Mali; key historical events 8-20
Page last modified 7/11/2020
See also Africa for other countries
For events in North Africa relating to the Islamic World and Arab Spring see also Islam & Middle East
18/8/2020, The President of Mali, Ibrahim Boubacar Keita, was ousted Mali was facing a Jihadist insurgency.
6/2020, Ibrahim Boubacar Keita was accused of abusing his political power by the M5 movement. However the Jihadists, especially Imam Mahmoud Dicko, had a strong influence within M5. Dicko had shown himself opposed to women’s rights and has stocked homophobia, exploiting the conservative nature of many Malians.
3/2020, Soumaila Case, prominent Opposition member, was kidnapped by Jihadists.
2019, Malian Prmie Minister Soumeylou Boubeye Maiga resigned as ethnic violence rose in the country.
2018, Ibrahim Boubacar Keita was re-elected President. He tgen declared an intention to ditch the two-term maximum rule.
2015, Islamist attack on the Radisson Blu Hotel, Bamako.
2013, Ibrahim Boubacar Keita was elected President.
11/1/2013, The French army began operations against Islamic militants in northern Mali.
1/9/2012, Islamist rebels captured several towns including Douentza in Mali. They were later recaptured by the Malian Government with French military assistance.
6/4/2012, Islamic militants unilaterally declared the secession of northern Mali as the republic of Azawad. Europe feared a new area of Jihadism in the Sahara.
3/2012, Mutinous sldiers, angery at government mishandling of northern rebels, ousted the President, Amadou Toumani Toure.
1993, Anti-Government coup, failed.
1992, First multi-Party elections.
1991, Traore was deposed and sent to prison.
1985, Brief five-day war with Burkina Faso.
1983, Agreement for greater economic and political integration with Guinea.
1974, New Constitution made Mali a One-Party State
12/1968, Mali became a police State when Moussa Traore deposed President Modibo Keita in a military coup. He ruled harshly until 1991.
22/9/1960, Mali became independent. It became a One-Party State with Modibo Keita as President,
20/6/1960, Mali became independent from France as the federation of Mali, including Senegal. See 22/8/1960.
17/1/1959. Senegal and French Sudan united to form Mali.
1898, The French destroyed the Mandinka State, led by Samori Toure. Their new colony was called French Sudan.
12/12/1893, The French advanced down the valley of the Niger from Kayes in Senegal and captured Timbuktu, capital of Mali.
1612, Indigenous rule in what was the Songhai Empire, until conquest by Morocco. Morocco made Timbuktu the capital.
13/3/1591, At the Battle of Tondibi, Moroccan forces under the Saadi Dynasty, led by Judar Pasha, defeated the Songhai Empire, despite being outnumbered at least 5 to 1.
1500, Peak of the Songhai Empire; scholarship and the arts flourished.
1464, The Songhai Empire under Sunni Ali overran large areas of the Sahel, of what is now Mali and Timbuktu.
Ca. 1400, Empire of Mali in decline, losing dominance of the gold trade to the Songhai Empire.
1341, Sulaiman became King of Mali.
1324, Mansu Musa, King of Mali, travelled to Mecca. The splendour of his court astounded all those who visited it. He ordered the construction of a mosque in Timbuktu.
1235, Sundiata Keita became King of Mali; ruled until 1255.
1200s, The Mali Empire, by now Muslim, grew wealthy on the gold and Saharan caravan trade. It now ruled over the Upper Niger region.
1100, The city of Timbuktu was founded by Tuareg herders.
800 AD, Islam now arrived in what is now Mali.
700s, Mali was part of the Ghana Empire, until ca, 1050.
600 AD, Desert caravans now ran through Timbuktu to the Mediterranean.