Falklands Islands: key historical events
Page last modified 11/3/2021 3/21
See also Argentina
See also South & Central America
2013, In a referendum, the Falkland islands voted to remain British
15/2/1990, The UK and Argentina restored diplomatic links, 8 years after they were broken off in response to the Falklands War.
31/10/1988, General Galtieri of Argentina was sentenced to 12 years imprisonment because of his incompetent management of the Falklands War.
16/5/1986, Ex-President Galtieri of Argentina was jailed for negligence during the Falklands War.
8/7/1985, The UK lifted its ban on trading with Argentina
12/5/1985, Prince Andrew opened the new Falkland Islands Airport, which had cost the UK �276 million.
27/6/1983, Britain announced plans to build a new airport in the Falkland Islands, costing �215 millon.
13/9/1982, A report by Lord Shackleton on proposals for the economic development of the Falkland Islands recommended investment of �100 million.
22/7/1982, Britain lifted the 200-mile exclusion zone around the Falkland Islands.
12/7/1982, Hostilities between Britain and Argentina, over the Falklands, officially ceased.
18/6/1982, Fourteen Argentinean Army Generals at an army base decided unanimously to depose General Galtieri, who had taken on the UK to claim the Falklands Islands. By declaring an end to all hostilities, the 10,600 Argentinean PoWs still held on the Falklands could be repatriated.
14/6/1982, Argentinean forces formally surrendered to British forces on the Falkland Islands.�
8/6/1982, British troops landed near Port Stanley, Falkland Islands.
1/6/1982. British forces continued their advance in the Falkland Islands, (see 2/4/1982), fighting with the Argentineans 12 miles from Port Stanley. The Argentinian forces surrendered on 14/6/1982, the day Port Stanley was recaptured. Total casualties were 254 British and 750 Argentine lives.
29/5/1982. Battle of Goose Green in the Falkland Islands. British paratroopers defeated a larger Argentine force in the first land battle of the war.
28/5/1982, British troops reached Darwin in the Falklands Islands.
25/5/1982, HMS Coventry and the merchant ship Atlantic Conveyor were sunk in the Falkland War, with the loss of 32 lives. The loss of Atlantic Conveyor was a disaster that could soon have meant the end of the British attempt to regain the Falklands.
21/5/1982. Argentine rockets sunk the British cruiser Ardent; 22 men died. On 24/5/1982 another British cruiser, the Antelope, was sunk, with 8 men lost.� On 25/5/1982 Argentine Exocet missiles destroyed HMS Coventry, a destroyer, and the Cunard container ship Atlantic Conveyor; 32 people were killed. This day 5,000 UK troops landed at San Carlos Bay on the Falkland Islands and raised the Union Jack.
12/5/1982, The QE2 sailed south to join the Falkland Islands Task Force.
4/5/1982. An Argentinean Exocet missile sank the British ship HMS Sheffield. 20 men were killed.
2/5/1982. The Argentine cruiser General Belgrano was torpedoed and sunk by British nuclear submarine HMS Conqueror, off the Falkland Islands. 800 of the 1,042 crew survived. The General Belgrano, originally called The Phoenix, had been sold to Argentina by the USA after World War Two, and was the last surviving warship from Pearl Harbour.
1/5/1982, British naval forces, the HMS Hermes under commander Sandy Woodward, entered the Argentine exclusion zone around d the Falklands, and the Falklands War began. Stanley Airport was bombed by UK forces.
See also Great Britain
25/4/1982. Britain recaptured South Georgia from Argentina.
12/4/1982, 12,000 Argentinean troops were stationed in the Falklands.
6/4/1982, Britain banned the import of Argentinean products.
5/4/1982, The British Foreign Secretary, Lord Carrington, resigned, as a British invasion fleet left Portsmouth for the Falklands. On 18/3/1982 an Argentine scrap-metal dealer had raised the Argentine flag on South Georgia, a sign of intention from Argentina that was not interpreted correctly by the British Foreign Office. See 1/5/1982.
4/4/1982, The British Falkland Islands Garrison surrendered to Argentina.
3/4/1982. The UN Security Council voted in favour of a resolution that Argentina withdraw from the Falklands.
2/4/1982. Argentina launched an invasion of the Falkland Islands. On 4/4/1982 Argentina seized South Georgia, a Falklands dependency. British forces set out from the UK on 5/4/1982 and landed in the Falklands on 21/5/1982. South Georgia was recaptured on 25/4/1982 with no casualties. See 1/6/1982.
19/3/1982, Argentine scrap metal merchants landed on uninhabited South Georgia and raised the Argentine flag, starting the Falklands War.
4/4/1980, Argentina increased its links with the Falkland Islands; a preliminary to the invasion of 1982.
16/12/1978. Ministers from Britain and Argentina met to discuss the Falkland Islands, to which Argentina had reiterated its claim.
27/3/1968. The UK foreign secretary said the Falklands will stay British.
29/9/1966. Argentina raided the Falkland Islands.
6/5/1955, Britain went to the International Court over the Falklands.
16/2/1948, Britain warned off Argentina as the Argentines conducted naval exercise near the Falkland Islands.
8/12/1914. Battle of the Falklands.� Six of the seven ships in the German Pacific Squadron were sunk.� Admiral Sturdee�s victory over Vice-Admiral von Spee ended German naval activity in the southern Atlantic and Pacific oceans, allowing the British navy to concentrate on home waters and the Mediterranean for the remainder of World War One.
1904, Stanley naval station closed.
1867, There were no settlers on West Falkland; the Falkland Islands Government offered generous terms to newcomers and the available grazing was all taken up by 1868.
22/1/1842, Lieutenant Governor Moody became the first Governor of the Falkland Islands. See 1767.
1833, Britain officially annexed the Falkland Islands as a Crown Colony.
4/6/1770, Five Spanish frigates under Juan de Madariaga entered the port of the small British settlement at Port Egmont and overwhelmed the garrison there. When the news reached Britain there was outrage. However by this time King Louis XV of France had dismissed his war-loving Chief Minister, Cesar Gabriel de Choiseul, and was less inclined to support hostilities with Britain. Louis XV informed his cousin Charles III of Spain that he would not support the Spanish adventure in the Falklands, and the Spanish Navy was easily outclassed by the British.
1767, Spain demanded that France transfer her Falklands colony to Spain, because it was so close to the Spanish colony of Argentina. However unknown to either the \French of the Spanish, in 1765, the English had started a settlement at Saunders Island, West Falklands. After discussions between Spain and Britain, the Falklands returned to British control, see 4/6/1770, 22/1/1842.
1764, The first permanent settlement on the Falklands was made, by 28 Frenchmen, led by Antoine Loius de Bougainville, at Port Louis, east Falkland. See 1692 and 1767.
1692, The first landing was made on the Falkland Islands, by the British, from the ship Welfare, commanded by Captain John Strong. The Falklands may have been sighted in 1592 by the Englishman John Davies, aboard the ship Desire, but no landing was made then. However even then, no permanent settlement was made, see 1764.