1994, The Paraguayan Congress
tried, but failed, to limit the power of the military.
1993, President Juan Carlos Wasmosy
was elected president of Paraguay
3/2/1989, General Stroessner
of Paraguay was ousted in a coup after eight terms and 35 years in office. General Andres
Rodriguez, previously close to Stroessner, took control.
1973, Brazil and
Paraguay agreed to build a large hydro-electric dam on the Parana River at
Paraguay�s closure of its border with Argentina, some 1,000 revolutionaries
crossed form Argentina into Paraguay. They penetrated several kilometres before
being repulsed. Paraguay�s Government�
now declared a State of Emergency. There were six further attempted
guerrilla incursions form Argentina during 1960, and unrest in southern
9/1959, President Stroessner ordered the closure of
the Paraguayan border with Argentina, fearing insurgency form that country.
1954, President Stroessner was formally �elected�.
5/5/1954, General Alfredo
Stroessner led a successful revolt, backed by the Army and Liberals,
2/3/1954, President Lopez of Paraguay
died, aged 54, as Asuncion. General Alfredo Stroessner was later �elected�
in his place; he gave refuge to Nazi war criminals.
Frederico Chavez, President of Paraguay since 1949, was re-elected,
despite a weak sconomy.
6/6/1948, A 6-year period of political
instability began, with a successful military coup against President Morinigo. Paraguay
then had 6 different Presidents during the next 15 months.
10/10/1938, A meeting of Latin
American Presidents awarded most of the Chaco Boreal to Paraguay, whilst
providing that Bolivia should have a trade route to the Atlantic via the
11/3/1936. Paraguay set up America�s
first Fascist regime.
21/7/1938, The Peace Treaty of Buenos Aires formalised
the end of the Chaco War. Paraguay retained mpost of the Chaco region, and
Bolivia was given access to the Atlantic via the Paraguay and Parana Riversand
the use of Puetrto Casada as a free port.
and Paraguay signed an armistice to end their 3 year war over the disputed
Chaco area. This war had claimed 35,000 lives for the Chaco Boreal, a
wasteland of some 100,000 square miles west of the Paraguay River, the subject
of a dispute between Paraguay and Bolivia since 1825. Bolivia, deprived of its
coastal territories since the Pacific
War with Chile, wanted to use the Chaco as a shipping route for its oil
exports, and to exploit the oil reserves of the Chaco itself. Bolivian troops
invaded in 1928. Skirmishes continued between incoming Bolivians and the
Paraguayans already in The Chaco, until Paraguay launched a major offensive in
1932 and formally declared war in May 1933. Initially the larger and better-trained Bolivian army, under the German
General Hans von Kundt �had success, capturing Fort Boqueron in June
1933. However in 1934 Paraguay began a national mobilisation, seeing the Chaco
ias its own land. Under Colonel Jose felix
Estegarribia the Paraguayans gained the upper hand, capturing much
Bolivian land. By 1935 both sides were weary of war, so agreed an
armistice. See 15/6/1932.
17/11/1934, Paraguay captured the key Bolivian fort of
10/5/1933. Paraguay formally declared war on Bolivia.
Chaco war broke out. Bolivian troops attacked Paraguay. The dispute had
been exacerbated by the issue of a Paraguayan postage stamp bearing a map with
the Chaco labelled as �Chaco Paraguayo�, along with the provocative words �Ha sido, es, y sera�(Has been, is, and will be). The war
lasted until 1935, see 12/6/1935.
16/9/1929. Bolivia and Paraguay signed an agreement to
end their 10 month border dispute.
6/12/1928, Border clashed beteween Bolivia and
Paraguay ovet the Chaco region began.
15/8/1920, Manuel Gondra was inaugurated as President of
Stroessner, President of Paraguay, was born.
Schaerer became� the 26th
President of Paraguay. He served a full four-year term.
War of the Triple Alliance
signed a peace treaty with Argentina and Brazil, ceding 55,000 square miles of
territory to these two countries.
1/4/1870, Francisco Lopez,
Commander in Chief of the Paraguayan Army, was killed as he attempted to escape
from an ambush by Brazilian forces.
1/3/1870, President Lopez of Paraguay was killed.
For map of earlier
territories held by Paraguay, see https://www.timemaps.com/history/argentina-1837ad/
31/12/1868, The Triple Alliance forces occupied Asuncion, capital of Paraguay.
1867, Triple Alliance forces slowly
pushed up the Paraguay River, capturing the strategic fortress of Humaita as
Paarguayan forces fell back to Angostura and Ypacarai. In late 1867 the
Paraguyan capital, Asuncion was seized and sacked by Brazilian forces. Lopex
now fled to the countryside anfd continued a guerrilla war in noirthern and
eastern Paraguay until his death in 1870.
22/9/1866, President Lopez of Paraguay won the Battle of
Curupayti, afte several defeats by the Triple Alliance., but this was ony a
temporary respite for him.
1/5/1865. Brazil, Argentina, and
Uruguay formed a triple alliance against Paraguay. This war began when Paraguayan
President Lopez tried to force a pro-Paraguayan President on the
people of Uruguay. Brazil intervened in support of the legitimate candidate,
declared war on Brazil. He also declared war on Argentina, for refusing passage
for his troops across its territory, and for good measure declared war on
Uruguay too. A few months later Brazil had sunk the Paraguayan navy in the
Parana River and by 1867 the alliance�s land forces under Argentine General
Bartolome Mitre had penetrated deep into Paraguayan territory. By January 1869
the Paraguayan capital Asuncion lay in ruins and two thirds of the adult
population of Paraguay, 300,000 people, were either dead or missing.
18/4/1865, Uruguay joined Argentina in fighting
13/4/1865, Lopez, dictator of Paraguay, seized two
Argentine warships, and the next day occupied the Argentine town of Corrientes.
12/11/1864, Paraguay seized a Brazilian arms ship.
31/8/1864, President Francesco Lopez of Paraguay issued
an ultimatum to Brazil
not to interfere in Uruguay. In October 1864 Brazil invaded Paraguay.
10/9/1862, Carlos Lopez, dictator of
Paraguay, died aged 75. He was succeeded by his 36-year-old son, Francisco Lopez.
17/7/1852, Argentina recognised the
independence of Paraguay.
1842, Carlos Antonio Lopez became dictator, ruling
20/9/1840, Jose Francia, dictator of
Paraguay from 1814, died.
24/7/1826, Francisco Solano Lopez, son of
Paraguayan dictator Antonio Lopez and Commander in Chief of the
Paraguayan Army from 1845, was born
1814, Jose Gaspar Rodriguez Francia, �El Supremo�,
came to power. Initially elected to serve three years, he obtained dictatorship
for life. He was anti-Church, he ruled the country harshly, but free from
corruption, until 1840. He was the first of three dictators.
proclaimed itself independent. It became a dictatorship, essentially
isolated from the rest of the world.
4/11/1790, Carlos Antonio Lopez, dictator of Paraguay
1840-62, was born.
1767, The Jesuits, who had arrived in Paraguay
in 1588 to convert the Amerindians, were expelled.
5/7/1731, Jose de Antequera y Castro (1690-1731), who
resisted the autocratic rule of the Spanish monarchy ovetr its colony of
Paraguay, was captured in Lima, Peru, and executed by the Spanish this day.
1721, Paraguay achieved
temporary independence from Spain as Jose de Antequera led a revolt. Spain regained
control in 1731.
1617, Hernando Arias de Saavedra,
Governor of Rio de la Plata province, split Paraguay off from Argentina.
1537, Asuncion was founded by
the Spanish explorer, Juan de Salazar. It was established as a fort
to enable further exploration of South America, in search of silver. The
Guarani, a settled farming people, assisted the Spanish to settle, because the
Spanish conquered the southern Chaco area, home to nomadic peoples who raided
was first settled by the Spanish.
1526, The Spanish first explored the upper reaches of the
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