Socio-economic events; Meat, Chicken, Poultry, Eggs.

Page last modified 7/5/2021

 

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See also Farming for agricultural technology and farming

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See also Great Britain pre 1901 for agricultural unrest e.g. Swing Revolt 1830

See also Canal-Sea for declining shipping rates of food etc.

See also Education-University for founding dates of agricultural colleges.

 

2005, The average weight of a broiler chicken at age 56 days was now 4.2 kg. This compares with 1.8 kg for the same chicken in 1978, and 0.9 kg for a 56-day-old chicken in 1957.

29/10/1980, In the UK, poultry breeders launched a new kind of bird called a �churkey�. It was a small turkey that tasted like a chicken.

31/12/1968, The �lion� ceased to be stamped on British eggs.The practice began on 30/6/1957.

1964, Chicken Kiev appeared in Britain, as consumers gradually embraced foreign dishes.

1958, The Doner Kebab, a name derived from the Turkish Doner Kebap, �rotating kebab�, first appeared in Britian. Then seen as an exotic dish, it consisted of a vertically mounted joint of beef or lamb on a spit, rotating in front of a grill; thin

slices were carved off and served in a pitta bread. By the 1970s it had become a familiar fast food dish in British cities.

1957, In Britain the �Go to work on an egg� campaign was launched, featuring TV commercials by comedian Tony Hancock.

30/6/1957, The �lion� was stamped on British eggs from this day.The practice ended on 31/12/1968.

1948, The US Department of Agriculture orgainised the Chicken For Tomorrow competition. The aim was to produce a chicken whose meat could compete, dollars for ounces, with pork or beef. Previously., chickens had been kept mainly for their eggs; people considered chicken meat neither tasty nor cheap. The winner was the Cornish-New Hampshire cross breed, whose breast meat was thicker. It ate rapidly and could be slaughtered after 6 weeks not 12. The annual number of chickens slaughtered in Britain rose from 1 million in 1950 to 150 million in 1965, and to over 1 billion in 2016. Chicken was a meat acceptable to most major religions, and in 2016 the amount of chicken meat processed rose to 119 million tonnes, overtaking pork for the first time ever.

1941, Moussaka, a Balkan/eastern Mediterranean dish of minced lamb or beef, witrh aubergine, was first noted in England. The dish was then extremely exotic, but became familiar after several decades of Mediterranean holidays.

 

Annual meat consumption per capita, kg

 

USA

1970

81.8

1963

75.8

1944

62.2

1943

57.3

1940

63.1

 

5/7/1937, Hormel Foods Corporation began selling the canned meat product Spam.

1906, In the USA, a Presidential Commission reported on the insanitary conditions prevailing in the Chicago meat trade, first exposed in Upton Sinclair�s 1906 novel, The Jungle. Congress later passed the Meat Inspection Act and the Pure Food and Drugs Act, establishing the Food and Drugs Administration.

1890, The railways had effectively increased the food supply of major cities such as London, by facilitating the transport of cattle without the loss of weight that would have incurred by walking. Easily-spoilable foodstuffs such as milk could also now be brought in from a much greater distance.

24/11/1868, London�s Smithfield Market was opened by the Lord Mayor.

1858, Meat carcasses slaughtered at Aberdeen were now being shipped to London�s Smithfield Market, 515 miles away; the meat arrived within 24 hours of slaughter, and was far juicier and fattier than if it had been driven alive as in pre-railway days. See 1732.

1831, Edward Alcock, of Melton Mowbray, England, began selling the now-famous pork pies.

1762, The French (re)invented pate de foie gras. This dish had been known to the ancient Egyptians.

9/4/1626, Statesman and philosopher Francis Bacon died near Highgate, London, (as Lord Verulam) of bronchitis. This was brought on by a cold caught whilst stuffing a fowl with snow to observe the effects of cold in preserving meat.

30/5/1539, Hernando de Soto landed in Florida, with 600 soldiers, in search of gold.He also introduced pigs into North America.

1524, Turkeys (originally from South America) eaten in England for the first time.

1481, Frankfurt, Germany, passed an edict against the pig-sties that had proliferated in front of houses, cluttering the streets. Wandering urban pigs, however, performed a useful urban service, clearing refuse and providing meat, and the edict appears to have been widely ignored.

1345, London�s poulterers (chicken sellers), based in Leadenhall Market, successfully campaigned for an edict against selling chickens elsewhere in London. Hen-wifes had previously been bringing in chickens and selling them door to door, saving householders the trouble of going to Leadenhall Market to buy poultry.

732, Pope Gregory II ordered Christians in Germany to desist from eating horse flesh. This would mark them out as different from the pagan tribes, who ate horsemeat as part of their pagan rites.

 

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