Cultural events; Newspapers and Comics
Page last modified 23/7/2021
Useful media and newspaper links, If you know of any other links that would be useful here please send them to email@example.com
Al Jazeera, https://www.aljazeera.com/
BBC News, https://www.bbc.co.uk/news
Daily Mail, https://www.dailymail.co.uk/home/index.html
The Economist (past issues) https://www.economist.com/printedition/covers?print_region=76981
Financial Times, https://www.ft.com/
The Guardian,� https://www.theguardian.com/theguardian
- Guardian Notes & Queries, https://www.theguardian.com/theguardian/series/guardian-weekly-notes-and-queries
Russia Today, https://www.rt.com/
New Scientist, https://www.newscientist.com/
Sky News, https://news.sky.com/
The Telegraph, https://www.telegraph.co.uk/
The Times, https://www.thetimes.co.uk/
30/9/2005, A Danish newspaper, Jyllands-Posten, published controversial cartoons of the prophet Mohammed.
1992, In Britain the Weekly Journal, a publication amed at Black professionals, was launched. It had a circulation of 25,000 in 1998.
1992, Lord Snooty was dropped from The Beano.
8/4/1992, Punch magazine published its last issue. However it was resurrected in 1996.
25/3/1992, United Newspapers announced the closure of Punch magazine, after 150 years of publication.
1990, In Britain, the Independent on Sunday and The European newspapers were launched.
13/12/1990, The Northern Echo newspaper, Darlington, UK, became the first paper to appear on CD-ROM.
5/10/1990, After 150 years, The Herald newspaper in Australia ceased publication in Melbourne, Australia.
1988, In Britain, Hello! Magazine was founded, a version of the Spanish !Hola! periodical. It reports good news about famous people.
1/11/1988, Batman�s faithful sidekick, Robin, was killed off by The Joker after a reader�s poll of DC Comics voted he should go.
1987, The Times and Sunday Times moved offices from Fleet Street, central London, to Isle of Dogs, Docklands. In 1986 they had also opened a neew print plant in Manchester.
6/10/1986, In Britain a new newspaper, The Independent, began publication.
4/3/1986, The first issue of the newspaper �Today� appeared; it was published by Eddie Shah. It was Britain�s first daily newspaper to be printed in colour.
1983, The Asian Times was established in the UK for the Asian Community, In 1998 it had a circulation of just over 30,000.
1982, The Mail on Sunday began publication.
1981, The Caribbean Times, a weekly newspaper, was established. By 1998 it had a circulation of 24,500.
12/2/1981, Rupert Murdoch bought The Times.
1980, The London Evening News closed. The Evening Standard became The Standard.
1979, The subversive magazine Viz began publication.
13/11/1979, The Times reappeared after a year�s absence.
30/11/1978, The Times stopped publication because of an industrial dispute. Industrial relations problems continued at The Times until 13/11/1979.
1/11/1978, The British newspaper The Daily Star went on sale in the north and midlands.� It was owned by Express newspapers.
14/10/1973, Edmund A. Chester, US journalist, died.
1972, Gay News, the largest-circulation homosexual newspaper in Britain, began publication. It ceased publication in 1983, biut was incorporated in Gay Times in 1984.
11/5/1971. The British newspaper, The Daily Sketch, appeared for the last time. It was merged with the Daily Mail, which had changed from broadsheet to tabloid format.
13/2/1970, The first edition of The Irish Post, which has the largest circulation of a British newspaper for Great Britain's Irish community, was published.
11/1/1968. A new magazine, Student, hit Britain�s newsstands. Its publisher, Richard Branson, hoped the new magazine would become the voice of Britain�s youth.
2/5/1966, The Times carried news headlines on its front� page instead of advertising for the first time. See 1939.
3/1965, Penthouse Magazine began publication in New York, by publisher Robert Guccione, aged 38. The magazine grew to overtake Hugh Heffner�s Playboy in sales in 1975.
15/9/1964, The Sun was first published. See 16/4/1912. It failed to prosper and was bought by Rupert Murdoch in 1969. The Page Three Girl appeared in 1970. The Sun became mpore popular and overtook its main rival The Mirror in readership in 1976. In 1992 both papers had just under 3.7 million readers.
14/9/1964. The British daily newspaper, The Herald, closed and was replaced by The Sun.
9/6/1964. British newspaper tycoon Lord Beaverbrook died, aged 85.
14/9/1963, The first issue of The Hornet, boy�s comic, was published.
8/7/1963, The Fred Bassett cartoon first appeared in The Daily Mail.
4/2/1962. The Sunday Times became the first paper to issue a colour supplement. The idea was expected to fail.
25/10/1961. The satirical magazine Private Eye was published for the first time.
5/2/1961. The Sunday Telegraph began publishing.
17/10/1960, The British daily newspaper News Chronicle ceased publication and was incorporated into the Daily Mail.
10/1957, The consumer magazine Which had its first issue. Kettles were reviewed in ther first issue, and subsequently two manufacturers revised their designs to fit with thye consumer recommendations. Which�s membership reached 100,000 by 1958, and the magazine began appearing monthly instead of quarterly. By 1991 there were nearly one million members.
5/8/1957, The Andy Capp cartoon first appeared in The Mirror newspaper.
4/3/1957, Jim Dwyer, American journalist was born in New York (died 2020)
1956, The New Scientist began publication, a popular science journal.
21/7/1953, The first meeting of the Press Council, in London.
14/8/1951, Randolph Hearst, US newspaper magnate, died in California.
12/3/1951, Dennis The Menace first appeared in the USA. He first appeared in the UK in The Beano on 17/3/1951.
1950, Peak daily newspaper sales in the UK of 17 million copies, with total UK population of around 50 million.
16/3/1950, The Gambols cartoon first appeared in The Daily Express.
1948, The Daily Mirror had a circulation of 4 million, up from 1.5 million in 1939.
1947, In Germany, Der Speigel began publication.
19/12/1944, The French newspaper Le Monde began publication in Paris.
31/3/1940, Britain rationed paper supplies� to the publishing and printing industries.
1939, The Daily Telegraph became the first London paper to break tradition and have news, rather than advertisements, on the front page. The Guardian followed in 1952, and The Times in 1966.
29/7/1938. The first edition of The Beano comic was published.
18/4/1938, The Superman hero first appeared in print in the US.
4/12/1937, The Dandy was first published, featuring Desperate Dan.
1937, The Daily Telegraph (founded 29/6/1855) amalgamated with the Morning Post.
1937, Daily newspaper sales in the UK stood at 10 million (UK population then around 48 million).
23/11/1936, The first edition of Life magazine appeared.
28/6/1935. The first Rupert Bear cartoon appeared in The Daily Express. It was drawn by Albert Bestall, who had taken over from Rupert�s creator Mary Tourtel.
10/3/1935, The Bill Holman comic strip Smokey Stover ran for the first time in the Chicago Tribune.
17/2/1933, Newsweek began publication.
7/1/1934, The comic book hero Flash Gordon made his debut in the USA.
1933, Hotspur comic for boys was first launched. It published until the early 1980s.
11/3/1931. Birth of Australian media magnate Rupert Murdoch.
21/2/1931 The New Statesman began publishing.
1/2/1930. The Times published its first crossword.
1929, The BBC began publishing The Listener, a weekly magazine to preserve in print the best of its radio talks. In the 1950s The Listener had a circulation of around 150,000 but had fallen to less than 20,000 by 1990, and the last issue was published in January 1991.
10/1/1929, Tin Tin first appeared in Le Vingtieme Siecle, Belgium.
1925, The New Yorker was first published, founded by Harold Ross.
10/7/1925, The TASS news agency was founded in Russia.
1923, In London the Radio Times began publication. Its circulation reached 9 million by 1950.
10/6/1923. Robert Maxwell, newspaper owner, was born in Solotvino, eastern Czechoslovakia, as Ludvick Hoch.
1922, Krokodil, a political satire magazine, began publication in Moscow.
14/8/1922, Lord Alfred Harmsworth, British newspaper publisher who launched the London Evening News, Daily Mirror, and The Times, died.
8/11/1920, Rupert Bear first appeared in the Daily Express.
26/6/1919, The New York Daily News began publication.
29/12/1918, In Britain the Sunday Express newspaper was first published.
31/8/1916, Danish news tabloid BT began publishing in Copenhagen.
1915, The Sunday Mirror was launched.
1914, The Sunday Post Special was launched in Glasgow, and renamed the Sunday Post in 1919.
1913, In Britain the New Statesman began publication.
16/4/1912, The Daily Herald began publication in London. It was produced by striking trades unionists, and became the official paper of the TUC attaining a circulation� of around 2 million in the 1930s. It was losing readership by the 1960s, and was revived and rebranded as The Sun, see 15/9/1964.
29/10/1911. Joseph Pulitzer, US newspaper publisher who instituted an annual journalism prize, died.
1910, The Times Educational Supplement began publication.
11/7/1910, Henry Dexter, founder of American News Company, died.
1909, In Britain the Daily Sketch started publication; it was a tabloid retailing at� � d.
7/2/1908, In Britain the Liberal newspaper Tribune ceased publication.
2/11/1904. The British newspaper The Daily Mirror was founded by Alfred Harmsworth. Originally sold as a woman�s paper for 1d, it was subsequently relaunched in 1915 as the Daily Illustrated Mirror and retailed at � d.
22/2/1903, The world�s first ships newspaper was published, on the liner Etruria.
18/1/1903, Henri Blowitz, journalist, died (born in Bohemia 28/12/1825).
16/11/1902, George Henty, English war journalist, died (born 12/1832).
17/1/1902, The first issue of The Times Literary Supplement was published.
1901, The title The Tatler was revived for an illustrated montly� magazine specialising in upmarket social events, see 1709.
24/4/1900. 1st edition of the Daily Express printed in London. The newspaper was founded by C Arthur Pearson.
25/2/1899, Paul Julius Reuter, German founder of Reuters news agency, died.
16/10/1898, John Findlay, Scottish newspaper owner, died (born 21/10/1824).
3/4/1898, Henry Luce, US publisher who founded Time, Life, and Fortune magazines, was born.
1897, Country Life Magazine began publication; a revival of the former Racing Illustrated. Within a few years it had begun to focus on large country houses.
17/10/1897, Charles Dana, US journalist, died (born 8/8/1819).
4/5/1896. The Daily Mail was first published, founded by Lord Northcliffe. Priced at � d (21p in 2012 prices) it was
the first mass-circulation newspaper in Britain.
19/11/1893, The first newspaper colour supplement was produced; a 4-page section of the New York World.
14/12/1892, John Lemoinne, French journalist, died.
1891, The Irish Times was established, based in Belfast. It had a circulation of over 48,000 in 1998.
8/7/1889, The Wall Street Journal was first published.
16/3/1889, Samuel Hall, English journalist, died (born 9/5/1800).
6/7/1886. Box numbers were used in advertisements for the first time, by the Daily Telegraph.
1888, In London, the Financial Times was founded; a rival to the Financial News (founded 1884).� The two papers later amalgamated in 1945. The Financial Times adopted its distinctive pink paper in 1893
10/1888, The National Geographic began publication at Washington DC. Its first colour pictures appeared in 1906, and in 1910 at adopted its characteristic yellow and white cover.
22/2/1886, The Times became the first newspaper to have a �personal� column on its classified page.
1885, The Catholic Herald began publication, as the Glasgow Observer. It took its present name when it moved to London in 1888.
1884, The first newspaper in London devoted entirely to financial ands commercial affairs, the Financial and Mining News, appeared. It was later renamed the Financial News.
27/7/1883, Francis Blair, US journalist, died in Silver Spring, Maryland (born in Abingdon, Virginia 12/4/1791).
20/12/1881, Eustace Murray, English journalist, died.
25/10/1881, The Evening Illustrated Newspaper began publishing in Britain; it was the first regularly illustrated newspaper. Later renamed the Evening News, it ceased publication in 1980.
16/10/1881, The British Sunday newspaper, The People, began publication. It was later taken over by The Mirror Group.
29/4/1881, Edward Miall, English Nonconformist journalist, died (born 8/5/1809).
1/2/1880, The first edition of the theatrical newspaper The Stage was published.
31/1/1880, Bernard Cassagnac, French journalist, died (born 11/8/1806).
22/11/1879, John Delane, editor of The Times, London, died (born 11/10/1817).
27/10/1879, The Liverpool Echo printed its first copy.
25/5/1879, The newspaper tycoon Lord Beaverbrook was born in Maple, Ontario, Canada as William Maxwell Aitken.
18/1/1879. The first issue of Boys Own was published by O S Beaton, husband of the famous cook book writer. Published until 1967, the journal was backed by the Religious Tract Society.
16/1/1878, Samuel Bowles, journalist, died in Springfield (born in Springfield, Massachusetts 9/2/1826).
1876, The first national Italian newspaper, Corriere della Sera, was established. However even in the 1960s, just 40% of Italians read a daily newspaper.
25/12/1875, The Chicago Daily News began publication. It was priced at 1 cent, whereas other newspapers cost 5 cents.
1/6/1872, James Bennett, US journalist, died in New York.
4/3/1872, The Boston Daily Globe began publication in the USA.
1870, The Belfast Telegraph began publication.
1870, The Northern Echo, based in Darlington, began publication
23/5/1870, Mark Lemon, editor of Punch magazine, died (born 30/11/1809).
2/2/1870. The press agencies Reuters, Havas, and Wolff signed an agreement whereby they could cover the world�s news between them.
1869, The science journal Nature was first published.
11/7/1869, William Jerdan, Scottish journalist, died (born 16/4/1782).
1868, The Manchester Evening news began publication.
1868, The Western Daily Mail, a newspaper serving Wales, was established in Cardiff. In 1989 the Wales on Sunday newspaper was founded. In 1997 these papers had a circulation of 60,000 and 57,000 respectively.
3/2/1868, Karl Mathy, Baden statesman who worked for German unity, and who helped found the newspaper Deutsche Zeitung, which promoted the unification of the German states, died (born 17/3/1807).
10/7/1867, Finley Dunne, US journalist, was born.
7/2/1865, The first issue of the Pall Mall Gazette.
9/8/1861, Louis Cauchois-Lemaire, French journalist, died (born 28/8/1789)
1860, The Universe, Roman Catholic newspaper, was founded in Manchester.
1859, Sporting Life began publication. Since 1989 it has had a separate pull-out, The Greyhound Life.
5/6/1859, Gamaliel Bailey, US journalist, died (born in New Jersey 3/12/1807).
1858, The Western Daily Press was established in Bristol.
1857, The Birmingham Post began publication.
30/6/1855, In Britain, the Newspaper Stamp Duty was abolished.
29/6/1855, The Daily Telegraph was first published, in London.� The first editor was Alfred Bate Richards. See 1937, 1939.
24/9/1853. Britain�s first provincial newspaper, the Northern Daily Times, was founded in Liverpool.
4/8/1853, Newspaper advertisements duty was abolished in Britain.
1851, Reuters News Agency was founded by a German born immigrant to London, Paul Julius Reuter (1816-99)
10/6/1847, The Chicago Tribune began publication, as the Chicago Daily Tribune.
10/4/1847, Joseph Pulitzer, newspaper proprietor who founded the Pulitzer Prize for achievements in journalism or literature, was born.
18/2/1846, The Pittsburgh Disptach was first published.
21/1/1846, The Daily News, the newspaper edited by Charles Dickens, was first published in London.
28/8/1845, The Scientific American was first published at New York.
1844, A process for producing woodpulp developed by German engineer Gottlob Keller, aged 38, now made the cost of producing newspapers considerably cheaper, facilitating the development of mass media.
1843, The Economist was first published, headed by London economist James Wilson, aged 38.
1/10/1843, The Sunday newspaper, News of the World, was first published.
18/9/1842, The Pittsburgh Poat-Gazette was first published.
14/5/1842, The Illustrated London News was first published. It was founded by Herbert Ingram (1811-60), a printer, and it heralded the era of illustrated journalism.
1841, The Jewish Chronicle began publication in London. It was founded by Isaac Valentine (1793-1868).
17/7/1841, The first issue of the satirical magazine Punch was published in London.
7/5/1841, Thomas Barnes, English journalist, died.
1840, The Tablet, British Roman Catholic weekly newspaper, was launched.
1836, In Britain, Stamp Duty on newspapers was reduced from 4d to 1d (from �1.30 to 32p in 2012 prices), making them more accessible to less well off people.
17/5/1837, The Baltimore Sun began publication.� Founded by Arunah S Abell, it sold at 1 cent.
6/5/1835, The New York Herald newspaper began publication.
1/9/1833, The New York Sun newspaper was launched. It was cheaply priced at 1 cent, and was full of human interest stories, aimed for a mass market. Editors of more serious papers were sceptical about its survival. On 25/8/1835 this newspaper claimed that vegetation grew on the moon, and had widespread sales.
1832, The Newcastle Weekly Journal began publication. It became a daily in 1860, and changed its name to The Journal in 1958.
25/7/1832, Kursendas Mulji, Indian journalist, was born.
1827, The Freeman�s Journal began publication in New York; the first newspaper aimed at Black people. Whereas the rest of the press favoured slavery, this publication campaigned for it to end, and urged free Black people to get education and practice thrift. It was begun by Samuel E Cornish, a clergyman who founded New York�s first Black Presbyterian Church, and by Jamaica-born college graduate John B Russworm. Russworm later moved to Liberia where he edited the Liberia Herald in Monrovia, as well as serving as Liberia�s Superintendent of Education.
1827, The Evening Standard began publishing, as The Standard.
8/11/1827, The first English language newspaper in the Far East, the Canton Register began publication in Guangzhou.
9/2/1826, Samuel Bowles, journalist, was born in Springfield, Massachusetts (died in Springfield 16/1/1878).
28/12/1825, Henri Blowitz, journalist, was born in Bohemia (died 18/1/1003).
20/10/1822. The Sunday Times was first published.
1821, The Manchester Guardian, later The Guardian from 1959, was published, inoitially weekly. It became daily from 1855. It moved head office to London in 1964.
17/12/1820, John Bull, the magazine �for God, The King, and The People� went on sale with 750 copies printed. After 6 weeks, circulation rose to 10,000.
8/8/1819, Charles Dana, US journalist, was born (died 17/10/1897).
1817, The Scotsman was founded in Edinburgh. In 1865 it started using the railways to achieve a distribution throughout Scotland, and in 1868 became the first non-London newspaper to open an office on Fleet Street. In 1988 it launched the Scotsman on Sunday.
25/11/1817, John Bigelow, US journalist, was born in New York State.
11/10/1817, John Delane, editor of The Times, London, was born (died 22/11/1879).
21/7/1816, Paul von Reuter, German founder of Reuters News Agency, was born in Kassel as Israel Beer Josaphat.
1/1/1814, The first Welsh-language newspaper, the Seren Gomer, was published.
18/2/1810, Sir Charles Dilke, editor of The Atheneaum literary magazine, was born (died 10/5/1869).
30/11/1809, Mark Lemon, editor of Punch magazine, was born (died 23/5/1870).
2/10/1809, Louis Delescluze, French journalist, was born (died 1871).
8/5/1809, Edward Miall, English Nonconformist journalist, was born (died 29/4/1881).
3/12/1807, Gamaliel Bailey, US journalist, was born in New Jersey (died 5/6/1859)
17/3/1807, Karl Mathy, Baden statesman who worked for German unity, and who helpo found the newspaper Deutsche Zeitung, which promoted the unification of the German states, was born (died 3/2/1868).
11/8/1806, Bernard Cassagnac, French journalist, was born (died 31/1/1880).
5/8/1803, The Ayr Advertiser was first published; the first newspaper in Ayrshire, Scotland.
4/12/1791. The Observer, the oldest Sunday newspaper in the UK, was first published.
12/4/1791, Francis Blair, US journalist, was born in Abingdon, Virginia (died in Silver Spring, Maryland, 27/7/1883).
28/8/1789, Louis Cauchois-Lemaire, French journalist, was born (died 9/8/1861)
3/5/1788. The first evening newspaper, the Star and Evening Advertiser, was published in London.
1/1/1785. The Daily Universal Register was first published by John Walter. It was renamed The Times on 1/1/ 1788.
21/9/1784. The first successful daily American newspaper, the Pennsylvania Packet and Daily Advertiser, appeared.
1783, The Herald, a daily newspaper covering Scotland, was established in Glasgow. In 1998 it had a circulation of 100,000.
16/4/1782, William Jerdan,Scottish journalist, was born (died 11/7/1869).
26/3/1780. The first Sunday newspaper in Britain was published; the British Gazette and Sunday Monitor.
1778, The German newspaper, Allgemeine Zeiting began publishing.
1754, The Yorkshire Post was founded, as the Leeds Intelligencer. It was renamed The Yorkshire Post in 1866.
23/3/1752, Canada�s first newspaper, the Halifax Gazette, went on sale.
1748, The first issue of the newspaper Aberdeen�s Journal appeared. In 1892 it merged with the Aberdeen Free Press, and became the Press and Journal.
17/6/1719, Joseph Addison died. A Whig essayist and poet, he had been co-founder of The Spectator.
1712, In Britain, Stamp Duty was imposed on newspapers, increasing their price.
1/3/1711. The Spectator was first published. It was founded by Joseph Addison (1672-1719). It cerased publication in 1714 but the title was revived in 1828 and has been published weekly ever since.
1709, The Tatler was first published, as a thrice-weekly newsletter magazine to appeal to gentlemen in coffee houses. It was replaced in 1711 by The Spectator, and the title was revived in 1901.
24/4/1704, The first regular newspaper in British North America, the Boston News Letter, was published.
11/3/1702, E Mallet published The Daily Courant, the first successful daily newspaper in Britain. It was printed as a single sheet. By 1799 London had 21 daily newspapers
1701, The first regional English newspaper, outside London was published, the Norwich Post.
23/11/1646, The first advertisement in in English-language newspaper. It was in Samuel Pecke�s Perfect Diurnall, for books.
29/11/1641, The first English newspaper was published.
2/12/1620, The first English-language newspaper was printed. Produced in Amsterdam, it consisted of a single sheet, 6 by 12 inches, printed both sides, reporting on foreign news only. When imported into Britain it was condemned� by King James I.
1590, The first regular newspaper, the Mercurius Gallobelgicus, began publishing in London; carrying news from continental Europe.
13/8/1422, William Caxton, England�s first printer, was born.
748, The first daily printed newspaper appeared in Beijing, China.
59 BC, In Rome the Acta Diurna was posted daily in public spaces.