Bulgaria; key historical events

Page last modified 22/9/2019

 

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19/1/1992, Zhelyu Zhelev was elected President of Bulgaria.

14/10/1991 Communist rule ended in Bulgaria.

15/12/1989, In Bulgaria, 50,000 demonstrators outside Parliament demanded the end of Communist rule.

26/11/1989. The Bulgarian government voted to disband the secret police.

3/11/1989. Political unrest in Bulgaria.

1/2/1950, In Bulgaria, Viko Chervenkov became Prime Minister on the death of Vasil Kolarov

21/11/1946, Bulgarian Communist Georgi Dimitrov returned from Moscow to become President of Bulgaria.

16/9/1946, King Simeon and the Queen Mother left Bulgaria.

15/9/1946, The Bulgarian People’s Republic was proclaimed.

10/9/1946, A referendum in Bulgaria gave a 92% vote in favour of a Republic. 

8/9/1946. Communists took control in Bulgaria. 

For more events of World War Two in Europe see France-Germany

28/8/1943, Boris III, Tsar of Bulgaria, died.

2/9/1940, To bring Bulgaria onto the Axis side, Germany awarded it the Southern Dobruja, from Romania.  See 1/3/1941.

15/9/1939, Bulgaria declared its neutrality and attempted to remain out of the Second World War.

19/5/1934. In Bulgaria, Fascists seized power in a coup aided by King Boris.

1930, The Balkan Entente was set up. It included Greece, Romania, Turkey and Yugoslavia; it was essentially a defensive alliance against the expansionist aims of Bulgaria, which was seeking to regain territories lost to Greece and Yugoslavia under the Treaty of Neuilly (1919). In the 1930, as authoritarian regimes gained power in all members of the Balkan Entente, the entire region moved politically closer to Germany and Italy.

13/1/1928. Allied military control in Bulgaria ended.

4/1/1926, In Bulgaria a moderate Government took power, and offered an amnesty to all political prisoners except Communists.

14/6/1923, ex-Prime Minister Stamboliski of Bulgaria was shot whilst trying to ‘escape’. On 9/6/1923 he had been ejected in a coup, after his policies had antagonised the military.

27/11/1919. Bulgaria signed the Treaty of Neuilly, recognising the independence of Yugoslavia.  Western Thrace was ceded to Greece, thereby cutting off Bulgaria from the Mediterranean, and two small regions were ceded to Yugoslavia.  The southern Dobruja was  retained by Romania.  Bulgaria was liable to pay reparations and its army limited to 20,000 men.

3/10/1918, Tsar Ferdinand of Bulgaria abdicated, following the defeat of the Bulgarian Army the previous month in Macedonia. He was succeeded by his 22-year-old son, Boris I.

17/10/1915. Russia and Italy followed Britain and France in declaring war on Bulgaria.

16/10/1915. The Allies blockaded Bulgarian ports.  France declared war on Bulgaria.

15/10/1915. Britain declared war on Bulgaria. France declared war on Bulgaria on 16/10/1915.

14/10/1915. Bulgaria and Serbia each declared war on the other.

12/10/1915. The UK government broke off relations with Bulgaria.

22//9/1915. Bulgaria mobilised its army and declared war on Serbia.

For main European events of World War One see France-Germany

16/9/1915, Bulgaria formed an alliance with Germany.

6/9/1915. Bulgaria signed a military accord with Germany and Austria.  Bulgaria was seeking territory held by Greece and Serbia that it felt should be Bulgarian, see 10/8/1913.  See 15/9/1915.

29/6/1913. Bulgaria signed a defensive pact with Austro-Hungary.

18/10/1912. The Ottoman Turks agreed to cede Tripoli and Cyrenaica (now Libya) to Italy, at the Peace of Lausanne.  Greece, Bulgaria and Serbia declared war on Turkey. The Greek Army had been well-equipped under Venizelos, and the Turks were pushed back, to the point where Istanbul itself was threatened; the city was only saved by bad weather making the roads impassable and a cholera outbreak, halting military operations.

13/3/1912, Serbia and Bulgaria signed a mutual defence pact. Balkan nationalism was on the rise. The pact also divided northern Macedonia between them. It was assumed that southern Macedonia would be divided between Bulgaria and Greece.

13/2/1912, Bulgaria and Serbia signed an agreement forming the Balkan League.

21/2/1909, Ferdinand I of Bulgaria visited Russia to obtain the financial aid he needed to pay Ottoman Turkey an indemnity for Bulgarian independence.

22/9/1908, Bulgaria declared its independence from Ottoman Turkey.

23/10/1893, Alexander of Battenberg, First Prince of Bulgaria, died (born 5/4/1857).

18/9/1885, Eastern Rumelia, formerly a province of Turkey, proclaimed its unity with Bulgaria to its north.

3/1/1879, Sofia was designated the capital of Bulgaria.

4/1/1878, Sofia was captured by Russian troops from the Ottoman Empire.

26/2/1861, Ferdinand I, King of Bulgaria, was born.

5/4/1857, Alexander of Battenberg, First Prince of Bulgaria, was born (died 23/10/1893).

1257, End of the Asen Dynasty of kings of Bulgaria (began 1187).

2/5/907, King Boris I of Bulgaria died.

861, The Bulgarians conquered southern Albania. However Durazzo, on the Adriatic, remained under Byzantine rule.

9/4/809, The Bulgars captured Sofia.

681, The Byzantine Empire ceded land to the Bulgars, who established the First Bulgarian Empire.

3,500 BCE, Earliest copper mines sunk, in Yugoslavia and Bulgaria.

 

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