Chronography oi Vehicle manufacturers and models

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If I had asked customers what they wanted, they would have said faster horsesHenry Ford


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5/7/2017, Volvo announced that it would stop making petrol and diesel only cars within two years, thereafter only manufacturing only electric or hybrid cars, There were rising concerns over vehicle pollution, exacerbated by the Volkswagen emissions scandal, and the Mayor of London, Siddiq Khan, predicted that within eight years, all diesel and petrol cars could face a �24 charge to enter London.

17/3/2010, LTI, the last motor manufacturing plant in Coventry since 2008, announced that it would be shifting production of its taxi cab body and chassis to China, but still shipping them to Coventry for the final assembly.

7/4/2005, MG Rover, the UK�s last volume car maker, went into receivership after a planned alliance with Chinese car manufacturer Shanghai Automotive Industry Corporation fell through.

31/1/1994 German car manufacturer BMW announced the purchase of Rover from British Aerospace for US$ 800 million.

2/12/1993. A planned merger between Renault of France and Volvo of Sweden fell through.

1989, Ford bought the Jaguar company for UK� 1.6 billion.

26/8/1989, The Mini celebrated its 30th birthday. In 1959 just 20,000 were made; in 1970 the figure was 381,000, after the car had won several rallies and been adopted by public figures such as John Lennon, Peter Sellers, Twiggy and Marianne Faithfull.By 1992 5.3 million Minis had been sold.

9/3/1987, The Chrysler Motor Corporation announced its purchase of the ailing American Motors Corporation.

8/9/1986, In Sunderland, the Japanese car maker Nissan opened a factory.

1985, Fiat bought the Alpha Romeo company.

1984, Jaguar (UK) was privatised.

8/10/1980. British Leyland launched its successful Mini Metro.

7/1/1980, In the US, the Chrysler Corporation Loan Guarantee Act became law. It had been passed, reluctantly, by Congress to avert the hundreds of thousands of job losses that would have resulted if Chrysler had gone bust, along with supporting industries. By 1979 Chrysler was losing 6-8 million dollars a day. The rescue deal included US$ 1.5 billion in Federal Loan Guarantees, along with numerous concessions from other parties interested in Chrysler�s survival, including bankers, the unions and dealers. Chrysler avoided bankruptcy and slowly regained profitability.

17/2/1972, The German Volkswagen Beetle outsold the US Ford Model T, with over 15 million cars sold.

1968, British Leyland was formed by Leyland Motors (commercial vehicle manufavcurer, formed in 1898) absorbing Rover and the British Motor Corporation. In 1975 the company was close to collapse and was bailed out by the Government; due to poor industrial relations it continued to lose money until privatised in the 1980s.

22/8/1963, Lord Nuffield, founder of Morris Motors, died, aged 84.

3/1/1961. The millionth Morris Minor car came off the assembly lines in Britain.

19/6/1960, Jaguar took over the Daimler motor company.

18/8/1959, The British Motor Corporation�s Mini car was launched. At �500 including Purchase Tax, it was short on luxuries, but affordable with a nippy engine and its small size made it was convenient for town driving.

31/10/1957, Toyota began exporting vehicles to the USA, beginning with the Toyota Crown and the Toyota Land Cruiser.

28/9/1953, Ford unveiled their new Anglia and Prefect car models.

1952, The British Motor Corporation was formed by a merger of Austin and Morris. It was itself taken over by British Leyland in 1968.

24/11/1951, British motor manufacturers Austin and Morris announced a merger.

30/1/1951. German motorcar engineer Ferdinand Porsche died.

1948, Porsche sports cars were developed by Ferry Porsche, son of Ferdinand Porsche.

12/10/1948. First Morris Minor came off the production line at Cowley, Oxfordshire.The car was designed by Alex Issigonis.

30/4/1948. First Land Rover exhibited at the Amsterdam Motor Show.

1946, Vespa motorcycle scooters went on sale in Italy.

6/6/1941, Louis Chevrolet, American car designer, died.

23/5/1941, Herbert Austin, British motor mechanic and manufacturer of the Austin car, died near Bromsgrove.

4/4/1941, Andre Michelin, French industrialist who built the first factories that mass-produced tyres, died in Paris.

23/11/1940, The Willys-Overland company launched its new General Purpose vehicle, known as a jeep (GP)., for the US army.

26/5/1938, The first Volkswagen came off the assembly line at the factory at Wolfsburg, Germany.

7/2/1938, Harvey Firestone, tyre manufacturer, died in Miami, Florida.

26/2/1936 The Volkswagen car factory in Saxony was opened by Adolf Hitler. The Volkswagen or �people�s car� was designed by Ferdinand Porsche of Auto Union.

3/7/1935. Death of the French engineer Andre Citroen.

8/3/1934. The new Volkswagen was unveiled at the Motor Show in Germany, priced at �61.

1933, The Nissan car company was founded in Japan.

22/4/1933, Sir Frederick Henry Royce, English car manufacturer of Rolls Royce cars, died.

1/8/1928, The Morris Minor car was launched.

29/5/1928. In the USA, the Chrysler and Dodge motor companies merged.���������

10/11/1927. General Motors announced the largest dividend in history, US$ 62million.

1926, The Mercedes-Benz company was formed through a merger of the Daimler and Benz car manufacturers.

6/6/1925. Walter P Chrysler founded the Chrysler Motor Company in Detroit.

28/3/1924, Total was founded as the Compagnie Fran�aise des P�troles (CFP), the "French Petroleum Company". Petroleum was seen as vital in the case of a new war with Germany.

1919, First Alpha Romeo sports car produced.

1917, The BMW company was founded.

1913, The French motor car company Citroen was founded as a gear cutting firm by motor engineer Andre Gustave Citroen (1878-1935). It began making low-price cars in 1919. It was taken over by Peugeot in 1974.

28/3/1913. The first Morris Oxford car left the factory at Cowley, near Oxford.

15/11/1911, The Chevrolet car company was founded in Detroit, USA,

4/2/1911, Rolls Royce adopted the Sprit of Ecstasy statuette on their cars, made in Derby, England.

1908, The first Bugatti car was produced by Ettore Bugatti (1881-1947). However the first famlous Bugatti, Type 35, was not produced until 1924.

16/9/1908. Buick and Oldsmobile merged to form General Motors.

12/8/1908, The Model T Ford began rolling off the production line. Priced at US$ 825, the cost was kept low by mass production using standardised parts. Instead of one man assembling an entire car, each worker preformed just one task as the car moved along a conveyor belt. By this production line method, the time to assemble a car was cut from 14 hours to 2. To motivate his workforce, Henry Ford raised wages from US$ 2.34 for a 9 hour day to US$ 5 for an 8 hour day. Productivity improvements meant Ford could reduce the car�s price to US$ 300. Over 15 million Model Ts were built and by the time production ceased in 1927 half the cars in the US were Fords.

20/11/1906. Charles Rolls and Henry Royce formed the car company Rolls Royce Ltd. The Silver Ghost Rolls Royce was first produced, setting a standard in luxury cars.

1905, The Austin Car Company was founded by Herbert Austin, at Longbridge, near Birmingham, UK.

1903, The Vauxhall Car Company was established in Vauxhall, south London. In 1905 it moved to Luton, Bedfordshire. In 1925 the company was bought by General Motors, USA.

9/6/1903, In Germany, the Daimler Motor Company factory at Cannstadt was destroyed by fire.

16/1/1903, The first saloon car, the Duryea, appeared at the Stanley Motor Show.

17/10/1902, The first Cadillac car, made in Detroit, was sold in the USA.

1901, The first Mercedes car was produced.

1890, Daimler Motoren Geselschaft was founded by Gottleib Daimler at Bad Cannstatt, Germany.

21/8/1901. In Detroit, USA, the Cadillac motor company was founded.

1898, The Renault car company was founded. It was nationalised in 1944.

1895, The Czech car company Skoda was founded, originally as a bicycle manufacturer.

4/3/1887, The first Daimler cars appeared on the road.

1885, The Peugeot company was founded, originally making bicycles, by Armand Peugeot (1849-1915). Peugeot made its first steam car in 1889; in 1890 it produced its first petrol-driven car, using a Daimler engine. The company bought the Citroen company in 1974, and bought out the European operations of US firm Chrysler in 1978.

18/2/1898, Enzo Ferrari, racing car driver and manufacturer, was born.

15/9/1881, Ettore Bugatti, car engineer, was born.

5/2/1878, Andre Citroen, French automobile engineer, was born.

27/8/1877, Charles Stewart Rolls, partner of Rolls Royce, was born in London.

3/9/1875, Ferdinand Porsche, motor car engineer, was born.

8/11/1866. The Birmingham car manufacturer Herbert Austin was born in Little Missenden.

12/3/1866, Giovanni Agnelli, founded of the FIAT (Fabrica Italiano Automobili Torino) was born. He founded the FIAT company in 1899.

27/3/1863. Sir Frederick Henry Royce, co-founder of the Rolls Royce Motor Company, was born in Alwalton, near Peterborough, the son of a miller.

15/12/1861, Edgar Charles Duryea, US car manufacturer, was born near Canton, Illinois (died 28/9/1938 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania).


Ford Motor Company

7/1/1993.Ford unveiled its new family car, the Mondeo.

12/3/1980, The Ford Motor Company was acquitted of three reckless-homicide charges, after a Ford Pinto was involved in an accident in which its petrol tank caught fire.

2/12/1927, Ford�s Model A car went on sale as the successor to the Model T.

1915, The Ford Motor Company produced over 500,000 Model T cars this year. The second largest US car manufacturer, Willys-Overland, produced 91,780 cars, up from 18,200 in 1910.

1912, The Ford Motor Company, which accounted for over 22% of total US car sales, was producing 310,000 cars a year. The assembly line techniques introduced at the Ford Motor Factory in 1913 reduced the man-hours required to build a car from 12.5 hours to 1.5 hours.

23/7/1903, The Ford Motor Company sold its first car, costing US$850, it could reach 30 mph.

16/6/1903. The Ford Motor Company was founded.


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