ireland international football match took place at Wrexham. Wales won 7 to 1.

1880, The regional balance of British football was changing. Before this year the Southern teams were strongest, but from 1880 on the Northern clubs, financed by gate money from a growing industrial working class, became pre-eminent.

18/1/1879. The first England v Wales football international was played at The Oval, Kennington, London.  England won 2 – 1.

1878, Grimsby Town football club was formed.

14/10/1878, The first football match played under floodlights took place at Bramall Lane, Sheffield.

25/3/1876, The first international football match between Scotland and Wales at Glasgow, was won by Scotland, four-nil.

2/2/1876, The Welsh Football Association was formed.

1875, Birmingham City football club was formed.

5/11/1875, Blackburn Rovers football club was formed.

7/1874, Bolton Wanderers football club was formed.

3/1874, Aston Villa football club was formed.

1873, Wrexham football club was formed.

13/3/1873, The Scottish Football Association was formed at a meeting attended by representatives from eight clubs.

30/11/1872, The first football international took place at Partick, Glasgow; Scotland and England drew 0 – 0.

16/3/1872, The first English FA Cup Final took place at the Oval. Wanderers, made up of ex public school and university men, beat the Royal Engineers 1-0.

1871, Reading football club was formed.

1867, Sheffield Wednesday football club was formed.

1866, Chesterfield football club was formed.

1865, Nottingham Forest football club was formed.

1863, Stoke City football club was formed.

8/12/1863, The newly-formed Football Association issued an agreed code of 14 game rules. These included banning tripping, shin-kicking and ball-hamdling.

26/10/1863. The English Football Association formed at a meeting at Freeman’s Tavern in Great Queen Street, London.

1862, Notts County football club was formed.

24/10/1857, A group of Cambridge University Old Boys formed the first Football Club, in Sheffield.

1457, The Parliament of Scotland banned football, and golf, because they interfered with the sport of archery, which was important for national defence. The ban was lifted in 1491.

1349, In England, King Edward III banned ‘mob football’ (the earliest mention of the word ‘football’) because it was too rowdy and encouraged brawling. Early ‘football’ sides were unlimited in number, and the distance between the goals could be from a few hundred yatrds to a mile or more.

1314, The Lord Mayor of London banned ‘hustling over large balls’ within the city because of the riots it caused.

100AD, Roman soldiers in London played a game called Harpastrum, where two teams tried to force an inflated animal bladder over their opponent’s line.

200 BC, A Chinese military manual described the game of Tsu Chu, in which a leather ball filled with feathers had to be kicked into a net fixed on bamboo canes.


Appendix 4 – Golf

7/7/1944, Tony Jacklin, British golf champion, was born in Scunthorpe, North Lincolnshire.

17/10/1860. The first professional golf tournament was held at Prestwick, Scotland. It was won by Willie Park.

1791, The Burntisland Golf Club was founded.

1787, The Glasgow Golf Club was founded.

1786, The Crail Golfing Society was founded.

1780, The Royal Aberdeen Golf Club was founded.

1774, The Royal Musselburgh Golf Club was founded.

1766, The Royal Blackheath Golf Club was formed.

1761, Bruntsfield Links Golf Club was formed.

14/5/1754, The Royal and Ancient (St Andrews) Golf Club was founded. The first game was played on the links this day.

1744, The Honourable Company of Edinburgh Golfers (Muirfield) was founded.

1735, The Royal Burgess Golfing Society of Edinburgh was founded.

6/3/1457, King James II of Scotland banned golf, because it distracted men from archery training. There was a constant threat of invasion from England, The ban was reiterated in 1471 and 1491, and was not formally lifted until 1744.


Appendix 5 – Greyhound racing

2013, Annual attendance at Britain’s dog racing tracks had fallen to 2 million. In 1960 it was 16 million, down to 4 million in 1993 and 3 million in 2006. The number of tracks in Britain has fallen from 64 in 1960 to 25 in 2013. In 1961 dog racing tracks lost their betting monopoly when UK Parliament allowed betting shops to open, for the first time since the 19th century. The rise of TV and the Internet also eroded attendance.

16/8/2008, The dog racing track at Walthamstow, London, held its last meeting. This left Wimbledon as the last dog racing track in the London area.

10/12/1927, As greyhound racing grew in popularity, London’s third racecourse opened, at Wembley, to join those at Haringey and White City. Harringey stadium closed in 1987 to make way for a Sainsbury superstore.

20/6/1927, Greyhound racing began at London’s White City Stadium.

24/7/1926. The first greyhound racing track was opened by Brigadier Critchley, at Belle Vue in Manchester.

7/10/1876, The first greyhound race with an artificial hare, the Hendon Cup, was run at the Welsh Harp, Hendon, London.


Appendix 6 – Horseracing

2/4/1977, Red Rum became the first horse ever to win three Grand Nationals.

28/11/1967. Horseracing was suspended in Britain because of an outbreak of Foot and Mouth Disease.

1/6/1953. Gordon Richards became the first jockey to be knighted.

1949, The first annual Badminton eventing competition.

27/3/1925, Double Chase won the 84th Grand National horse race at Aintree Racecourse near Liverpool, England.

24/3/1922. Only 3 of the 32 horses in the Grand National finished the race.

16/3/1915, Britain’s Jockey Club decided that the War should not stop horse racing.

1903, In Britain, the Jockey Club took action against the doping of horses.

3/6/1896, King Edward VII (then Prince of Wales) won the Derby on a horse called Persimmon.

1857, The Longchamps horseracing track opened in the Bois de Bolougne, Paris.

26/2/1839. The Grand National at Aintree, Liverpool, was first run.

4/5/1780. The first Derby horse race was run, at Epsom.

24/9/1776. The oldest of the classic horse races, the St Leger, was first run at Doncaster.

17/8/1711. Ascot became ‘Royal’ after the attendance of Queen Anne at the horse races.

11/8/1711, The first Royal Ascot horse race took place, attended by Queen Anne.

1636, Newmarket horse race course was established.

9/2/1540. The first recorded horse-racing meeting in Britain took place on Roodeye Field (now Roodee), Chester.

1174, The first recorded horse races in England.


Appendix 8  - Rowing

18/3/1984, The Oxford and Cambridge boat race was run on a Sunday for the first time. The day before, the race had been abandoned because the Cambridge boat had been damaged in a collision.

25/3/1978, In the Oxford-Cambridge boat race, the Cambridge boat sank.

19/7/1969, John Fairfax became the first person to row the Atlantic when he arrived at Fort Lauderdale, Florida, after 180 days at sea.

26/3/1951, Cambridge won the Boat Race. The race had been rerun after Oxford’s boat sank on 24/3/1951.

28/3/1925, In the Boat Race, the Oxford boat sank.

28/3/1912, In the Boat Race, both Oxford’s and Cambridge’s boats sank. The race was re-run.

24/3/1877, The only dead-heat in the history of the Oxford-Cambridge Boat Race took place.

1856, The Oxford-Cambridge boat race became an annual event.

14/6/1839. The first Henley regatta, on the Thames, took place. See 26/3/1839.

26/3/1839, The annual Henley rowing regatta was inaugurated. The first regatta was held on 14/6/1839.

10/6/1829. The first Oxford and Cambridge boat race took place, 2 ¼ miles from Hambledon Lock to Henley Bridge. It was won easily by Oxford.

1/8/1715, Doggett’s Coat and badge race first run on the Thames.


Appendix 9  - Rugby

2/10/1909. The first Rugby match at Twickenham was played – Harlequins versus Richmond.

29/8/1895. The Rugby League was formed at a meeting at the George Hotel in Huddersfield.

22/10/1878, The first rugby match to be played under floodlights was held at Broughton, Lancashire; they played Swinton.

27/3/1871. The first international rugby match was played between Scotland and England at Edinburgh; Scotland won.

26/1/1871. The Rugby Football Union was founded in London, England, by 20 clubs.


Appendix 10 – Tennis

7/7/1990, Martina Navratilova beat Zina Garrison to win a record 9th Wimbledon women’s singles.

19/9/1988, Thiemo de Bakker, Dutch tennis player, was born.

4/7/1982, The men’s finals of Wimbledon were scheduled for a Sunday for the first time. Jimmy Connors beat his fellow-American John McEnroe.

14/6/1969, Steffi Graf, tennis champion, was born.

18/10/1956, Martina Navratilova, tennis champion, was born in Prague.

28/11/1945, Dwight F Davis, founder of the Davis Cup tennis tournament, died.

9/8/1938, Rod Laver, Australian tennis player, was born.

1922, King George V opened the new concrete tennis stadium at Wimbledon, seating 15,000.

1/3/1913, The International Lawn Tennis Federation was set up at a meeting in Paris attended by 13 countries.

5/7/1879, Dwight F Davis, US Secretary for War 1925-29, who donated the Davis Cup for tennis, was born in St Louis, Missouri.

9/7/1877. The first lawn tennis championships were staged at Wimbledon, at the original site at Worple Road.

23/2/1874, Major Walker Wingfield patented the game of lawn tennis, under the name of ‘Sphairistike’, a version of the Greek for ‘playing ball’. Between July 1874 and June 1875, 1,050 of his tennis sets were sold.


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