Philippines; key historical events
Page last modified 6/2/2021
10/5/2016, Duterte (born 28/3/1945) was elected President of the Philippines.
30/12/2015, The Philippines said it will join the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank despite disputes between it and the bank's founder, China.
2005, Peace talks between the government and Islamic separatists.
2002, Bomb attacks blamed on Islamic extremists.
19/1/2001, Gloria Arroyo became President of the Philippines.
2000, President Joseph Estrada was impeached for corruption. His deputy, Gloria Arroyo, became President.
1998, Joseph Estrada became President.
1996, Peace agreement made with MNLF secesionists.
24/9/1993. In the Philippines, Imelda Marcos was jailed for 18 years for corruption.
30/6/1992, Fidel Ramos became President of the Philippines. The USA withdrew from Subic Bay base.
10/8/1965, The agreement between the United States and the Philippines on U.S. military bases was formally amended, returning exclusive jurisdiction over the Port of Manila and the city of Olongapo to the Philippines, and ceding more than 1,200 km2 of territory back to the Philippine government.
1956, Maria Corazon married Benigno Aquino.
30/8/1951, The US and The Philippines concluded a mutual defence pact.
4/7/1946, The Philippines became independent from the USA.
1944, US troops landed in the Philippines, liberating it from the Japanese.
1942, The Hukbalahap (Huks) was formed, a peasant guerrilla army to fight the Japanese. After World War Two, the US and the Philippine Government made efforts to suppress the Hukbalahap.
For main events of World War Two in the Pacific see China/Japan
1941, Japan invaded the Philippines.
1935, The Sakdalista Movement began, to combat unequal land distribution and heavy taxes. The movement was quickly suppressed.
1935, The Philippines became a Commonwealth under an elected President. By 1941, under US President Taft, the Philippines enjoyed a democratically-elected Senate, an indepenedent judiciary and an indigenous civil service. The US promised full independence for 1945, but the Japanese invasion interrupted this.
11/9/1917, Ferdinand Marcos, President of the Philippines, was born.
4/7/1902, The US suppressed a rebellion in the Philippines.
4/7/1901, The US Republican, Taft, was appointed Governor of the Philippines, replacing a former military government with civilian rule. He announced an amnesty for all former rebels who took an oath of allegiance to the USA.
4/6/1900, The Battle of Makahambus Hill took place near Cagayan de Oro City in the Philippines. This was the first victory of the Filipino soldiers against the American occupation forces.
1898, The USA seized control of the Philippines from Spain, and destroyed the Spanish fleet there.
1897, Andres Bonifacio was executed on the orders of a court set up by a rival rebel leader, Emilio Aguinaldo. Later this year, Aguinaldo was exiled to Hong Kong; Aguinaldo retirned to the Philippines in 1901, was captured, and later fought against the US occupying forces.
1896, Katipunan launched a revolution against Spanish rule. The pro independence writer, Jose Rizal, was executed by the Spanish,
1892, The Katipunan (Sons of the People) movement began in the Phulippines, led by Andres Bonifacio.
14/4/1617, At the Second Battle of Playa Honda, the Spanish navy defeated the Dutch in the Philippines.
1594, Lisbon closed its spice market to Dutch and English traders; at this time Portugal was in personal union with Spain, both being ruled by Philip II, and England was helping the Dutch to gain independecnce from Spain. This forced traders from those countries to get their spices directly from India, and the creation of the Dutch East India Company followed.
19/5/1571, Manila was founded by Miguel Lopez de Legazpe.
13/2/1565, Spain began the colonisation of the Philippines, initially claiming the central island of Cebu. However they shifted focus to Luzon, making Manila the capital in 1571.
7/4/1521, Ferdinand Magellan arrived at Cebu.
16/3/1521, Ferdinand Magellan sighted the Philippine Islands.