Norway; key historical events

Page last modified 1/4/2020

 

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See also Finland

See also Scandinavia

See also Sweden

 

For main European events of World War Two see France-Germany

See also Russia for more events of Finland-Russia conflict 1939-40

 

22/7/2011, Anders Behring Brevik shot 77 people on Utoya Island as a protest against immigration to Norway.

22/8/2004, Edvard Munch’s famous painting, The Scream, was stolen at gunpoint from Norway’s Munch Museum, Oslo.

28/11/1994, Norwegians, in a referendum, rejected membership of the EU, for a second time.

17/1/1991. King Olaf V of Norway died, aged 87. He was succeeded by his 53-year-old son, Harald V.

30/10/1990, In  Norway, Gro Harlem Brundtland formed a minority Labour government.

29/10/1990, The coalition government in Norway resigned.

1986, Large demonstrations, by over 100,000, for improved worker conditions.

1985, Norway agreed to suspend commercial whaling. However it later allowed fishing for Minke Whale, and the export of whale products.

3/2/1981, Gro Harlem Brundtland became the first woman Prime Minister of Norway.

30/4/1977, Red Adair successfully put out an oil rig fire in the Norwegian sector of the North Sea.

1975, Norway met the recommended UN target of 0.7% of GDP each year for international development, and has kept this up since then. Aid is sent to Africa, south and central Asia, and more recently, Eastern Europe.

1/11/1975, 3 died and 6 were injured in an explosion aboard the Ekofisk A oil rig.

26/9/1972. Norway voted in a referendum against joining the Common Market.

17/3/1971, In Norway, Per Borten's Cabinet ended its term in government, replaced by Bratteli's First Cabinet.

30/12/1968, Trygve Lie, Norwegian ambassador and Secretary-General to the UN, 1946 to 1952, died.

1967, Norway considered, for a second time, joining the Common Market.

1962, Norway unsuccessfully applied to join the Common Market.

1960, Norway joined the European Free Trade Area (EFTA),

21/9/1957, Norway’s King Haakon VII died, aged 85, after a 52-year reign.  Born 1872, he became King in 1905. Known as the ‘people’s King’, he dispensed with much of the pomp and ceremony of royalty. He refused to abdicate when the Nazis invaded Norway in 1940, and carried on the resistance from England when further armed resistance in Norway was impossible. His son, aged 54, succeeded him as King Olav V.

1949, Norway became a founder member of NATO.

31/5/1945, The Norwegian Government returned to govern in Oslo, having been in exile in London.  King Haakon returned from London a week later.

1942-1945, Norway was under Nazi occupation, during World War Two.

20/3/1935, Following elections in Norway, Labour formed a government with Johan Nygaardsvold as Prime Minister.

16/10/1933, In Norway, the Labour Party won the general elections. Labour won 69 seats, Conservatives 30 seats, Liberals 24 seats, Farmers Party 23 seats, Others 4 seats.

25/1/1933, In Norway, a L:iberal Government succeeded the Agrarian Party administration.

8/5/1931, In Norway the Farmers’ Party was in power.

13/5/1930, Fridtjof Nansen, Norwegian Arctic explorer and subsequently politician, and Nobel Prize winner in 1922, died in Lysaker, Norway.

17/10/1927, Norway elected its first Labour government.

1925, Norway gained Spitsbergen.

1/1/1925. Norway’s capital, Christiana, reverted to its historic name of  Oslo.

9/2/1920, By a treaty signed in Paris, Norway was given sovereignty over Svalbard (Spitsbergen).

6/10/1919. Norway adopted alcohol Prohibition.

25/9/1919, The Paris Peace Convention awarded sovereignty of the Spitzbergen Islands to Norway.

15/5/1912, Crown Prince Christian, brother of King Haakon VII of Norway, was proclaimed as King Christian X of Denmark.

8/12/1907, King Oscar II of Sweden died, aged 78, after a 35-year reign; he also ruled Norway until 1905. His eldest son, Gustav V, 49, became King, and ruled until 1950.

18/11/1905. Prince Carl of Denmark was chosen to be King Haakon VII of Norway.

26/10/1905. Norway and Sweden ended their union. King Oscar II of Sweden formally abdicated the crown of Norway.

13/8/1905, A referendum in Norway found 80% agreed with the separation from Sweden.

7/6/1905. Norway declared independence from Sweden (see 4/11/1814).  Since the end of the Napoleonic Wars, Norway had been a self-governing subject of the Swedish Crown. In 1905 the provincial parliament voted to cut off relations with Sweden, and a plebiscite backed the move by 386,208 to 184 votes. In 1397 Margaret I succeeded in uniting Denmark, Norway and Sweden. In 1527 Gustav I cancelled that union, and Norway was ruled by Denmark until 1814, when it was ceded to Sweden under the Treaty of Kiel. Calls for Norwegian independence grew, especially after the adoption of universal suffrage in 1898.

22/1/1904, The Norwegian city of Alesund burned down, leaving 12,000 homeless.

23/9/1896, Ivar Aaasen, Norwegian philosopher, died in Christiania, (born in Sondmore, 5/8/1813).

16/7/1896, Trygve Lie, Norwegian politician and Secretary General at the United Nations, was born in Oslo.

1884, The Norwegian Labour Party was founded, as Norway began to transition from an agricultural to an industrial society.

27/3/1882, Peter Asbjornsen, Norwegian folklorist, died in Christiansand.

3/8/1872, King Haakon VII of Norway was born in Charlottenlund. He refused to surrender to the Germans in World War Two.

21/1/1829, Oscar II, King of Sweden and Norway, was born.

4/11/1814, Norway united with Sweden, see 7/6/1905.

17/5/1814, The independence of Norway (from Denmark) was proclaimed.

5/8/1813, Ivar Aaasen, Norwegian philosopher, was born in Sondmore (died in Christiania, 23/9/1896).

3/3/1813, Britain agreed with Sweden that it would not oppose a union of Sweden and Norway.

15/1/1812, Peter Asbjornsen, Norwegian folklorist, was born in Christiania.

24/12/1715, Swedish troops occupied Norway.

1/1/1559, Christian III, King of Denmark and Norway, died aged 55 after a reign of nearly 24 years. He was succeeded by his 24-year-old son as Frederick II, who reigned for 29 years.

1533, King Frederick I of Denmark died aged 62. He was succeeded as King of Denmark and Norway by his 30-tear-old son, who ruled as King Christian III until 1559.

1513, King John I of Denmark (who was also King John II of Sweden, 1497-1501), died after a 32-year reign. He was succeeded by his 32-year-old son as King Christian II of Denmark and Norway, but Sweden refused to accept his rule.

21/5/1481, Christian I, King of Denmark and Norway, died (born 1426) and was succeeded by his son John (1481-1513).

28/10/1412, Margaret, Queen of Denmark, Norway, and Sweden, died.

20/6/1397. The Union of Kalmar united Denmark, Norway, and Sweden under one monarch. See 1380.

1380, Hakon, King of Norway, died. His surviving wife was Queen Margaret (born 1353, married 1363, and daughter of Waldemar III, King of Denmark). Her son Olaf died in 1387, which meant she became ruler of Denmark also. She defeated Albert, King of Sweden, thereby gaining that country too. Margaret then instituted the Union of Kalmar, 1397, to permanently unite these three countries. Margaret died in 1412.

8/7/1319, Three-year-old Magnus Eriksson was elected king of Sweden, thus uniting it with Norway. His mother Ingeborg of Norway was given a place in the regency in both Sweden and Norway.

31/8/1314, King Hakon V Magnusson moved the capital of Norway from Bergen to Oslo, where he built Akershus Fortress. Norway ws ruled from this fortress the next 500 years.

15/12/1263, Haakon IV, King of Norway, died.

1070, Bergen, Norway, was founded by Olaf Kyrre.

1063, Haakon the Old, King of Norway from 1217, born 1204, died.

1048, Oslo was founded by Harold Haadraade.

1047, Magnus I died after 12 years rule as King of Norway and five years as King of Denmark. He was succeeded I Norway by Harald Haadraade, 32, who ruled until 1066 as Harald II. In Denmark he was succeeded by Sweyn Estrithson, grandson of Sweyn Forkbeard, who ruled until 1075 as Sweyn II.

10161035, Under King Canute the Great, all of Scandinavia and England were united.

9/1000, Alarmed by the growing power of Olaf Tryggvason, King of Norway, King Sweyn Forkbeard of Denmark, King Olaf Eriksson of Sweden and Earl Eirik Hakonarson of Lade united to eliminate him. Olaf travelled to Wendland to seek allies,but his fleet was caught by the three allies off Svolder Island (probably, modern Rugen). Most of Olaf’s mercenary fleet abandoned him, and he was drowned when he jumped ship and his men surrendered. However the allied affort was in vain, because within 35 years Norway was a united Christian Kingdom under Olaf’s son Magnus.

961, Haakon the Good, King of Norway from ca. 945 (born ca. 914), died.

907, The city of Trondheim,Norway, was founded.

872, For a few centuries earlier, the Kings of Vestfold had been consolidating their power, uniting the small statelets of south-eastern Norway by war, marriage and diplomacy. This process alarmed neighbouring rulers, who resolved to eradicate the current monarch, King Harald Fairhair. To achieve this, King Erik of Hordeland, King Sulke of Rogaland, King Kjotve the Rich of Agder and Earl Sote united and formed a fleet which sailed south to find Harald. Harald was with his fleet in Hafrsfjotd, a large bay near Stavanger that had a narrow entrance Hardald’s ships met the invading fleet at this entrance and despatched them one at a time; however ome famous warrior, Thor Haklang, managed to get alongside Harald’s ship and actually board it. Nevertheless, Thor was killed, and his loss demoralised the allies, who retreated back north. Harald’s position was strengthened and he was able now to extract tribute from the areas of northern Norway which he did not actually rule. This date is considered by some to be the origin of the State of Norway.

517, The first documented Viking raid on Gaul. The Viking King Hygelac was killed and his fleet defeated.

8,000 BCE, Start of hunter-gatherer peoples in Scandinavia, as the climate warmed.

 

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